Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #47, January 22, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

=========================================================================

CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

=========================================================================

To CSSRR-Econ #47

To CSSRR- Health #47

CSSRR-Index

=========================================================================

Index to this issue:

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

TABLES OF CONTENTS

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

DATA

=========================================================================

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Census Bureau Press Release: "The Effects of Taxes and Transfers on Income and Poverty in the United States: 2006," (Jan. 15, 2008). Note: This press release links to new income and poverty measures for 2006.

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/011305.html

2. National Center for Health Statistics Report: "United States Life Tables, 2004," by Elizabeth Arias (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 56, No. 9, December 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr56/nvsr56_09.pdf

3. Government Accountability Office Report: "Entitlement Reform Process: Other Countries' Experiences Provide Useful Insights for the United States" (GAO-08-372, January 2008, .pdf format, 63p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docdblite/summary.php?rptno=GAO-08-372

4. National Science Foundation Report: "Digest of Key Science and Engineering Indicators 2008" (NSB-08-2, January 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/digest08/?govDel=USNSF_124

Return to top

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

US States:

Michigan:

Michigan.gov Report: "Fallacies that Misinform Our Thinking About Michigan’s Population and Economy," by Kenneth Darga (January 2008, .pdf format, 33p.).

http://www.michigan.gov/documents/hal/lm_census_RevEstConf08-0111_221465_7.pdf

New Jersey:

Department of Labor and Workforce Development Report: "Characteristics of the Foreign-Born Population in New Jersey and United States" (Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi19/fbp06-07.xls

Return to top

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

NGO and Other Countries:

US Agency for International Development Report: "The Safe Schools Program: A Qualitative Study to Examine School-Related Gender-Based Violence in Malawi" (The Centre for Educational Research and Training and DevTech Systems, January 2008, .pdf format, 93p.).

http://devtechsys.com/services/activities/documents/SafeSchoolsMalawi_PLAReport_January82008.pdf

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Finland:

Statistics Finland News Release: "Ninety-three per cent of completers of 9th grade of comprehensive school and 42 per cent of passers of matriculation examination in 2006 continued studies in the same year" (Jan. 17, 2008).

http://www.stat.fi/til/khak/2006/khak_2006_2008-01-17_tie_001_en.html

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Malta:

National Statistics Office News Release: "Teaching English to Foreigners: 2006" (Jan. 15, 2008, .pdf format, 9p.).

http://www.nso.gov.mt/statdoc/document_view.aspx?id=2087&backUrl=news_by_date.aspx%3fretainCriteria%3dtrue

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Netherlands:

Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:

A. "Relatively many young women with a doctorate," by Maaike Hersevoort, Robert de Vries, and Maartje Rienstra (Jan. 15, 2008).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/onderwijs/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2008/2008-2366-wm.htm

B. "School/work combination also popular at older ages," by Theo van Miltenburg (Jan. 15, 2008).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/onderwijs/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2008/2008-2362-wm.htm

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Norway:

Statistics Norway, Various:

A. "A Simple Model for Studying the Effects of Proxy Interviewing: The Norwegian Labour Force Survey as a Case Study," by Øyvin Kleven, Bengt Oscar Lagerstrøm and Ib Thomsen (January 2008, .pdf format, 9p.).

http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/06/90/doc_200802_en/doc_200802_en.pdf

B. "Facts on immigrants and their descendants. 2007 Good times -- for immigrants as well?" (Statistical Magazine Article, Jan. 17, 2008). The article links to several topical tables and the report: " Facts on immigrants and their descendants. 2007" (January 2008, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.ssb.no/vis/english/magazine/art-2008-01-17-01-en.html

Link to full text is at the bottom of the news release.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Slovenia:

Statistical Office News Releases:

A. "Student enrolment in post-secondary and higher undergraduate study programs, Slovenia, 2007/08 -- provisional data" (Jan. 15, 2008).

http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=1387

B. "Activity of school libraries, Slovenia, 2006" (Jan. 18, 2008).

http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=1397

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Sweden:

Statistics Sweden Compendium and Population Pyramid:

A. Statistical Yearbook: 2008 (January 2008, .pdf format, 809p.). The compendium is in Swedish and English).

B. "Sharp increase of elderly persons" (January 2008). The pyramid covers 1850-2050, and can be manipulated by clicking on the directional bars below it.

