Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #45, January 9, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #45

To CSSRR- Health #45

CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

TABLES OF CONTENTS

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

DATA

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Census Bureau Compendium, Facts for Features:

A. Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2008 (October 2007, .pdf format, 1367p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract.html

B. "50th Daytona 500 (CB07-FFSE.08, Dec. 21, 2007).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/011041.html

C. "Irish-American Heritage Month (March) and St. Patrick’s Day (March 17) 2008" (CB08-FF.04, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/011181.html

D. "Women’s History Month: March 2008," (CB08-FF.03, Jan. 2, 2008, .pdf and HTML format, 7p.).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/011179.html

2. National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Mathematics Coursetaking and Achievement at the End of High School: Evidence from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002)," by Robert Bozick and Steven J. Ingels (NCES 2008319, January 2008, .pdf format, 94p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2008319

3. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report:

A. "The Balance Sheets of Low-Income Households: What We Know about Their Assets and Liabilities," by Adam Carasso and Signe-Mary McKernan (November 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 42p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/PoorFinances/balance/index.htm

B. "Program and Fiscal Design Elements of Child Welfare Privatization Initiatives," by Charlotte McCullough and Elizabeth Lee (Topical Paper No. 2, December 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 31p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/CWPI/models/index.htm

4. Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Federal Prosecution of Child Sex Exploitation Offenders, 2006," by Mark Motivans and Tracey Kyckelhahn (NCJ 219412, December 2007, .pdf, ASCII text, and zipped comma-delimited format, 8p.).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/fpcseo06.htm

5. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women Report: "Report to Congress on Stalking and Domestic Violence, 2005 Through 2006," (NCJ 220827, December 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ovw/220827.pdf

6. Department Homeland Security Report: "Trends in Naturalization Rates," by Bryan C. Baker (December 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ntz_rates508.pdf

7. Government Accountability Office Report: "Higher Education: Tuition Continues to Rise, but Patterns Vary by Institution Type, Enrollment, and Educational Expenditures" (GAO-08-245, November 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 29p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docdblite/summary.php?rptno=GAO-08-245&accno=A78438

8. National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "First-Time, Full-Time Graduate Student Enrollment in Science and Engineering Increases in 2006, Especially Among Foreign Students" (NSF 08-302, December 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf08302/

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US States:

Iowa:

Iowa State Data Center Report: "African-Americans in Iowa: 2008," (December 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.iowadatacenter.org/Publications/aaprofile2007

Minnesota:

Department of Administration, Office of Geographic and Demographic Analysis Report: "Minnesota Births and Fertility Rates Rise in 2006," (December 2007, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.demography.state.mn.us/documents/MNBirthsFertilityRatesRisein2006.pdf

South Carolina:

Department of Health and Environmental Control Report: "South Carolina Detailed Mortality Statistics 2005," (October 2007, .pdf format, 185p.).

http://www.scdhec.net/co/phsis/biostatistics/an_pubs/2005DMS.pdf

Vermont:

Department of Health Report: "State of Vermont 2004 Vital Statistics," (2007, .pdf format).

http://healthvermont.gov/research/stats/2004/2004vital.aspx

Wyoming:

Department of Health Report: "Wyoming Vital Statistics 2005," (December 2007).

http://wdh.state.wy.us/phsd/vital_records/vitalstats2005.html

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Report: "Understanding Youth Issues in Selected Countries in the Asian and Pacific Region," (December 2007, .pdf format, 115p.).

http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1256

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European Commission:

Eurostat Report: "Demographic outlook: National reports on the demographic developments in 2006," (2007, .pdf format, 65p.).

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=1073,46587259&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_product_code=KS-RA-07-026

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Australia:

Bureau of Statistics Reports:

A. "Measuring Learning in Australia: Concepts and Directions in Early Childhood Learning, 2007," by Brian Pink (December 2007, .pdf format, 107 p.).

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4232.0?OpenDocument

Click on "Details" tab for link to full text.

B. "Adult Learning, Australia, 2006-07" (December 2007, .pdf format, 48p., with data in Microsoft Excel and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4229.0?OpenDocument

Click on "Details" tab for link to full text.

C. "Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey, Summary Results, Australia, 2006," by Brian Pink (January 2008, .pdf format, 88p., with data in Microsoft Excel and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4228.0Main+Features12006%20(Reissue)?OpenDocument

Click on "Details" tab for link to full text

State and Territory Tables (Microsoft Excel and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4228.0.55.004?OpenDocument

Click on "Details" tab for link to data.

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Brazil:

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística Press Release: "Population Count: IBGE finds 11.4 thousand persons aged 100 or over in the municipalities surveyed," (December 21, 2007).

http://www.ibge.gov.br/english/presidencia/noticias/noticia_visualiza.php?id_noticia=1065&id_pagina=1

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Canada:

Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Reports, The Daily Article, Periodical:

A. "Cities and Growth: The Left Brain of North American Cities: Scientists and Engineers and Urban Growth," by Desmond Beckstead, W. Mark Brown and Guy Gellatly (January 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/research/11-622-MIE/11-622-MIE2008017.htm

B. "Learning Literacy in Canada: Evidence from the International Survey of Reading Skills," by S. Grenier, S. Jones, J. Strucker, T.S. Murray, G. Gervais and S. Brink (January 2008, .pdf format, 129p.).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/research/89-552-MIE/89-552-MIE2008019.htm

C. "Canada's population estimates: Third quarter 2007 (preliminary) (The Daily, Dec. 19, 2007).

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/071219/d071219b.htm

D. Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada (Vol. 4, No. 5, January 2008, .pdf format).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/81-004-XIE/81-004-XIE2007005.htm

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Cyprus:

Statistical Service Reports:

A. "Demographic Report 2006" (December 2007, .pdf format, 199p.). The report is in Greek and English.

http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/publications_en/publications_en?OpenForm&OpenView&RestrictToCategory=131&SrcTp=1&Category=1&Subject=3&SubSubject=1&subsubtext=6&

B. "Criminal Statistics 2005 (December 2007, .pdf format, 214p.). The report is in Greek and English.

http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/publications_en/publications_en?OpenForm&OpenView&RestrictToCategory=133&SrcTp=1&Category=1&Subject=3&SubSubject=3&subsubtext=8&

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France:

Institut national d'etudes demographques (INED) Periodical: Population and societies (No. 440, December 2007, .pdf format, 4p.). This month's article is: "How do employers help employees reconcile work and family life?," by Cécile Lefèvre, Ariane Pailhé, Anne Solaz.

http://www.ined.fr/en/resources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1338/

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Israel:

Central Bureau of Statistics Compendium: Israel in Figures 2007 (December 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

http://www1.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/isr_in_n07e.pdf

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Macao:

Census and Statistics Service Periodical: Monthly Bulletin of Statistics (December 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 79p.).

http://www.dsec.gov.mo/e_index.asp?src=/english/pub/e_bme_pub.html

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Poland:

Central Statistical Office Compendia, Periodical :

A. Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland, 2007 (December 2007, .pdf format, 89p.). Note: The publication is in Polish and English.

http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_2844_ENG_HTML.htm

B. Women in Poland (January 2008, .pdf and .zip compressed .pdf format, 311p.). Note: The publication is in Polish and English.

http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_3816_ENG_HTML.htm

C. Statistical Yearbook of the Regions - Poland, 2007 (December 2007, .pdf and .zip compressed .pdf, format 358p.). Note: Note: The publication is in Polish and English.

http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_2176_ENG_HTML.htm

D. Statistical Bulletin (11/2007, December 2007, .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format with technical documentation in .zip compressed .pdf format).

http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_738_ENG_HTML.htm

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Slovenia:

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia Compendium: Statistical Yearbook 2007 (2007, .pdf and Excel format, 600p.).

http://www.stat.si/Letopis/index_letopis_en.asp

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South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report: "Marriages and Divorces, 2006," (P0307, December 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 29p.).

http://www.statssa.gov.za/Publications/statsdownload.asp?PPN=P0307&SCH=4070

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UK:

House of Commons Report: "Poverty in Scotland," (December 2007, 2 Vol., .pdf and HTML format, Vol. I 51p., Vol. II 384p.).

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm/cmscotaf.htm

Scroll down to "December 17, 2007".

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Demographic Research Articles:

A. "Family change and migration in the life course: An introduction," by Hill Kulu and Nadja Milewski (Vol. 17, Article 19, .pdf format, p. 567-590).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/19/default.htm

B. "Family migration and mobility sequences in the United States: Spatial mobility in the context of the life course," by William A.V. Clark and Suzanne Davies Withers (Vol. 17, Article 20, .pdf format, p. 591-622).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/20/default.htm

C. "Residential mobility and migration of the separated," by Peteke Feijten and Maarten van Ham(Vol. 17, Article 21, .pdf format, p. 623-654).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/21/default.htm

D. "Geographical distances between adult children and their parents in the Netherlands," by Francesca Michielin and Clara H. Mulder (Vol. 17, Article 22, .pdf format, p. 655-678).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/22/default.htm

E. "Distance to old parents; Analyses of Swedish register data," by Gunnar Malmberg and Anna Pettersson (Vol. 17, Article 23, .pdf format, p. 679-704).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/23/default.htm

F. "The impact of origin region and internal migration on Italian fertility," by Giuseppe Gabrielli, Anna Paterno, and Michael White (Vol. 17, Article 24, .pdf format, p. 705-740).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/24/default.htm

G. "Migration and first-time parenthood: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan," by Lesia Nedoluzhko and Gunnar Andersson (Vol. 17, Article 25, .pdf format, p. 741-774).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/25/default.htm

H. "Fertility differences by housing type: The effect of housing conditions or of selective moves?" by Hill Kulu and Andres Vikat (Vol. 17, Article 26, .pdf format, p. 775-802).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/26/default.htm

I. "Migration and union dissolution in a changing socio-economic context: The case of Russia," by Magdalena Muszynska and Hill Kulu (Vol. 17, Article 27, .pdf format, p. 803-820).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/27/default.htm

J. "The interrelationship of fertility, family maintenance and Mexico-U.S. Migration," by David P. Lindstrom and Silvia Giorguli Saucedo (Vol. 17, Article 28, .pdf format, p. 821-858).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/28/default.htm

K. "Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state; The role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender," by Gunnar Andersson and Kirk Scott (Vol. 17, Article 30, .pdf format, p. 897-938).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/30/default.htm

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Urban Institute Brief: "Federal Housing Subsidies: To Rent or To Own?" by Gillian Reynolds (Opportunity and Ownership Facts, December 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411592.html

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article Abstract: "Environmental impacts of divorce," by Eunice Yu and Jianguo Liu (Vol. 104, No. 51, December 18, 2007, p. 20629-20634).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/51/20629

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WORKING PAPERS:

California Center for Population Research [University of California-Los Angeles]: "Who Benefits Most From College? Evidence for Negative Selection in Heterogeneous Economic Returns to Higher Education," by Jennie E. Brand and Yu Xie (CCPR-033-07, December 2007, .pdf format, 22p.). Links to an abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/ccprwpabstracts/ccpr_033_07.htm

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "First in the Class? Age and the Education Production Function," by Elizabeth Cascio and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach (w13663, December 2007, .pdf format, 51p.).

Abstract:

Older children outperform younger children in a school-entry cohort well into their school careers. The existing literature has provided little insight into the causes of this phenomenon, leaving open the possibility that school-entry age is zero-sum game, where relatively young students lose what relatively old students gain. In this paper, we estimate the effects of relative age using data from an experiment where children of the same biological age were randomly assigned to different classrooms at the start of school. We find no evidence that relative age impacts achievement in the population at large. However, disadvantaged children assigned to a classroom where they are among the youngest students are less likely to take a college-entrance exam than others of the same biological age. Controlling for relative age also reveals no long-term effect of biological age at school entry in the aggregate, but striking differences by socioeconomic status: Disadvantaged children who are older at the start of kindergarten are less likely to take the SAT or ACT, while the opposite may be true for children from more advantaged families. These findings suggest that, far from being zero-sum, school-entry age has far-reaching consequences for the level of achievement and achievement gaps between the rich and poor.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13663

B."The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels," by James J. Heckman and Paul A. LaFontaine (w13670, December 2007, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

This paper uses multiple data sources and a unified methodology to estimate the trends and levels of the U.S. high school graduation rate. Correcting for important biases that plague previous calculations, we establish that (a) the true high school graduation rate is substantially lower than the official rate issued by the National Center for Educational Statistics; (b) it has been declining over the past 40 years; (c) majority/minority graduation rate differentials are substantial and have not converged over the past 35 years; (d) the decline in high school graduation rates occurs among native populations and is not solely a consequence of increasing proportions of immigrants and minorities in American society; (e) the decline in high school graduation explains part of the recent slowdown in college attendance; and (f) the pattern of the decline of high school graduation rates by gender helps to explain the recent increase in male-female college attendance gaps.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13670

C. "Do State Laws Affect the Age of Marriage? A Cautionary Tale About Avoidance Behavior," by Rebecca M. Blank, Kerwin Kofi Charles, and James M. Sallee (w13667, December 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

Abstract:

This paper investigates the response of young people in the United States to state laws dictating the minimum age at which individuals could marry, with and without parental consent. We use variation across states and over time to document behavioral responses to laws governing the age of marriage using both administrative records from the Vital Statistics and retrospective reports from the U.S. Census. We find evidence that state laws delayed the marriages of some young people, but the effects are much smaller in Census data than in Vital Statistics records. This discrepancy appears to be driven by systematic avoidance behavior of two kinds. First, some young people marry outside their state of residence, in states with less restrictive laws. Second, many young people appear to have evaded minimum age of marriage laws by misrepresenting age on their marriage certificate. This avoidance was especially pronounced in earlier years, when few states required documented proof of age and when there was greater gain to marrying out of state because of wider variation in laws. Our results have important implications about the quality of administrative data when it is poorly monitored; about the effect of laws when agents can avoid them; and about the validly of estimates using cross-state variation in laws as an instrumental variable. By contrasting two data sources, we achieve a more complete picture of behavioral response than would be possible with either one alone.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13667

D. "Complements versus Substitutes and Trends in Fertility Choice in Dynastic Models," by Larry E. Jones and Alice Schoonbroodt (w13680, December 2007, .pdf format, 48p.).

Abstract:

The Barro-Becker model is a simple intuitive model of fertility choice. In its original formulation, however, it has not been very successful at reproducing the changes in fertility choice in response to decreased mortality and increased income growth that demographers have emphasized in explaining the demographic transition. In this paper we show that this is due to an implicit assumption that number and utility of children are complements, which is a byproduct of the high intertemporal elasticity of substitution (IES) typically assumed in the fertility literature. We show that, not only is this assumption not necessary, but both the qualitative and quantitative properties of the model in terms of fertility choice change dramatically when substitutability and high curvature are assumed. To do so, we first derive analytical comparative statics and perform quantitative experiments. We find that if IES is less than one, model predictions of changes in fertility amount to about two-thirds of those observed in U.S. data since 1800. There are two major sources to these predicted changes, the increase in the growth rate of productivity which accounts for about 90 percent of the predicted fall in fertility before 1880, and changes in mortality which account for 90 percent of the predicted change from 1880 to 1950.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13680

E. "Prejudice and The Economics of Discrimination," by Kerwin Kofi Charles and Jonathan Guryan (w13661, December 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

This paper tests the predictions about the relationship between racial prejudice and racial wage gaps from Becker's (1957) seminal work on employer discrimination - something which has not previously been done in the large economics discrimination literature. Using rich data on racial prejudice from the General Social Survey, we find strong support for all of the key predictions from Becker about the relationship between prejudice and racial wage gaps. In particular, we show that, relative to white wages, black wages: (a) vary negatively with a measure of the prejudice of the "marginal" white in a state; (b) vary negatively with the prejudice in the lower tail of the prejudice distribution, but are unaffected by the prejudice of the most prejudiced persons in a state; and (c) vary negatively with the fraction of a state that is black. We show that these results are robust to a variety of extensions, including directly controlling for racial skill quality differences and instrumental variables estimates. We present some initial evidence to show that racial wage gaps are larger the more racially integrated is a state’s workforce, also as Becker's model predicts. The paper also briefly discusses familiar criticisms and extensions of the standard Becker model, including an argument of our own which, like some recent work, shows that the model's main predictions can be shown theoretically to survive the effects of long run competition.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13661

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The National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER Center).

A. "Feeling the Florida Heat?: How Low-Performing Schools Respond to Voucher and Accountability Pressure," by Cecilia Elena Rouse, Jane Hannaway, Dan Goldhaber, and David Figlio ((Working Paper 13, November 2007, .pdf format, 49p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the effect of accountability policy on school practices and student outcomes with remarkably comprehensive and detailed data that include a multi-wave five-year survey of the census of public schools in Florida and administrative data on individual student performance over time. The authors show that low-performing schools facing accountability pressure changed their instructional practices in meaningful ways. In addition, they present medium-run evidence school accountability promotes improved student test scores, and find that a significant portion of these test score gains can likely be attributed to the changes in school policies and practices uncovered in these surveys.

http://www.caldercenter.org/PDF/1001116_Florida_Heat.pdf

B. "Are Public Schools Really Losing Their Best? Assessing the Career Transitions of Teachers and Their Implications for the Quality of the Teacher Workforce," by Dan Goldhaber, Betheny Gross, and Daniel Player (Working Paper 12, October 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines attrition and mobility of teachers using teacher value-added measures for early-career teachers in North Carolina. The findings suggest that the most effective teachers tend to stay in teaching and in specific schools.

http://www.caldercenter.org/PDF/1001115_Public_Schools.pdf

More information about CALDER Center:

http://www.caldercenter.org/about/index.cfm

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World Bank Development Programme: "Are there lessons for Africa from China's success against poverty?" by Martin Ravallion (WPS 4463, December 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 27p.). Links to an abstract and full-text are available at:

http://econ.worldbank.org/external/default/main?pagePK=64165259&theSitePK=469382&piPK=64165421&menuPK=64166093&entityID=000158349_20080107141533

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "A New Unified Theory of Sociobehavioral Forces," by Guillermina Jasso (Discussion Paper 3243, December 2007, .pdf format, 54p.).

Abstract:

This paper proposes a new unified theory of sociobehavioral forces. The goal of the new theory is to integrate theories describing five sociobehavioral processes -- comparison (including justice and self-esteem), status, power, identity, and happiness -- bringing under a single theoretical umbrella diverse mechanisms together with their effects across disparate domains and for both individuals and societies. The integration is made possible by the remarkable similarity of the internal core of the theories, a core comprised of three elements: personal quantitative characteristics, personal qualitative characteristics, and primordial sociobehavioral outcomes. The unified theory posits the operation of three sociobehavioral forces -- comparison, status, and power -- each associated with a distinctive mechanism, in particular, a distinctive rate of change of the outcome with respect to the quantitative characteristic. Each combination of elements -- e.g., status-wealth-city -- generates a distinctive identity and a distinctive magnitude of happiness. Thus, the theory enables systematic and parsimonious analysis of both individuals and societies via the distinctive configurations of elements. To illustrate the unified theory, we analyze the three-way contest between loyalty to self, subgroup, and group in a two-subgroup society, deriving many new testable predictions, for example, that the bottom subgroup will have difficulty mobilizing itself, that the ablest individuals in a society will not make good leaders as their first loyalty is to self, and that the proportions loyal to self, subgroup, and group differ sharply, depending on the sociobehavioral forces, valued goods, and subgroup size. Finally, the theory provides a foundation for making explicit connections among the most important themes and insights of contemporary social science, including inequality, oppositional culture, group boundary permeability, social inclusion and exclusion, segregation and integration, social distance and polarization, and bonding and bridging.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3243.pdf

B. "Fertility Differences between Married and Cohabiting Couples: A Switching Regression Analysis," by Junfu Zhang and Xue Song (Discussion Paper 3245, December 2007, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

Little is known about why cohabiting couples have fewer children than married couples. We explore the factors that explain the difference in fertility between these two groups using a switching regression analysis, which enables us to quantify the contribution of different factors through a decomposition of the difference. We find that married couples have more children than cohabiting couples primarily because marriage provides stronger incentives for specialization in household production. Unobserved self-selection plays a less important role.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3245.pdf

C. "Unravelling Secularization: An International Study," by Pablo Brañas Garza, Teresa García Muñoz, and Shoshana Neuman (Discussion Paper 3251, December 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

The current study examines individuals who were raised in a certain religion and at some stage of their life left it. Currently, they define their religious affiliation as ‘no religion’. A battery of explanatory variables (country-specific ones, personal attributes and marriage variables) was employed to test for the determinants of this decision. It was found that the tendency of individuals to leave their religion is strongly correlated with the degree of strictness of their country and with their spouse's religious characteristics. Moreover, personal socio-demographic features seem to be less relevant.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3251.pdf

D. "Naturalization Proclivities, Ethnicity and Integration," by Amelie Constant, Liliya Gataullina, and Klaus F. Zimmermann (Discussion Paper 3260, December 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

This paper studies the determinants of naturalization among Turkish and ex-Yugoslav immigrants in Germany differentiating between actual and planned citizenship. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel, we measure the impact that integration and ethnicity indicators exert on the probability to naturalize beyond the standard individual and human capital characteristics. A robust finding is that German citizenship is very valuable to female immigrants and the generally better educated, but not to those educated in Germany. We find that the degree of integration in German society has a differential effect on citizenship acquisition. While a longer residence in Germany has a negative influence on actual or future naturalization, arriving at a younger age and having close German friends are strong indicators of a positive proclivity to citizenship acquisition. Likewise, ethnic origins and religion also influence these decisions. Muslim immigrants in Germany are more willing to become German citizens than non-Muslim immigrants, but there are also fewer German citizens among Muslims than among non-Muslims.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3260.pdf

E. "Telling the Truth May Not Pay Off: An Empirical Study of Centralised University Admissions in Germany," by Sebastian Braun, Nadja Dwenger, and Dorothea Kübler (Discussion Paper 3261, December 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

We investigate the matching algorithm used by the German central clearinghouse for university admissions (ZVS) in medicine and related subjects. This mechanism consists of three procedures based on final grades from school ("Abiturbestenverfahren", "Auswahlverfahren der Hochschulen") and on waiting time ("Wartezeitverfahren"). While these procedures differ in the criteria applied for admission they all make use of priority matching. In priority matching schemes, it is not a dominant strategy for students to submit their true preferences. Thus, strategic behaviour is expected. Using the full data set of applicants, we are able to detect some amount of strategic behaviour which can lead to inefficient matching. Alternative ways to organize the market are briefly discussed.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3261.pdf

F. "Why Are Hispanic and African-American Dropout Rates So High?" by Magnus Lofstrom (Discussion Paper 3265, December 2007, .pdf format, 35p.). Note: this paper has been published in Williams Review (2, p. 91-121).

Abstract:

The proportion of students who do not graduate from high school is dramatically higher among the two largest minority groups, Hispanics and African-Americans, compared to non-Hispanic whites. In this paper we utilize unique student-level data from the Texas Schools Microdata Panel (TSMP) in an attempt to determine what factors contribute to the higher minority dropout rates. We show that poverty is a key contributor. Lack of English proficiency among Hispanic student is linked to the higher Hispanic dropout probability. Our results also suggest that neighborhood characteristics may be important in explaining the high African-American dropout rates. We also address the issue of the surprisingly low official dropout rates reported by the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and show that the GED program explains some of the discrepancy.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp3265.pdf

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Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "Clash of Career and Family: Fertility Decisions after Job Displacement," by Emilia Del Bono, Andrea Weber, and Rudolf Winter-Ebmer (ISER Working Paper 2007-33, December 2007, .pdf format, 61p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we investigate how fertility decisions respond to unexpected career interruptions which occur as a consequence of job displacement. Using an event study approach we compare the birth rates of displaced women with those of women unaffected by job loss after establishing the predisplacement comparability of these groups. Our results reveal that job displacement reduces average fertility by 5 to 10% in both the short and medium term (3 and 6 years) and that these effects are largely explained by the response of white collar women. Using an instrumental variable approach we provide evidence that the reduction in fertility is not due to the income loss generated by unemployment but arises because displaced workers undergo a career interruption. These results are interpreted in the light of a model in which the rate of human capital accumulation slows down after the birth of a child and all specific human capital is destroyed upon job loss.

http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/pubs/workpaps/pdf/2007-33.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Journal of Population Research (Vol. 24, No. 2, November 2007).

http://www.jpr.org.au/index/jpr242

Journal of Social Work (Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2008).

http://jsw.sagepub.com/content/vol8/issue1/

Population and Development Review (Vol. 33, No. 4, December 2007).

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/padr/33/4

Survey Research Methods (Vol. 1, No. 3, 2007).

http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/srm/

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

US Bureau of Justice Statistics: "State Justice Statistics Program for Statistical Analysis Centers, 2008 Solicitation," (2008-BJS-1747, deadline for applications is March 31, 2008).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/html/sjssac08sol.htm

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DATA:

US Census Bureau: "National, State, and Puerto Rico Population - July 1, 2007," (December 27, 2007).

http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

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Wisconsin Longitudinal Survey:

A. "The WLS 12.21 data set is now available. This new release includes corrections to graduate 2004, grad spouse 2005, and sibling 2005 data. The preliminary sibling spouse data released in October 2007 is now available in final form.":

Change Notice #28:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/updates/change_notice/chnt_028.htm

Data access:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/

B. WLS has recently created a web page with links to Supplementary Documents "for data collected about the respondents. These data include: Relative body mass index, attractiveness, and H.S. activities from the 1957 H.S. yearbooks; Job and college characteristics; female graduates' work histories; high school district resources; disability claims forms; life history and health at midlife; area resources file; and social security earnings data."

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/documentation/supdoc/

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Integrated Public Use Microdata Update: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota announced on Dec. 14, 2007: "Posted new versions of the 2005 and 2006 ACS (American Community Survey) sample. Released CITYPOP for both samples and fixed a small error in QCONDOFE and QVALUEH in the 2006 sample.

Posted new versions of the 1% and 5% census samples for 2000. Fixed errors in PUMALAND, PUMAAREA, and ACREPROP."

See Dec. 14, 2007 item.

http://usa.ipums.org/usa/revisions.shtml

Data Access:

http://usa.ipums.org/usa-action/createExtract.do

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National Longitudinal Survey: The Center for Human Resource Research at Ohio State has released two new codebooks for the NLSY97 data:

- CBK97-R9 Mainfile Codebook Supplement (Round 9)

- GEOCBK97-R9 Geocode Codebook Supplement (Round 9)

http://www.chrr.ohio-state.edu/nls-info/ordering/display_db.php3

Scroll to title or Item No.

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Human Mortality Database: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

- Dec. 18, 2007 - Data for Japan were revised and updated through 2006.

Data availability:

http://www.mortality.org/Public/DataAvailability.html

Data access:

http://www.mortality.org/

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets between Dec. 21, 2007 & Jan. 6, 2008 , which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/access/recent.html

Click on "all studies updated or added within the last 90 days.".

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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

SN 5738 -Experian Demographic Data, 2004-

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5738

SN 5755 -British Crime Survey, 2006-2007

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5755

SN 5756 -Scottish Crime Survey, 2003

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5756

SN 5757 -Scottish Crime and Victimisation Survey, 2004

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5757

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