Current Demographic Research Report #67, January 25, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Centers for Disease Control Recommendation Report
National Center for Health Statistics
National Institutes of Health News Release
DHHS SAMHSA Report
DHHS OASPE Report, Data
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
United Nations Children's Fund Report
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report
Pan American Health Organization Fact Sheet
National Science Foundation Report
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Report
American Enterprise Institute Report
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical, Brief Report
_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Various
Info Health Pop Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates

WORKING PAPERS

University of Texas at Austin Population Research Center
National Bureau of Economic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Vanderbilt University Department of Economics

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

DATA

Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Supplement

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

kaiseredu.org Update

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.:

Centers for Disease Control Recommendation Report: "Antiretroviral Postexposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection-Drug Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV in the United States," by Dawn K. Smith, Lisa A. Grohskopf, Roberta J. Black, Judith D. Auerbach, Fulvia Veronese, Kimberly A. Struble, Laura Cheever, Michael Johnson, Lynn A. Paxton, Ida M. Onorato, and Alan E. Greenberg (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Recommendations and Reports 54(RR-02), Jan. 21, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 20p.).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5402a1.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr5402.pdf
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National Center for Health Statistics: "Explaining the 2001-02 Infant Mortality Increase: Data From the Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set," by Marian F. MacDorman, Joyce A. Martin, T.J. Mathews, Donna L. Hoyert, and Stephanie J. Ventura (National Vital Statistics Report No. 53, January 2005, .pdf format, 24p.). The report is linked to from a NCHS news release: "More Babies Born at Very Low Birthweight: Linked to Rise in Infant Mortality in 2002" (Jan. 24, 2005).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/05news/lowbirthwt.htm

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text.
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National Institutes of Health News Release: "2001-2002 Survey Finds That Many Recover From Alcoholism" (Jan. 18, 2005).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/jan2005/niaaa-18.htm
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Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Non-Medical Oxycodone Users: A Comparison with Heroin Users " (National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), January 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/oxycodoneH/oxycodoneH.cfm
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Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report, Data:

A. "Potential Employment Liabilities Among TANF Recipients: A Synthesis of Data from Six State TANF Caseload Studies," by Susan Hauan and Sarah Douglas (October 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 33p.).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/leavers99/emp-liab04/index.htm

B. "Federal Financial Participation in State Assistance Expenditures, FY 2006" (from Nov. 24, 2004 _Federal Register_ (Volume 69, Number 226, p. 68370-68373).

http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/fmap06.htm
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Bureau of Labor Statistics Report: "Manufacturing Employment and Compensation in China," by Judith Banister (January 2005, .pdf format, 89p.).

http://www.bls.gov/fls/chinareport.pdf
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Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: _U.S. Housing Market Conditions_ (Third Quarter 2004, November 2004, .pdf and Microsoft Word format).

http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/ushmc.html

Click on "Current Issue" for .pdf version. Click on "text version" for Word version.
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United Nations Children's Fund Report: "Low Birthweight: Country, Regional and Global Estimates," by Tessa Wardlaw, Ann Blanc, Jelka Zupan, and Elisabeth Ahman (2004, .pdf format, 27p.). "The reduction of low birthweight forms an important contribution to the Millennium Development Goal for reducing child mortality. But more than half of the infants born in the developing world are not weighed, posing a major challenge to measuring the global incidence of low birthweight. This joint WHO/UNICEF publication uses recently revised estimates to report on this condition that affects more than 20 million infants worldwide - almost 96% of infants born in developing countries."

http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_24840.html

Click on "PDF" for full text.
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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Child Protection Australia 2003-04" (Child Welfare Series 36, January 2005, .pdf format, 79p.).

Abstract:

This report is based on information from three national child protection data collections - child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations; children on care and protection orders; and children in out-of-home care. These data are collected each year by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare from the community services departments in each state and territory. Most of the data in this report cover the 2003-04 financial year, although data on trends in child protection are also included.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10095
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Pan American Health Organization Fact Sheet: "Tuberculosis: Fact Sheet 2004, Americas" (January 2005, .pdf format, 2p.).

http://www.paho.org/English/AD/DPC/CD/tb-fact-sheet-2004.htm
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National Science Foundation Report: "Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 2003" (NSF 05-300, January 2005, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format). The report is linked to from a NSF press release: "More Science and Engineering Doctoral Degrees Awarded in 2003" (NSF PR 05-009, Jan. 19, 2005).

http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/newsroom/pr.cfm?ni=15300000000152

Scroll to "For more information..." near the bottom of the page, for link to full text.
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New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Report: "Alcohol Use In New York City" (Vital Signs, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2005, .pdf format, 4p.). The report is linked to from a NYCDHMH press release: Most New Yorkers Drink Alcohol in Moderation or Not at All, but 15% Drink Excessively" (Jan 21, 2005).

http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/html/doh/html/public/press05/pr005-05.html
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American Enterprise Institute Report: "Attitudes about Homosexuality," by Karlyn H. Bowman (AEI Studies in Public Opinion, January 2005, .pdf format, 51p.). "This study is a compilation of public opinion polls on acceptance of homosexuality, gay marriage, civil unions, partner benefits, party identification and voting of gays, employment, and adoption. The study includes all of the latest polling data as well as important historical trends for comparative purposes."

http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.14882,filter.all/pub_detail.asp

More information on AEI:

http://www.aei.org/about/filter.all/default.asp
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Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical, Brief Report:

A. _Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health_ (Vol. 36, No. 6, November/December 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.guttmacher.org/journals/toc/psrh3606toc.html

B. "Minors' Access to Contraceptive Services" (Guttmacher State Policies in Brief, January 2005, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://www.guttmacher.org/statecenter/spibs/spib_MACS.pdf
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_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Article Abstract, Book Review Extract:

A. "Adolescents' Reports of Parental Knowledge of Adolescents' Use of Sexual Health Services and Their Reactions to Mandated Parental Notification for Prescription Contraception," by Rachel K. Jones, Alison Purcell, Susheela Singh, and Lawrence B. Finer (Vol. 293, No. 3, Jan. 19, 2005, p. 340-348).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/293/3/340

B. _Plagues and Poxes: The Impact of Human History on Epidemic Disease_, by Alfred Jay Bollet, reviewed by Charles M. Helms (Vol. 293, No. 3, Jan. 19, 2005, p. 374).

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/293/3/374
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 5, No. 3 Jan. 24, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/
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NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

http://www.nlsbibliography.org/

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Jan. 17, 2005 - Jan. 21, 2005.

MUSICK, KELLY
MARE, ROBERT D.
Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure
Working Paper CCPR-002-04: California Center for Population Research, Los
Angeles, 2004. Also, http://www.ccpr.ucla.edu/ccprwpseries/ccpr_002_04.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79, Young Women
ID Number: 4814
Publisher: California Center for Population Research (CCPR)

BOYLE, MICHAEL H.
JENKINS, JENNIFER M.
GEORGIADES, KATHOLIKI
CAIRNEY, JOHN
DUKU, ERIC
RACINE, YVONNE
Differential-Maternal Parenting Behavior: Estimating Within- and Between-Family Effects on Children
Child Development 75, 5 (2004): 1457-1476
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4816
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Texas at Austin Population Research Center: "Who is Hispanic? Hispanic Ethnic Identity Among African Americans, Asian Americans, and Whites," by Kate H. Choi and Arthur Sakamoto (WP 04-05-07, October 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Hispanics are now the largest minority group in America and their presence is likely to continue to expand. Little is known, however, about the sources of Hispanic ethnic identity. We investigate the role of racial identification on Hispanic ethnicity using data from the Current Population Surveys from 1994 to 2002. Despite a considerable history of Asian presence in Latin America, our results indicate that persons of Asian racial origins are substantially less likely than whites to identify as Hispanic even after controlling for Latin American nativity, parental Latin American nativity, and other demographic characteristics. By contrast, persons of African racial origins are usually similar to whites in their propensities to identify as Hispanic. These results may be interpreted in terms of differences in the social stratification of these racial groups and in terms of relevant social psychological processes---including the looking-glass self, the presentational self, and segmented assimilation theory---that are involved in development and maintenance of ethnic identity in modern America.

http://www.prc.utexas.edu/working_papers/series_04-05.html#040507
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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Colonialism, Inequality, and Long-Run Paths of Development," by Stanley L. Engerman and Kenneth L. Sokoloff (w11057, January 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

Over the last few years, colonialism, especially as pursued by Europeans, has enjoyed a revival in interest among both scholars and the general public. Although a number of new accounts cast colonial empires in a more favorable light than has generally been customary, others contend that colonial powers often leveraged their imbalance in power to impose institutional arrangements on the colonies that were adverse to long-term development. We argue here, however, that one of the most fundamental impacts of European colonization may have been in altering the composition of the populations in the areas colonized. The efforts of the Europeans often involved implanting ongoing communities who were greatly advantaged over natives in terms of human capital and legal status. Because the paths of institutional development were sensitive to the incidence of extreme inequality which resulted, their activity had long lingering effects. More study is needed to identify all of the mechanisms at work, but the evidence from the colonies in the Americas suggests that it was those that began with extreme inequality and population heterogeneity that came to exhibit persistence over time in evolving institutions that restricted access to economic opportunities and generated lower rates of public investment in schools and other infrastructure considered conducive to growth. These patterns may help to explain why a great many societies with legacies as colonies with extreme inequality have suffered from poor development experiences.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11057

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade," by Roland G. Fryer and Steven D. Levitt (w11049, January 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

This paper describes basic facts regarding the black-white test score gap over the first four years of school. Black children enter school substantially behind their white counterparts in reading and math, but including a small number of covariates erases the gap. Over the first four years of school, however, blacks lose substantial ground relative to other races; averaging .10 standard deviations per school year. By the end of third grade there is a large Black-White test score gap that cannot be explained by observable characteristics. Blacks are falling behind in virtually all categories of skills tested, except the most basic. None of the explanations we examine, including systematic differences in school quality across races, convincingly explain the divergent academic trajectory of Black students.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11049
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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Job Turnover, Wage Rates, and Marital Stability: How Are They Related?" by Avner Ahituv and Robert I. Lerman (Discussion Paper 1470, January 2005, .pdf format, 48p.).

Abstract:

This study examines the interplay between job stability, wage rates, and marital instability. We use a Dynamic Selection Control model in which young men make sequential choices about work and family. Our empirical estimates derived from the model account for self-selection, simultaneity and unobserved heterogeneity. The results capture how job stability affects earnings, how both affect marital status, and how marital status affects earnings and job stability. The study reveals robust evidence that job instability lowers wages and the likelihood of getting and remaining married. At the same time, marriage raises wages and job stability. To project the sequential effects linking job stability, marital status, and earnings, we simulate the impacts of shocks that raise preferences for marriage and that increase education. Feedback effects cause the simulated wage gains from marriage to cumulate over time, indicating that long-run marriage wage premiums exceed conventional short-run estimates.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1470.pdf

B. "Risk, Network Quality, and Family Structure: Child Fostering Decisions in Burkina Faso," by Richard Akresh (Discussion Paper 1471, January 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

Researchers often assume household structure is exogenous, but child fostering, the institution in which parents send their biological children to live with another family, is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and provides evidence against this assumption. Using data I collected in Burkina Faso, I analyze a household's decision to adjust its size and composition through fostering. A household fosters children as a risk-coping mechanism in response to exogenous income shocks, if it has a good social network, and to satisfy labor demands within the household. Increases of one standard deviation in a household's agricultural shock, percentage of good network members, or number of older girls increase the probability of sending a child above the current fostering level by 29.1, 30.0, and 34.5 percent, respectively. Testing whether factors influencing the sending decision have an opposite impact on the receiving decision leads to a rejection of the symmetric, theoretical model for child fostering.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1471.pdf

C: "Autopsy on an Empire: Understanding Mortality in Russia and the Former Soviet Union," by Elizabeth Brainerd and David M. Cutler (Discussion Paper 1472, January 2005, .pdf format, 72p.).

Abstract:

Male life expectancy at birth fell by over six years in Russia between 1989 and 1994. Many other countries of the former Soviet Union saw similar declines, and female life expectancy fell as well. Using cross-country and Russian household survey data, we assess six possible explanations for this upsurge in mortality. Most find little support in the data: the deterioration of the health care system, changes in diet and obesity, and material deprivation fail to explain the increase in mortality rates. The two factors that do appear to be important are alcohol consumption, especially as it relates to external causes of death (homicide, suicide, and accidents) and stress associated with a poor outlook for the future. However, a large residual remains to be explained.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1472.pdf
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Vanderbilt University Department of Economics:

A. "Inequality in Child Academic Achievement in Single Parent Households: Evidence from Brazil," by Andrew W. Horowitz and Andre Portela Souza (WP 0425, December 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we compare the intra-household dispersion of children¹s education achievement in single female-parent households with two-parent households. We find significantly more dispersion across children in households headed by females after controlling for household per-capita permanent income and other anticipated correlates. These results are robust and suggest that single-female parents are forced to alter the distribution as well as the level of household investment in children. Our empirical analysis is preceded by development of a theoretical model that suggests the correlation between the intra-household dispersion of academic achievement and single-parenthood may be general; i.e., not specific to Brazil. These results may have important policy implications for the interventions and incentives that target single parent households.

http://ideas.repec.org/p/van/wpaper/0425.html

B. "Investing in Health: The Long-Term Impact of Head Start," by Kathryn Anderson, James Foster, and David Frisvold (WP 0426, December 2005, .pdf format, 49p.).

Abstract:

Head Start is a comprehensive, early childhood development program designed to augment the human capital and health capital levels of disadvantaged children. Grossman's (1972) health capital model suggests that early investments of this type should have lasting effects on health outcomes. This research evaluates the impact of Head Start on long-term health by comparing health outcome and behavioral indicators of adults who attended Head Start with those of siblings who did not. The results suggest that there are long-term health benefits from participation in Head Start and that these benefits result from lifestyle changes.

http://ideas.repec.org/p/van/wpaper/0426.html

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Political Economy (Vol. 112, No. 6, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Science Quarterly (Vol. 85, No. 5, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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Other Journals

AIDS (Vol. 19, No. 2, Jan. 28, 2005).

http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids/toc.00002030-200501280-00000.htm

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 110, No. 3, November 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/journal/contents/v110n3.html

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DATA:

Panel Study of Income Dynamics/Child Development Supplement: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID/CDS has announced changes in the CDS-II File Release 2: Child Assessments. For more information see:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Guide/DataNewsDet.aspx?&ID=322

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

kaiseredu.org Update: Kaiseredu.org, (first discussed in the Apr. 5,2004 [#26--http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/library/cderr/cderr26.htm#websites] issue of CDERR) a product of the Kaiser Family Foundation, provides "health policy students and faculty easy access to data, literature, news and developments regarding major health policy topics and debates." The site has added two modules: "The New Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: An Overview," by Tricia Neuman and "Expanding Health Coverage to the Uninsured," by Diane Rowland (January 2005) (HTML with sound, and Microsoft PowerPoint format).

http://www.kaiseredu.org/Tutorials/index.cfm

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu