Current Social Science Research Report--Social #26, August 15, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #26

To CSSRR- Health #26

CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

TABLES OF CONTENTS

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

EMPLOYMENT OPPPORTUNITIES

DATA

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Census Bureau News Release: "More Than 300 Counties Now 'Majority-Minority' (CB07-113, Aug. 9, 2007).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/010482.html

Latest County Estimates:

http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

Scroll to County Estimates

2. National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Advanced Mathematics and Science Coursetaking in the Spring High School Senior Classes of 1982, 1992, and 2004," by Ben Dalton, Steven J. Ingels, Jane Downing, and Robert Bozick (NCES 2007312, August 2007, .pdf format, 148p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007312

B. "Differential Characteristics of 2-Year Postsecondary Institutions," by Sarah Krichels Goan and Alisa F. Cunningham (NCES 2007164, July 2007, .pdf format, 108p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007164

C. "Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-8 Countries: 2006," by David C. Miller, Anindita Sen, and Lydia B. Malley (NCES 2007006, August 2007, .pdf format, 80p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007006

3. Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: NLS News (No. 07-128, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.bls.gov/nls/nls128.pdf

4. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General Report: "Medicaid Payments and Services Related to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita" (OEI-05-06-00140, July 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-05-06-00140.pdf

5. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "Assessing Child Support Arrears in Nine Large States and the Nation," by Elaine Sorensen, Liliana Sousa, and Simon Schaner (July 2007, .pdf format, 45p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/assessing-CS-debt/index.htm

6. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Recommendations and Reports: "The Effectiveness of Universal School-Based Programs for the Prevention of Violent and Aggressive Behavior : A Report on Recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services," by Robert Hahn, Dawna Fuqua-Whitley, Holly Wethington, Jessica Lowy, Akiva Liberman, Alex Crosby, Mindy Fullilove, Robert Johnson, Eve Moscicki, LeShawndra Price, Susan R. Snyder, Farris Tuma, Stella Cory, Glenda Stone, Kaushik Mukhopadhaya, Sajal Chattopadhyay, and Linda Dahlberg, (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 56(RR07), August 10, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 12p.).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5607a1.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr5607.pdf

7. Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Black Victims of Violent Crime," by Erika Harrell (NCJ 214258, August 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, with .zip compressed spreadsheets, 12p.).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/bvvc.htm

8. Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: Cityscape (Vol. 9, No. 2, 2007, .pdf format, 200p.). This is a special issue devoted to "Low-Income and Minority Home Ownership."

http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/cityscpe/vol9num2/index.html

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US States:

Hawai'i:

Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism Report: "2006 County (Population) Characteristics" (August 2007, Microsoft Word and Excel format).

http://www.hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/census/population-estimate

Iowa:

State Data Center Update: The State Data Center has released the following updates for Aug. 9, 2007 (all .pdf and Microsoft Excel format except for "Age (five-year age groups), sex, race, and Hispanic origin: 2000-2006 Raw data file", which is Microsoft Excel format, with documentation in ASCII text format: Race and Hispanic Origin: 2000-2006; Selected years of age, median age, and sex estimates: 2000-2006; Age (Five-year age groups) and sex estimates: 2000-2006; Age (five-year age groups), sex, race, and Hispanic origin: 2000-2006 Raw data file."

http://www.iowadatacenter.org/indexlinks/New

See Aug. 9, 2007 entry.

Missouri:

State Data Center Updates:

A. "State, County, Metropolitan, and Micropolitan Estimates by Age, Race, Sex and Hispanic Origin" (.pdf format) have been updated through 2006).

http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/websas/estimate_reports.shtml

B. "State-County Single-County IRS (Internal Revenue Service) Migration Profile" has been updated through 2005-2006.

http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/cgi-bin/uexplore?/pub/data/irsmig/Migration_Profiles

Wyoming:

Department of Administration and Information Reports:

A. "Estimates of US, Wyoming, and Wyoming County Population, Jul. 1, 2006." (August 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

http://eadiv.state.wy.us/pop/pop.html

B. "Ten Year Outlook: Wyoming Economic and Demographic Forecast: 2007 to 2016," by Wenlin Liu (July 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).

http://eadiv.state.wy.us/wef/Outlook2007.pdf

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NGO and Other Countries

Australia:

Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Juvenile justice in Australia 2005-06" (Juvenile justice series no. 3, August 2007, .pdf format, 132p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10497

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Bosnia & Herzegovina:

Federal Office of Statistics Compendium: Bosnia & Herzegovina in Figures: 2007 (2007, .pdf format, 48p.).

http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/Federacija%20u%20brojkama%202007.pdf

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Denmark:

Statistics Denmark Compendium, Statbank Denmark Updates:

A. Statistical Yearbook 2007 (July 2007, .pdf format, 652p.).

http://www.dst.dk/HomeUK/Statistics/ofs/Publications/Yearbook.aspx

B. Statbank Denmark: "BEF607: Midyear population (Population 1 July) by region, age, sex, marital status"

http://www.statbank.dk/BEF607

C. Statbank Denmark: "BEF707: Population by area, marital status, age, sex and citizenship"

http://www.statbank.dk/BEF707

D. Statbank Denmark: "BEV21: Summary vital statistics by quarters"

http://www.statbank.dk/BEV21

E. "BEV22: Summary vital statistics, by quarter"

http://www.statbank.dk/BEV22

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France:

Institut national d'etudes demographques (INED) Periodical: "Population and societies (No. 436, July-August 2007, .pdf format, 8p.). This month's article is: "The population of the world (2007)," by Gilles Pison.

http://www.ined.fr/en/resources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1318/

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Georgia:

Statistics Georgia Periodical: Quarterly Bulletin Q1, 2007, .pdf format, 94p.). The report is in Georgian and English.

http://www.statistics.ge/publication.php?plang=1&pform=-380

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Germany:

Federal Statistics Office Press Release: "Net expenditure on public assistance benefits up 4% in 2006" (Aug. 10, 2007). The news release links to a more detailed German language news release that contains a statistical table.

http://www.destatis.de/jetspeed/portal/cms/Sites/destatis/Internet/EN/press/pr/2007/08/PE07__316__221,templateId=renderPrint.psml

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Israel:

Central Bureau of Statistics Report: "Educational Institutions - Kindergartens, Primary and Secondary Schools 2002/03-2003/04" (May 2007, .pdf format, 100p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format, and other material in Microsoft Word format).

http://www1.cbs.gov.il/webpub/pub/text_page_eng.html?publ=12&CYear=2004&CMonth=1

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Japan:

Statistics Bureau Periodical, Report:

A. Japan Monthly Statistics (July 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/getujidb/index.htm

B. "Population Estimates" (July 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/jinsui/tsuki/index.htm

Japan Ministry Of Health, Labour, And Welfare Report: "Abridged Life Tables For Japan 2006" (July 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/database/db-hw/lifetb06/index.html

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Lithuania:

Statistics Department Report: "Education 2006" (July 2007, .pdf format, 112p.). The publication is in Lithuanian and English).

http://www.stat.gov.lt/en/catalog/list/?cat_y=2&cat_id=3&id=1226

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Netherlands:

Statistics Netherlands Press Release: "Population growth accelerates" (Aug. 10, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/dossiers/allochtonen/publicaties/persberichten/archief/2007/2007-057-pb.htm

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Northern Ireland:

Statistics and Research Agency Press Release: "2006 Mid Year Population Estimate" (Jul. 31, 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.nisra.gov.uk/archive/demography/publications/pr_mye_2006.pdf

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Pakistan:

Federal Bureau of Statistics Report: "Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey: 2005-2006: National/Provincial" (March 2007, .pdf format, 139p.).

http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/fbs/statistics/pslm2005_06/pslm2005_06.html

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Palestine:

Central Bureau of Statistics News Release: "PCBS: Released a Statistical Report about Israeli Settlements in the Palestinian Territory 2006" (Jul. 29, 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.pcbs.gov.ps/Portals/_pcbs/PressRelease/SATTLEMA06E.pdf

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Poland:

Central Statistical Office Report: "Life expectancy in Poland: 1995-2006" (July 2007, Microsoft Excel format). The report includes tables on: "Life Tables of Poland 1995-2006," "Probabilities of death from abridged life tables of Poland 1950-2006," "Life expectancy in Poland 1950-2006," "Life expectancy in Poland by voivodships (NUTS2) in 2006," and "Life expectancy in Poland by subregions (NUTS3) in 2006."

http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_894_ENG_WAI.htm

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Scotland:

1. General Register Office Report: "Scotland's Population 2006 - The Registrar General's Annual Review of Demographic Trends" (July 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 94p.).

http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data/annual-report-publications/rgs-annual-review-2006/index.html

2. Scottish Executive Report: "Results from the 2005/2006 Scottish Household Survey," by Joan Corbett, Pat MacLeod, and Steven Hope (August 2007, .pdf format, 248p.).

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/08/01084217/0-2

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Serbia:

Statistical Office Compendium, Communication: Municipalities: 2006 (2007, .zip compressed .pdf format, 339p.).

http://webrzs.statserb.sr.gov.yu/axd/en/Zip/OG2006webE.zip

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Slovenia:

Statistical Office News Releases:

A. "Marriages and divorces, Slovenia, 2006" (Aug. 3, 2007).

http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=1050

B. "Deaths, Slovenia, 2006" (Aug. 10, 2007).

http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=1055

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Sri Lanka:

Department of Census and Statistics Report: "Statistical Data Sheet 2007" (July 2007, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.statistics.gov.lk/misc/Stat%20Data%20Sheet2007Eng.pdf

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UK:

1. Department for Work and Pensions Research Report: "Factors influencing social mobility," by Alex Nunn, Steve Johnson, Surya Monro, Tim Bickerstaffe and Sarah Kelsey (Research Report No. 450, August 2007, .pdf format, 108p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rports2007-2008/rrep450.pdf

2. Department for Children, Schools, and Families Report: "National Curriculum Assessments at Key Stage 2 in England, 2007 (Provisional)" (August 2007, .pdf format, 14p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.dfes.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s000737/index.shtml

3. Home Office Report: "Crime in England and Wales 2006/07," edited by Sian Nicholas, Chris Kershaw and Alison Walker (Statistical Bulleting, July 2007, .pdf format, 179p.).

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs07/hosb1107.pdf

4. Ministry of Justice Report: "Re-offending of juveniles: results from the 2005 cohort," by Craig Medhurst and Jack Cunliffe (Statistical Bulletin, July 2007, .pdf format, 42p.).

http://www.justice.gov.uk/docs/reoffending-juveniles2005.pdf

5. National Statistics Office Periodical, Report:

A. Monthly Digest of Statistics: July 2007, edited by Dilys Rosen (July 2007, .pdf format, 136p.).

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=611&Pos=&ColRank=1&Rank=272

B. "The Use of the Labour Force Survey to Improve Estimates of International In-migration - Coverage and Quality, (Improved Methods for Population Statistics Revisions in 2007, July 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=14834

Scroll to title under Jul. 24, 2007 listing.

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Population Reference Bureau Article: "Hispanic Gains Minimize Population Losses in Rural and Small-Town America," by Mark Mather and Kelvin Pollard (August 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/HispanicGains.aspx

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Urban Institute Report: "Voices of Young Fathers: The Partners for Fragile Families Demonstration Projects," by Alford Young, Jr., and Pamela A. Holcomb (June 2007, .pdf format, 65p.).

http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411512_young_fathers.pdf

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of California, Berkeley/Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "About mortality data for Belarus," by Pavel Grigoriev (June 2007, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/publications/files/2696_1186072234_1_BLRcom.pdf

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Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program: "Validating the Use of Vignettes for Subjective Threshold Scales," by Arthur van Soest, Liam Delaney, Colm Harmon, Arie Kapteyn, and James P. Smith (WR-501, 2007, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR501/

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Minnesota Population Research Center:

A. Using Cyber-Resources to Build Databases for Social Science Research," by Matthew Sobek, Monty Hindman, and Steven Ruggles (WP 2007-01, June 2007, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.pop.umn.edu/research/mpc-working-papers-series/2007-working-papers-1/2007-01-using-cyber-resources-to-build-databases-for-social-science-research/

B. "Drawing Statistical Inferences from Historical Census Data," by Michael Davern, Steven Ruggles, Tami Swenson and J. Michael Oakes (WP 2007-02, June 2007, .pdf format, 20p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.pop.umn.edu/research/mpc-working-papers-series/2007-working-papers-1/2007-02-drawing-statistical-inferences-from-historical-census-data/

C. "Romantic Relationships from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health," by Ann Meier and Gina Allen (WP 2007-03, June 2007, .pdf format, 40p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.pop.umn.edu/research/mpc-working-papers-series/2007-working-papers-1/2007-03-romantic-relationships-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-evidence-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health/

D. "The Effect of Child Work on Schooling: Evidence from Egypt," by Ragui Assaad, Deborah Levison, and Nadia Zibani (WP 2007-04, July 2007, .pdf format, 68p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.pop.umn.edu/research/mpc-working-papers-series/2007-working-papers-1/2007-04-the-effect-of-child-work-on-schooling-evidence-from-egypt/

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National Bureau of Economic Research: "Social Identity and Preferences," by Daniel J. Benjamin, James J. Choi, and A. Joshua Strickland (w13309, August 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract;

In two laboratory experiments, we examine whether norms associated with one's social identity affect time and risk preferences. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make race salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more risk-averse choices. Making gender identity salient causes choices to conform to gender norms the subject believes are relatively more common. Our results provide evidence that identity effects play a role in shaping U.S. demographic patterns in economic behaviors and outcomes.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w13309

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Urban Institute: "Helping Women Stay Off Welfare : The Role of Post-Exit Receipt of Work Supports," by Gregory Acs and Pamela J. Loprest (Discussion Paper 07-04, August 2007, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.urban.org/publications/411513.html

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ESRC Research Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) [London (UK) School of Economics]:

A. "Socio-Economic Status and Child Behaviour: Evidence from a contemporary UK cohort," by Carol Propper and John A. Rigg (CASE/125, July 2007, .pdf format, 16p).

Abstract:

This paper examines whether and how socio-economic status is associated with children’s behavioural development in today’s children. Using a large cohort of English children born in the early 1990s we find significant social inequalities in several dimensions of child behaviour at age 7. We examine whether these inequalities are associated with characteristics of the child’s early home environment and parental behaviours. These include the material quality of the child’s home, maternal mental health, parental conflict and child diet. Most of these factors are socially graded and so could potentially account for the gradient in behaviours, but none singly account for a large part of the gradient in behavioural outcomes. However, taken together, these differences in the home environment can explain up to half the social gradients in child behaviours.

http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper125.pdf

B. "Welfare Reforms and Child Well-Being in the US and UK," by Jane Waldfogel (CASE/125, July 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the effects of recent welfare reforms in the US and UK on the well-being of children in low-income families, looking specifically at the effects on poverty, family expenditures, and child health and development. The paper finds some commonalities but also some notable differences. Common to both countries is a sizable reduction in child poverty, although the reduction in child poverty in the US has been less, and some families appear to have been left behind. Expenditure data also point to divergence across the two countries. In the UK, low-income families affected by the reforms are spending more money on items related to children and are more likely to own a car and a phone, while in the US, families affected by welfare reforms are primarily spending more money on items related to employment but not items for children. Finally, a common finding across countries is a relative dearth of more direct evidence on the well-being of children, and specifically how the reforms have affected child health and development. Identifying such effects remains an important topic for further research.

http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper126.pdf

C. "Freedom to be a Child: Commercial Pressures on Children," by David Piachaud CASE/127, July 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

Children’s lives have been transformed over the past century. Family incomes have increased, children lead more solitary lives, attitudes to childhood have changed, new products have been developed and commercial pressures on children have increased. The importance of these commercial pressures is analysed. Do children understand advertising? How is child poverty affected? How does increased materialism affect psychological well-being? The issues raised for public policy are discussed in terms of children’s freedom, the rights of children and the protection of children. Finally, the future of childhood is considered and choices between constraining commercial pressures or not are considered.

http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper127.pdf

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Decision-Making by Children," by Shelly Lundberg, Jennifer Romich, and Kwok P. Tsang (Discussion Paper 2952, July 2007, .pdf format, 41p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we examine the determinants of decision-making power by children and young adolescents. Moving beyond previous economic models that treat children as goods consumed by adults rather than agents, we develop a noncooperative model of parental control of child behavior and child resistance. Using child reports of decision-making and psychological and cognitive measures from the NLSY79 Child Supplement, we examine the determinants of shared and sole decision-making in seven domains of child activity. We find that the determinants of sole decision-making by the child and shared decision-making with parents are quite distinct: sharing decisions appears to be a form of parental investment in child development rather than a simple stage in the transfer of authority. In addition, we find that indicators of child capability and preferences affect reports of decision-making authority in ways that suggest child demand for autonomy as well as parental discretion in determining these outcomes.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2952.pdf

B. "Modeling the Signaling Value of the GED with an Application to an Exogenous Passing Standard Increase in Texas," by Magnus Lofstrom and John Tyler (Discussion Paper 2953, July 2007, .pdf format, 62p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we develop a simple model of the signaling value of the GED credential. The model illustrates necessary assumptions for a difference-in-difference estimator, which uses a change in the GED passing standard, to yield unbiased estimates of the signaling value of the GED for marginal passers. We apply the model to the national 1997 passing standard increase which affected GED test takers in Texas. We utilize unique data from the Texas Schools Micro Data Panel (TSMP) which contain demographic and GED test score information from the Texas Education Agency linked to pre- and post-test taking Unemployment Insurance quarterly wage records from the Texas Workforce Commission. Comparing Texas dropouts who acquired a GED before the passing standard was raised in 1997 to dropouts with the same test scores who failed the GED exams after the passing standard hike, we find no evidence of a positive GED signaling effect on earnings. However, we find some evidence which suggest that our finding may be due to the low GED passing threshold that existed in Texas for an extended period.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2953.pdf

C. "Job-Worker Mismatch and Cognitive Decline," by Andries de Grip, Hans Bosma, Dick Willems, and Martin van Boxtel (Discussion Paper 2956, July 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

We have used longitudinal test data on various aspects of people’s cognitive abilities to analyze whether overeducated workers are more vulnerable to a decline in their cognitive abilities, and undereducated workers are less vulnerable. We found that a job-worker mismatch induces a cognitive decline with respect to immediate and delayed recall abilities, cognitive flexibility and verbal fluency. Our findings indicate that, to some extent, it is the adjustment of the ability level of the overeducated and undereducated workers that adjusts initial job-worker mismatch. This adds to the relevance of preventing overeducation, and shows that being employed in a challenging job contributes to workers’ cognitive resilience.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2956.pdf

D. "Persistence of the School Entry Age Effect in a System of Flexible Tracking," by Patrick A. Puhani and Andrea M. Weber (Discussion Paper 2965, August 2007, .pdf format, 53p.).

Abstract:

In Germany, the streaming of students into an academic or nonacademic track at age 10 can be revised at later stages of secondary education. To investigate the importance of such revisions, we use administrative data on the student population in the German state of Hessen to measure the persistence of school entry age’s impact on choice of secondary school track. Based on exogenous variation in the school entry age by birth month, we obtain regression discontinuity estimates for different cohorts and grades up to the end of secondary education. We show that the effect of original school entry age on a student’s later attending grammar school disappears exactly at the grade level in which educational institutions facilitate track modification.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2965.pdf

E. "To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy," by David de la Croix and Matthias Doepke (Discussion Paper 2967, August 2007, .pdf format, 54p.).

