Current Demographic Research Report #99, September 6, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.
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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Reports, Facts for Features
National Center for Health Statistics Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
DHHS ASPE Report
Government Printing Office Compendium
Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical
USDA Economic Research Service Periodical Articles
_MMWR_ Articles
DHHS SAMHSA Report
National Science Foundation Report
Population Reference Bureau Articles
Urban Institute Policy Briefs
_USA Today_/KFF/Harvard School of Public Health Survey Report
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health NCCP Factsheet
United Nations Development Fund for Women Report
World Health Organization Periodical
International Monetary Fund Periodical
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report
_Demographic Research_ Article
_Lancet_ Article Abstract
Info Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

National Bureau of Economic Research
Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University]
Center for Global Development
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS

National Center for Education Statistics Training Conference
National Institutes of Health Symposium

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

House Government Reform Hearing Publication
Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Hearing Publication

DATA

Missouri State Data Center Population Estimates
ICPSR
UK Data Archive

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Bureau of Justice Statistics
United Nations General Assembly 2005 World Summit

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Report, News Release. Facts for Features:

A. "Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2004," by Carmen DeNavas-Walt, Bernadette D. Proctor, and Cheryl Hill Lee (P60-229, August 2005, .pdf format, 78p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/p60-229.pdf

B. "Income, Earnings, and Poverty From the 2004 American Community Survey," (ACS-01, August 2005, .pdf format, 21p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/acs-01.pdf

A Press Release about both reports ("Income Stable, Poverty Rate Increases, Percentage of Americans Without Health Insurance Unchanged") is at:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/005647.html

C. "We the People: Blacks in the United States," by Jesse D. McKinnon and Claudette E. Bennett (Census 2000 Special Reports CENSR-25, August 2005, .pdf format, 17p.).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/race/005664.html

D. "Census Bureau Estimates Nearly 10 Million Residents Along Gulf Coast Hit by Hurricane Katrina" (News Release CB05-CR.17, Sep. 2, 2005). Note: the news release links to a set of topical "fast facts."

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/hurricanes_tropical_storms/005673.html

E. " Labor Day 2005: Sept. 5" (Facts for Features CB05-FF.12-2 (Rev.), Aug. 30, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

HTML:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/005289.html

.pdf:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2005/cb05ff12-2rev.pdf

F. "Halloween: Oct. 31, 2005" (Facts for Features CB05-FF.15. Aug. 31, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

HTML:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/005606.html

.pdf:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2005/cb05ff-15.pdf

G. "Grandparents Day 2005: Sept. 11" (Facts for Features CB05-FF.13-2, Sep. 6, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

HTML:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/005353.html

.pdf:

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2005/cb05ff13-2.pdf
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National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Plan and Operation of Cycle 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth," by R.M. Groves, G. Benson, W.D. Mosher, et. al. (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 1, No. 42, September 2005, .pdf format, 86p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_01/sr01_042.pdf
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National Center for Education Statistics Report: "1992-93 Bachelor's Degree Recipients and Their Opinions About Education in 2003," by Ellen M. Bradburn, Stephanie Nevill, and Emily Forest Cataldi (NCES 2005174, July 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

The E.D. TAB is the first publication using data from the final follow-up of the 1993/03 Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:93/03). Students who completed their bachelor's degree in 1993 were identified and contacted for follow-up interviews in 1994, 1997 and 2003. This report presents the percentages of students who reported important relationships between their undergraduate education and their lives in 2003; the percentages who enrolled for further postsecondary study; and their satisfaction with graduate study.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2005174
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DHHS ASPE Report: "Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress 2005" (September 2005, HTML and. pdf format).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/indicators05/index.htm
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Government Printing Office Compendium: _United States Code: 2000 Edition, Supplement 2_:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/uscode/index.html
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Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports:

A. "Juvenile Victimization and Offending, 1993-2003," by Katrina Baum (NCJ 209468, August 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 10p., with .zip compressed Microsoft Excel tables).

Abstract:

Presents findings about violent crime committed against or by juveniles from 1993 to 2003. Comparisons are made in the report between younger teens (ages 12-14), older teens (ages 15-17), and adults. Data are drawn from the National Crime Victimization Survey for nonfatal violent victimization and offending {rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault} among those 12 years and older, and from the FBI's Supplemental Homicide Reports for fatal victimization and offending of the entire population. Analyses include characteristics of victim, offender, and of the criminal event such as weapons, location, and time of day.

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/jvo03.htm

B. "HIV in Prison, 2003," by Laura M. Maruschak (NCJ 210344, September 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 8p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).

Abstract:

Provides the number of HIV-positive and active AIDS cases among State and Federal prisoners at yearend 2003. This annual bulletin reports the number of AIDS-related deaths in prisons, a profile of those inmates who died, the number of female and male prisoners who were HIV-positive, and a comparison of AIDS rates for the general and prisoner populations. Historical data on AIDS cases are presented from 1998 and on AIDS deaths from 1995.

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/hivp03.htm
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Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical, Reports:

A. _Compensation and Working Conditions Online_. The latest articles are dated Aug. 31, 2005.

http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/home.htm

B. "National Compensation Survey: Occupational Wages in the United States, July 2004" (Summary 05-02, August 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ocs/sp/ncbl0727.pdf

C. "Employment from the BLS household and payroll surveys: summary of recent trends (September 2005, .pdf format, 17p.).

http://www.bls.gov/cps/ces_cps_trends.pdf
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USDA Economic Research Service Periodical Articles:

A. "Farm Poverty Lowest in U.S. History," by Susan Offutt and Craig Gundersen (_Amber Waves_, September 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 20-27).

http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/September05/Features/FarmPoverty.htm

B. "Rural Areas Benefit From Recreation and Tourism Development," by Richard Reeder and Dennis Brown (_Amber Waves_, September 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 28-33).

http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/September05/Features/RuralAreasBenefit.htm
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_MMWR_ Articles: Note: All below listed articles are available in HTML and .pdf format.

A. "The Role of Public Health in Mental Health Promotion" (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 34, Sep. 2, 2005, p. 841-842).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5434a1.htm

B. "Children and Teens Told by Doctors That They Were Overweight --- United States, 1999--2002" (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 34, Sep. 2, 2005, p. 848-849).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5434a3.htm

C. "Update: Influenza Vaccine Supply and Recommendations for Prioritization During the 2005--06 Influenza Season" (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 34, Sep. 2, 2005, p. 850).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5434a4.htm

D. "QuickStats: Percentage of Children Aged 4--17 Years with Emotional or Behavioral Difficulties Who Used Mental Health Services, by Type of Service --- United States, 2003" (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 34, Sep. 2, 2005, p. 852).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5434a7.htm

.pdf for all the above:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5434.pdf
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US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Binge Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 20: 2002 and 2003 Update," (NSDUH Report, August 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 3p.).

http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/youthBinge/youthBinge.cfm
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National Science Foundation Report: "Interstate Migration Patterns of Recent Recipients of Bachelor's and Master's Degrees in Science and Engineering" (NSF 05-318, August 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 21p., with appendix standard error tables in .pdf and Microsoft Excel format). Excel tables can be accessed via the HTML link.

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf05318/
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Population Reference Bureau Articles:

A. "An Income Gap in Two Counties Hit by Hurricane Katrina," by Sandra Yin and Mary Mederios Kent (September 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/An_Income_Gap_in_Two_Counties_Hit_by_Hurricane_Katrina.htm

B. "New Data Reveal Widespread Disparities in U.S. State Poverty Rates," by Mark Mather (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/New_Data_Reveal_Widespread_Disparities_in_State_Poverty_Rates.htm
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Urban Institute Report, Policy Briefs:

A. "Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Employment and Prisoner Reentry," by Vera Kachnowski (August 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311215

B. "Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Treatment Matching," by Laura Winterfield and Jennifer Castro (August 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311216

C. "Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Prisoner Reentry and Residential Mobility," by Nancy G. La Vigne and Barbara Parthasarathy (August 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311213

