Current Social Science Research Report--Health #47, January 22, 2008.

CSSRR-Health is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/cssrindex.html

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CSSRR-Health is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.

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To CSSRR-Econ #47

To CSSRR-Soc #47

CSSRR-Index

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Index to this issue:

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

US

US STATES

NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

WORKING PAPERS

TABLES OF CONTENTS

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

CONFERENCES

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

DATA

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS

US:

1. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General Report: "National Institutes of Health: Conflicts of Interest in Extramural Research" (OEI-03-06-00460, January 2008, .pdf format, 23p.).

NIH provided us with 438 financial conflict-of-interest reports for fiscal years 2004 through 2006. However, this number does not represent the total number of conflicts of interest reported by grantee institutions because NIHs Institutes and the Office of Extramural Research (OER) were unable to provide us with all of the actual conflict-of-interest reports they received from grantee institutions. Although Federal regulations require grantee institutions to report financial conflicts of interest, the regulations do not require them to report the nature of the conflicts or other details. At least 89 percent of financial conflict-of-interest reports we reviewed did not state the nature of the conflicts or how they would be managed. Based on our review of the documentation, we found very few cases in which Institutes followed up with grantee institutions regarding the nature of a financial conflict of interest and/or the management plan for a conflict. We also found that many Institutes rely on the good faith of the grantee institution to ensure compliance with Federal financial conflict-of-interest regulations, rather than directly overseeing or reviewing grantee institutions management of financial conflicts of interest.

We recommend that NIH (1) increase oversight of grantee institutions to ensure their compliance with Federal financial conflicts-of-interest regulations; (2) require grantee institutions to provide details regarding the nature of financial conflicts of interest and how they are managed, reduced, or eliminated; and (3) require Institutes to forward to OER all financial conflict-of-interest reports that they receive from grantee institutions and ensure that OERs conflict-of-interest database contains information on all conflict-of-interest reports provided by grantee institutions. NIH concurred with two of our recommendations but did not concur with our recommendation to require grantee institutions to provide details about financial conflicts of interest.

http://www.oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-03-06-00460.pdf

2. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Article: "School-Associated Student Homicides --- United States, 1992--2006," (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 2, January 18, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 33-36).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5702a1.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5702.pdf

3. National Institutes of Health News Releases:

A. "International Consortium Announces the 1000 Genomes Project: Major Sequencing Effort Will Produce the Most Detailed Map of Human Genetic Variation to Support Disease Studies" (National Human Genome Research Institute, Jan. 22, 2008).

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/jan2008/nhgri-22.htm

B. "NIH Develops Down Syndrome Research Plan" (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jan. 22, 2008).

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/jan2008/nichd-22.htm

C. "Studies Highlight MRSA (Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) Evolution and Resilience" (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Jan. 21, 2008).

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/jan2008/niaid-21.htm

4. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "Performance Measurement in the Hospital Outpatient Setting," by Stephanie S. Teleki, Melony E.S. Sorbero, Lee Hilborne, Susan Lovejoy, Lily Bradley, Ateev Mehrotra, and Cheryl L. Damberg (December 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 113p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/08/outpatient/index.htm

5. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief: "Circumcisions Performed in U.S. Community Hospitals, 2005," by Chaya T. Merrill, Mika Nagamine, and Claudia Steiner (Statistical Brief No. 45, January 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).

HTML:

http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb45.jsp

.pdf:

http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb45.pdf

6. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Medical Expenditures of the Non-Elderly by Age and Insurance Status, 2004," by Gary Olin (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Statistical Brief 197, January 2008, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/Pub_ProdResults_Details.jsp?pt=Statistical%20Brief&opt=2&id=845

7. Government Accountability Office Report: "Influenza Pandemic: Efforts Under Way to Address Constraints on Using Antivirals and Vaccines to Forestall a Pandemic: (GAO-08-92, December 2008, .pdf format, 71p.).

http://www.gao.gov/docsearch/abstract.php?rptno=GAO-08-92

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US States:

Illinois:

Department of Public Health Periodical: HIV/AIDS/STD Monthly Surveillance Update (December 2008, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.idph.state.il.us/aids/Surv_Report_1207.pdf

Nebraska:

Department of Health and Human Services Report: "2006 Statistical Report of Abortions" (January 2008, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.hhs.state.ne.us/srd/ABORTION2006RPT.PDF

Rhode Island:

Department of Health Fact Sheet: "Diabetes Fact Sheet for Rhode Island (2006)" (January 2008, .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.health.ri.gov/disease/diabetes/DiabetesSurveillanceRIFactsheet2006.pdf

South Dakota:

Department of Health Reports:

A. "Health Behaviors of South Dakotans, 2006" (December 2007, .pdf format, 234p.).

http://doh.sd.gov/Statistics/2006BRFSS/default.aspx

B. "Perinatal Health Risk Assessment 2007" (December 2007, .pdf format, 81p.).

http://doh.sd.gov/Statistics/PDF/2007Perinatal.pdf

Washington:

Center for Health Statistics Report: "Marriage Data: 2006" (January 2008, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.doh.wa.gov/EHSPHL/CHS/chs-data/marriage/Marr_VD.htm

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

1. World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Periodical: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal (Vol. 13, No. 6, November/December 2007).

http://www.emro.who.int/Publications/EMHJ/1306/index.htm

2. World Health Organization European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Periodical: Euro Observer Health Policy Bulletin (Vol. 9, No. 4, 2007, .pdf format, 8p.). The topic of this issue is "Migration and health in EU health systems," by Philipa Mladovsky.

http://www.euro.who.int/observatory/Publications/20020524_29

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Australia:

Australian Institute for Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "Medical labour force 2005," (National health labour force series no. 40, January 2008, .pdf format, 56p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10548

B. "Nursing and midwifery labour force 2005," (National health labour force series no. 39, January 2008, .pdf format, 68p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10475

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France:

Institute for Research in Health Economics Articles:

A. "Medical group practice in primary care in six European countries, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec: what are the lessons for France?" by Yann Bourgueil, Anna Marek, and Julien Mousquès (Questions d'economie de la Sante (No. 127, November 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceAnglais/Publications/IrdesPublications/QES127.pdf

B. "What do we suffer from? Evaluation of declared diseases in France Decennial Health Survey, INSEE 2002-2003," by Caroline Allonier, Stéphanie Guillaume, and Catherine Sermet (Questions d'economie de la Sante (No. 123, July 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.irdes.fr/EspaceAnglais/Publications/IrdesPublications/QES123.pdf

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UK:

Department of Health Report: "Monthly and Quarterly/Biannual Diagnostics statistics - Provider based monthly Diagnostics" (November 2007, Microsoft Excel and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.performance.doh.gov.uk/diagnostics/provider.html

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.:

Allen Guttmacher Institute Presentations:

A. "State-by-State Trends in Abortion in the United States," (January 2008, .pdf and PowerPoint format).

http://www.guttmacher.org/presentations/state_ab_pt.html

B. "Trends in Abortion in the United States, 1973-2005," (January 2008, .pdf and PowerPoint format, 22p.).

http://www.guttmacher.org/presentations/trends.html

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Institute of Health Economics (Alberta, Canada) Report: "World in Your Pocket A Handbook of International Health Economic Statistics 2007" (2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

http://www.ihe.ca/documents/ihe/publications/reports/IHE_Report_World_in_Your_Pocket_International_Health_Economic_Statistics_2007.pdf

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Milbank Memorial Fund/US Centers for Disease Control Report: "Improving Population Health: The Uses of Systematic Reviews," by Melissa Sweet and Ray Moynihan (2007, .pdf format, 71p.).

http://www.milbank.org/reports/0712populationhealth/0712ImprovingPopulationHealthFinal.pdf

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Lancet, Various: Note: Lancet requires free registration before proving content. "Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences," by Robert E Black, Lindsay H Allen, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Laura E Caulfield, Mercedes de Onis, Majid Ezzati, Colin Mathers, and Juan Rivera (Series, Maternal and child undernutrition, Vol. 371, No. 9608, Jan. 19, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 243-260), This article, and the linked topical Comments and Perspectives are available free of charge.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607616900/fulltext

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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 8, No. 3, Jan. 22, 2008). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at mdadamo@jhuccp.org with your request and complete mailing address.

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WORKING PAPERS:

California Center for Population Research [University of California-Los Angeles]: "Growth Mixture Modeling for Sequential Growth Processes," by Shige Song (CCPR-055-07, December 2007, .pdf format, 25p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_055_07.asp

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Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University]: "The Consequences of Couples' Pregnancy Interventions for Early Parental Behaviors and Infant Health: Does It Matter Who Is Asked?" by Maureen Waller and Marianne Bitler (WP 2008-01-FF, October 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Previous research has found that pregnancy intentions are predictive of some early parental behaviors and infant health outcomes. However, most studies have relied on mothers’ reports of pregnancy intentions and have examined only maternal behaviors which may affect children’s health.

METHODS: This analysis draws on baseline data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a 20-city study of unmarried parents and their children, to examine the relationship between pregnancy intentions and early parental and child outcomes. The study takes advantage of data collected from fathers and mothers to look at an alternate measure of pregnancy intention-whether either parent considered abortion at the time they learned of the pregnancy-and whether it is associated with maternal and paternal behaviors during the pregnancy and with infant birth weight.

RESULTS: Results from regression analyses show that mothers are less likely to initiate early prenatal care and fathers are less likely to make cash or in-kind contributions during the pregnancy when one or both parents considered abortion. Which parents’ intentions are influential varies by outcome as well as by which parent reported it. Having both parents or the mother only consider abortion is also negatively associated with mothers’ reports of all parental behaviors, while having both parents or the father only consider abortion is negatively associated with fathers’ reports of their in-kind contributions and both parents’ reports of fathers’ cash contributions. Parents’ considerations are not significantly associated with infant birth weight.

CONCLUSIONS: For early initiation of prenatal care, mothers’ reports of having considered abortion are consequential but fathers’ reports are not. Fathers’ considerations matter for their reports of their own contributions, but these outcomes are even worse when both parents considered abortion. Because findings differ by each parent’s intentions and by which parent reported paternal contributions, future research examining the consequences of pregnancy intention should examine measures of pregnancy intention and paternal behaviors reported by both parents.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP08-01-FF.pdf

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Family Health International: "Operations Research Study to Improve Postabortion Care (PAC) Services among Adolescents in the Dominican Republic," by (Youth Research Working Paper No. 7, 2008, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.fhi.org/NR/rdonlyres/eenur5ceqjbnspi5iyotlq24fi7bnrmhrnw6c2vlbl55644hnadyre2eyy27zkoh7lope5xtn4sife/DRPACworkingpaper7.pdf

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ESRC Research Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) [London (UK) School of Economics]: "Are current levels of air pollution in England too high? The impact of pollution on population mortality," by Katharina Janke, John Henderson, and Carol Propper (CASE/128, December 2007, .pdf format, 36p).

Abstract:

We examine the relationship between common sources of airborne pollution and population mortality in present day England. The current air quality limit values are low by both historical and international standards, and these are set at levels which are believed not to be harmful to health. We assess whether this view is correct. We use data at local authority level for the period 1998 to 2004 to examine whether current levels of airborne pollution, as measured by annual mean concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter less than 10 µm in diameter (PM10) and ozone, are associated with excess deaths. We examine all cause mortality and deaths from specific cardiovascular and respiratory causes that are known to be exacerbated by air pollution. We exploit the panel nature of our data to control for any unobserved time-invariant associations at local authority level between high levels of pollution and poor population health and estimate multi-pollutant models to allow for the fact that three of the pollutants are closely correlated. We find higher levels of PM10 and ozone are associated with higher mortality rates. The size of the effects we find translates into around 4,500 deaths per annum.

http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper128.pdf

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Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [Munich, Bavaria, Germany]: "Trends of Children’s Height and Parental Unemployment: A Large-Scale Anthropometric Study on Eastern Germany, 1994 -- 2006," by Jörg Baten (WP 2189, January 2008, .pdf format, 31p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/ifoHome/b-publ/b3publwp/_wp_abstract?p_file_id=14989

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

AIDS (Vol. 22, No. 3, January 30, 2008).

http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids/toc.00002030-200801300-00000.htm

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 167, No. 2, Jan. 15, 2008).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol167/issue2/index.dtl?etoc

Clinical Infectious Diseases (Vol. 46, No. 4, Feb. 15, 2008).

http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/loi/cid

Global Public Health (Vol. 3, No. 1, 2008).

http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=g789684950?jumptype=alert&alerttype=new_issue_alert,email

Journal of Biosocial Science (Vol. 40, No. 2, Mar. 2008).

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayIssue?jid=JBS&volumeId=40&issueId=02

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Vol. 48, No. 4, December 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asoca/jhsb

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

US Centers for Disease Control: "State Public Health Approaches to Arthritis" (CDC-RFA-DP08-806, Jan. 17, 2008). For more information see:

http://www07.grants.gov/search/basic.do

and search Funding Opportunity Number on "CDC-RFA-DP08-806" (WITHOUT the quotes).

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National Institutes of Health:

A. "Community Participation in Research (R01)" (PA-08-074, reissue of PAR-05-026, Jan. 16, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-074.html

B. "Community Participation Research Targeting the Medically Underserved (R01)" (PAR-08-075, reissue of PAR-05-026, Jan. 16, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-075.html

C, "Community Participation Research Targeting the Medically Underserved (R21)" (PAR-08-076, reissue of PAR-05-026, Jan. 16, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-076.html

D. "Nutrition and Prevention, Care, and Treatment of HIV/AIDS (R01)" (RFA-HD-07-022, reissue of RFA-HD-06-012, Jan. 10, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with National Institute of Mental Health). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HD-07-022.html

E. "Integration of Food and Nutrition into Prevention, Care, and Treatment of HIV Infection and AIDS (R03)" (RFA-HD-07-023, reissue of RFA-HD-07-001, Jan. 10, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HD-07-023.html

F. "Male Contraceptive Development Program (U01)" (RFA-HD-08-05, reissue of RFA- HD-02-028, Jan. 10, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HD-08-005.html

G. "The Science and Ecology of Early Development (SEED) [R03]" (PA-08-068, This is a reissue of PA-06-345, Jan. 11, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with two other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-068.html

H. "The Science and Ecology of Early Development (SEED) [R01]" (PA-08-069, reissue of PA-07-149, Jan. 11, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with two other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-08-069.html

I. "NIH Revision Awards for Studying Interactions Among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health (R01)" (PAR-08-065, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-065.html

J. NIH Revision Awards for Studying Interactions Among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health (R21)" (PAR-08-066, Jan. 8, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-066.html

K. "NIH Revision Awards for Studying Interactions Among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health (P01, P20, P50, P60, U01, U10, U54) (PAR-08-067, Jan. 8, 2008, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-08-067.html

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CONFERENCES:

US National Cancer Institute/National Institutes of Health: "4th Annual Advanced Training Institute on Health Behavior Theory," to be held in Madison, Wisconsin, Jul. 6-13, 2008. For more information see:

http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/workshop/

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"15th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections," to be held in Boston, Massachusetts Feb. 3-6, 2008). For more information see:

http://www.retroconference.org/2008/

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17th Annual AIDS Conference," to be held Aug. 3-8, 2008 in Mexico City, Mexico. For more information see:

http://www.aids2008.org/mainpage.aspx?pageId=3

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15th International Union Against Sexually Transmitted Infections/2nd Annual International Infectious Disease Conference (Harvard Medical School Dubai Center), to be held Feb. 3-5, 2008, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. For more information see:

http://www.iusti.ae/

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

American Statistical Association: ASA Jobweb has been updated with opportunities from Jan. 10-15, 2008).

http://jobs.amstat.org/search/results/

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

US House Homeland Security Committee Hearing: "Are You Ready?: Implementing the National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza," a hearing held May 16, 2006 (House Serial Publication 109-65, .pdf format, 53p.).

http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS88915

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US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee Hearing Publication: "Health Care Coverage and Access: Challenges and Opportunities, on Examining the Challenges and Opportunities Relating to Health Care for All Americans," a hearing held Jan. 10, 2007 (Senate Hearing 110-24, .pdf format, 101p.).

http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS88316

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DATA:

National Center for Health Statistics: "2006 Paradata File." (January 2008). "The 2006 NHIS Paradata File contains data about the NHIS data collection process. It may be used as a stand-alone data file or linked to the NHIS 2006 health data files." (data in self-decompressing [.exe] ASCII format, with documentation in .pdf format, and a sample SAS input file in ASCII text format).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhis/2006paradata.htm

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Kaiser Family Foundation Website, Update:

A. Health08.org. The Kaiser Family Foundation's health08.org website offers resources for following health care developments during campaign season. The website serves as a hub of information about health and the election, including original content produced by Kaiser and easy access to health-related resources from the campaigns, other organizations and news outlets."

http://www.health08.org/

B. KaiserEDU.org: KaiserEdu.org has added the following modules: and "Health IT."

"Military and Veterans Health Care"

http://www.kaiseredu.org/topics_im.asp?id=755&imID=1&parentID=61

"Health Information Technology"

http://www.kaiseredu.org/topics_im.asp?id=655&imID=1&parentID=70

KaiserEDU.org

http://www.kaiseredu.org/index.asp

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World Health Organization: "Health financing policy." "Different forms of health system financing exist, that vary in terms of how resources are generated, pooled together and used. This website provides information on the key policy issues related to health financing, along with relevant policy tools that can aid decision making. A selection of country experiences in different aspects of health financing reform can also be found on the website."

http://www.who.int/health_financing/en/

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