Abstract:

The governments of nearly all countries are major providers of primary and secondary education to their citizens. In some countries, however, public schools coexist with private schools, while in others the government is the sole provider of education. In this study, we ask why different societies make different choices regarding the mix of private and public schooling. We develop a theory which integrates private education and fertility decisions with voting on public schooling expenditures. In a given political environment, high income inequality leads to more private education, as rich people opt out of the public system. More private education, in turn, results in an improved quality of public education, because public spending can be concentrated on fewer students. Comparing across political systems, we find that concentration of political power can lead to multiple equilibria in the determination of public education spending. The main predictions of the theory are consistent with state-level and micro data from the United States as well as cross-country evidence from the PISA study.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2967.pdf

F. "Modeling Immigrants’ Language Skills," by Barry R. Chiswick and Paul W. Miller (Discussion Paper 2974, August 2007, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

One in nine people between the ages of 18 and 64 in the US, and every second foreign-born person in this age bracket, speaks Spanish at home. And whereas around 80 percent of adult immigrants in the US from non-English speaking countries other than Mexico are proficient in English, only about 50 percent of adult immigrants from Mexico are proficient. The use of a language other than English at home, and proficiency in English, are both analyzed in this paper using economic models and data from the 2000 US Census. The results demonstrate the importance of immigrants’ educational attainment, their age at migration and years spent in the US to their language skills. The immigrants’ mother tongue is also shown to affect their English proficiency; immigrants with a mother tongue more distant from English being less likely to be proficient. Finally, immigrants living in ethnic enclaves have lesser proficiency in English than immigrants who live in predominately English-speaking areas of the US. The results for females are generally very similar to those for males, the findings from an ordered probit approach to estimation are similar to the findings from a binary probit model, and the conclusions drawn from the analyses mirror those in studies based on the 1980 and 1990 US Censuses. Thus, the model of language skills presented appears to be remarkably robust across time and between the genders.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2974.pdf

G. "The Fertility Effect of Catastrophe: U.S. Hurricane Births," by Richard W. Evans, Yingyao Hu, and Zhong Zhao (Discussion Paper 2975, August 2007, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

For years, anecdotal evidence has suggested increased fertility rates resulting from catastrophic events in an area. In this paper, we measure this fertility effect using storm advisory data and fertility data for the Atlantic and Gulf Coast counties of the United States. We find that low-severity storm advisories are associated with a positive and significant fertility effect and that high-severity advisories have a significant negative fertility effect. As the type of advisory goes from least severe to most severe, the fertility effect of the specific advisory type decreases monotonically from positive to negative. We also find that most of the changes in fertility resulting from storm advisories come from couples who have had at least one child already. In addition to our short-term effect estimation, we also test the effects of storm advisories on long run fertility. Our results provide weak evidence at most that the highest severity storm advisories have a permanent negative fertility effect.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2975.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Child Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 31, No. 7, July 2007).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01452134

Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 26, No. 4, August 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://www.springerlink.com/content/102983/

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

US National Science Foundation: "ADVANCE: Increasing the Participation and Advancement of Women in Academic Science and Engineering Careers" (nsf07582, ASCII text, HTML, and .pdf format, 19p., replaces nsf05584). For more information see:

http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=nsf07582

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings from Aug. 9-14, 2007.

http://careers.aera.net/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=557

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American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings from Aug. 9-14, 2007).

http://jobs.amstat.org/search/results/

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DATA:

Panel Study of Income Dynamics: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research PSID has announced availability of: 1968-2005 Mortality Data File. "A new release of the 1968-2005 Mortality data file is now available. In addition to information such as gender, age, race, month and year of birth and death, and state of birth and death for all PSID decedents through 2005, this release also includes cause of death information from the National Death Index for decedents 1979-2003.

These data are available only under a sensitive data contract between your institution and the University of Michigan. Please email psidhelp@isr.umich.edu for more information.

PSID:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets Aug. 13, 2007 which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

New and updated data:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/org/announce.html

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/access/recent.html

Click on "list"

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Historical Census Publications from the University of Michigan Library Documents Center. This site, compiled by Ray Walling and Grace York, is a quick and easy guide to where electronic data for every US Census can be found. In addition, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets are provided with "block coverage for cities, 1940-80," and a "Census Question Database." "Census Tracts by County, 1910-1980" (.pdf format, 19p.) is also provided.

http://www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/hiscenpub.html

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