Current Social Science Research Report--Social #25, August 8, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #25

To CSSRR- Health #25

CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

CONFERENCES

EMPLOYMENT OPPPORTUNITIES

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

DATA

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Census Bureau Report: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Maine: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW2007-ME, July 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2007pubs/ledow07me.pdf

2. National Center for Education Statistics Compendium, Reports:

A. Digest of Education Statistics, 2006, by Thomas D. Snyder, Sally A. Dillow, and Charlene M. Hoffman (July 2007, .pdf format, 703p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007017

B. "Status of Education in Rural America," by Stephen Provasnik, Angelina KewalRamani, Mary McLaughlin Coleman, Lauren Gilbertson, Will Herring, and Qingshu Xie (NCES 2007040, July 2007, .pdf format, 146p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007040

C. "Revenues and Expenditures by Public School Districts: School Year 2004-05," by Lei Zhou, Steven Honegger, and Nick Gaviola (NCES 2007355, July 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007355

D. "To Teach or Not to Teach? Teaching Experience and Preparation Among 1992-1993 Bachelor's Degree Recipients 10 Years After College," by Martha Naomi Alt and Robin H. Henke (NCES 2007163, July 2007, .pdf format, 112p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007163

E. "Demographic and School Characteristics of Students Receiving Special Education in the Elementary Grades," by William L. Herring, Daniel McGrath, and Jacquelyn Buckley (NCES 2007005, Issue Brief, July 2007, .pdf format, 4p., with standard errors, .pdf format, 1p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007005

F. "The Nation’s Report Card: Economics 2006," by Nancy Mead and Brent Sandene (NCES 2007475, August 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007475

G. "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Psychometric Report for the 2-year Data Collection," by Carol Andreassen and Philip Fletcher (NCES 2007084, August 2007, zipped .pdf format, 322p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007084

3. Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Felony Sentences in State Courts, 2004," by Matthew R. Durose and Patrick A. Langan (NCJ 215646, July 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 4p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/fssc04.htm

4. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report:

A. "Indicators of Welfare Dependence : Annual Report to Congress, 2007," by Gil Crouse, Sarah Douglas, and Susan Hauan (July 2007, .pdf format, 175p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/indicators07/index.htm

B. "Child Care Subsidies in Urban and Rural Counties," by Kendall Swenson (July 2007, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/cc-subsidies/index.htm

5. Government Accountability Office Reports:

A. "Medicaid: States Reported That Citizenship Documentation Requirement Resulted in Enrollment Declines for Eligible Citizens and Posed Administrative Burdens" (GAO-07-889, June 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07889.pdf

B. "African American Children in Foster Care: Additional HHS Assistance Needed to Help States Reduce the Proportion in Care" (GAO-07-816, July 2007, .pdf format, 81p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07816.pdf

Note: these are temporary addresses. GAO reports are available at:

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/date.php

6. National Science Foundation Report: "Asia's Rising Science and Technology Strength: Comparative Indicators for Asia, the European Union, and the United States" (August 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 42p.).

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf07319/

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US States:

Alaska:

Vital Statistics Compendium: 2005 Annual Report (July 2007, .pdf format, 220p.).

http://health.hss.state.ak.us/dph/bvs/data/2005ar.htm

Delaware:

State Treasurer's Office Report: "Delaware Facing Forward - A Look at Delaware's Demographic Future," (August 2007, .pdf format, 50p.).

http://treasurer.delaware.gov/documents/2007/DelawareFacingForward-DemographicFutureReport.pdf

Iowa:

State Data Center Update: The State Data Center has updated "Characteristics of inmates in Iowa's correctional institutions: 2001-2007" (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.iowadatacenter.org/indexlinks/New

See Aug. 3, 2007 entry.

Maryland:

State Data Center Report: "IRS State-to-State Migration, through 2006" (July 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.mdp.state.md.us/msdc/dw_IRSMigr.htm

Minnesota:

Department of Administration Reports:

A. "Annual estimates of city and township population, households and persons per household, 2000 to 2006" (July 2007, comma separated value [.csv] format).

http://server.admin.state.mn.us/resource.html?Id=19243

B. "Annual estimates of county population, households and persons per household, 2000 to 2006" (July 2007, comma separated value [.csv] format).

http://server.admin.state.mn.us/resource.html?Id=19244

Wisconsin:

Department of Health and Family Services Population Update: Wisconsin population estimates for counties, region, and the state, by sex and age group, have been updated through 2006.

http://dhfs.wisconsin.gov/population/index.htm

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NGO and Other Countries

United Nations:

1. Children's Fund Innocenti Research Center Report: "Birth Registration and Armed Conflict" (2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/insight-br-eng.pdf

2. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Compendium: World Drug Report 2007 (2007, .pdf format, 274p.).

