Current Demographic Research Report #84, May 23, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau News Release
Government Accountability Office Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistics Brief
DHHS SAMHSA Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles, Periodical
USDA ERS Report
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstract, Perspective
_Demographic Research_ Article
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical
Foundation for Child Development Paper, Brief
Hudson Institute Center for Science in Public Policy Paper
Urban Institute Report
Brookings Institution Report
Population Reference Bureau Report
UNESCAP Periodical
World Health Organization Monograph
World Economic Forum Report
United Nations Statistics Division Conference Papers
Pan American Health Organization Press Release
Info Health Pop. Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates

WORKING PAPERS

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
California Center for Population Research (CCPR)
National Bureau of Economic Research
John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]
Center for Research on Child Well-Being [Princeton University]
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA):

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

Roper Award Fellowship

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

NICHD DSBS

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

House Government Reform Committee Hearing Publication

DATA

ICPSR Web Survey
National Center for Education Statistics, Data Analysis System
Panel Study of Income Dynamics
UK Data Archive

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

World Health Organization
National Diet Library (Japan)

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau News Release: "Census Bureau Launches New Survey in Puerto Rico," (CB05-AC.53, May 18, 2005).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/american_community_survey_acs/004834.html
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Government Accountability Office Report: "Head Start: Further Development Could Allow Results of New Test to Be Used for Decision Making," (GAO-05-343, May 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05343.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Staff in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2003, and Salaries of Full-Time Instructional Faculty, 2003-04," by Laura G. Knapp, et. al. (NCES 2005155, May 2005, .pdf format, 56p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2005155
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistics Brief: "Prescription Drug Expenditures in the 10 Largest States for Persons under Age 65, 2002," by John P. Sommers (Statistical Brief #79, May 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

Description:

Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief presents estimates of prescription drug expenditures for persons under age 65 in the 10 largest states for the year 2002 and compares these estimates to the national average.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=688
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Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Reports: "A Comparison of Female and Male Treatment Admissions: 2002," (May 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 3p.).

HTML:

http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/genderTX/genderTX.htm

.pdf:

http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/genderTX/genderTX.pdf
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Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles, Periodical:

A. "Disparities in Deaths from Stroke Among Persons Aged <75 Years --- United States, 2002," (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, vol. 54, no. 19, May 20, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 477-481).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5419a2.htm

B. "Monitoring Progress in Arthritis Management --- United States and 25 States, 2003," (Centers for Disease Control, _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, vol. 54, no. 19, May 20, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 484-488).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5419a4.htm

.pdf for both:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5419.pdf

C. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_, (vol. 11, no. 6, June 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/pastcon.htm
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US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: "Dietary Intake and Health Outcomes: Final Report," by Graham Colditz (Contractor and Cooperator Report No. (CCR6), May 2005, .pdf format, 309p.).

Description:

The Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire (HSFFQ) has been used in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in North Dakota, Missouri, and Massachusetts. This project collaborated with those States to improve HSFFQ output to better facilitate nutrition education, food package decisions, and referrals; to design, implement, and evaluate the use of aggregate nutrition data for local and State practices and policy decisions; and to use prospective data to examine the relationships between diet and childhood obesity. The project developed a standardized version of the HSFFQ to make collecting and compiling aggregate data easier and to make data reports more useful. The project demonstrated that aggregating nutrition data at the State level is feasible. The calibration studies uncovered the need for further analyses to explain the performance of the tool in the diet assessment of low-income Hispanic and African-American children. Prospective analysis of the influence of diet on overweight in low-income preschool children, while inconclusive, demonstrated the ability to use aggregate nutrition data to explore important epidemiological hypotheses.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/CCR6/
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_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstract, Perspective:

A. "An Intervention Involving Traditional Birth Attendants and Perinatal and Maternal Mortality in Pakistan," by Abdul Hakeem Jokhio, Heather R. Winter, and Kar Keung Cheng (Vol. 352, No. 20, May 19, 2005, p. 2091-2099).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/352/20/2091

B. "Perinatal Mortality in Developing Countries, by Jelka Zupan (_NEJM_, vol. 352, no. 20, May 19, 2005, p. 2047-2048). Note: This article is freely available to the public.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/352/20/2047
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_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research" [Rostock, Germany]. "Quality of child health care and under-five-mortality in Zambia: A case study of two districts in Luapula Province," by Augustus Kapungwe (vol. 12, no. 12, May 2005, .pdf format, p.).

Abstract:

This study was intended to investigate the factors associated with the high under-five mortality in one province of Zambia. Specifically the study (a) Identifies predominant traditional cultural beliefs and perceptions concerning main causes of child deaths; (b) assesses quality of health care services; and, (c) determines the causes of death among children under-five years. Multiple data collection instruments were used to collect the necessary information about 360 deaths. Findings indicate that most children died before the second year of life with more than 50% dying before their first birthday. The paper argues that most of the deaths could have been averted had quality health care been provided. Recommendations on how to improve child health care provision are provided.

http://www.demographic-research.org/
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Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical: _Guttmacher Report on Public Policy_ (Vol. 8, No. 2, May 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.agi-usa.org/pubs/tgr/08/2/index.html
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Foundation for Child Development [Yale University Child Study Center] Paper, Brief: "Prekindergarteners Left Behind: Expulsion Rates in State Prekindergarten Systems," by Walter S. Gilliam (May 2005, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.fcd-us.org/PDFs/NationalPreKExpulsionPaper03.02_new.pdf

Policy Brief (.pdf format, 4p.):

http://www.fcd-us.org/PDFs/ExpulsionFinalProof.pdf

Press Release (.pdf format, 2p.):

http://www.fcd-us.org/PDFs/ExpulsionNewsRelease.pdf
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Hudson Institute Center for Science in Public Policy Paper: "The Full Cost of HIV/AIDS Treatment," by Carol C. Adelman and Jeremiah Norris (May 2005, .pdf format, 23p.)

http://www.hudson.org/files/publications/Full_Cost_of_HIV-AIDS_Treatment.pdf

More information about HI:

http://www.hudson.org/learn/index.cfm?fuseaction=mission_statement
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Urban Institute Report, Article:

A. Ebbing and Flowing: Some Gains, Some Losses as SCHIP Responds to Third Year of Budget Pressure," by Ian Hill, Brigette Courtot, and Jennifer Sullivan (New Federalism: Issues and Options for States No. A-68, May 2005, .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311166

B. "Taxes and Marriage for Cohabiting Parents," by Elaine Maag (from Tax Analysts _Tax Notes_, May 23, 2005, .pdf format, p. 1031).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=1000788
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Brookings Institution Report: "Leaving Money (and Food) on the Table," by Matthew Fellowes and Alan Berube (May 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).

http://www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20050517_foodstamps.htm
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Population Reference Bureau Report: "Changing Patterns of Poverty and Spatial Inequality in Appalachia," by Daniel T. Lichter and Lori Ann Campbell (Demographic and Socioeconomic Change in Appalachia, April 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

http://www.prb.org/pdf05/ChangingPatternsPoverty.pdf
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United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Periodical: _UNESCAP Statistical Newsletter_, (no. 137, April 2005, .pdf format, p.).

http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1049
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World Health Organization Monograph: _Comparative Quantification of Health Risks_, by Lopez M. Ezzati and Murray A. Rodgers (World Health Organisation, 2004, ISBN: 9241580313, .pdf format, 2p.). Note: Ordering information is available in the .pdf.

http://www.who.int/bookorders/MDIbookPDF/Book/11500554.pdf
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World Economic Forum Report: "Women's Empowerment: Measuring the Global Gender Gap," by Augusto Lopez-Claros and Saadia Zahidi (2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

http://www.weforum.org/pdf/Global_Competitiveness_Reports/Reports/gender_gap.pdf
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United Nations Statistics Division Conference Papers: Note: Both of these papers were "presented [at the] 55th session of ISI (International Statistics Institute)."

A. "Ethics, Confidentiality, and Data Dissemination," by Hermann Habermann (May 2005 .pdf format, 18p.).

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/ethics.pdf

B. "Official Statistics and Statistical Ethics: Selected Issues," by William Seltzer (May 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/WS%20%202005%20ISI%20paper.pdf
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Pan American Health Organization Press Release: "World Health Assembly adopts new International Health Regulations" (May 23, 2005).

http://www.paho.org/English/DD/PIN/pr050523.htm
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Info Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 21, May. 23, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/
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NLS [National Longitudinal Survey] Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

http://www.nlsbibliography.org/

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from May 2 - May 20, 2005.

For more information on any of these citations (selected abstracts are available) go to the above listed address and click on "Title List". Click on the first item, which will give the syntax of the citation urls:

http://www.nlsbibliography.org/qtitle.php3?myrow[0]=320

Then change the number after the equal sign (320 in this case) to the number listed as the "ID Number" in the citations below. You will be taken to the full citation listing.

EAMON, MARY KEEGAN MULDER, CRAY
Predicting Antisocial Behavior Among Latino Young Adolescents: An Ecological Systems Analysis
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 75,1 (2005): 117-127 Cohort(s):
Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4955
Publisher: American Orthopsychiatric Association

EAMON, MARY KEEGAN
Social-Demographic, School, Neighborhood, and Parenting Influences on the Academic Achievement of Latino Young Adolescents
Journal of Youth and Adolescence 34,2 (April 2005): 163-174
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4956
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers

SCOTT, JANNY
LEONHARDT, DAVID
Class in America: Shadowy Lines That Still Divide
The New York Times, May 15, 2005, National. Also:
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/15/national/class/OVERVIEW-FINAL.html
Note: The article may or may not still be available free of charge. _NYT_
requires free registration before providing articles.

WESSLER, DAVID
As Wealth Gap Widens, Class Mobility Stalls
The Wall Street Journal, May 13, 2005; A1.
Cohort(s):
ID Number: 4965
Publisher: Dow Jones, Inc.
Note: Full text of the _Wall St. Journal_
is available, for a fee, at:
http://www.wsj.com/
Full Text is also available (usually on a one day delay) via the ProQuest Newspaper Library, for the Eastern Edition only.

Smoking is Hazardous to Your Wealth
Woman's World, April 19, 2005; Page 4
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4967
Publisher: Bauer Publishing USA

LUNDBERG, SHELLY
Men and Islands: Dealing with the Family in Empirical Labor Economics
Working Paper, Department of Economics, University of Washington, March 2005.
Also, http://www.econ.washington.edu/user/Lundberg/Men_LE.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4969
Publisher: Author

RUHM, CHRISTOPHER J.
Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development
Presented: Wellington, New Zealand, Workshop on Labour Force Participation and
Economic Growth, April 2005. Also,
http://www.treasury.govt.nz/lfpw/papers/lfpw-ruhm.pdf
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4971
Publisher: New Zealand, The Treasury

PARK, HYE-SOOK
PEARSON, P. DAVID
RECKASE, MARK D.
Assessing the Effect of Cohort, Gender, and Race on Differential Item
Functioning (DIF) in an Adaptive Test Designed for Multi-Age Groups
Reading Psychology 26, 1 (January-March 2005): 81-101
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4972
Publisher: Routledge

CORWYN, ROBERT FLYNN
Family Process Mediators of the Relation between Components of SES and Child Outcomes
Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Memphis, 2004. DAI-B 65/11, p. 6068, May 2005.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4974
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

BORRAZ, FERNANDO MIGUEL
Essays on Inequality and Education
Ph.D. Dissertation, Georgetown University, 2004. DAI-A 65/09, p. 3479, March 2005.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4975
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

CHAPPLE, CONSTANCE L.
Self-Control, Peer Relations, and Delinquency
Justice Quarterly 22, 1 (March 2005): 89-106
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4976
Publisher: Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

DAHL, GORDON
LOCHNER, LANCE JOHN
The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement
Working Paper No. 11279, National Bureau of Economic Research, April 2005.
Also, http://www.nber.org/papers/w11279
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4977
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research -- NBER

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty:

A. "The Changing Association between Prenatal Participation in WIC and Birth Outcomes in New York City," by Ted Joyce, Diane Gibson, and Silvie Colman (DP 1301-05, May 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).

We analyze the relationship between prenatal WIC participation and birth outcomes in New York City from 1988 to 2001. The analysis is unique for several reasons. First, we have information on over 800,000 births to women on Medicaid, the largest sample ever used to analyze prenatal participation in WIC. Second, we focus on measures of fetal growth distinct from preterm birth, since there is little clinical support for a link between nutritional supplementation and premature delivery. Third, we restrict the primary analysis to women on Medicaid who have no previous live births and who initiate prenatal care within the first four months of pregnancy. Our goal is to lessen heterogeneity between WIC and non-WIC participants by limiting the sample to highly motivated women who have no experience with WIC from a previous pregnancy. Fourth, we analyze a large subsample of twin deliveries. Multifetal pregnancies increase the risk of anemia and fetal growth retardation and thus may benefit more than singletons from nutritional supplementation. We find no relationship between prenatal WIC participation and measures of fetal growth among singletons. We find a modest pattern of association between WIC and fetal growth among U.S.-born black twins. Our findings suggest that prenatal participation in WIC has had a minimal effect on adverse birth outcomes in New York City.

http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp130105.pdf

B. "Voluntary Paternity Acknowledgment," by Patricia R. Brown, Steven T. Cook, and Lynn Wimer (DP 1302-05, May 2005, .pdf format, 62p.).

Abstract:

Since the mid-1990s the state of Wisconsin has operated a voluntary paternity acknowledgment process, which allows the fathers of nonmarital children born in the state to voluntarily acknowledge their paternity by signing a notarized form, instead of going through a judicial hearing. The premise behind this program is that by reducing obstacles to establishing paternity the state can encourage unmarried fathers to increase their financial and nonfinancial participation in their children's lives. This report examines the relationship between the use of paternity acknowledgment by fathers and two measures of their subsequent participation in the responsibilities of child-rearing: paying child support and having the children live with them (as shown by placement decisions). Examining differences in child support and placement outcomes between cases in which paternity was voluntarily acknowledged and cases in which paternity was adjudicated is complicated by the fact that the two groups of fathers are different in other relevant ways. Without controlling for other differences, we found that adjudicated fathers actually paid $150 more per year in child support than did voluntarily acknowledged fathers, but this finding did not take into account the fact that a much lower percentage of voluntary paternity cases have a child support order (due in part to the higher likelihood that voluntary paternity fathers are living with the mother). When we limit our analysis to fathers who have orders, the voluntary paternity fathers are 10 percentage points more likely to pay, and they pay about $250 more per year than do adjudicated fathers. Differences in the likelihood of having an order are not the only distinctions between voluntary and adjudicated cases that require consideration. Children with voluntary paternity acknowledgment are more likely to be an only child and to live outside Milwaukee than are children who have adjudicated paternity. Acknowledged children are younger at the time when paternity is established and younger at the time the child support petition is filed. They have parents with higher earnings, and their parents are less likely to have spent time on public assistance. Adjudicated paternity children appear more often to have black parents and parents who were not living together at the birth of the child, whereas children with voluntary paternity acknowledgment are more likely to have white parents and parents who lived together at birth or at the time of paternity establishment. We used multivariate models to control for differences in these background characteristics. With the controls, voluntary paternity acknowledgment cases, as compared to adjudicated cases, are associated with a lower incidence of child support orders, higher likelihood of payment when an order exists, no significant difference in the level of payment when any is paid, and a greater likelihood of shared child placement. Cases at the average in all other characteristics have a 77 percent probability of paying child support if paternity was adjudicated and an 82 percent probability of paying child support if paternity was voluntary.

http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp130205.pdf
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California Center for Population Research (CCPR):

A. "Daily Variations in Adolescents' Sleep, Activities, and Psychological Well Being," by Andrew Fuligni (CCPR-008-05, May 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).

Abstract:

The daily diary method was employed to examine the daily dynamics of adolescent sleep time, activities, and psychological well being among an ethnically diverse sample of over 750 adolescents approximately 14 to 15 years of age. Studying and stressful demands during the day were modestly but consistently associated with less sleep that evening. Receiving less sleep at night, in turn, was modestly but consistently related to higher levels of anxiety, depressive feelings, and fatigue during the following day. In addition, the daily variability in adolescents' sleep time was notable and just as important for the youths' average levels of daily psychological well being as was the average amount of time spent sleeping each night. A small number of ethnic and gender differences emerged in the dynamics of adolescent sleep, activities, and well being. Discussion focuses on the importance of examining daily variability in adolescents' sleep behaviors in order to better understand the implications of sleep for adolescent well being and development.

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_008_05.asp

Click on "Full Text" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Ethnic Identity and the Daily Psychological Well-Being of Adolescents >From Mexican and Chinese Backgrounds," by Lisa Kiang, Andrew J. Fuligni, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, and Melissa Witkow (CCPR-009-05, January 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

Protective effects of ethnic identity on individuals' daily psychological well-being were examined in a sample of 415 ninth grade adolescents from Mexican and Chinese backgrounds. Utilizing daily diary assessments and multilevel modeling, adolescents with a higher regard for their ethnic group were found to have greater levels of daily happiness and marginally less daily anxiety averaged over the two-week study period. Ethnic regard also moderated the daily association between normative stressful demands and happiness, as well as the association between stressful demands and happiness experienced one day after the original stressors occurred. Moderating effects were found even after controlling for self-esteem. Results point to the positive influence of ethnic identity in adolescents' daily lives.

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_009_05.asp

Click on "Full Text" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

C. "Ethnic Identity and Family Processes in Adolescents with Latin American, Asian, and European Backgrounds," by Lisa Kiang and Andrew Fuligni (CCPR 010-05, April 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

The role of ethnic identity in adolescents' family processes was examined among ninth graders from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds. Stronger ethnic affirmation and exploration were associated with family processes across a variety of indicators, but links with culturally-relevant processes such as family respect and obligation were stronger than links with dyadic cohesion with parents. Similarly, links between ethnic identity and time spent assisting the family on a daily
basis were stronger than links between identity and time spent engaging in family leisure activities. Mediational analyses indicated that the greater sense of respect, obligation, and time spent assisting the family among adolescents with Latino and Asian backgrounds were due in part to their stronger ethnic identification. Longitudinal analyses suggest that identity and family processes continue to be linked throughout development.

http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/asp/ccpr_010_05.asp

Click on "Full Text" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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National Bureau of Economic Research: " Adolescent Drinking and High School Dropout," by Pinka Chatterji and Jeff DeSimone (NBER Working Paper w11337, May 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

This paper estimates the effect of binge and frequent drinking by adolescents on subsequent high school dropout using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Young Adults. We estimate an instrumental variables model with an indicator of any past month alcohol use, which is by definition correlated with heavy drinking but should have minimal additional impact on educational outcomes, as the identifying instrument, and also control for a rich set of potentially confounding variables, including maternal characteristics and dropout risk factors measured before and during adolescence. In comparison, OLS provides conservative estimates of the causal impact of heavy drinking on dropping out, implying that binge or frequent drinking among 15 --16 year old students lowers the probability of having graduated or being enrolled in high school four years later by at least 11 percent. Over-identification tests using two measures of maternal youthful alcohol use as additional instruments support our identification strategy.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11337

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]: "Would Equal Opportunity Mean More Mobility?" by Christopher Jencks and Laura Tach (RWP 05-037, May 2005, .pdf format, 50p.).

Abstract:

Adult economic status is positively correlated with parental economic status in every society for which we have data, but no democratic society is entirely comfortable with this fact. As a result, all democratic societies have adopted policies aimed at reducing the effect of family background on life chances, and most left-of-center political parties think that governments should do even more. This paper makes two main arguments. First, equal opportunity does not imply eliminating all sources of economic resemblance between parents and children. Specifically, equal opportunity does not require that society eliminate the effects of all inherited differences in ability. Nor does it require that society prevent parents from transmitting different values to their children regarding the importance of economic success relative to other goals. Second, the size of the correlation between the economic status of parents and their children is not a good indicator of how close a society has come to equalizing opportunity. Measuring equality of opportunity requires data on why successful parents tend to have successful children. In particular, it requires data on the degree to which a society has minimized obstacles to economic success that we know how to alter, such as parental neglect and ineptitude, inequitable distribution of effective teachers, and labor market practices that favor the well-born.

http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/research/wpaper.nsf/rwp/RWP05-037?OpenDocument
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Center for Research on Child Well-Being [Princeton University]: "Cohabitation: Sharpening a Fuzzy Concept," by Jean Knab Working Paper 04-05, May 2005, .pdf format, 28 p.).

Abstract:

This paper uses Fragile Families data to examine (1) the degree of correspondence between measures of cohabitation, (2) the prevalence of 'part-time' cohabitation, and (3) the extent to which the characteristics associated with cohabiting relationship are sensitive to how part-time cohabitation is classified. The results show cohabitation is a continuous rather than a dichotomous variable. At both ends of the continuum, there is substantial agreement across measures about who is (not) cohabiting. In the middle of the continuum, however, there is considerable ambiguity, with as much as 15% of couples reporting part-time cohabitation. How we classify this group will affect estimates of the prevalence of cohabitation, especially among African Americans, and may impact the characteristics and outcomes of cohabitors.

http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP04-05-FF-Knab.pdf
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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Migration, Co-ordination Failures and EU Enlargement," by Tito Boeri and Herbert Brucker (Discussion Paper 1600, May 2005, .pdf format, 60 p.).

Abstract:

European migration policies are characterised by a fundamental paradox: they are getting tighter and tighter just while public opinion is becoming more favourable to migrants and the immobility of European citizens expands the scope for spatial arbitrage, accruing the benefits, of immigration. In this paper we consider two possible explanations for this puzzle. At first, based on a computable general equilibrium model, we evaluate whether migration to "rigid labour markets" a-la European involves cost, which are neglected by economic theory. Our results suggest that the economic benefits from international migration are, at a GDP gain of 0.2-0.3% at a migration of 1% of the labour force, but that natives in the receiving countries may lose out especially when generous unemployment benefits are provided to the migrants. Then, we evaluate effects of co-ordination failures in the setting of national migration policies, documenting that a race-to-the-top in migration restrictions has indeed occurred in the case of the Eastern Enlargement of the EU and has involved significant diversion of migration from more restrictive to less restrictive countries. Finally we discuss two potential ways to invert the trend towards stricter barriers to migration, namely i) restricting access to welfare and ii) adopting an EU-wide migration policy.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1600.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Marriage and the Family (vol. 67, no. 2, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

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Other Journals:

AIDS (vol. 19, no. 9, June 10, 2005).

http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids/issuelist.htm

American Journal of Epidemiology (vol. 161, no. 11, June 1, 2005).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol161/issue11/index.dtl?etoc

International Journal for Quality in Health Care (Vol. 17, No. 3, June 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://intqhc.oupjournals.org/content/vol17/issue3/index.dtl

Journal of the American Statistical Association (Vol. 100, No. 470, June 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://oberon.asa.catchword.org/vl=1559397/cl=64/nw=1/rpsv/cw/vhosts/asa/01621459/v100n470/contp1-1.htm

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

Roper Award Fellowship: "The Roper Center [University of Connecticut] is beginning a Roper Award Fellowship Program. Fellows will have the opportunity to devote 18-24 months to research using the holdings of the Roper Center, free from teaching or administrative responsibilities. The fellowship may begin at any point during the 2005-2006 academic year. It is expected that one fellow will be selected to begin in each academic year, so that there will be two fellows in residence at any time. The fellow will receive a stipend of $55,000 per year, a $2,000 research account, and health benefits. The fellowship is open to all who have received PhD degrees in the social and behavioral sciences within the past 5-7 years." For more information see:

http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/fellowship.html

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch: Health Scientist Administrator, GS-601-13/14 (NICHD). "The Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch, NICHD, is advertising an opening for a GS13/14 Health Scientist Administrator.  The Branch is seeking to attract an individual with training and/or experience in the social and health sciences.  This person will become part of a team of scientists with responsibility for the Branch s program of grants and contracts in population research.  We are particularly interested in individuals with the interest and skills to advance the DBSB program in health research, which encompasses three broad goals: 1. to study the intersection of demographic processes and health; 2. to study health from a population perspective; and 3. to support the integration of social science, behavioral, and biomedical approaches to understanding health."

http://jobsearch.usajobs.opm.gov/getjob.asp?JobID=30162737&TabNum=4&rc=5

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

House Government Reform Committee Hearing Publication: "Living with Disabilities in the United States: A Snapshot," a hearing held Jun. 24, 2004 (House Serial Publication 108-242, ASCII text and .pdf format, 194p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house07ch108.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-242" (without the quotes).

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DATA:

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): "Data Sharing for Demographic Research (DSDR) is a project of ICPSR in collaboration with the Carolina Population Center, the Minnesota Population Center, and the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. The project is supported by the Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Our mission is to support demographic researchers--both those who collect data and those who wish to use data--in dealing with complex data and data requiring special security." As a part of DSDR, the Minnesota Population Center will design new web-based data access tools for complex datasets that have the potential to make data more accessible and reduce duplication of effort. In preparation for this work, we are assessing the needs and research strategies of investigators using six major surveys currently funded by DBSB (NSFH, Add Health, LA-FANS, the Three City Study, Fragile Families, and the New Immigrant Survey). These surveys are distinguished both by their wide use and their complexity. By investigating methods to improve data access, we hope to further increase the value of these extraordinary survey projects."

http://www.pop.umn.edu/dsdr/
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National Center for Education Statistics, Data Analysis System, Data Tables:

A. "Student Financial Aid Estimates for 2003-04," (May 2005, .pdf and Microsoft Excel formatted tables).

http://nces.ed.gov/das/library/tables_listings/2005158.asp

B. "Postsecondary Institutions in the United States: Fall 2002 and Degrees and Other Awards Conferred: 2001-02," (May 2005, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

http://nces.ed.gov/das/library/tables_listings/2004154.asp
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Panel Study of Income Dynamics: The 2003 Family Wealth Data and Codebook are now available in the Data Center. These data build on existing wealth data from years 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2001 and are made possible with generous support from the National Institute on Aging.

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=332

More information on PSID data acquisition:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/data/
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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/usingData/introduction.asp

British Crime Survey, 2002-2003 (SN 5059):

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/search/indexSearch.asp?ct=xmlSn&q1=5059

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

World Health Organization: "Health Metrics Network." "The Health Metrics Network (HMN) is an innovative global partnership founded on the premise that better health informationmeans better decision making--and that means better health for all. HMN partners are working to improve health and save lives by strengthening and aligning health information systems around the world."

http://www.who.int/healthmetrics/about/en/

Press release:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2005/pr20/en/index.html
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National Diet Library (Japan): "'Statistical Materials for Learning about Japan' is an English-language guide to statistical information about Japan. It introduces major statistical materials on Japan written in English, or in both Japanese and English, in the form of printed publications and Internet information. A bibliographical note is added to each piece of material. As a rule, the statistics presented are linked to relevant Internet sites in English, even for those available only in printed form."

http://www.ndl.go.jp/en/data/statistical_ma.html

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu