Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #36, October 23, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #36

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CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

DATA

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Census Bureau Facts for Features: "Thanksgiving Day: 2007" (CB07-FF.XX, Oct. 18, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/010763.html

2. National Center for Education Statistics Report: "The 2007 Revision of the Career/Technical Education Portion of the Secondary School Taxonomy," by Denise Bradby and Lisa Hudson (NCES 2008030, October 2007, .pdf format, 87p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2008030

3. Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: U.S. Housing Market Conditions (2nd Quarter 2007, .pdf format, 94p.).

http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/ushmc.html

5. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General Report: "State Use of Debt Compromise To Reduce Child Support Arrearages" (OEI-06-06-00070, October 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, characteristics, and outcomes of debt compromise programs used by State child support enforcement (CSE) agencies to reduce child support arrearages. To meet this objective, we surveyed all States and conducted site visits to five States examining a sample of debt compromise cases.

We found that CSE agencies in 20 States operate fully implemented or pilot programs, 23 States settle arrearage debt on a case-by-case basis, and the remaining 8 States do not allow compromise of arrearages. Our evaluation of sample cases found that debt compromise resulted in an average of $9,383 settled per case, and that noncustodial parents in 45 percent of sample cases made lump sum payments averaging $5,515 at the time of the agreements.

We also found that 41 percent of sample cases closed following debt compromise, either after lump sum payments or with all debt settled. When sample cases remained open following debt compromise, four of five States did not routinely follow up when noncustodial parents paid irregularly. In reviewing practices in all States with debt compromise programs, we found that cases are eligible based on a number of factors, including large arrearages, and that local

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-06-06-00070.pdf

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US States:

Nebraska:

Department of Health and Human Services Report: "Office of Protection and Safety 2006 Annual Report" (October 2007, .pdf format, 42p.).

http://www.hhs.state.ne.us/srd/P&S-AnnualReport2006.pdf

North Dakota:

State Data Center Report: "Licensed Child Care Dismissal Study" (October 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).

Abstract:

Presents results of a September 2007 survey of licensed child care providers in North Dakota conducted for North Dakota Child Care Resource and Referral. The study was designed to gather information regarding the extent to which children are dismissed from child care programs in North Dakota and the reasons surrounding their dismissal. The results will give policy makers and child care administrators insight into the magnitude of the issue and a clearer understanding of what is contributing to the issue. Information will also assist decision makers in defining needs for supportive services.

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/publications/reports/LicensedChildCareDismissalStudy_FinalResults.pdf

Wisconsin:

Department of Health & Family Services Report: "Wisconsin Life Expectancy Tables (Abridged Three-Year Life Tables)" (October 2007). Tables have been updated through 2004-2006).

http://dhfs.wisconsin.gov/stats/lifeexpectancy.htm

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NGO and Other Countries:

1. United Nations Report: "Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women," (2007, .pdf format, 498p.).

http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N07/415/16/PDF/N0741516.pdf?OpenElement

2. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Compendium: Global Education Digest 2007 (2007, .pdf format, 207p.).

http://www.uis.unesco.org/template/pdf/ged/2007/EN_web2.pdf

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Statistics Canada/Statistique Report: "Homicide in Canada, 2006," by Geoffrey Li (Juristat, Vol. 28, No. 7, October 2007, .pdf format, p.).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/85-002-XIE/85-002-XIE2007008.pdf

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China:

National Bureau of Statistics Compendium: China Statistical Yearbook­2007 (September 2007). This compendium is available in print and CD-ROM format only at this time. For more information see:

http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/whatsnew/t20071015_402437169.htm

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Ireland:

Central Statistics Office Report: "Census 2006 - Volume 10, Education and Qualifications" October 2007, .pdf format, 167p.).

http://www.cso.ie/census/census2006_volume_10.htm

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Israel:

Central Bureau of Statistics Report: "Recipients of First Degrees From Institutions of Higher Education Satisfaction with Studies, Employment and Continuation of Studies 1999/2000-2001/02" (October 2007, .pdf format, 113p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format, and ancillary material in Microsoft Word format).

http://www1.cbs.gov.il/webpub/pub/text_page_eng.html?publ=17&CYear=2006&CMonth=1

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Japan:

Statistics Bureau Periodical: Japan Monthly Statistics (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/getujidb/index.htm

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Lebanon:

Central Administration for Statistics Compendium: Statistical Yearbook: 2006 (October 2007, .pdf format, 90p.). An English language version is now available.

http://www.cas.gov.lb/pdf/Yearbook2006web.pdf

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Netherlands:

Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Article: "Large discrepancies between parental contributions in secondary education" (Oct. 18, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/onderwijs/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2007/2007-90081-wk.htm

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Norway:

Statistics Norway News Release: "Account statistics for private kindergartens, 2006" (Oct. 17, 2007). The news release links to four topical tables.

http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/04/02/10/barnregnp_en/

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South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report: "Financial statistics of higher education institutions, 2006" (October 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.statssa.gov.za/Publications/statsdownload.asp?PPN=P9103.1&SCH=4018

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UK National Statistics Office Report: "GCSE and Equivalent Results in England, 2006/07 (Provisional)" (October 2007, .pdf format, 12p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.dfes.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s000754/index.shtml

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Demographic Research Articles:

A. "Understanding parental gender preferences in advanced societies: Lessons from Sweden and Finland," by Gunnar Andersson, Karsten Hank, and Andres Vikat (Vol. 17, Article 6, October 2007, .pdf format, p. 135-156). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol17/6/

B. "Fertility and union dissolution in Brazil: an example of multi-process modelling using the Demographic and Health Survey calendar data," by Tiziana Leone and Andrew Hinde (Vol. 17, Article 7, October 2007, .pdf format, p. 157-180). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol17/7/

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Special Feature: This week's issue (Vol. 104, No. 43, Oct.23, 2007) contains a special feature, with several articles on poverty. Abstracts are publicly available. Check your library for availability of full text.

http://www.pnas.org/current.shtml#SPECIAL_FEATURE

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Population Reference Bureau Report, Articles:

A. "Is India's Population Heading Toward 2 Billion? A Long-range Demographic View" (August 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.prb.org/Reports/2007/IndiaProjections.aspx

B. "Latinos Claim Larger Share of U.S. Military Personnel," by Mady Wechsler Segal and David R. Segal (October 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/HispanicsUSMilitary.aspx

C. ""The Growing Color Divide in U.S. Infant Mortality," by Rogelio Saenz (October 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/ColorDivideinInfantMortality.aspx

D. "PopWire: Younger U.S. Baby Boomers Less Likely to Divorce by 40 Than Older Boomers," by Sandra Yin (October 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/PopWireOct2007.aspx

E. "Take a Number: Population, Health, and Environment News You Might Have Missed" (October 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Journalists/TakeANumber.aspx

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American Sociological Association Report: "Race, Ethnicity, and the Criminal Justice System," (September 2007, .pdf format, 31p.).

http://www.asanet.org/galleries/Research/ASARaceCrime.pdf

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Rand Corporation Report: "Human Trafficking in Ohio: Markets, Responses, and Considerations," by Jeremy M. Wilson and Erin Dalton (2007, .pdf format, 86p.).

http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG689/

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Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (Princeton University) Issue Brief: "Mothers’ Residential Mobility Following the Birth of a Child," (Issue Brief No. 40, October 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.fragilefamilies.princeton.edu/briefs/ResearchBrief40.pdf

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CD Howe Institute [Toronto, Ontario] Report: "Reducing Poverty: What has Worked, and What Should Come Next," by John Richards (October 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).

http://www.cdhowe.org/pdf/commentary_255.pdf

More information about CD Howe:

http://www.cdhowe.org/display.cfm?page=about

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The Weekly Standard Article: "No Man-child Left Behind: Casual: Who counts as a child under S-chip?" by John McCormack (Vol. 13, No. 6, Oct. 22, 2007).

http://www.theweeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/218finyr.asp

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin Center for Ecology and Demography:

A. "'Public Use Samples of 1910 & 1920 Puerto Rican Censuses.' Grant Application to the Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service," (CDE Working Paper No. 2007-18, 2007, .pdf format, 27p.). No abstract is available for this paper.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2007-18.pdf

B. "Sexual Satisfaction in the Seventh Decade of Life," by John DeLamater, Janet S. Hyde and Mei-Chia Fong (Working Paper No. 2007-17, October 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

The purpose of this research was to present and interpret data on the sexual behavior and satisfaction of men and women in their mid-sixties. These results fill an important gap in our understanding of human sexual activity across the life course. The data are from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study 2003 mail survey, including 2,409 men and 2,717 women. The original sample consisted of graduates of Wisconsin high schools in 1957. Regression analyses were used to identify variables independently associated with sexual behavior and satisfaction. Included in the analyses were measures of physical health, sexual functioning, psychological distress, and satisfaction with the relationship. Frequency of sexual activity was significantly predicted by one measure of sexual functioning. Satisfaction with the sexual relationship was predicted by satisfaction with the relationship and frequency of sexual activity. The results support the conclusion that sexual expression remains a significant aspect of intimate relationships in the seventh decade of life.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2007-17.pdf

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The National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER Center).

A. "The Narrowing Gap in New York City Teacher Qualifications and Its Implications for Student Achievement in High-Poverty Schools," by Donald Boyd, Hamilton Lankford, Susanna Loeb, Jonah Rockoff, and James Wyckoff (WP 10, September 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.caldercenter.org/PDF/1001103_Narrowing_Gap.pdf

B. "Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects," by Charles T. Clotfelter, Helen F. Ladd, and Jacob L. Vigdor (WP 11, October 2007, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. The availability of test scores in multiple subjects for each student permits us to estimate a model with student fixed effects, which helps minimize any bias associated with the non-random distribution of teachers and students among classrooms within schools. We find compelling evidence that teacher credentials affect student achievement in systematic ways and that the magnitudes are large enough to be policy relevant. As a result, the uneven distribution of teacher credentials by race and socio-economic status of high school students -- a pattern we also document -- contributes to achievement gaps in high school.

http://www.caldercenter.org/PDF/1001104_Teacher_Credentials_HighSchool.pdf

More information about CALDER Center:

http://www.caldercenter.org/about/index.cfm

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Institute of Behavioral Science [University of Colorado]: "The American Community Survey's Interstate Migration Data: Strategies for Smoothing Irregular Age Patterns," by James Raymer and Andrei Rogers (POP2007-08, Sept. 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

Age- and origin-destination-specific flows obtained from population samples often contain irregularities. The reason for this has mostly to do with the fact that migrations are relatively rare events. Biases in the analysis of migration flows can arise if these irregularities are not corrected for. Furthermore, accurate migration data are needed to understand population change and migration behavior. In this paper, we illustrate some typical examples of age-specific migration flows with irregular patterns, using the 2000-2005 American Community Survey (ACS) data. We then demonstrate how model migration schedules, log-linear models or a combination of both can be used to smooth the irregularities. The age-specific interstate migration flows observed in the U.S. West Region during 1995-2000, obtained from the 5% Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) of the 2000 Census long-form questionnaire, are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of these models. Because we have the corresponding full sample census data, the accuracy of the various smoothed estimates can be assessed. The models are then applied to smooth 2004 ACS migration flow data, which represents a "worse case" type scenario. The results clearly show that more accurate and believable migration data can be provided by applying models to smooth the irregularities in the age patterns caused by relatively small samples.

http://www.colorado.edu/ibs/pubs/pop/pop2007-0008.pdf

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A."The Effects of Work-Conditioned Transfers on Marriage and Child Well-Being: A Review," by Jeffrey Grogger and Lynn Karoly (w13485, October 2007, .pdf format, 49p.).

Abstract:

Transfer payments to poor families are increasingly conditioned on work, either via wage subsidies available only to workers or via work requirements in more traditional welfare programs. Although the effects of such programs on employment are fairly well understood, relatively little is known about their effects on marriage or child well-being. We review a small number of studies that provide such information here. Our discussion of marriage is couched in terms of a theoretical model that draws from the efficient-household literature. The model is consistent with the wide range of effects that we observe and suggests an explanation for some of the observed differences. The theoretical framework in which we couch our review of results on children is likewise consistent with the observed variation between programs and among children of different ages.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13485

B. "Migration Creation, Diversion, and Retention: New Deal Grants and Migration: 1935-1940," by Todd Sorensen , Price V. Fishback, Samuel Allen, and Shawn E. Kantor (w13491, October 2007, .pdf format, 58p.).

Abstract:

During the 1930s the federal government embarked upon an ambitious series of grant programs designed to counteract the Great Depression. The amounts distributed varied widely across the country and potentially contributed to population shifts. We estimate an aggregate discrete choice model, in which household heads choose among 466 economic subregions. The structural model allows us to decompose the effects of program spending on migration into three categories: the effect of spending on keeping households in their origin (retention), the effect of pulling non-migrants out of their origin (creation), and the effect of causing migrants to substitute away from an alternative destination (diversion). An additional dollar of public works and relief spending increased net migration into an area primarily by retaining the existing population and creating new migration into the county. Only a small share of the increase in net migration rate was caused by diversion of people who had already chosen to migrate. AAA spending contributed to net out migration, primarily by creating new out migrants and repelling potential in migrants. A counterfactual analysis suggests that the uneven distribution of New Deal spending explains about twelve percent of the internal migration flows in the United States between 1935 and 1940.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13491

"Love, Hate and Murder: Commitment Devices in Violent Relationships," by Anna Aizer and Pedro Dal Bo (w13492, October 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

Many violent relationships are characterized by a high degree of cyclicality: women who are the victims of domestic violence often leave and return multiple times. To explain this we develop a model of time inconsistent preferences in the context of domestic violence. This time inconsistency generates a demand for commitment. We present supporting evidence that women in violent relationships display time inconsistent preferences by examining their demand for commitment devices. We find that "no-drop" policies -- which compel the prosecutor to continue with prosecution even if the victim expresses a desire to drop the charges -- result in an increase in reporting. No-drop policies also result in a decrease in the number of men murdered by intimates suggesting that some women in violent relationships move away from an extreme type of commitment device when a less costly one is offered.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13492

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RAND Corporation Labor and Population Program: "Emigration and Schooling among Second-Generation Mexican-American Children," by Michael S. Rendall and Berna M. Torr (WR-529, October 2007, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full-text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR529/

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DATA:

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service: "Creative Class County Codes" (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/CreativeClassCodes/#2007-10-17

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World Health Organization: The WHO Mortality Database was updated on Oct. 15, 2007. Updates to the ICD-9 data files, documentation, country codes, and population/live birth are now available.

http://www.who.int/whosis/mort/download/en/index.html

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Human Mortality Database: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

- Oct. 11, 2007 - Data for Belgium were revised; a correction was made to the estimated sex distribution for deaths at age 0 in 1868-1876 and ages 1-9 in 1876.

Data availability:

http://www.mortality.org/Public/DataAvailability.html

Data access:

http://www.mortality.org/

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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

SN 5737 -Annual Population Survey, April 2006 - March 2007: Special Licence Access

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5737

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