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/world_drug_report.html

3. World Health Organization Report: "Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007," (July 2007, .pdf format, 31p.). The report is linked to from a WHO press release: "Governments make progress in interpersonal violence prevention" (Jul. 16, 2007).

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2007/pr40/en/index.html

4. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Wallchart: "World Abortion Policies, 2007," (2007, .pdf and Excel format, 2p.).

http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/2007_Abortion_Policies_Chart/2007AbortionPolicies_wallchart.htm

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South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report: "General household survey, July 2006" (July 2007, .pdf format, 77p.).

http://www.statssa.gov.za/Publications/statsdownload.asp?PPN=P0318&SCH=3962

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UK:

Food Standards Agency Report: "Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey," (July 2007, .pdf format, 3 vol.).

http://www.food.gov.uk/science/dietarysurveys/lidnsbranch/

Scroll to the end of the page to access the full-text reports.

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Annie E. Casey Foundation Compendium: Kids Count 2007 Data Book (July 2007, .pdf format, 192p.).

http://www.kidscount.org/sld/databook.jsp

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Monitoring the Future Report, Occasional Paper:

A. "Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary school students," by Lloyd D. Johnston, Patrick M. O'Malley, Jerald G. Bachman, and John E. Schulenberg (NIH Publication No. 07-6205, 2007, .pdf format, 699p.).

http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2006.pdf

B. "Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2006," by Lloyd D. Johnston, Patrick M. O'Malley, Jerald G. Bachman, and John E. Schulenberg (Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 67, 2007, .pdf format, 413p.).

http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ67.pdf

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Urban Institute Reports, Monograph:

A. "Estimating the Public Costs and Benefits of HOPE VI Investments: Methodological Report," by Margery Austin Turner, Mark Woolley, G. Thomas Kingsley, Susan J. Popkin, Diane Levy, and Elizabeth Cove (June 2007, .pdf format, 64p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411497.html

B. "Final Report on the Evaluation of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration," by Adele V. Harrell, Lisa C. Newmark, Christy Visher and Jennifer Castro (July 2007, four volumes plus executive summary, pdf format).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411498.html

C. "Hard-to-Employ Parents: A Review of Their Characteristics and the Programs Designed to Serve Their Needs," by Sheila R. Zedlewski, Pamela A. Holcomb, and Pamela J. Loprest (Low-Income Working Families Paper No. 9, July 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411504.html

D. Good Schools in Poor Neighborhoods: Defying Demographics, Achieving Success, by Beatriz Chu Clewell and Patricia B. Campbell (2007, 280p., ISBN: 978-0-87766-742-1). For more information see:

http://www.urban.org/books/goodschools/index.cfm

E. "Housing Resources Leveraged by the Special Homeless Initiative of the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health, State Fiscal Years 1992 through 2006," by Marta R. Burt (June 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411499.html

F. "TANF Policies for the Hard to Employ: Understanding State Approaches and Future Directions," by Pamela J. Loprest, Pamela A. Holcomb, Karin Martinson, and Sheila R. Zedlewski (July 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411501.html

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Kaiser Family Foundation Issue Briefs:

A. "SCHIP (State Children's Health Insurance Program) Reauthorization: Key Questions in the Current Debate" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, July 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7675.cfm

B. "Louisiana’s Proposed Section 1115 Medicaid Demonstration Project: Estimating the Numbers of Uninsured and Projected Medicaid Costs," by Stephen Zuckerman and Jack Hadley (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, July 2007, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.kff.org/uninsured/7669.cfm

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Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation Report: "Evaluations of Five Programs for Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Kenya and Tanzania," (July 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/publications/pdf/fs-07-22.pdf

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Princeton University Fragile Families Research Brief: "Parents’ Relationship Status Five Years After a Non-Marital Birth," (No. 39, June 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.fragilefamilies.princeton.edu/briefs/ResearchBrief39.pdf

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Brookings Institution Report: "Immigration: Wages, Education and Mobility," by Ron Haskins (July 2007, .pdf format, 10p.).

http://www.brookings.edu/es/ccf/haskins200707.htm

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Food and Research Action Center Report: "Breakfast in America's Big Cities" (August 2007, .pdf format, 29p.). The report is linked to from a FRAC press release: "Back-to-School Time Approaching, But Breakfast Not On the Schedule for Many Students (Aug. 7, 2007).

http://www.frac.org/Press_Release/08.07.07.html

More information about FRAC:

http://www.frac.org/html/all_about_frac/about_index.html

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Demographic Research Articles:

A. "Attitudes towards abortion and contraception in rural and urban Burkina Faso," by Clémentine Rossier (Vol. 17, Article 2, July 2007, .pdf format, p. 23-58). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/2/default.htm

B. "The 'Wedding-Ring': An agent-based marriage model based on social interaction," by Francesco C. Billari, Belinda Aparicio Diaz, Thomas Fent, and Alexia Prskawetz (Vol. 17, Article 3, August 2007, .pdf format, p. 59-82). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol17/3/default.htm

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology:

A. "Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Comparative Perspective: Persistent inequality in educational attainment and its institutional context," by Fabian T. Pfeffer (CDE Working Paper No. 2007-09, April 2007, .pdf format, 66p.).

Abstract:

The provision of equal educational opportunities is a central political goal in all modern societies. Yet research repeatedly shows that educational opportunities continue to be distributed very unevenly in all countries. Therefore, the question is not whether family background and educational outcomes are related but to what degree they are. This latter question then invites a comparative perspective. That is, does social inequality in education differ across time, sex, or countries? If yes, which institutional and macro-structural characteristics can explain differences in educational inequality?

I conceptualize educational inequality as the association between individuals’ and their parents’ highest educational level attained. The cross-classification of these two attributes builds the basis for log-linear and log-multiplicative models of intergenerational mobility in educational attainment. Drawing on data from the "International Adult Literacy Survey" (IALS), I compare educational mobility processes across twenty industrialized nations.

The results show that educational mobility has remained stable across the 20th century and is largely sex-blind in virtually all countries. However, nations differ widely in the extent to which parents’ education influences their children’s educational attainment. One central contribution of this paper, then, is the ranking of nations along their degree of educational mobility. This measure of inequality in educational attainment is then shown to be associated with the institutional structure of the education system: Rigid systems with dead-end educational pathways are a hindrance to the equalization of educational opportunities, especially if the sorting of students occurs early in the educational career. Other institutional characteristics, like the degree of standardization, the prevalence of private schools, and the openness of the post-secondary sector do not appear to exert notable influences on educational mobility.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2007-09.pdf

B. "Bridal Pregnancy and Spouse Pairing Patterns in Japan," by James M. Raymo and Miho Iwasawa (CDE Working Paper 2007-10, May 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract

Very low levels of nonmarital childbearing in Japan obscure important changes in the relationship between marriage and fertility. In this paper, we first describe trends in marriages preceded by pregnancy (bridal pregnancy) and examine educational differentials in this pattern of family formation. We then evaluate the extent to which bridal pregnancy is associated with less desirable spouse pairings. Using data on over 26,500 marriages between 1970 and 2002, we estimate multinomial logistic regression models to evaluate change over time in the association between bridal pregnancy and the relative odds of marrying up, down, or homogamously with respect to educational attainment. Results indicate that, for women with at least a high school education, bridal pregnancy is associated with a significantly higher likelihood of a "less desirable" pairing and that this relationship has become more pronounced over time. This is particularly true for marriages taking place in the 1990s and for marriages involving relatively young brides. We conclude by discussing potential implications of increasing bridal pregnancy and associated patterns of spouse pairing for subsequent variation in marital stability and well-being.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2007-10.pdf

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Rand Corporation:

A. "Bayesian Estimation of Hispanic Fertility Hazards from Survey and Population Data," by Michael S. Rendall, Mark S. Handcock, Stefan H. Jonsson (WR-496, May 2007, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR496/

B. "Twentieth Century U.S. Racial Inequalities in Mortality: Changes in the Average Age of Death and the Variability in the Age of Death for White and non-White Men and Women, 1900-2002," by Margaret M. Weden (WR-497, May 2007, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR497/

C. "Historical and Life Course Timing of the Male Mortality Disadvantage in Europe: Epidemiologic Transitions, Evolution, and Behavior," by Margaret M. Weden and Ryan A. Brown (WR-498, May 2007, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR498/

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Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing:

A. "Family Structure Transitions and Maternal Parenting Stress," by Carey Cooper, Sara McLanahan, Sarah Meadows, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn (Working Paper 2007-16-FF, July 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).

Abstract:

Data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 2,753) are used to examine family structure transitions and maternal parenting stress. Using multilevel modeling techniques, we find that mothers who exit coresidential relationships with a biological father or enter coresidential relationships with a nonbiological father experience higher levels of parenting stress than mothers in stable coresidential relationships. Mothers’ pretransition resources account for very little of these associations, whereas post transition resources appear to mediate the associations. Significant interactions between maternal education and family structure transitions suggest that divorcing a biological father or moving in with a nonbiological father increases parenting stress for less educated mothers. In contrast, moving in with a biological father decreases stress for highly educated mothers.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP07-16-FF.pdf

B. "Social Fathers and Child Wellbeing: A Research Note," by Sharon Bzostek (Working Paper 2007-17-FF, July 2007, .pdf format, 17p.).

Abstract:

Many young children born to unwed parents currently live with their biological mothers and their mothers’ new partners (social fathers). This study uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 1,088) to assess whether involvement by resident social fathers is as beneficial for child wellbeing as involvement by resident biological fathers, and whether the presence of the child’s nonresident biological father alters the relationship between resident social father engagement and child outcomes. Results indicate that involvement by resident social fathers is as beneficial for child wellbeing as involvement by resident biological fathers, and that frequent contact with the child’s nonresident biological father does not diminish the positive association between residential social father involvement and child wellbeing.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP07-17-FF.pdf

C. "Becoming a Dad: Employment Trajectories of Married, Cohabiting, and Non-resident Fathers," by Christine Percheski and Christopher Wildeman (Working Paper 2007-18-FF, July 2007, .pdf format, 17p.).

Abstract:

Objectives. This article considers how becoming a father affects men’s employment levels and test whether the effects of fatherhood differ by the relationship of the father to the child’s mother at the time of the birth. Methods. We use data from the Fragile Families and Well-being Study to fit growth curve models of new fathers’ employment trajectories for the first five years after they become fathers.

Results. Prior to becoming a father, married men worked more hours per week and more weeks per year than cohabiting and non-resident fathers. By five years after the birth, differences in employment between unmarried and married fathers had diminished.

Conclusions. The transition to fatherhood is associated with an increase in employment for unmarried fathers but is not associated with significant changes in employment for married fathers.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP07-18-FF.pdf

D. "Family Structure and Fathers' Well-Being: Trajectories of Physical and Mental Health," by Sarah Meadows (Working Paper 2007-19-FF, August 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

A vast literature has assessed the relationship between marital status and health, but very little has tracked changes in health trajectories following family structure transitions, especially among unmarried fathers. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study this paper examines trajectories of paternal mental and physical health, specifically focusing on transitions into and out of residential relationships with the child’s biological mother during the first five years after a new birth (N = 4,331). Continuously married fathers are in better mental and physical health than unmarried fathers one year after birth, but the disparity does not increase over time, providing little support for the marital resource model during these years. Timing of family structure change likewise has little impact on the transition’s association with health trajectory slopes. The implications of these findings for the marital resource model, as well as selection and causation arguments, are also discussed.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP07-19-FF.pdf

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Child Protection and Adult Crime: Using Investigator Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects of Foster Care," by Joseph J. Doyle, Jr. (w13291, August 2007, .pdf format, 59p.).

Abstract:

Nearly 20% of young prison inmates spent part of their youth in foster care - the placement of abused or neglected children with substitute families. Little is known whether foster care placement reduces or increases the likelihood of criminal behavior. This paper uses the placement frequency of child protection investigators as an instrument to identify causal effects of foster care placement on adult arrest, conviction, and imprisonment rates. A unique dataset that links child abuse investigation data to criminal justice data in Illinois allows a comparison of adult crime outcomes across individuals who were investigated for abuse or neglect as children. Families are effectively randomized to child protection investigators through a rotational assignment process, and child characteristics are similar across investigators. Nevertheless, investigator placement frequencies are predictive of subsequent foster care placement, and the results suggest that school-aged children who are on the margin of placement have lower adult arrest rates when they remain at home.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13291

B. "Mechanisms and Impacts of Gender Peer Effects at School," by Victor Lavy and Analía Schlosser (w13292, August 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

The consequences of gender social and learning interactions in the classroom are of interest to parents, policy makers, and researchers. However, little is known about gender peer effects in schools and their operational channels. In this paper, we estimate the effects of classroom gender composition on scholastic achievements of boys and girls in Israeli primary, middle, and high schools and identify the mechanisms through which these peer effects are enacted. In particular, we examine whether gender peer effects work through changes in classroom learning and social environment, teaching methods and pedagogy, and teacher burnout and work satisfaction. In assessing these mechanisms, we distinguish between the effects generated by changes in the classroom gender composition and those generated by changes in the behavior of students. To control for potentially confounding unobserved characteristics of schools and students that might be correlated with peer gender composition, we rely on idiosyncratic variations in gender composition across adjacent cohorts within the same schools. Our results suggest that an increase in the proportion of girls leads to a significant improvement in students' cognitive outcomes. The estimated effects are of similar magnitude for boys and girls. As important mechanisms, we find that a higher proportion of female peers lowers the level of classroom disruption and violence, improves inter-student and student-teacher relationships as well as students' overall satisfaction in school, and lessens teachers' fatigue. We find, however, no effect on individual behavior of boys or girls, which suggests that the positive peer effects of girls on classroom environment are due mostly to compositional change, namely due to having more girls in the classroom and not due to improved behavior of peers.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13292

C. "Left Behind By Design: Proficiency Counts and Test-Based Accountability," by Derek Neal and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach (w13293, August 2007, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

Many test-based accountability systems, including the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), place great weight on the numbers of students who score at or above specified proficiency levels in various subjects. Accountability systems based on these metrics often provide incentives for teachers and principals to target children near current proficiency levels for extra attention, but these same systems provide weak incentives to devote extra attention to students who are clearly proficient already or who have little chance of becoming proficient in the near term. We show based on fifth grade test scores from the Chicago Public Schools that both the introduction of NCLB in 2002 and the introduction of similar district level reforms in 1996 generated noteworthy increases in reading and math scores among students in the middle of the achievement distribution. Nonetheless, the least academically advantaged students in Chicago did not score higher in math or reading following the introduction of accountability, and we find only mixed evidence of score gains among the most advantaged students. A large existing literature argues that accountability systems built around standardized tests greatly affect the amount of time that teachers devote to different topics. Our results for fifth graders in Chicago, as well as related results for sixth graders after the 1996 reform, suggest that the choice of the proficiency standard in such accountability systems determines the amount of time that teachers devote to students of different ability levels.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13293

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Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "Premarital conception and divorce risk in Russia in light of the GGS data," by Aiva Jasilioniene (WP-2007-025, August 2007, .pdf format, 24p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/cgi-bin/publications/paper.plx?debug=0&listtype=4&personalid=&pubid=2694&field1=&field2=&field3=&logic1=&logic2=

B. "The second demographic transition in selected countries in Central and Eastern Europe: union formation as a demographic manifestation," by Jan M. Hoem, Aiva Jasilioniene, Dora Kostova, and Cornelia Muresan (WP-2007-026, August 2007, .pdf format, 8p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/cgi-bin/publications/paper.plx?debug=0&listtype=4&personalid=&pubid=2698&field1=&field2=&field3=&logic1=&logic2=

C. "Senescence can play an essential role in modelling and estimation of vector based epidemiological indicators: demographical approach," by Vassili N. Novoseltsev, Anatoli I. Michalski, Janna A. Novoseltsev, Anatoli I. Yashin, James R. Carey, and Thomas W. Scott (WP-2007-027, August 2007, .pdf format, 16p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/cgi-bin/publications/paper.plx?debug=0&listtype=4&personalid=&pubid=2684&field1=&field2=&field3=&logic1=&logic2=

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Overseas Development Institute [London, UK]: "The impact of investing in children: assessing the cross-country econometric evidence," by Edward Anderson and Sarah Hague (WP 280, June 2007, .pdf format, 34p.).

From the executive summary:

This paper examines the hypothesis that increases in public expenditure which translate into benefits for children have a positive impact on economic growth and a negative impact on inequality. This may be due to the avoidance of irreversible disadvantage to a person’s future productivity, mitigation of the intergenerational transfer of poverty, and reduction of future costs to health, education and social welfare systems. The paper uses two sets of cross-country econometric analysis. The first examines whether government expenditure has a significant positive effect on commonly observed child-welfare indicators, controlling for per capita GDP and certain other factors known to affect child welfare. The second then examines whether increases in child-welfare indicators have a significant impact on economic growth or trends in inequality, controlling for other factors known to affect growth and inequality. Thirteen child-welfare indicators are included in the analysis, including infant and child survival, pre-primary, primary and secondary school enrolment, primary school completion, immunisation against DPT and measles, births attended by skilled personnel, and access to water and sanitation. In addition, the effects of six different sectors of government expenditure are considered: health, education, housing and community amenities, social protection, agriculture, and transport and communications.

http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/working_papers/wp280.pdf

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "A Profile of the World's Young Developing Country Migrants," by David McKenzie (Discussion Paper 2948, July 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Individual level census and household survey data are used to present a rich profile of the young developing migrants around the world. Youth are found to comprise a large share of all migrants, particularly in migration to other developing countries, with the probability of migration peaking in the late teens or early twenties. The paper examines in detail the age and gender composition of migrants, whether or not young migrants move alone or with a parent or spouse, their participation in schooling and work in the destination country, the types of jobs they do, and the age of return migration. The results suggest a high degree of commonality in the youth migrant experience across a number of destination countries. In particular, developing country youth tend to work in similar occupations all around the world, and are more concentrated in these occupations than older migrants or native youth. Nevertheless, there is also considerable heterogeneity amongst youth migrants: 29 percent of 18 to 24 year olds are attending school in their destination country, but another 29 percent are not working or in school. This illustrates both the potential of migration for building human capital, and the fear that lack of integration prevents it from being used.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2948.pdf

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Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [Munich, Bavaria, Germany]:

A. "What Can Go Wrong Will Go Wrong: Birthday Effects and Early Tracking in the German School System," by Hendrik Jurges and Kerstin Schneider (WP 2055, July 2007, .pdf format, 22p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoHome/b-publ/b3publwp/_wp_abstract?p_file_id=14416

B. "Social Norms, Cognitive Dissonance and the Timing of Marriage," by Alessandro Balestrino and Cinzia Ciardi (WP 2068, August 2007, .pdf format, 24p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoHome/b-publ/b3publwp/_wp_abstract?p_file_id=14498

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

American Sociological Review (Vol. 72, No. 4, August 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://www2.asanet.org/journals/asr/aug07abs.html

Child Abuse & Neglect (Vol. 31, No. 6, June 2007).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01452134

Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 69, No. 3, August 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/JOMF

Journal of Social Work (Vol. 7, No. 2, August 2007).

http://jsw.sagepub.com/content/vol7/issue2/

Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 26, No. 3, June 2007, Vol. 26, No. 4, August 2007). Note: Full electronic text of these journals are available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

June 2007:

http://www.springerlink.com/content/r74340651002/?p=6f70ba3ab47a465b83e65d53b1ccbd9a&pi=0

August 2007:

http://www.springerlink.com/content/p421r3uq45q8/?p=1b42fbee831c4d0c9cbdbb19947883b7&pi=0

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

University of Michigan Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy Research and Training Program on Poverty and Public Policy: Call for Applications: Postdoctoral Fellowships, 2008: Application is Jan. 11, 2008. For more information see:

http://www.fordschool.umich.edu/research/poverty/fellowship_opps.php

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US National Institutes of Health: "Sharing Data and Tools: Federation using the BIRN and caBIG Infrastructures (R01) (PAR-07-426, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies, Aug. 3, 2007). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-07-426.html

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CONFERENCES:

Population Association of America: "PAA 2008 Call for Papers," deadline for submission is Sept. 21, 2007. For more information see (.pdf format, 8p.):

http://www.popassoc.org/08%20Call%204%20Papers%20FINAL.pdf

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International Union for the Scientific Study of Population Call for Papers: "International Seminar on The Emergence of Social Differences in Mortality: Time Trends, Causes, and Reactions," to be held May 28-29, 2007 in Alghero, Italy. For more information see:

http://www.iussp.org/Activities/hisdem/call08.php

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Population Reference Bureau: "Population, Health, and Environment: Integrated Development for East Africa," to be held Nov. 14-16, 2007 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). For more information see:

http://www.prb.org/EventsTraining/InternationalTraining/PHEWorkshops/InternationalConferencePHE.aspx

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

The Ohio State University: College of Education and Human Ecology: Department of Human Development and Family Science: Child Development/Early Childhood Education Position Announcement

POSITIONS: Open Rank, 9 month, tenure-track/tenured positions in the Department of Human Development and Family Science.

QUALIFICATIONS: Earned doctorate in Child Development, Educational Psychology, Developmental Psychology or related field. We are especially interested in applicants with evidence of excellence in areas related to early childhood education, social and public policies for children, children in poverty, and/or the impact of genetic, environment, community, and family factors on the cognitive, academic, social, or emotional development or adjustment of infants and/or children.

RESPONSIBILITIES:

Conduct and publish nationally recognized research in child development, early childhood education, or related discipline.

Secure external funding for research activities

Teach graduate and undergraduate courses in child development, early childhood education or related discipline.

Advise and direct masters and doctoral students.

Serve on department, college, and university committees.

Review will commence on October 1, and will continue until positions are filled.

START DATE: September 2008.

THE DEPARTMENT: The Department of Human Development and Family Science is in an exciting period of growth and is actively searching across numerous positions and ranks. We are concerned with the study of human development across the lifespan, early childhood education, the dynamics of couple and family relationships, and the conditions in the individual, family, community, and society which enhance, support, or impede individual development and family life. The Department offers two undergraduate majors and five graduate programs. Undergraduate options include Child Development (early and middle childhood) and Family Studies, with over 800 majors. Graduate options are Human Development, Family Science, Early Childhood Development/Education, Family Life Education and Couple and Family Therapy, with over 80 enrolled students. The Department administers the Sophie Rodgers Lab School at Wienland Park which offers the unique community-based opportunity for research and training. There are 13 multidisciplinary faculty, and 17 administrative and professional staff in the department. For more information please visit

http://ehe.osu.edu/hdfs/

APPLICATION: Applicants should send a letter of application including a statement of research and teaching interests, curriculum vita, up to three (3)preprints/publications, and three (3) letters of reference to Dr. Stephen Petrill, Search Committee Chair, Department of Human Development and Family Science, The Ohio State University, 135 Campbell Hall, 1787 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210-1295. Inquiries are welcome by email (petrill.2@osu.edu) or telephone (614-247-2439).

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American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings from Jul. 18 to Aug. 8, 2007.

http://careers.aera.net/c/search_results.cfm?site_id=557

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American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings from Jul. 18 to Aug. 8, 2007).

http://jobs.amstat.org/search/results/

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

US House Judiciary Committee, Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law Subcommittee Hearing Publication: "Past, Present And Future: A Historic And Personal Reflection On American Immigration," a hearing held Mar. 30, 2007 (House Serial Publication 110-15, ASCII text and .pdf format, 110p.).

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/search.html

Search on 110th Congress, House Hearings for "110-15" (with the quotes).

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US House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Income Security and Family Support Hearing Testimony: "Hearing on Measuring Poverty in America," a hearing held August 1, 2007 (HTML format).

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=581

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US Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services, and International Security Hearing Testimony: "Preparations for 2010: Is the Census Bureau Ready for the Job Ahead?" a hearing held July 17, 2007 (.pdf format).

http://hsgac.senate.gov/index.cfm?Fuseaction=Hearings.Detail&HearingID=468

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US Senate Indian Affairs Committee Hearing Publication: "Housing Issues in Indian Country, Oversight Hearing," a hearing held Mar. 22, 2007 (Senate Serial Publication 110-165, ASCII text format).

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/search.html

Search on 110th Congress, Senate Hearings for "110-65" (with the quotes). Note: the .pdf version of this publication is not available at present.

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DATA:

US Census Bureau International Data Base: "As of Jul. 16, 2007. IDB contains revised estimates and projections for 35 countries." Also, it has incorporated expansion of the estimates and projections to age 100+ for the following 14 countries: "Colombia, Cuba, Egypt, El Salvador, French Polynesia, Lebanon, Marshall Islands, Mayotte, Netherlands Antilles, Pakistan, Paraguay, Samoa, Uruguay, and Yemen.

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/idbr200707.html

IDB:

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/index.html

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US National Center for Education Statistics: "Forum Guide to Core Finance Data Elements," (NFES 2007801, July 2007, .pdf format, 60p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007801

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Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Change Notice: "Change Notice #26--07/07 Updated WLS Data from WLS 1957 - 2004" (July 2007).

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/updates/change_notice/chnt_026.htm

Data Access:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/

Documentation by research interest:

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/documentation/browse/

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Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) Update: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota has announced the following updates:

A. "Posted updated versions of all samples from 1900, 1910, and 1930. Corrections were made to the CHSURV variable in the 1900 and 1910 samples." (Jul. 19, 2007).

B. "Added RACESING to all samples from 1900, 1910, and 1940. Added HISPAN and HISPRULE to all samples from 1910 (Jul. 25, 2007).

http://usa.ipums.org/usa/revisions.shtml

Data access:

http://usa.ipums.org/usa/data.shtml

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Human Mortality Database: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

- 07/31/2007 Data for Japan updated through 2005
- 07/30/2007 Data for Taiwan updated through 2005
- 07/30/2007 Data for the United States were revised; birth counts for 1933-1959 were replaced with counts that have been adjusted for under-registration.
- 07/19/2007 Data for France (Total & Civilian) were revised and updated through 2005. Raw data on population estimates for 2000-05 were updated with recently published revised estimates.

Data availability:

http://www.mortality.org/Public/DataAvailability.html

Data access:

http://www.mortality.org/

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German Social Science Infrastructure Services: The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) released the following data news.

"Revision of ISSP 2004 Citizenship (v1.2) released," (Aug. 2, 2007).

http://www.gesis.org/en/data_service/issp/news.htm

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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

SN 5655 -Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance, 2004-2005

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5655

SN 5667 -Experiences of Claimants in Race Discrimination Employment Tribunal Cases, 2005-2006

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5667

SN 5686 -Annual Population Survey, 2006: Special Licence Access

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5686

SN 5674 -Young Life and Times Survey, 2006

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5674

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Kaiser Family Foundation Medicaid Benefits: Online Database Update. The website has been updated with data current through October 2006.

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/benefits/index.jsp

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BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES:

Panel Study Of Income Dynamics Bibliography Update: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has recently added the following item to its bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed in various ways at:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Publications/Bibliography/default.aspx

Burkhauser, Richard V. and Lillard, Dean R. Data Surveys: The Expanded Cross-National Equivalent File: HILDA Joins Its International Peers. The Australian Economic Review. 2007; 40(2):208-215.

Cummings, Hope and Vandewater, Elizabeth A. Relation of Adolescent Video Game Play to Time Spent in Other Activities. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2007; 161(7):684-689.

Hamermesh, Daniel and Lee, Jungmin. Stressed Out on Four Continents: Time Crunch or Yuppie Kvetch. The Review of Economics and Statistics. 2007; 89.

Hofferth, Sandra L.; Cabrera, Natasha; Carlson, Marcia; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Day, Randal, and Schindler, Holly. Resident Father Involvement and Social Fathering. Hofferth, Sandra L. and Casper, Lynne M. Handbook of Measurement Issues in Family Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers; 2007.

Kan, Kamhon. Residential Mobility and Social Capital. Journal of Urban Economics. 2007; 61(3):436-457.

McLoyd, Vonnie C.; Kaplan, Rachel; Hardaway, Cecily R., and Wood, Dana. Does Endorsement of Physical Discipline Matter? Assessing Moderating Influences on the Maternal and Child Psychological Correlates of Physical Discipline in African American Families. Journal of Family Psychology. 2007; 21(2):165-175.

Mulder, Clara H.; Clark, William A. V., and Wagner, Michael. Resources, Living Arrangements and First Union Formation in the United States, the Netherlands, and West Germany. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie. 2006; 22(1):3-35.

Neblett, Nicole. Patterns of Single Mothers' Work and Welfare Use: What Matters for Children's Well-Being?. Journal of Family Issues. 2007; 28(8):1083-1112.

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S., and Ku, Inhoe. The Impact on Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 2007; 26(1):79-98.

Weber, Bruce; Marre, Alexander; Fisher, Monica; Gibbs, Robert, and Cromartie, John. Education's Effect on Poverty: The Role of Migration. Review of Agricultural Economics. 2007; 29(3):1-9.

Wilhelm, Mark O.; Rooney, Patrick M., and Tempel, Eugene R. Changes in Religious Giving Reflect Changes in Involvement: Age and Cohort Effects in Religious Giving, Secular Giving, and Attendance. Journal For the Scientific Study of Religion. 2007; 46(2):217-232.

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