D. "Returning Home Illinois Policy Brief: Health and Prisoner Reentry," by Kamala Mallik Kane (August 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311214
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_USA Today_/Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard School of Public Health Survey Report: "The USA Today/Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard School of Public Health" (August 2005, , chartpack, .pdf format, 52p., survey toplines, .pdf format, 47p., with links to related _USA Today_ news articles). "This comprehensive survey from USA Today, the Kaiser Family Foundation, and the Harvard School of Public Health examines how Americans are being affected by health care costs. The survey includes information on the barriers health care costs pose to obtaining medical care and the alternative measures people take to lower their medical and prescription drug bills. The Health Care Costs Survey is based on a nationally representative sample of 1,531 adults ages 18 years and older, conducted between April 25 and June 9, 2005. The USA Today/Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard School of Public Health Survey Project is a three-way partnership. USA Today, Kaiser, and Harvard jointly design and analyze surveys examining health care issues."

http://www.kff.org/newsmedia/pomr090105pkg.cfm
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Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health National Center for Children in Poverty Factsheet: "Basic Facts About Low-Income Children" (June 2005, HTML and .pdf format). "While the rate of children living in low-income families declined during the economic boom of the 1990s, we still have one of the highest child poverty rates in the developed world. 27 million American children live in low-income families and, in the vast majority of them, at least one parent works. To find solutions, it's important to understand who can't make ends meet and why."

http://www.nccp.org/cat_8.html

More information about NCCP:

http://www.nccp.org/about.html
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United Nations Development Fund for Women Report: "Progress of the World's Women 2005: Women, Work & Poverty," by Martha Chen, Joann Vanek, Francie Lund, and James Heintz (2005, .pdf format, 112p.).

http://www.unifem.org/attachments/products/PoWW2005_eng.pdf

UNIFEM news release (Aug. 31, 2005):

http://www.unifem.org/news_events/story_detail.php?StoryID=295
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World Health Organization Periodical: _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 83, No. 9, September 2005, .pdf format). Note: The theme of this issue is oral health.

http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/83/9/en/index.html
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International Monetary Fund Periodical: _Finance and Development_ (Vol. 42, No. 3, September 2005).

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2005/09/index.htm
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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Selected Chronic Diseases Among Australia's Children" (Bulletin 29, September 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10165
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_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is " a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Rostock, Germany). "Fertility decline in North-Central Namibia," by Riikka Shemeikka, Veijo Notkola, and Harri Siiskonen (Vol. 13, Article No. 4, August 2005, .pdf format, p. 83-116).

Abstract

This study examines fertility decline in North-Central Namibia in the period 1960-2000. A Scandinavian-type parish-register system, established in the beginning of 20th Century and still in use, provided register-based data for fertility analysis. Fertility decline began in 1980, was rapid in the 1980s, levelled off in the early 1990s, started again in 1994 and continued until the year 2000. Fertility declined in every age group, except among the 15-19 year olds, whose fertility increased. Cohort fertility started to decline among the 1940-44 birth cohort. During the 1980s, fertility decline was associated with increasing age at first marriage and declining marital fertility, connected to e.g. the War of Independence. During the 1990s, an increase in both the use of contraceptives and HIV-prevalence contributed to the fertility decline.

http://www.demographic-research.org

Click on "Enter".
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_Lancet_ Article Abstract: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content: "Public-health impact of accelerated measles control in the WHO African Region 2000-03," by M. Otten, R. Kezaala, A, Fall, B. Masresha, R. Martin, L. Cairns, R. Eggers, R. Biellik, M. Grabowsky, P. Strebel, J.-M. Okwo-Bele, and D. Nshimirimana (Vol. 366, No. 9488, Sep. 3, 2005, p. 832-839).

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673605672169/abstract
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Info Health Pop. Reporter: Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 36, Sep. 7, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

National Bureau of Economic Research: Note: NBER papers are available by individual or institutional subscription only. Check your organization's library for more information.

A. "Crime, Punishment, and Myopia," by David S. Lee and Justin McCrary (w11491, July 2005, .pdf format, 58p.).

Abstract:

Economic theory predicts that increasing the severity of punishments will deter criminal behavior by raising the expected price of committing crime. This implicit price can be substantially raised by making prison sentences longer, but only if offenders' discount rates are relatively low. We use a large sample of felony arrests to measure the deterrence effect of criminal sanctions. We exploit the fact that young offenders are legally treated as adults--and face longer lengths of incarceration--the day they turn 18. Sufficiently patient individuals should therefore significantly lower their offending rates immediately upon turning 18. The small behavioral responses that we estimate suggest that potential offenders are extremely impatient, myopic, or both.

http://www.nber.org/papers/w11491

B. "The Super Size of America: An Economic Estimation of Body Mass Index and Obesity in Adults," by Inas Rashad, Michael Grossman, Shin-Yi Chou (Working Paper No. w11584, August 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

The increased prevalence of obesity in the United States stresses the pressing need for answers as to why this rapid rise has occurred. This paper employs micro-level data from the First, Second, and Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to determine the effects that various state-level variables have on body mass index and obesity. These variables, which include the per capita number of restaurants, the gasoline tax, the cigarette tax, and clean indoor air laws, display many of the expected effects on obesity and explain a substantial amount of its trend. These findings control for individual-level measures of household income, years of formal schooling completed, and marital status.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11584

C. "Education and Nonmarket Outcomes," by Michael Grossman (Working Paper No. w11582, August 2005, .pdf format, 98p.).

Abstract:

I explore the effects of education on nonmarket outcomes from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Examples of outcomes considered include general consumption patterns at a moment in time, savings and the rate of growth of consumption over time, own (adult) health and inputs into the production of own health, fertility, and child quality or well-being reflected by their health and cognitive development. I pay a good deal of attention to the effects of education on health because they are the two most important sources of human capital: knowledge capital and health capital. There is a large literature addressing the nature of their complementarities. In the conceptual foundation section, I consider models in which education has productive efficiency and allocative efficiency effects. I then modify these frameworks to allow for the endogenous nature of schooling decisions, so that observed schooling effects can be traced in part to omitted "third variables" such as an orientation towards the future. An additional complication is that schooling may contribute to a future orientation. The empirical review provides a good deal of evidence for the proposition that the education effects are causal but is less conclusive with regard to the identification of specific mechanisms.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11582

D. "Determinants of City Growth in Brazil," by Daniel da Mata, U. Deichmann, J. Vernon Henderson, Subir V. Lall, and H.G. Wang (Working Paper No. w11585, August 2005, .pdf format, 48p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we examine the determinants of Brazilian city growth between 1970 and 2000. We consider a model of a city, which combines aspects of standard urban economics and the new economic geography literatures. For the empirical analysis, we constructed a dataset of 123 Brazilian agglomerations, and estimate aspects of the demand and supply side as well as a reduced form specification that describes city sizes and their growth. Our main findings are that increases in rural population supply, improvements in inter-regional transport connectivity and education attainment of the labor force have strong impacts on city growth. We also find that local crime and violence, measured by homicide rates impinge on growth. In contrast, a higher share of private sector industrial capital in the local economy stimulates growth. Using the residuals from the growth estimation, we also find that cities who better administer local land use and zoning laws have higher growth. Finally, our policy simulations show that diverting transport investments from large cities towards secondary cities do not provide significant gains in terms of national urban performance.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11585
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Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University]: "Welfare Participation and Marriage," by Julien Teitler, Nancy Reichman, Lenna Nepomnyaschy, and Irwin Garfinkel (2005-24-FF, August 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract:

Despite recent interest in the potential of the welfare system as a tool to affect marriage behaviors among low-income women, little is known about how welfare participation, as opposed to welfare policy, affects decisions to marry. We employ an event history approach to examine transitions to marriage over a three-year period among mothers who have had a non-marital birth. We find that welfare participation under the new Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program (TANF) reduces the likelihood of transitioning to marriage (hazard ratio is .60, p < .01) but only while the mother is receiving welfare. Once the mother leaves TANF, past receipt has little effect on marriage. We project that over an 18-year period, TANF participation results in a 4 to 6 percentage point reduction in marriage and delays marriage by up to 31 months. We infer that the negative association between TANF participation and marriage reflects economic disincentives or stigma rather than differences in participants' and non-participants' orientations toward marriage.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP05-24-FF.pdf
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Center for Global Development [Washington, DC]: "An Index of Donor Performance," by David Roodman (Working Paper 67, August 2005, .pdf format, 51p.).

Abstract:

The Commitment to Development Index of the Center for Global Development rates 21 rich countries on the 'development-friendliness' of their policies. It is revised and updated annually. In the 2005 edition, the component on foreign assistance combines quantitative and qualitative measures of official aid, and of fiscal policies that support private charitable giving. The quantitative measure uses a net transfers concept, as distinct from the net flows concept in the net Official Development Assistance measure of the Development Assistance Committee. The qualitative factors are: a penalty for tying aid; a discounting system that favors aid to poorer, better-governed recipients; and a penalty for 'project proliferation.' The charitable giving measure is based on an estimate of the share of observed private giving to developing countries that is attributable to a) lower overall taxes or b) specific tax incentives for giving. Despite the adjustments, overall results are dominated by differences in quantity of official aid given. This is because while there is a seven-fold range in net concessional transfers/GDP among the scored countries, variation in overall aid quality across donors appears far lower, and private giving is generally small. Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden score highest while the largest donors in absolute terms, the United States and Japan, rank at or near the bottom. Standings by the 2005 methodology have been relatively stable since 1995.

http://www.cgdev.org/files/3646_file_WP_67_Revised.pdf

Brief Summary:

http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/3647

Click on "Download" for full text.

Interactive data and graphs:

http://www.cgdev.org/section/initiatives/_active/cdi

More information about CGD:

http://www.cgdev.org/section/about/
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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Religious Affiliation and Participation as Determinants of Women's Educational Attainment and Wages," by Evelyn L. Lehrer (Discussion Paper 1725, August 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

Using a human capital model, this paper develops hypotheses about how religious affiliation and participation during childhood influence years of schooling completed and subsequent performance in the labor market as measured by wages. The hypotheses are tested using data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth, a large-scale survey addressed to a representative sample of women in the United States. Religious affiliation is found to have a significant impact on years of schooling completed, with the effects being particularly pronounced for Jews and conservative Protestants. The impact of religious affiliation on wages largely mirrors its influence on educational attainment, although evidence of additional effects operating through other channels is also uncovered. In addition, the results show that youth who attend religious services frequently during childhood go on to complete more years of schooling than their less observant counterparts.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1725.pdf

B. "The Linguistic and Economic Adjustment of Soviet Jewish Immigrants in the United States, 1980 to 2000," by Barry R. Chiswick, and Michael Wenz (Discussion Paper 1726, August 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

This paper is an analysis of the English-language proficiency and labor market earnings of adult male Soviet Jewish immigrants to the United States from 1965 to 2000, using the 2000 Census of Population. Comparisons are made to similar analyses using the 1980 and 1990 Censuses. A consistent finding is that recently arrived Soviet Jewish immigrants have lower levels of English proficiency and earnings than other immigrants, other variables being the same. However, they have a steeper improvement in both proficiency and earnings with duration in the United States and the differences from the other European immigrants disappear after a few years. The Soviet Jewish immigrants have both a higher level of schooling and a larger effect of schooling on earnings than other immigrants, even other European immigrants. The lower initial English proficiency and earnings, the steeper improvement with duration and the rapid attainment of parity is consistent with the "refugee" nature of their migration, as distinct from being purely economic migrants. That the same pattern exists across three censuses suggests that the low English proficiency and earnings of those recently arrived in the 2000 Census data reflects a refugee assimilation process, and not a decline in the unmeasured dimensions of the earnings potential of recent cohorts of Soviet Jewish immigrants. The very high level of schooling and the larger effect of schooling on earnings among Soviet Jewish immigrants is similar to the patterns found among Jews born in the United States. Soviet Jewish immigrants appear to have made a very successful linguistic and labor market adjustment, regardless of their period of entry into the United States.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1726.pdf

C. "Evaluating Dominance Ranking of PSID Incomes by Various Household Attributes," by Esfandiar Maasoumi and Almas Heshmati (Discussion Paper 1727, August 2005, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

We examine the dynamic evolution of incomes, both disposable and gross, for several groups in the PSID panel data at several points from 1968 to 1997. We employ the extended Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests of First and Second Order Stochastic Dominance (SD) as implemented by Maasoumi and Heshmati (2000). They do not impose the Least Favorable Case (LFC) of the composite null hypotheses of SD orders. This is in contrast to simulation and bootstrap-based techniques that do so, resulting in tests that are not asymptotically similar or unbiased. Our approach is also different from the subsampling technique of Linton et al (2005) who obtain critical values for these tests under very general sampling schemes. We offer partial control for many individual/family specific attributes, such as age, gender, education, number of children, work and marital status, by comparing group cells. This avoids having to specify and estimate models of dependence of incomes on these attributes, but lacks the multiple controls that is the promise of such techniques. We find a surprising number of strong rankings, both between groups and over time, in gross income and, to a lesser extent, in 'disposable' incomes.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1727.pdf

D. "What Mean Impacts Miss: Distributional Effects of Welfare Reform Experiments," by Marianne Bitler, Jonah B. Gelbach, and Hilary W. Hoynes (Discussion Paper 1728, August 2005, .pdf format, 49p.).

Abstract:

Labor supply theory predicts systematic heterogeneity in the impact of recent welfare reforms on earnings, transfers, and income. Yet most welfare reform research focuses on mean impacts. We investigate the importance of heterogeneity using random-assignment data from Connecticut's Jobs First waiver, which features key elements of post-1996 welfare programs. Estimated quantile treatment effects exhibit the substantial heterogeneity predicted by labor supply theory. Thus mean impacts miss a great deal. Looking separately at samples of dropouts and other women does not improve the performance of mean impacts. We conclude that welfare reform's effects are likely both more varied and more extensive than has been recognized.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1728.pdf

E. "Individual Risk Attitudes: New Evidence from a Large, Representative, Experimentally-Validated Survey," by Thomas Dohmen, Armin Falk, David Huffman, Uwe Sunde, Jürgen Schupp, and Gert G. Wagner (Discussion Paper 1730, September 2005, .pdf format, 56p.).

Abstract:

This paper presents new evidence on the distribution of risk attitudes in the population, using a novel set of survey questions and a representative sample of roughly 22,000 individuals living in Germany. Using a question that asks about willingness to take risks on an 11-point scale, we find evidence of heterogeneity across individuals, and show that willingness to take risks is negatively related to age and being female, and positively related to parental education and height. We test the behavioral relevance of this survey measure by conducting a complementary field experiment, based on a representative sample of 450 subjects, and find that the measure is a good predictor of actual risk-taking behavior. We use a more standard lottery question to measure risk preference, and find similar results regarding heterogeneity and determinants of risk preferences. We also estimate the coefficient of relative risk aversion for each individual in the sample based on lottery responses. Using five questions about willingness to take risks in specific domains--car driving, financial matters, sports and leisure, career, and health--the paper studies the impact of context on risk attitudes, finding a strong but imperfect correlation across contexts. Using data on a collection of risky behaviors from different contexts, including traffic offenses, portfolio choice, smoking, occupational choice, participation in sports, and migration, the paper compares the predictive power of all of the risk measures. Strikingly, the general risk question predicts all behaviors whereas the standard lottery measure does not. The best overall predictor for any specific behavior is typically the corresponding context-specific measure. These findings call into the question the current preoccupation with lottery measures of risk preference, and point to variation in risk perceptions as an understudied determinant of risky behavior.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1730.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Sociological Review (Vol. 70, No. 4, August 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Science Quarterly vol. 86 no. 3, 2005) Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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Other Journals:

AIDS (Vol. 19, No. 14, Sep. 23, 2005).

http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids/toc.00002030-200509230-00000.htm

Health Policy and Planning vol. 20 no. 5, September 2005).

http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol20/issue5/index.dtl

Journal of Family Issues (Vol. 26, No. 7, October 1, 2005).

http://jfi.sagepub.com/content/vol26/issue7/

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 162, No. 6, Sep. 15, 2005).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol162/issue6/index.dtl?etoc

Gender and Society (Vol. 19, No. 5, October 1, 2005).

http://gas.sagepub.com/content/vol19/issue5/

Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 24, No. 5, September 2005).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01676296

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CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS:

National Center for Education Statistics Training Conference: National Center for Education Statistics Training Conference: "A Special Session of NCES Database Training for Research on American Indian/Alaska Native Students," to be held in Washington DC, Nov. 7-10, 2005. Application deadline: Sep. 23, 2005. "In an effort to encourage research on American Indian/Alaska Native students, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, will conduct a 4-day advanced studies seminar on the use of the NCES databases for education research and policy analysis on American Indian/Alaska Native students. This seminar, sponsored by the Office of Indian Education (OIE), will focus primarily on the NAEP database containing both achievement scores for 4th, 8th, and 12th graders from public and non-public schools in various subject areas, and background information on the students who were assessed and their learning environment. In addition, the seminar will provide an overview of other NCES databases that contain information on American Indian/Alaska Native students." For more information see:

http://nces.ed.gov/conferences/confinfo.asp?confid=165
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National Institutes of Health Symposium: "Global Health Histories," to be held in Bethesda Maryland, Nov. 3-4, 2005. "'Global Health Histories' is a two-day international symposium that brings together scholars, scientists, administrators, and activists to examine global public health crises in historical and contemporary perspectives." For more information see:

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/conferences/globalhealthhistories/index.html

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

House Government Reform Hearing Publication: "A Top to Bottom Review of the Three-Decades-Old Community Development Block Grant Program: Is the CDBG Program Still Targeting the Needs of Our Communities? hearings held Mar. 1, Apr. 26, and May 24, 2005 (House Serial Publication No. 109-7, ASCII text and .pdf format, 321p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house07ch109.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-7" (without the quotes).
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Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Hearing Publication: " Healthy Marriage: What is it and Why Should We Promote it," a hearing held Apr. 28, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-830, ASCII text and .pdf format, 78p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/senate15sh108.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-830" (without the quotes).

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DATA:

Missouri State Data Center Population Estimates: "The Missouri Census Data Center has completed processing the county pop estimates by age, sex, race and Hispanic  for all states. MSDC has generated a set of 4 summary reports (.pdf files) for each state, including 2 at the CBSA-within-state geographic level.

http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/websas/estimate_reports.shtml

The county-level data is all out there in the MSDC data archive  (state level as well - MSDC aggregated to create 1 dataset with all states) , accessible via its uexplore/dexter system. But in its raw form, this is not an easy collection to work with unless you have access to a statistical package.

http://mcdc.missouri.edu/pub/data/popests/Datasets.html

Click on the SScasrh04 dataset(where SS is  your state postal abbreviation) to access county-level data for your state.  To have a chance at understanding the dataset you have to follow the link at the top to 'detailed metadata'."
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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

General Social Surveys, 1972-2004 [Cumulative File] (#4295)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04295.xml

Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2001 (#4213)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04213.xml

National Health Interview Survey, 2003 (#4222)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04222.xml

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Property Stolen and Recovered, 2003 (#4286)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04286.xml

American Community Survey, (ACS): Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 1998 (#3888)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/03888.xml

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Arrests by Age, Sex, and Race, 2003 (#4285)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04285.xml

Traffic Stop Data Collection Policies for State Police, 2004 (#4288)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04288.xml

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Master File, Wave 2, 1997-2000 (#13608)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/13608.xml

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Exposure to Violence (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000 (#13617)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/13617.xml

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Self Report of Offending, Wave 2, 1997-2000 (#13658)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/13658.xml

For all updates and additions in the last 90 days see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/access/recent.html

Click on "list". New items are noted *new*.
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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

National Child Development Study: Sweeps 5-6 Partnership Histories, 1974-2000" (SN 5217):

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5217

1970 British Cohort Study: Partnership Histories, 1986-2000 (SN 5218)

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5218

Benefit Leavers Survey, 2004 (SN 5215)

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5215

Effects of Taxes and Benefits on Household Income, 2003-2004 (SN 5226)

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5226

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Bureau of Justice Statistics: The Sourcebook of Criminal Statistics (provided by the State University of New York at Albany) has been updated with data through 2003.

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/sourcebook.htm

Click on the www.albany.edu/sourcebook link.
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United Nations General Assembly 2005 World Summit: This site contains relevant documents and videos (RealPlayer format) for this meeting, to be held in New York, New York, Sep. 14-16, 2005).

http://www.un.org/ga/59/hl60_plenarymeeting.html

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu