Current Social Science Research Report--Social #21, June 26, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #21

To CSSRR- Health #21

CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

TABLES OF CONTENTS

EMPLOYMENT OPPPORTUNITIES

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

DATA

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. National Center for Education Statistics Report, Issue Brief:

A. "Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools From the Common Core of Data: School Year 2005-06," by Lee Hoffman (NCES 2007354, June 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007354

B. "Description and Employment Criteria of Instructional Paraprofessionals," by Gillian Hampden-Thompson, Juliet Diehl, and Akemi Kinukawa (NCES 2007008, June 2007, .pdf format, 4p., with standard errors, .pdf format, 1p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007008

2. US Department of Homeland Security Report:

A. "Refugees and Asylees: 2006," by Kelly Jefferys (May 2006, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/Refugee_AsyleeSec508Compliant.pdf

Related tables (Excel format):

http://www.dhs.gov/ximgtn/statistics/publications/YrBk06RA.shtm

B. "Naturalizations: 2006," by John Simanski (May 2006, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/Natz_01_Sec508Compliant.pdf

Related tables (Excel format):

http://www.dhs.gov/ximgtn/statistics/publications/YrBk06Na.shtm

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US States:

California:

California Department of Finance, Demographic Research Unit Report: "They Moved and Went Where: California's Migration Flow, 1995 - 2000," (June 2007, .pdf format, 96p.).

http://www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/DEMOGRAP/ReportsPapers/documents/TheyMovedandWentWhere.pdf

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

High Commissioner for Refugees Report: "2006 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons," (June 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.unhcr.org/statistics/STATISTICS/4676a71d4.pdf

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Denmark:

Statistics Denmark Statbank Denmark Updates:

A. BEBRIT1: Access to the Internet in the population by type and access.

http://www.statbank.dk/BEBRIT1

B. FABRIT1: Access to the Internet in the families by type and access.

http://www.statbank.dk/FABRIT1

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Finland:

Statistics Finland Press Release: "A total of 19,400 university degrees were attained in 2006," (June 21, 2007).

http://www.stat.fi/til/yop/2006/yop_2006_2007-06-21_tie_002_en.html

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France:

Institut national d'etudes demographques (INED) Periodical: "Population and societies (No. 435, June 2007, .pdf format, 4p.). This month's article is: "Half the world’s population is urban," by Jacques Véron.

http://www.ined.fr/en/resources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1300/

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Japan:

Statistics Bureau Report: Japan Monthly Statistics (June 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/getujidb/index.htm

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Palestine:

Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics Compendium: Jerusalem Year Book No. (9) (June 2007, .pdf format, 497p.). The English version of the text is in the back of the compendium. Tables are in Arabic and English.

http://www.pcbs.gov.ps/DesktopModules/books/booksView.aspx?tabID=0&lang=en&ItemID=3&mid=11239

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UK:

Department for Work and Pensions Research Report: "Families with children in Britain: findings from the 2005 Families and Children Study (FACS)," by Lorenc Hoxhallari, Anne Conolly and Nick Lyon (Research Report 424, 2007, .pdf format, 473p.).

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rports2007-2008/rrep424.pdf

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Demographic Research: Articles:

A. "Disciplining anthropological demography," by Ernestina Coast, Katherine Hampshire, and Sara Randall (Vol. 16, Article 16, June 2007, .pdf format, p. 493-518).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol16/16/default.htm

B. "Meanings and attitudes attached to cohabitation in Poland: Qualitative analyses of the slow diffusion of cohabitation among the young generation," by Monika Mynarska and Laura Bernardi (Vol 16, Article 17, June 2007, .pdf format, p. 519-554).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol16/17/default.htm

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Population Reference Bureau Periodical, Articles:

A. Population Bulletin (Vol. 62, No. 2, June 2007, .pdf format 24p.). This issue's article is "Challenges and Opportunities -- The Population of the Middle East and North Africa," by Farzaneh Roudi-Fahimi and Mary Mederios Kent.

http://www.prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins/2007/ChallengesOpportunitiesinMENA.aspx

B. "Long-Held Assumptions Pose Obstacles in the Fight Against Domestic Violence," by Sandra Yin (June 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/LongHeldAssumptionsPoseObstacles.aspx

C. "Climate Change, Rural Vulnerabilities, and Migration," by Lori M. Hunter (June 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/ClimateChangeinRuralAreas.aspx

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Urban Institute Report: "Framework for a New Safety Net for Low-Income Working Families," by Olivia Golden, Pamela Winston, Gregory Acs, and Ajay Chaudry (June 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/411475.html

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Kaiser Family Foundation Parents, Children & Media Report: "Parents, Children & Media: A Kaiser Family Foundation Survey," (No. 7638, Jun. 19, 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.kff.org/entmedia/7638.cfm

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Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study [Princeton University] Brief: "Incarceration, Employment, and Earnings Among Fathers in Fragile Families," (Research Brief No. 38, May 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.fragilefamilies.princeton.edu/briefs/ResearchBrief38.pdf

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Rand Corporation Dissertation: "Confronting the Challenges of Student Engagement: A Case Study of a School-Based Intervention," by Hilary J. Rhodes. (June 2007, .pdf format, 143p.)

http://www.rand.org/pubs/rgs_dissertations/RGSD218/

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The Education Trust Reports:

A. "Their Fair Share: How Teacher Salary Gaps Shortchange Poor Children in Texas." (June 2007, .pdf format, 4p.)

B. "Their Fair Share: How Teacher Salary Gaps Shortchange Minority Children in Texas" (June 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

Both reports are linked to from an ET news release: "Study of Texas' 10 Largest School Districts Reveals Large Spending Gaps on Teacher Salaries." (Jun. 10, 2007).

http://www2.edtrust.org/EdTrust/Press+Room/Texas+Teacher+Salary+Gaps

More information about ET:

http://www2.edtrust.org/edtrust/default

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University of Chicago Press Books:

A. Talking about Race: Community Dialogues and the Politics of Difference, by Katherine Cramer Walsh (2007, 317p. ISBN: Cloth: 978-0-226-86906-3 ; Paper: 978-0-226-86907-0). For more information see:

http://www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/225477.ctl

B: Why Welfare States Persist: The Importance of Public Opinion in Democracies, by Clem Brooks and Jeff Manza (2007, 204p., ISBN: Cloth: 978-0-226-07583-9, Paper: 978-0-226-07584-6). For more information see:

http://www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/223072.ctl

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US News and World Report Article: "Admittedly Unequal: Many colleges are rejecting women at rates drastically higher than those for men," by Alex Kingsbury (Jun. 17, 2007).

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/articles/070617/25gender.htm

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Demography and Ecology:

A. "Gender, Education, and Wealth: A Prospective Study," by Erin Ruel and Robert M. Hauser (CDE Working Paper 2007-03, April 2007, .pdf format, 39p.). Note: There is no abstract for this paper.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2007-03.pdf

B. "Grade Retention in the Age of Standards-based Reform," by Robert M. Hauser, Carl B. Frederick, and Megan Andrew. (WP 2007-04, June 2007, .pdf format, 32p.)

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2007-04.pdf

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Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing Working Paper: "New Estimates on the Effect of Parental Separation on Child Health," by Shirley H. Liu and Frank Heiland. (Working Paper No. 2007-14-FF Jun. 19, 2007, .pdf format, 32p.)

Abstract:

"This study examines the causal link between parental separation and the health status of young children. Using a representative sample of children all born to unwed parents drawn from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), we investigate whether separation between unmarried biological parents has a causal effect on a child’s likelihood of developing asthma by age three. Comparing children with similar observable characteristics who differ only in terms of whether their parents separate, we find that parental separation increases the probability that a child develops asthma by age three by seven percentage points, relative to children whose parents remained romantically involved."

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP07-14-FF.pdf

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Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program:

A. "The Los Angeles Neighborhood Services and Characteristics Database," by Christine E. Peterson, Anne R. Pebley, Narayan Sastry (WR-240/12-LAFANS, March 2007, .pdf format, 83p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR240.12/

B. "The Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey: Neighborhood Observations Codebook," by Christine E. Peterson, Narayan Sastry, Anne R. Pebley (WR-240/13-LAFAN, March 2007, .pdf format, 64p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR240.13/

C. "The Kids Are OK: Divorce and Children's Behavior Problems," by Jui-Chung Allen Li (May 2007, .pdf format, 53p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR489/

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National Science Foundation: "Research Issues in the International Migration of Highly Skilled Workers: A Perspective with Data from the United States," by Mark C. Regets (SRS 07-203, June 2007, .pdf format, 21p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://nsf.gov/statistics/srs07203/

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World Bank Policy Research Programme: "Jump-starting self-employment? Evidence among welfare participants in Argentina," by Emanuela Galasso and Rita Almeida (Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 4270, June 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 38p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://econ.worldbank.org/external/default/main?pagePK=64165259&theSitePK=469372&piPK=64165421&menuPK=64166322&entityID=000016406_20070625145140

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Do You Receive a Lighter Prison Sentence Because You Are a Woman? An Economic Analysis of Federal Criminal Sentencing Guidelines," by Supriya Sarnikar, Todd A. Sorensen, and Ronald L. Oaxaca (Discussion Paper 2870, June 2007, .pdf format, 53p.).

Abstract:

The Federal criminal sentencing guidelines struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2005 required that males and females who commit the same crime and have the same prior criminal record be sentenced equally. Using data obtained from the United States Sentencing Commission’s records, we examine whether there exists any gender-based bias in criminal sentencing decisions. We treat months in prison as a censored variable in order to account for the frequent outcome of no prison time. Additionally, we control for the self-selection of the defendant into guilty pleas through use of an endogenous switching regression model. A new decomposition methodology is employed. Our results indicate that women receive more lenient sentences even after controlling for circumstances such as the severity of the offense and past criminal history.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2870.pdf

B. "Intergenerational Mobility and Schooling Decisions in Germany and Italy: The Impact of Secondary School Tracks," by Daniele Checchi and Luca Flabbi (Discussion Paper 2876, .pdf format, 63p.).

Abstract:

Intergenerational mobility in income and education is affected by the influence of parents on children’s school choices. Our focus is on the role played by different school systems in reducing or magnifying the impact of parents on children’s school choices and therefore on intergenerational mobility in general. We compare two apparently similar educational systems, Italy and Germany, to see how the common feature of separate tracks at Secondary School level may produce different impacts on children choices. Using data from a cross-country survey (PISA 2003), we study the impact of parental education on track choice, showing that the greater flexibility of the Italian system (where parents are free to choose the type of track) translates into greater dependence from parental background. These effects are reinforced when moving to post-secondary education, where the aspiration to go to college is affected not only by the school type but also (in the case of Italy only) by parental education. We then move to country-specific data sets (ISTAT 2001 for Italy and GSOEP 2001 and 2002 for Germany) to study the impact of family background on post-secondary school choices: we find this impact is greatly reduced when we control for secondary school tracks. Overall, we estimate large asymmetries by gender, with women’s behavior more independent from family backgrounds than men’s behavior.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2876.pdf

C. "Birth Spacing, Fertility Selection and Child Survival: Analysis Using a Correlated Hazard Model," by Pushkar Maitra and Sarmistha Pal (Discussion Paper 2878, June 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

If fertility reflects the choice of households, results of their choice (duration between successive births and health of the children) cannot be considered to be randomly determined. While most existing studies of child health tend to overlook the effects of fertility selection on child health, this paper argues that not accounting for this selection issue yields biased estimates. Additionally it is difficult to a priori predict the direction of this bias, thereby over or under estimating the effect of spacing on child survival. We find that the estimates of birth spacing on child mortality are different when we do not account for fertility selection. Additionally the correlated hazard estimates that we present here better fit our samples than the corresponding bivariate probit estimates used in the literature. A comparison of the fertility behaviour of households in the Indian and Pakistani Punjab highlights the differential nature of institutions on demographic transition in these neighbouring regions.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2878.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Annals of Statistics (Vol. 35, No. 2, June 2007).

http://www.imstat.org/aos/issue_35_3.html

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

UK Data Archive Staff Vacancies: The UK Data Archive at the University of Essex [Cochester, UK] has announced vacancies for: Data and Support Services Assistant, UKDA; Data and Support Services Officer, UKDA; Service Manager, ESDS Longitudinal and ESDS International Microdata; and Preservation Assistant. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/news/staffvacancies.asp

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American Statistical Association: ASA has released employment opportunities for Jun. 20-Jun. 26, 2007).

http://jobs.amstat.org/search/results/

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

US House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor Hearing Testimony: "Higher Education, Lifelong Learning, and Competitiveness Subcommittee Hearing: "Building on the Success of 35 Years of Title IX," a hearing held Jun. 19, 2007, (.pdf format)

http://edworkforce.house.gov/hearings/hellc061907.shtml

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US House Committee on Education and Labor, Workforce Protections Subcommittee Hearing Testimony: "Balancing Work and Family: What Policies Best Support America's Families?" a hearing held June 21, 2007 (.pdf format).

http://edworkforce.house.gov/hearings/wp062107.shtml

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DATA:

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) Update: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota has announced the following updates (June 21, 2007):

A. "Posted an updated version of the 1930 1% sample. The updated sample includes fixes of minor problems in OCCSCORE (missing occupation data was not being allocated), YRSUSA2 (some allocated values were inconsistent with YRSUSA1), and QMARST (this variable indicated that we made more logical edits than were actually made)."

B. "Released new data extraction system with the "Attach Variables" feature, which allows researchers to create variables specifying characteristics of respondents' spouses, mothers, fathers, and household heads."

C. "Released new version of the 2005 American Community Survey sample that includes 160 replicate weight variables (see REPWT and REPWTP)."

D. "Released CITYPOP for 1850-1930 samples. Due to a technical problem, we had not been offering CITYPOP in these samples since February 2007. The CITYPOP values that we are providing now are not different from the values that were available prior to February."

http://usa.ipums.org/usa/revisions.shtml

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US National Center for Education Statistics:

A. "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) 9-Month Twin Triad Restricted-Use Data File," by Nikki Aikens, Nana Kwakye, Amy Rathbun, Jennifer Park, and Jodi Jacobson Chernoff (NCES 2007032, June 2007). "This CD-ROM contains restricted-use base year (9-month data collection) twin triad data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). The twin triad data file contains data from a subsample of twins videotaped with their mothers during a teaching interaction. Triadic interactions are coded using the Parent Infant Coding Scheme (PICS) coding system. The data file is accompanied by a record layout, SAS, SPSS, and Stata syntax files. The twin triad data file, when merged with the larger ECLS-B dataset, can be used to investigate numerous research topics regarding twinship, child development, and maternal behaviors." Note: this is a restricted use data file. A link to restricted use data procedures is available at the site.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007032

A. "Observations of Mother-Twin Interactions at 9 Months: User's Manual for the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) 9-month Twin Triad Restricted-Use Data File," by Nikki Aikens, Nana Kwakye, Amy Rathbun, Jennifer Park, and Jodi Jacobson Chernoff (NCES 2007047, June 2007). "This User's Manual for the Twin Triad Data File describes the design, instrumentation, coding methodology, and special issues pertaining to the twin triad data file from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort base year (9-month) data collection. Also included is information to help users access and use the twin triad data file in conjunction with the main ECLS-B restricted-use data files." Note: this is documentation for a restricted use data file. A link to restricted use data procedures is available at the site.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007047

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National Longitudinal Study of Youth (1979) Documentation: "NLSY79 Child & Young Adult Data Users Guide: A Guide to the 1986-2004 Child Data and 1994-2004 Young Adult Data" (December 2006, .pdf format, 308p.).

ftp://www.nlsinfo.org/pub/usersvc/Child-Young-Adult/2004ChildYA-DataUsersGuide.pdf

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German Social Science Infrastructure Services: The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) released the following data news.

ISSP 2007 "Leisure and Sports" setup files updated - new mandatory background variable SUBSCASE! (June 22, 2007).

http://www.gesis.org/en/data_service/issp/news.htm

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

US National Center for Health Statistics: "VitalStats" (2007). "VitalStats is a collection of vital statistics products including tables, data files, and reports that allow users to access and examine vital statistics and population data. Use our prebuilt tables and reports for quick access to statistics. Or, you can use the data files to create your own tables--choosing from over 100 variables. Using the data files takes a little more time but gives you access to more data. You can customize the tables, and create charts, graphs, and maps. You can even export the data for use offline or in another format." At present birth tables are available.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/VitalStats.htm

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