Both are available at:

http://www.scb.se/templates/Product____30937.asp

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Ukraine:

State Statistics Committee News Releases:

A. "Migration of population in January-November 2007, by oblast" (Jan. 18, 2008).

http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2007/ds/mr/mr_e/mr1107_e.html

B. "Natural increase in population in January-November 2007" (Jan. 18, 2008).

http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2007/ds/pp/pp_e/pp1107_e.html

C. "Total population, as of December 1, 2007. Average annual populations January-November 2007" (Jan. 18, 2008).

http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2007/ds/kn/kn_e/kn1107_e.html

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

UK:

Communities and Local Government Report: "Citizenship Survey: April - September 2007, England and Wales" (January 2008, .pdf format, 40p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/communities/citizenshipsurveyaprsep07

Return to top

=========================================================================

OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Brookings Institution Report: "Population Dynamics in the District of Columbia since 2000," by Brooke DeRenzis (January 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

http://www.brookings.edu/reports/2008/0114_dc_demographics_derenzis.aspx

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Springer Book: International Migration, Social Demotion, and Imagined Advancement: An Ethnography of Demotion, and Imagined Advancement by Erind Pajo (2008, 214p., ISBN: 978-0-387-71952-8). For more information see:

http://www.springer.com/alert/urltracking.do?id=L5c20eM15879fS29a4014Pa5afe01

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Proceedings of the National Academies of Science Article: "Durable effects of concentrated disadvantage on verbal ability among African-American children," by Robert J. Sampson, Patrick Sharkey, and Stephen W. Raudenbush (Vol. 105, No. 3, Jan. 22, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 845-852),

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/105/3/845?etoc

Return to top

=========================================================================

WORKING PAPERS:

California Center for Population Research [University of California-Los Angeles]:

A. "Child Bilingualism or Familial Acculturation? 'New' Directions in Measuring Acculturation," by David A. Cort (CCPR-058-07, December 2007, .pdf format, 41p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_058_07.asp

B. "Explaining Women's Success: Technological Change and the Skill Content of Women's Work," by Sandra E. Black and Alexandra Spitz-Oener (CCPR-057-07, December 2007, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_057_07.asp

C. "Assimilation, Multiculturalism and the Challenge of Marginalized Groups," by William A.V. Clark (CCPR-054-07, December 2007, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_054_07.asp

D. "Older and Wiser? Birth Order and IQ of Young Men," by Sandra Black, Paul Devereux, and Kjell G. Salvanes (CCPR-050-07, December 2007, .pdf format, 25p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_050_07.asp

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "Human Services Systems Integration: A Conceptual Framework," by Thomas Corbett and Jennifer L. Noyes (Discussion Paper No. 1333-07, January 2008, .pdf format, 18p.).

Abstract:

It is generally believed that the existing human services structure is most accurately described as an array of potentially related programs that deliver distinct benefits or services to narrowly defined target populations. Each program can be thought of as representing a service silo: a separate and distinct funnel through which money, regulations, and professional norms, and expectations flow. While some overlap across silos has always existed, each usually operates in a relatively self-contained manner. As a whole, the configuration of services available to support and assist families in their efforts to become self-sufficient can be complex, confusing, redundant, and incoherent. The opposite of this silo-based approach to organizing and delivering human services is often coined ‘systems integration.’ What exactly is systems integration? Building on lessons learned from the field, the authors conclude that, although it is not possible to create one all-encompassing definition of ‘service integration,’ it is possible to develop an overarching, conceptual framework for understanding and analyzing the essential process involved in such efforts to simplify and transform the service experience of target populations. This paper identifies the heterogeneity that exists across these efforts and from it develops a set of organizing principles and constructs for planning a service integration initiative. First, it elaborates on two key dimensions-relationship intensity and institutional similarity-critical for understanding any particular integration effort. Second, it proposes a strategy for framing integration efforts based on these two dimensions. Third, it considers the implications of this framework for developing an integration agenda. Finally, it identifies the basic components of all integration efforts within the context of a dynamic, rather than static, operating environment.

http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp133308.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University] "Parental Incarceration and Children's Aggressive Behaviors: Evidence from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study," by Christopher Wildeman (WP 2008-02-FF, January 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

Incarceration diminishes the life-chances of adults, but little is known about how parental incarceration affects children. Effects on early childhood aggressive behaviors are especially significant because of connections between early childhood aggression and future criminality. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study of children born in urban centers at the close of the 20th century, this paper considers the effects of paternal incarceration on children’s aggressive behaviors at age 5. Results show strong effects of paternal incarceration on aggressive behaviors for boys but not girls. Results also show that effects are concentrated among boys living with a father at the time of his incarceration. The use of various modeling strategies and alternate dependent and independent variables demonstrates the robustness of the finding - and shows that effects are largest on physically aggressive acts, precisely the acts most strongly connected with future criminal activity. By increasing boy’s aggression, paternal incarceration may promote the intergenerational transmission of crime and incarceration. In so doing, high levels of paternal incarceration could not only compromise public safety but also provide the groundwork for a permanently disadvantaged class for whom contact with the criminal justice system is normal.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP08-02-FF.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Family reunification ideals and the practice of transnational reproductive life among Africans in Europe," by Caroline Bledsoe and Papa Sow (WP-2008-01, January 2008, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2008-001.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute [Australian National University]: "Mortality modelling and forecasting: A review of methods," by Heather Booth and Leonie Tickle (ADSRI Working Paper No. 3, January 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

Continuing increases in life expectancy beyond previously-held limits have brought to the fore the critical importance of mortality forecasting. Significant developments in mortality forecasting since 1980 are reviewed under three broad approaches: expectation, extrapolation and explanation. Expectation is not generally a good basis for mortality forecasting as it is subjective; expert expectations are invariably conservative. Explanation is restricted to certain causes of death with known determinants. Decomposition by cause of death poses problems associated with the lack of independence among causes and data difficulties. Most developments have been in extrapolative forecasting, and make use of statistical methods rather than models developed primarily for age-specific graduation. Methods using two-factor models (age-period or age-cohort) have been most successful. The two-factor Lee-Carter method, and in particular its variants, have been successful in terms of accuracy, while recent advances have improved the estimation of forecast uncertainty. Regression-based (GLM) methods have been less successful due to nonlinearities in time. Three-factor methods are more recent; the Lee-Carter age-period-cohort model appears promising. Specialized software has been developed and made available. Research needs include further comparative evaluations of methods in terms of the accuracy of the point forecast and its uncertainty, encompassing a wide range of mortality situations.

http://adsri.anu.edu.au/pubs/ADSRIpapers/ADSRIwp-03.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oxford University Poverty & Human Development Initiative: "Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement," by Sabina Alkire and James Foster (OPHI Working Paper 7, December 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.ophi.org.uk/pubs/Alkire_Foster_CountingMultidimensionalPoverty.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Single Mothers and Poverty in Costa Rica," by T.H. Gindling and Luis Oviedo (Discussion Paper No. 3286, January 2008, .pdf format, 22p.).

Abstract:

Despite increasing average real family incomes in Costa Rica in the late 1990s and early 2000s, poverty rates did not fall. In this paper, we argue that during this period economic growth in Costa Rica did not translate into reduced poverty because of changes in family structure and in the labor market, and that these changes had an important gender dimension. Specifically, an increase in the proportion of Costa Rican households headed by single mothers led to an increase in the number of women with children entering the labor force. Many of these mothers, new entrants to the labor force, were unable or unwilling to find full-time work in the high-paying formal sector, and ended up unemployed or working part-time as self-employed workers. These labor market phenomena, in turn, contributed to low incomes for households vulnerable to poverty, especially those households headed by single mothers.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3286.pdf

B. "Gone for Good? Determinants of School Dropout in Southern Italy," by Niall O'Higgins, Marcello D'Amato, Floro Ernesto Caroleo, and Adriana Barone (Discussion Paper No. 3292, January 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

The aim of the present paper is to gain some insight into the causes of dropping out of school and, more generally, of the factors that induce parents to review their choices about their child’s schooling careers. To this end we apply to data from a school dropout survey insights from a model of sequential decision making by parents, where the initial decision can be reviewed in the light of new information emerging about the ability and opportunities of the child in benefiting from education relative to her outside (in the unskilled market). Analysis of the data confirms the role of both economic capacity (opportunity costs) and cultural capacity (ability to disentangle signals about future opportunities) of the family of origin shape observed choices about drop-out and return to school by individuals in our sample. Dropping out behaviour also appears to be strongly influenced by mismatches between school and student, however, and many of those who leave are not "gone for good".

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3292.pdf

C. "Is the GED an Effective Route to Postsecondary Education for School Dropouts?" by John Tyler and Magnus Lofstrom (Discussion Paper No. 3297, January 2008, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

We use data from the Texas Schools Microdata Panel (TSMP) to examine the extent to which dropouts use the GED as a route to post-secondary education. The paper develops a model pointing out the potential biases in estimating the effects of taking the "GED path" to postsecondary education. Lacking suitable instruments that would allow us to directly address potential biases, our approach is to base our estimates on a set of academically "at risk" students who are very similar in the 8th grade. We observe that the eventual high school graduates in this group have much better postsecondary education outcomes than do the similar at-risk 8th graders who dropped out and obtained a GED. Our model explains the observed differences, and allows for a discussion of the policy challenges inherent in improving the postsecondary outcomes of dropouts.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3297.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) in a Model of Fertility Choice," by Helmut Rainer, Geethanjali Selvaretnam, and David Ulph (ISER Working Paper 2008-2, January 2008, .pdf format, 35p.).

Abstract:

This paper provides a simple theoretical framework to discuss the relationship between assisted reproductive technologies and the microeconomics of fertility choice. Individuals make choices of education and work along with decisions about whether and when to have children. Decisions regarding fertility are influenced by policy and labor market factors that affect the earnings opportunities of mothers and the costs of raising children. We show how observed differences in these economic factors across countries explain observed different fertility and childbearing age patterns. We then use the model to predict behavioral responses to biomedical improvements in assisted reproductive technologies, and hence the impact of these technologies on fertility.

http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/pubs/workpaps/pdf/2008-02.pdf

Return to top

=========================================================================

JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Child Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 32, No. 1, January 2008).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01452134

Social Work (Vol. 53, No. 1, January 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nasw/sw

Return to top

=========================================================================

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

American Statistical Association: ASA Jobweb has been updated with opportunities from Jan. 10-15, 2008).

http://jobs.amstat.org/search/results/

Return to top

=========================================================================

DATA:

US Census Bureau: American Community Survey Update: "The ACS 2006 Production Summary File recently was released on the ACS web site and FTP. The file covers detailed tables from the 2006 ACS data releases. Documentation is provided as part of the release for this data product. This Summary File release incorporates many of the comments and suggestions we received in response to our release of the prototype ACS Summary File in January 2007."

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/UseData/sf/acs_summary_file.htm

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Israel Social Sciences Data Center: The Center announced the availability of a new data set: "Social Survey, 2006" (No. 785).

http://isdc.huji.ac.il/news.shtml

Permanent URL:

http://geobase.huji.ac.il:8080/catalog/getDataset?id=0785

ISSDC:

http://isdc.huji.ac.il/

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets between Jan. 14-21, which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/access/recent.html

Click on "all studies updated or added within the last 90 days." New studies are noted.

Return to top