Current Social Science Research Report--Social #12, April 24, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #12

To CSSRR- Health #12

CSSRR-Index

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

CONFERENCES

DATA

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Census Bureau Facts for Features: "Father's Day: June 17, 2007" (HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/index.html

See under Apr. 17, 2007 listing.

2. National Center for Education Statistics Report, Issue Brief:

A. "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2004-05 (Fiscal Year 2005)," by Lei Zhou, Steven Honegger, Nick Gaviola, and Frank Johnson (NCES 2007356, April 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007356

B. "Course Credit Accrual and Dropping Out of High School," by Gillian Hampden-Thompson, Gregory Kienzl, Bruce Daniel, and Akemi Kinukawa (NCES 2007018,, April 2007, .pdf format, 4p., with standard errors, .pdf format, 1p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2007018

3. Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Crime and the Nation's Households, 2005," by (NCJ 217198, April 2007, .pdf, ASCII text, and zipped Excel format, p.).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/cnh05.htm

4. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report:

A. "Enhancing Child Support Enforcement Efforts: Summary of Data Warehouse Efforts in Nine States," by Karen Gardiner, Mike Fishman, Asaph Glosser, Matthew Langley, and David Vennergrund (October 2006, .pdf format, 63p).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/CSE-enhancement/data/index.htm

B. "Enhancing Child Support Enforcement Efforts Through Improved Use of Information on Debtor Income," by Karen Gardiner, Mike Fishman, Sam Elkin, and Asaph Glosser (October 2006, .pdf format, 142p).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/CSE-enhancement/debtor/index.htm

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US States:

Iowa:

State Data Center Updates: The State Data Center released the following updates on Apr. 20, 2007, Microsoft Excel and/or .pdf format): US and all states: Legal permanent resident flow by state of intended residence: 1996-2006; Iowa profile: New Iowans: 2007" (.pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.iowadatacenter.org/indexlinks/New

See Apr. 20, 2007 listing.

New York:

New York City Population Division, Department of City Planning Report: "A Pre- and Post-9/11 Look (2000-2005) at Lower Manhattan," by Joseph J. Salvo, Arun Peter Lobo, and Joel A. Alvarez (March 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/pdf/census/pre_post_911.pdf

North Dakota:

State Data Center Presentation: "The Graying of North Dakota," by Richard Rathge (April 2007, Microsoft PowerPoint format, 35 slides).

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/presentations/041807.pps

or

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/sdc/presentations/downloadppt/041807.ppt

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NGO and Other Countries:

World Bank Monograph: World Development Indicators 2007 (2007, ISBN 0-8213-6959-8, 402p.). Ordering and pricing information, as well as selected full text is available at:

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:21298138~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html

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China:

National Bureau of Statistics Compendium: China Statistical Yearbook 2006 (April 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2006/indexeh.htm

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Finland:

Statistics Finland News Release: "Books in Finland: A Success Story" (Apr. 16, 2007).

http://www.stat.fi/tup/suomi90/huhtikuu_en.html

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France:

Institute national d'etudes demographiques (INED) Periodical: Population and Societies (No. 433, April 2007, .pdf format, 4p.) This issue is: "Demographic surveillance in the field to capture African population trends," by Emmanuelle Guyavarch.

http://www.ined.fr/en/resources_documentation/publications/pop_soc/bdd/publication/1250/

Click on "Printable version" on the right side of the page for link to full text.

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Iceland:

Statistics Iceland Report: "Population 1996-2006 with a focus on foreign nationals" (April 2007, .pdf format, 23p.). The report is in Icelandic, with an English summary on p. 13, and table heads in Icelandic and English. It is linked to from a SI news release by the same title (No. 48/2007, Apr. 18, 2007).

http://www.statice.is/?PageID=444&NewsID=2681

Link is at the bottom of the news release.

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Ireland:

Central Statistical Office/An Phriomh-Oifig Staidrimh Report: "Vital Statistics, 3rd Quarter 2006" (April 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.cso.ie/releasespublications/documents/vitalstats/current/vstats.pdf

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Japan:

Statistics Bureau Periodical, Report:

A. Japan Monthly Statistics (April 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/getujidb/index.htm

B. "Current Population Estimates as of October 1, 2006" (April 2007, HTML format, with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/jinsui/2006np/index.htm

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Macao:

Statistics and Census Service Report: "Education Survey: 2005/2006 (April 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 16p.).

http://www.dsec.gov.mo/e_index.asp?src=/english/pub/e_edu_pub.html

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Netherlands:

Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:

A. "Immigration up to over 100 thousand in 2006," by Han Nicolaas (Apr. 17, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/dossiers/allochtonen/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2007/2007-2177-wm.htm

B. "Poorest neighbourhoods in the north and east," by Petra Ament and Ferdy Otten (Apr. 17, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/inkomen-bestedingen/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2007/2007-2149-wm.htm

C. "More and smaller households in 2050," by Coen van Duin (Apr. 19, 2007).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/bevolking/publicaties/artikelen/archief/2007/2007-2175-wm.htm

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New Zealand:

Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa Census 2006 Report: "QuickStats About Culture and Identity" (April 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.stats.govt.nz/census/2006-census-data/quickstats-about-culture-identity/quickstats-about-culture-and-identity.htm

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Norway:

Statistics Norway News Releases:

A. "Population statistics. Births 2006: Highest fertility since 1991" (Apr. 19, 2007). The news release links to several topical tables.

http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/02/10/fodte_en/

B. "National child welfare and family counselling. Preliminary figures, 2006: 4.4 billion Norwegian kroner (737 million US dollars) for national child welfare initiatives" (Apr. 19, 2007). The news release links to several topical tables.

http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/03/04/barnfam_en/

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Scotland:

Scottish Executive Report: "Independent School Census, September 2006" (April 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 24p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/04/16162451/0

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Slovenia:

Statistics Slovenia News Release: "Kindergartens, Slovenia, school year 2006/2007," by Breda Lozar (Apr. 18, 2007).

http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=833

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South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report: "Marriages and divorces, 2004," (Report-03-07-01, April 2007, .pdf format, 145p.).

http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/statsdownload.asp?PPN=Report-03-07-01&SCH=3900

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Sweden:

Statistics Sweden News Release: "More and more students in higher education take distance courses" (Apr. 20, 2007).

http://www.scb.se/templates/pressinfo____199490.asp

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Demographic Research Articles:

A. "Cohabitation, nonmarital childbearing, and the marriage process," by Kelly Musick (Vol. 16, Article 9, April 2007, .pdf format, p. 249-286).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol16/9/default.htm

B. "Determinants and consequences of internal and international migration The case of rural populations in the south of Veracruz, Mexico," by Luis Alberto del Rey Poveda (Vol. 16, Article 10, April 2007, .pdf format, p. 287-314).

http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol16/10/default.htm

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Population Reference Bureau Brief, Article:

A. "Youth in the Middle East and North Africa: Demographic Opportunity or Challenge?" by Ragui Assaad and Farzaneh Roudi-Fahimi (April 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf07/YouthinMENA.pdf

B. "Is Fertility Rising in Countries With Low Birth Rates?" by Carl Haub (March 2007).

http://www.prb.org/Articles/2007/IsFertilityRisinginLowBirthRateCountries.aspx

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Urban Institute Report: "One Year Out: Experiences of Prisoners Returning to Cleveland," by Christy Visher, and Shannon M.E. Courtney (April 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/311445.html

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Monitoring the Future Report: "Overview of Key Findings, 2006," by Lloyd D. Johnston, Patrick M. O'Malley, Jerald G. Bachman, and John E. Schulenberg (April 2007, .pdf format, 71p.).

http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2006.pdf

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US National Research Council Monograph: Using the American Community Survey: Benefits and Challenges, edited by Constance F. Citro and Graham Kalton (National Academies Press, 2007, OpenBook format, 242p.). Ordering information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11901

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JSTOR Update: The following journal has been added to the JSTOR archive. To view all the journals in the archive see:

http://www.jstor.org/about/all.list.html

To determine whether your institution is a JSTOR member, and what the "moving wall" of publication dates for these and all JSTOR publications is, see:

http://www.jstor.org/about/

The Journal of Sex Research

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article: "Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities," by Luís M. A. Bettencourt, José Lobo, Dirk Helbing, Christian Kühnert, and Geoffrey B. West (Vol. 104, No. 17, Apr. 24, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 7301-7306). This article is available free of charge.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/104/17/7301

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WORKING PAPERS:

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "The Causes and Consequences of Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities," by Roland G. Fryer and Michael Greenstone (w13036, April 2007).

Abstract:

Until the 1960s, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were practically the only institutions of higher learning open to Blacks in the US. Using nationally representative data files from 1970s and 1990s college attendees, we find that in the 1970s HBCU matriculation was associated with higher wages and an increased probability of graduation, relative to attending a Traditionally White Institution (TWI). By the 1990s, however, there is a wage penalty, resulting in a 20% decline in the relative wages of HBCU graduates between the two decades. We also analyze the College and Beyond's 1976 and 1989 samples of matriculates which allows us to focus on two of the most elite HBCUs. Between the 1970s and 1990s, HBCU students report statistically significant declines in the proportion that would choose the same college again, preparation for getting along with other racial groups, and development of leadership skills, relative to black students in TWIs. On the positive side, HBCU attendees became relatively more likely to be engaged in social, political, and philanthropic activities. The data provide modest support for the possibility that HBCUs' relative decline in wages is partially due to improvements in TWIs' effectiveness at educating blacks. The data contradict a number of other intuitive explanations, including relative decline in pre-college credentials (e.g., SAT scores) of students attending HBCUs and expenditures per student at HBCUs.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W13036

B. "Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation," by David Card, Alexandre Mas, and Jesse Rothstein (w13052, April 2007, .pdf format, 56p.).

Abstract:

In a classic paper, Schelling (1971) showed that extreme segregation can arise from social interactions in white preferences: once the minority share in a neighborhood exceeds a critical "tipping point," all the whites leave. We use regression discontinuity methods and Census tract data from 1970 through 2000 to test for discontinuities in the dynamics of neighborhood racial composition. White population flows exhibit tipping-like behavior in most cities, with a distribution of tipping points ranging from 5% to 20% minority share. The estimated discontinuities are robust to controls for a wide variety of neighborhood characteristics, and are as strong in the suburbs as in tracts close to high-minority neighborhoods, ruling out the main alternative explanations for apparent tipping behavior. In contrast to white population flows, there is no systematic evidence that rents or housing prices exhibit non-linearities around the tipping point. Finally, we relate the location of the estimated tipping points in different cities to measures of the racial attitudes of whites, and find that cities with more tolerant whites have higher tipping points.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13052

C. "The Power of the Family," by Alberto Alesina and Paola Giuliano (w13051, April 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

Abstract:

The structure of family relationships influences economic behavior and attitudes. We define our measure of family ties using individual responses from the World Value Survey regarding the role of the family and the love and respect that children need to have for their parents for over 70 countries. We show that strong family ties imply more reliance on the family as an economic unit which provides goods and services and less on the market and on the government for social insurance. With strong family ties home production is higher, labor force participation of women and youngsters, and geographical mobility, lower. Families are larger (higher fertility and higher family size) with strong family ties, which is consistent with the idea of the family as an important economic unit. We present evidence on cross country regressions. To assess causality we look at the behavior of second generation immigrants in the US and we employ a variable based on the grammatical rule of pronoun drop as an instrument for family ties. Our results overall indicate a significant influence of the strength of family ties on economic outcomes.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13051

D. "Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior," by Melissa S. Kearney and Phillip B. Levine (w13045, April 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the impact of recent state-level Medicaid policy changes that expanded eligibility for family planning services to higher income women and to Medicaid clients whose benefits would expire otherwise. We begin by establishing that the income-based policy change led to a substantial increase in the number of program recipients. We then examine Vital Statistics birth data from 1990 to 2003 and determine that it also reduced overall births to non-teens by about two percent and to teens by over four percent. Our estimates suggest a nearly nine percent reduction in births to women age 20-44 made eligible by the policy change. We supplement our state-level analysis with an investigation of individual-level data from the 1988, 1995, and 2002 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG) to examine the impact of these policies on sexual behavior and contraceptive use. Evidence from this analysis suggests that the reduction in fertility associated with raising income thresholds for eligibility was accomplished via greater use of contraception. Our calculations indicate that allowing higher income women to receive federally-funded family planning cost on the order of $6,800 for each averted birth.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w13045

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Levy Economic Institute of Bard College [Annandale-on-Hudson, NY]: "Gender Inequalities in Allocating Time to Paid and Unpaid Work: Evidence from Bolivia," by Marcelo Medeiros, Rafael Guerreiro Osorio, and Joana Costa (Working Paper No. 495, April 2007, .pdf format, 17p.). Links to an abstract and full text can be found at:

http://www.levy.org/default.asp?view=publications_view&pubID=1120091037e

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World Bank Developemnt Programme: "Government expenditures on education, health, and infrastructure : a naive look at levels, outcomes, and efficiency," by Lourdes Trujillo, Marianela Gonzalez, and Antonio Estache (Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 4219, May 2007, .pdf and ASCII text, 27p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

http://econ.worldbank.org/external/default/main?pagePK=64165259&piPK=64165421&theSitePK=469382&menuPK=64166093&entityID=000016406_20070419160726

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International Poverty Centre: "Conditional Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts upon Inequality," by Sergei Soares, Rafael Guerreiro Osório, Fabio Veras Soares, Marcelo Medeiros and Eduardo Zepeda (Working Paper No. 35, April 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).

http://www.undp-povertycentre.org/pub/IPCWorkingPaper35.pdf

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Australian Government Treasury: "HECS (Higher Education Contribution Scheme) for TAFE (Technical and Further Education): The case for extending income contingent loans," by Bruce Chapman, Mark Rodrigues and Chris Ryan (WP 2007-02, April 2007, HTML, .pdf, and Rich Text Format (.rtf), 56p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.treasury.gov.au/contentitem.asp?NavId=049&ContentID=1252

Links to full text are at the bottom of the abstract.

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Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada: "Where are the Scientists and Engineers? by Michael McKenzie (Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division, No. 002, April 2007, .pdf format, 47p.).

http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/88F0006XIE/88F0006XIE2007002.htm

Click on "Full Content in PDF" on the left side of the page for link to full text.

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Do Family Planning Programmes Help Women’s Employment? The Case of Indian Mothers," by Gianna C. Giannelli, and Francesca Francavilla (Discussion Paper 2762, April 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

The paper deals with female employment in developing countries. We set out a model to test our argument that, at the first stage of development, demographic and health programmes have proven to be more effective for women’s position in the society than specific labour and income support policies. Our household model in the collective framework predicts that an exogenous improvement in household production technology due to demographic and health policies gives the wife the opportunity to employ her time resources more efficiently, and, by consequence, the power to choose to participate or not to the labour market. A unique, rich and representative data survey for all Indian states and rural India (NFHS-2, 1998-1999) allows us to analyse the role of Family Planning (FP), reproductive and child care programmes, for the employment probability of married women aged 15 to 49. Our results for urban and rural India show that the FP effect is significant in rural India, that is, women that have been visited by an FP public worker have a higher probability of being employed. Moreover, for rural India, we compare this effect with that one of Governmental Policies (GP) supporting household income and promoting employment. Our results show that the effect of this particular FP intervention has been more effective for women’s employment than GP. This result appears to be robust across different definitions of female employment and model specifications.

http://ftp.iza.org/dp2762.pdf

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CONFERENCES:

Penn State Population Research Institute "2007 National Symposium on Family Issues," to be held Oct. 8-9, 2007 in State College, Pennsylvania. For more information see:

http://www.pop.psu.edu/events/symposium/2007.htm

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US Department of Education: The USDE Institute for Educational Sciences has updated a list of upcoming conferences and workshops at:

http://ies.ed.gov/whatsnew/conferences/

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DATA:

National Longitudinal Survey: The Center for Human Resource Research (Ohio State University) has released the following NLS documentation (.pdf format).

CYA-DG-2004 NLSY79 2004 Child/Young Adult Data Users Guide

ChildAssessmentBib: NLSY79 Child Assessment Research Bibliography (.pdf format, 122p.).

http://www.chrr.ohio-state.edu/nls-info/ordering/display_db.php3

Scroll to or find in page the pertinent item number or title.

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US Department of Housing and Urban Development: "HUD Aggregated USPS (US Postal Service) Administrative Data On Address Vacancies" (2007, .zip compressed dBase format). Note: this data requires a user's licence.

http://www.huduser.org/datasets/usps.html

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