Current Demographic Research Report #98, August 29, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.
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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Social Security Administration Office of Policy
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, News Release
Government Accountability Report
_MMWR_ Article, Quickstats
National Research Council Monograph
Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report Update
Urban Institute Report
Population Reference Bureau Reports
United Nations Population Division DESA Newsletter
UNICEF/World Health Organization Report
World Bank Report
Australian Government Institute of Health and Welfare Reports
London School of Economics Periodicals
National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling Report
_British Medical Journal_ Editorial Extract
_Science_ Brevia Summary
Info Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

National Bureau of Economic Research
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
World Bank Policy Research Programme
United Nations University WIDER
CESifo
Cedeplar-UFMG
CERGE-EI

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

National Institutes of Health

DATA

National Longitudinal Study 1997 Documentation Update
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Centers for Disease Control
National Center for Health Statistics
Panel Study of Income Dynamics

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Kaiser Family Foundation Updates

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, COMPENDIUMS

Social Security Administration Office of Policy: "Life Tables for the United States Social Security Area 1900-2100," by Felicitie C. Bell and Michael L. Miller (Office off the Chief Actuary, Actuarial Study No. 120, August 2005, .pdf format, 186p.).

http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/NOTES/pdf_studies/study120.pdf
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National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives," by Catherine Freeman and Mary Ann Fox (NCES 2005108, August 2005, .pdf format, 143p.).

Abstract:

This report examines both the current conditions and recent trends in the education of American Indians and Alaska Natives using statistical measures. It presents a selection of indicators that illustrate the educational achievement and attainment of American Indians and Alaska Natives. Over the past 20 years, American Indians/Alaska Natives have made gains in key education areas, such as increased educational attainment. However, gaps in academic performance between American Indian/ Alaska Native and White students remain.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2005108
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Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, News Release:

A. "National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in Private Industry in the United States, March 2005," (Summary 05-01, August 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/sp/ebsm0003.pdf

Press Release (ASCII text, HTML, and .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/ebs2.toc.htm

B. "Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2004" (Aug. 25, 2005, HTML, ASCII text, and .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cfoi.toc.htm
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Government Accountability Report: "Welfare Reform: HHS Should Exercise Oversight to Help Ensure TANF Work Participation Is Measured Consistently Across States" (GAO-05-821, August 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05821.pdf

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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_MMWR_ Article, Quickstats:

A. "Progress in Improving State and Local Disease Surveillance ---United States, 2000--2005," (Centers for Disease Control, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports, Vol. 54, No. 33, Aug. 26, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 822-825).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5433a3.htm

B. "QuickStats: Percentage of Persons Aged >20 Years with Hypertension, by Race/Ethnicity --- United States, 1999--2002," (Centers for Disease Control, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports, Vol. 54, No. 33, Aug. 26, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 826).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5433a4.htm

pdf. for both articles:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5433.pdf
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National Research Council Monograph: _Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research_, by Committee on Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, National Research Council (National Academies Press, 2005, OpenBook format, 178p.). Note: Ordering information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11278.html
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Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report Update: July/August 2005 Health Poll Report Update, August 2005, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/7376.cfm
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Urban Institute Report: "Low-Income Working Families: Facts and Figures," (Assessing the New Federalism, August 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=900832
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Population Reference Bureau Report, Articles:

A. "2005 World Population Data Sheet" (August 2005, .pdf format, 16p, with an accompanying FAQ by Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, August 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/Datasheets/2005_World_Population_Data_Sheet.htm

B. "American Indian and Alaska Native Children: Results from the 2000 Census," by C. Matthew Snipp (Population Reference Bureau and Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf05/AmericanIndianAlaskaChildren.pdf

C. "China Confronts HIV/AIDS," by Drew Thompson (August 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Reports/China_Confronts_HIV_AIDS__A_New_PRB_Report.htm

D. "Women's Reproductive Rights on the Margins at September's UN Summit," by Barbara Crossette (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/Womens_Reproductive_Rights_on_the_Margins_at_Septembers_UN_Summit.htm

E. "Take a Number: Population News You Might Have Missed" (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Content/NavigationMenu/PRB/Journalists/Take_A_Number/Take_A_Number.htm

F. "Why Concentrated Poverty Fell in the United States in the 1990s," by John Iceland (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/Why_Concentrated_Poverty_Fell_in_the_United_States_in_the_1990s.htm

G. "U.S. Economic Inequality Through the Prisms of Income and Consumption," by Barbara Boyle Torrey (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/U_S__Economic_Inequality_Through_the_Prisms_of_Income_and_Consumption.htm

H. "Birth Registration Called Fundamental to Alleviating Health Disparities," by Allison Tarmann (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/Birth_Registration_Called_Fundamental_to_Alleviating_Health_Disparities.htm

I. "The Future of the International Family Planning Movement," by Robert Lalasz (August 2005).

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/05_Articles/The_Future_of_the_International_Family_Planning_Movement.htm
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United Nations Population Division DESA Newsletter: "Population Newsletter" (UN Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, No. 79, June 2005, .pdf format, 21p.).

http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/popnews/Newsltr_No_79.pdf
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UNICEF and the World Health Organization Report: "Immunization Summary 2005," (2005, .pdf format, 203 p.).

Abstract:

Jointly produced by UNICEF and the World Health Organization, this handy reference book presents detailed statistics on the performance of national and local immunization systems for 193 countries and territories. It includes a brief overview of key aspects of immunizations, tables containing the most up-to-date immunization schedules by country or territory, and a glossary of acronyms and technical terms. Also included are maps that show progress on immunization coverage for measles-containing vaccines in infants and diphtheria and tetanus toxoid with pertussis vaccine (DTP3). These two indicators are key to the achievement of the fourth Millennium Development Goal, which aims to reduce the global under-five mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015.

http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Immunization_Summary_2005.pdf
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World Bank Report: "Income Generation and Social Protection for the Poor" (August 2005, .pdf format, 514p.). The report is linked to from a World Bank Press Release: "According to a World Bank Report, the Challenges Facing Mexico Are to Reduce Urban Poverty and Expand Social Protection Coverage for the Poor" (2006/56/LAC, Aug. 24, 2005).

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20626144~pagePK:34370~piPK:34424~theSitePK:4607,00.html

Link to full text is at the bottom of the press release.

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Australian Government Institute of Health and Welfare Report:

A. "Chronic Respiratory Diseases in Australia: Their Prevalence, Consequences and Prevention" (August 2005, .pdf format, 83p.).

Abstract:

Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma and emphysema, are very prevalent in Australia. They disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and lead to thousands of deaths each year. Many of these diseases are largely preventable and manageable. This report brings together data from a variety of sources to highlight the prevalence and impact of chronic respiratory diseases in Australia.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10149

B. "Cancer Incidence Projections for Australia, 2002-2011," by Ian McDermid (Cancer Series No. 30, August 2005, .pdf format, 152p.).

Abstract:

This report presents detailed projections of cancer incidence for major cancers. The report provides projections of both incidence rates and expected numbers of new cases by age and sex for 60 cancers and groups of cancers. The projections in this report are based on trends in national cancer incidence data from 1982 to 2001 held by the AIHW in the National Cancer Statistics Clearing House. The projections in this report were commissioned by the National Cancer Strategies Group to support planning of cancer services and this report is an important reference for all those interested in the prevention, detection, treatment and management of cancer in Australia.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10164

C. "Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples," by Dennis Trewin and Richard Madden (August 2005, .pdf format, 289p.).

Abstract:

This report brings together, from a variety of sources, information about the health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Much of the data comes from sources that cover all Australians but which separately identify Indigenous Australians. The report primarily presents a broad picture at the national level, and wherever possible, uses existing and new data sources to reflect the diversity of the Indigenous population, including a separate chapter on Torres Strait Islander people. Also where possible, changes over time in the health and welfare outcomes for Indigenous people are described.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10172
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London School of Economics Periodicals:

A. _eurohealth_ (Vol. 11, No. 1, 2005, .pdf format).

http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/LSEHealthAndSocialCare/pdf/eurohealth/vol11No1.pdf

B. _Euro Observer_ (Vol. 7, No. 2, Summer 2005, .pdf format).

http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/LSEHealthAndSocialCare/pdf/euroObserver/Obsvol7no2.pdf
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National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling [University of Canberra, Australia] Report: "The Distributional Impact of the Proposed Welfare-to-Work Reforms Upon Sole Parents," by Ann Harding, Quoc Ngu Vu, Richard Percival and Gillian Beer (Natsem Report, August 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

In the May 2005 Budget the Federal Government announced a range of proposed welfare to work measures, to take effect from 1 July 2006. Among the numerous measures announced in the Budget were significant changes for sole parents ? including that those sole parents claiming income support after 1 July 2006 with a youngest child aged 6 years or more will be placed on Newstart Allowance, rather than Parenting Payment Single. This report analyses the impact of the proposed changes upon the disposable incomes and effective marginal tax rates of sole parents. It shows that the disposable incomes of sole parents can be up to about $100 a week lower under the proposed new system than under the current system. It also finds that effective marginal tax rates will be sharply increased under the proposed new system, over a reasonably wide range of earned income.

http://www.natsem.canberra.edu.au/publication.jsp?titleID=OP0504
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_British Medical Journal_ Editorial Extracts:

A. "H5N1 influenza and the implications for Europe," by Denis Coulombier (Vol. 331, No. 7514, Aug. 20, 2005, p. 413-414).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/331/7514/413

B. "Medical needs of immigrant populations," by Shahid Anis Khan and Partha Ghosh (Vol. 331, No. 7514, Aug. 20, 2005, p. 418).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/331/7514/418
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_Science_ Brevia Summary: "Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Influenza Virus Infection in Migratory Birds," by J. Liu, H. Xiao, F. Lei, Q. Zhu, K. Qin, X.-w. Zhang, X.-l. Zhang, D. Zhao, G. Wang, Y. Feng, J. Ma, W. Liu, J. Wang, and G. F. Gao (Vol. 309, No. 5738, August 19, 2005, p. 1206).

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/309/5738/1206
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Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 35, Aug. 29, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

National Bureau of Economic Research: Note: NBER papers are available by individual or institutional subscription only. Check your organization's library for more information.

A. "Biology as Destiny? Short and Long-Run Determinants of Intergenerational Transmission of Birth Weight," by Janet Currie and Enrico Moretti (w11567, August 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Little is known about the mechanisms underlying the transfer of economic status between generations. This paper addresses the question of whether inter-generational correlations in health contribute to the perpetuation of economic status. We examine inter-generational correlations in birth weight, a key indicator of the health of newborns that we link to future educational attainment and earnings using a unique data set based on California births from 1960s to the present. We use names and birth dates to link the records of mothers and children. We also identify mothers who are siblings. We show that there is a strong intergenerational correlation in the birth weight of mothers and children, but that a measure of household income at the time of the mother's birth is also predictive of low birth weight and that there is an interaction between maternal low birth weight and poverty in the production of low birth weight. Together these findings suggest that intergenerational correlations in health could play a role in the intergenerational transmission of income. Parent's income affects child health, and health at birth affects future income.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11567

B. "The Impact of Child SSI Enrollment on Household Outcomes: Evidence from the Survey of Income and Program Participation," by Mark Duggan and Melissa Schettini Kearney (w11568, August 2005, .pdf format, 45p.).

Abstract:

Between 1989 and 2005 the number of children receiving disability benefits from the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program in the U.S. increased from 0.26 million to 1.03 million. We utilize longitudinal data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to estimate the effect of child SSI enrollment on total household income and the separate components of income, including earnings and transfers. The data suggest that child SSI enrollment has little effect, if any, on average household earnings and that it leads to an increase in total household income of roughly the same magnitude as the increase in transfer income. The data further suggest that child SSI participation leads to a significant and persistent reduction in the probability that a child lives in poverty. We also investigate the impact on family structure and health insurance coverage. The data do not suggest an effect on the probability that a child lives with either parent. While children on SSI are eligible for health insurance through Medicaid, the program has little impact on health insurance coverage because most new recipients have health insurance from Medicaid or another source at the time of enrollment. The estimated effects of child SSI enrollment vary substantially depending on whether the household was receiving benefits from the AFDC/TANF program at the time of the SSI award. Our results take on additional significance when one considers that there are now more children living in households with one or more SSI recipients than in households with one or more members on TANF.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11568

C. "Fertility: The Role of Culture and Family Experience," by Raquel Fernandez and Alessandra Fogli (w11569, August 2005, .pdf format, 13p.).

Abstract:

This paper attempts to disentangle the direct effects of experience from those of culture in determining fertility. We use the GSS to examine the fertility of women born in the US but from different ethnic backgrounds. We take lagged values of the total fertility rate in the woman's country of ancestry as the cultural proxy and use the woman's number of siblings to capture her direct family experience. We find that both variables are significant determinants of fertility, even after controlling for several individual and family-level characteristics.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11569

D. "Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects," by Jeffrey R. Kling, Jeffrey B. Liebman and Lawrence F. Katz (w11577, August 2005, .pdf format, 77p.).

Abstract:

Families, primarily female-headed minority households with children, living in high-poverty public housing projects in five U.S. cities were offered housing vouchers by lottery in the Moving to Opportunity program. Four to seven years after random assignment, families offered vouchers lived in safer neighborhoods that had lower poverty rates than those of the control group not offered vouchers. We find no significant overall effects of this intervention on adult economic self-sufficiency or physical health. Mental health benefits of the voucher offers for adults and for female youth were substantial. Beneficial effects for female youth on education, risky behavior, and physical health were offset by adverse effects for male youth. For outcomes exhibiting significant treatment effects, we find, using variation in treatment intensity across voucher types and cities, that the relationship between neighborhood poverty rate and outcomes is approximately linear.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11577
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Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "Evidence of recent fertility decline in Eritrea: an analysis of trends and determinants," by Gebremariam Woldemicael (WP 2005-026, August 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

Abstract:

This paper contributes to an improved understanding of the recent fertility decline in Eritrea and the possible factors underlying it. Based on data from the 2002 Eritrea Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS), it offers increased clarity as to whether the recent decline indicates the onset of a long-term fertility transition or if it is merely a short-term response to the border conflict with Ethiopia (mid-1998-2000). Various methods, including period trend analyses by age and parity, cohort fertility analysis, and multivariate statistical methods, are used to assess the extent of the decline and to identify major contributors to it. The evidence from this study indicates that fertility decline has started in Eritrea and that it has occurred in urban and rural areas, and in every region of the country. The decline is evident across all reproductive ages and birth orders, but is stronger among older mothers and for higher-order births. A prolonged spacing of births, cessation of further childbearing, and delayed age at marriage are the main contributors to the overall fertility decline. The study also reveals that the fertility decline started in the mid-1990s, well before the conflict, but it was faster during the peak years of the border conflict (1999-2000). This suggests that the reduction in fertility is not primarily an outcome of the border conflict (nor a temporary phenomenon), but that it might be the beginning of a long-term fertility transition, which was then accelerated by the border war and the associated social and economic crisis.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2005-026.pdf

B. "Season of birth influences life span of Mediterranean fruit flies, rats and mice," by Anna V. Semenchenko, Gabriele Doblhammer, Vladimir N. Anisimov, James Carey, and Anatoli I. Yashin (WP 2005-025, August 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2005-025.pdf

C. "Shocks in homogeneous and heterogeneous populations," by Maxim S. Finkelstein (WP-2005-024, August 2005, .pdf format, 14p.).

Abstract:

A system subject to a point process of shocks is considered. Shocks occur in accordance with a nonhomogeneous Poisson process. Different criterions of system failures are discussed in a homogeneous case. Two natural settings are analyzed. Heterogeneity is modeled by an unobserved univariate random variable (frailty). It is shown that reliability (safety) analysis for a heterogeneous case can differ dramatically from that for a homogeneous setting. A shock burn-in procedure for a heterogeneous population is described. The corresponding bounds for the failure rates are obtained.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2005-024.pdf

D. "Asymptotic behavior of mixture failure rates," by Maxim S. Finkelstein and Veroncia Esaulova (WP-2005-023, August 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

Mixtures of increasing failure rate distributions (IFR) can decrease at least in some intervals of time. Usually this property is observed asymptotically as time tends to infinity , which is due to the fact that a mixture failure rate is 'bent down', as the weakest populations are dying out first. We consider a survival model, generalizing a very well known in reliability and survival analysis additive hazards, proportional hazards and accelerated life models. We obtain new explicit asymptotic relations for a general setting and study specific cases. Under reasonable assumptions we prove that asymptotic behavior of the mixture failure rate depends only on the behavior of the mixing distribution in the neighborhood of the left end point of its support and not on the whole mixing distribution.

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2005-023.pdf
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World Bank Policy Research Programme: "Quantifying the rural-urban gradient in Latin America and the Caribbean," by Piet Buys, Kenneth M. Chomitz, and Timothy S. Thomas (WPS 3634, June 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

This paper addresses the deceptively simple question: What is the rural population of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)? It argues that rurality is a gradient, not a dichotomy, and nominates two dimensions to that gradient: population density and remoteness from large metropolitan areas. It uses geographically referenced population data (from the Gridded Population of the World, version 3) to tabulate the distribution of populations in Latin America and in individual countries by population density and by remoteness. It finds that the popular perception of Latin America as a 75 percent urban continent is misleading. Official census criteria, though inconsistent between countries, tend to classify as" urban " small settlements of less than 2,000 people. Many of these settlements are however embedded in an agriculturally based countryside. The paper finds that about 13 percent of Latin America populations live at ultra-low densities of less than 20 per square kilometer. Essentially these people are more than an hour ' s distance from a large city, and more than half live more than four hours ' distance. A quarter of the population of Latin America is estimated to live at densities below 50, again essentially all of them more than an hour ' s distance from a large city. Almost half (46 pecent) of Latin America live at population densities below 150 (a conventional threshold for urban areas), and more than 90 percent of this group is at least an hour ' s distance from a city; about one-third of them (18 percent of the total) are more than four hours distance from a large city.

http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDS_IBank_Servlet?pcont=details&eid=000016406_20050614122820
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United Nations University WIDER:

A. "Globalization, Poverty, Inequality, and Insecurity: Some Insights from the Economics of Happiness," by Carol Graham (World Institute for Development Economics Research Research Paper 2005/33, June 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.wider.unu.edu/publications/rps/rps2005/rp2005-33.pdf

B. "The Relationship between Income Inequality, Poverty, and Globalization," by Almas Heshmati (World Institute for Development Economics Research Research Paper 2005/37, June 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

This paper introduces two composite indices of globalization. The first is based on the Kearney/Foreign Policy magazine and the second is obtained from principal component analysis. They indicate the level of globalization and show how globalization has developed over time for different countries. The indices are composed of four components: economic integration, personal contact, technology and political engagement, each generated from a number of indicators. A breakdown of the index into major components provides possibilities to identify the sources of globalization at the country level and associate it with economic policy measures. The empirical results show that a low rank in the globalization process is due, in addition to involvement in conflicts, to economic and technology factors with limited possibility for the developing countries to affect. The high ranked developed countries share similar patterns in distribution of various components. The indices were also used in a regression analysis to study the causal relationships between income inequality, poverty and globalization. The results show evidence of a weak and negative relationship between globalization and income inequality and poverty.

http://www.wider.unu.edu/publications/rps/rps2005/rp2005-37.pdf
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Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Studies (CESifo) [University of Munich,Germany]: "Tied Foreign Aid and the Welfare State," by Panos Hatzipanayotou and Michael S. Michael (WP 1497, July 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we highlight aspects related to the links between international migration, foreign tied aid and the welfare state. We model migration as a costly movement from an aid-recipient developing country with low income, poor infrastructure, and no welfare system, towards a rich donor, developed country with a well-developed welfare system. Within this model we find, among other things, that the best response of the developed donor country is to increase aid as the co-financing rate by the recipient country increases. When the immigration cost decreases, e.g. due to greater economic integration between the two countries, it is beneficial for the donor country to increase aid.

http://portal.ifo.de/~DocCIDL/cesifo1_wp1497.pdf
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Cedeplar-UFMG: "The Determinants of Migration in Brazil," by Andre Braz Golghe, Carlos Henrique Rosa, and Ari Francisco de Araujo Junior (Discussion Paper 268, June 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

Abstract:

In the present study, the neoclassic human capital model was used as the theoretical foundation for the analyses of the determinants of migration in Brazil. The empirical studies were carried on with the application of a multiple regression macro model based on the gravitational model and on the Poisson distribution. In the empirical model, the number of migrants between Brazilian mesoregions was the response variable. Many socioeconomic and criminal aspects of the origin and the destiny of the migrants were used as explanatory variables. The distance between these regions and many geographical dummies were also used as independent variables. This paper contains seven sections. The first one introduces some concepts that are related to the determinants of migration. The next section briefly shows some aspects of the Brazilian regional diversity. After this, some quantitative data about the process of migration is presented. The subsequent section discusses the theoretical models of the analysis, which is the human capital model, and presents some similar studies done by other authors. Then, is showed the methodology and the macro model of migration that were used in the empirical analysis. Finally, the main empirical results are shown and the final discussions and conclusions are presented.

http://www.cedeplar.ufmg.br/pesquisas/td/TD%20268.pdf
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Charles University Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education-Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Economics Institute [Prague, Czech Republic]: "Why Immigrants Manage to Grab More Social Benefits? Empirical Cross - Country Analysis," by Lubomira Anastassova and Teodora Paligorova (Working Paper 263, June 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

Using data from the Luxembourg Income Study we analyze state welfare generosity to immigrants and natives in Sweden, Norway, Belgium, Germany and the USA. The distinction between EU and non-EU immigrants proves to be an interesting one. We find a substantial social income gap between non-EU immigrants and natives, while EU immigrants are quite similar to natives. The main reasons for the existence of this social income gap are family wage income, number of children and income earners in the family. While these characteristics explain almost fully the gap in the EU countries, they are of little help in others.

http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp263.pdf

More information about CERGE-EI:

http://www.cerge-ei.cz/about/

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

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E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Labour Review (vol. 144 no. 2, August 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Sociological Methods & Research (Vol. 34, No. 1, August 1, 2005).
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Other Journals:

American Economic Review (Vol. 95, No. 4, September 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.aeaweb.org/aer/contents/#current

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next AER table of contents is released, this one, as well as all others back to 1999, will be available at:

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American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 95, No. 9, September 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.ajph.org/content/vol95/issue9/?etoc

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 111, No. 1, July 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/contents?AJS+v111n1

Sociological Theory (vol. 23, no. 3, September 2005).

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/soth

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

National Institutes of Health: "Global Research Training in Population Health," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, RFA-TW-05-002, August 26, 2005).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-TW-05-002.html

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DATA:

National Longitudinal Study 1997 Documentation Update: The Center for Human Resource Research at the Ohio State University has made the following NLSY97 documentation available (compressed and uncompressed .pdf format).

QX97-R6: NLSY97 Round 6 Questionnaire 2003

QX97-R7: NLSY97 Round 7 Questionnaire 2003

CBK97-R5 Mainfile Codebook Supplement (Round 5)

http://www.chrr.ohio-state.edu/nls-info/ordering/display_db.php3

Scroll to or "find in page" title numbers or titles
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Bureau of Justice Statistics: "Crime and Justice Data Online" has updated its crime trend figures through 2003. This interactive data extractor allows the user to choose from various geographies, variables, and time periods.

http://bjsdata.ojp.usdoj.gov/dataonline/Search/Crime/Crime.cfm

Crime and Justice Data Online or for Analysis:

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/dtd.htm
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Centers for Disease Control: CDC's "Healthy Women: State Trends in Health and Mortality" web based data extractor (Beyond 20/20, Microsoft Excel, comma or semi-colon delimited ASCII or HTML format) has recently updated its mortality data by adding "2000-2002 mortality data by State and region, gender, age, race/ethnicity, and cause of death."

http://209.217.72.34/healthywomen/ReportFolders/DirPageInfo.asp?CS_referer=&CS_ChosenLang=en

Click on "Go to Tables/Report" then "Mortality".
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National Center for Health Statistics: "National Asthma Survey," (August 2005, documentation in ASCII and .pdf format, data in zipped SAS version format). Note: "This survey, sponsored by the National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, examines the health, socioeconomic, behavioral, and environmental predictors that relate to better control of asthma. This study will also help to characterize the content of care and health care experiences of persons with asthma."

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/slaits/nas.htm
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Panel Study of Income Dynamics:

A. "1994 PSID Core Family Data: Hand Coded Occ, Ind, etc," (Aug. 25, 2005).

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=339

B. "1995 PSID Core Family Data: Hand Coded Occ, Ind, etc.," (Aug. 25, 2005).

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=340

C. "1996 PSID Core Family Data: Hand Coded Occ, Ind, etc.," (Aug. 25, 2005).

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=341

D. "1997 PSID Core Family Data: Hand Coded Occ, Ind, etc.," (Aug. 25, 2005).

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=342

Data access:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Data/

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Kaiser Family Foundation Updates:

A. KFF has recently enhanced its web based interactive Medicaid Benefits: Online Database to include 2004 State Medicaid Benefits Data. 2003 data is also available.

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/benefits/state.jsp?nt=on&cat=0&yr=0&st=44

B. "KFF has also recently updated its statehealthfacts.org website. The following new table has been added:

Dual Eligibles as a Percent of Total Medicare Enrollees, 2003

The following tables have been updated:

AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs) with Waiting Lists, July 2005

AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs) with Other Cost-Containment Strategies, July 2005

Total Number of Medicaid 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Service Waivers, 2002

Number of HMOs, July 2004

For direct link to new and updated tables:

http://statehealthfacts.org/cgi-bin/healthfacts.cgi?action=whatsnew

and see Aug. 22, 23, and 24, 2005 listings.

statehealthfacts.org:

http://statehealthfacts.org/cgi-bin/healthfacts.cgi?

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu