Current Demographic Research Report #63, December 20, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Reports
Centers for Disease Control Periodicals
National Center for Health Statistics Reports, Announcement
DHHS SAMHSA Reports
Government Accountability Office Report
National Center for Education Statistics Reports
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs
Congressional Budget Office Report
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy Report
National Science Foundation Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics News Releases, Report
National Research Council Monograph
World Health Organization News Release
CIHI Reports
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports
International Labour Organization Compendium
_Demographic Research_ Articles
CEPAL Periodical
ECLAC Report Summary
National Association of Hispanic Journalists Report
Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society Report
Joseph Rowntree Foundation Monograph
Kaiser Family Foundation/_SJ Mercury News_ Survey
Wisconsin Public Health and Health Policy Institute Report
Urban Institute Report
Kennedy School of Government Report
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Book Review Extract
Info Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
University of Texas Population Research Center
Princeton University Education Research Section
Brookings Institution
Luxembourg Income Study
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
CESifo

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta

CONFERENCES

Centers for Disease Control

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

National Institutes of Health Notice, Program Announcement
Population Reference Bureau

DATA

National Longitudinal Study
National Center for Health Statistics
National Cancer Institute
Medical Expenditure Panel Study
ICPSR SAMHDA
National Science Foundation

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

NIBR Hate Crimes 1995-2000

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Reports:

A. "We the People: Asians in the United States," by Terrance J. Reeves and Claudette E. Bennett (Census 2000 Special Reports CENSR-17, December 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/censr-17.pdf

B. "We the People: Hispanics in the United States," by Roberto R. Ramirez (Census 2000 Special Reports CENSR-18, December 2004, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/censr-18.pdf
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Centers for Disease Control Periodicals:

A. _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ (Vol. 53, No. 49, Dec. 17, 2004, HTML and .pdf format). This issue contains three articles on Influenza and Influenza vaccination.

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/mmwr_wk.html

Note: This is a temporary address. When next week's _MMWR_ is released, this one will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/weekcvol.html

After Jan. 1, 2005, it will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/mmwrpvol.html

B. _Preventing Chronic Disease_ (Vol. 2, No. 1, January 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2005/jan/toc.htm
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National Center for Health Statistics Reports, Announcement:

A. "Marital Status and Health: United States, 1999-2002," by Charlotte A. Schoenborn (Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics No. 351, December 2004, .pdf format, 36p.). The report is linked to from a NCHS news release: "Married Adults are Healthiest, New CDC Report Shows" (Dec. 15, 2004).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/04facts/marriedadults.htm

B. "Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the January-June 2004 National Health Interview Survey" (December 2004, .pdf format, 93p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhis/released200412.htm

C. "Health Insurance Coverage: Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2004," by Robin A. Cohen, Cathy Hao, and Zakia Coriaty-Nelson (December 2004, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/insur200412.pdf

D. "Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use and Mortality, 2002" (December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/asthma/asthma.htm

E. "Procedures and Costs for Use of the Research Data Center" (also published in _Federal Register (Volume 69, Number 222, Nov. 18, 2004). For more information see:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/r&d/rdcfr.htm
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Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Reports:

A. "Youth Substance Use and Family Income" (National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/youthIncome/youthIncome.cfm

B. "Heroin - - Changes in How It Is Used, 1992-2002" (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS), December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/HeroinTrends/HeroinTrends.cfm
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Government Accountability Office Report: "Data Quality: Census Bureau Needs to Accelerate Efforts to Develop and Implement Data Quality Review Standards (GAO-05-86, November 2004, .pdf format, 31p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0586.pdf

Note: This is a temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Highlights From the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003," by Patrick Gonzales, Juan Carlos Guzman, Lisette Partelow, Erin Pahlke, Leslie Jocelyn, David Kastberg, and Trevor Williams (NCES 2005005, December 2004, .pdf format, 107p.). "This report presents results for countries that participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003. In 2003, TIMSS was conducted at grades four and eight. The report focuses on results for the United States, and includes student achievement in mathematics and science of student subpopulations in the U.S."

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2005005

B. "The Nation's Report Card: America's Charter Schools" (NCES 2005-456, December 2004, .pdf format, 20p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/studies/charter/2005456.asp
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs:

A. "National Health Care Expenses in the U.S. Community Population, 2002," by David Kashihara and Kelly Carper (Statistical Brief #61, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, December 2004, .pdf format, 6p.).

Abstract:

Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), 2002, this Statistical Brief presents estimates on the health care expenses in the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population in calendar year 2002. Health care expenses represent payments to hospitals, physicians, and other health care providers for services reported by respondents in the MEPS-HC.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=648

B. "Chronic Conditions and Outpatient Prescription Medicines for Persons 18 and Older in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 1987 and 2001," by Marie N. Stagnitti and Mamatha Pancholi ((Statistical Brief #58, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, December 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=641
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Congressional Budget Office Report: "Medicaid's Reimbursement to Pharmacies for Prescription Drugs" (December 2004, .pdf format, 12p.).

http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6038&sequence=0&from=7

Click on the PDF tab at the top right corner of the page for full text.
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Social Security Administration, Office of Policy Report: "Earnings and Employment Data for Workers Covered Under Social Security and Medicare, by State and County, 2002" (December 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 453p.). Note: The HTML format contains a subset of the .pdf format information.

http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/eedata_sc/2002/index.html
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National Science Foundation Report: "Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 2003" (December 2004, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 132p.).

http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf05300/start.htm

Note: "Hypertext Format" link leads to Excel tables.
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Bureau of Labor Statistics News Releases, Report:

A. "Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in 2003" (Dec. 14, 2004, HTML, ASCII text, and .pdf format, 23p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/osh.toc.htm

B. "Volunteering in the United States, 2004" (Dec. 16, 2004, HTML, ASCII text, and .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/volun.toc.htm

C. "Extended Mass Layoffs in 2003" (Report 982, December 2004, .pdf format, 38p.).

http://www.bls.gov/mls/mlsreport982.pdf
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National Research Council Monograph: _Growing Up Global: The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries_, edited by Cynthia B. Lloyd (2005, OpenBook format, 615p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://books.nap.edu/catalog/11174.html

More information about this monograph via the Population Council:

http://www.popcouncil.org/mediacenter/PresskitNAS.html
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World Health Organization News Release:

"Typhoid fever in Democratic Republic of the Congo" (Dec. 15, 2004).

http://www.who.int/csr/don/2004_12_15/en/
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Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institut Canadien d'Information sur la Sante (CIHI) Reports:

A. "What Have We Learned Studying Income Inequality and Population Health?" by Nancy A. Ross (December 2004, .pdf format, 26p.) Note: CIHI requires free registration before distributing reports.

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/dispPage.jsp?cw_page=PG_338_E&cw_topic=338&cw_rel=AR_1172_E#full

B. "National Health Expenditure Trends, 1975-2004" (December 2004, .pdf format, 149p., with data tables in .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format). Note: CIHI requires free registration before distributing reports.

http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/dispPage.jsp?cw_page=PG_318_E&cw_topic=318&cw_rel=AR_31_E
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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "Australia's Babies: Their Health and Wellbeing" (AIHW Bulletin No. 21, December 2004, .pdf format, 15p.). "The AIHW has been reporting on the health and wellbeing of Australia's children since 1998. This bulletin complements the Institute's four comprehensive national reports in this area that cover childhood health conditions and injuries, major risk factors and determinants of health, child development and wellbeing. This bulletin on the health and wellbeing of Australia's babies is the first in a series to be published as part of a key national indicators project being undertaken by AIHW. It focuses on four selected topics - birthweight, gestational age, birth defects and infant mortality - and presents data for the five-year period from 1997 to 2001."

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10077

B. "Children with Disabilities in Australia" (AIHW DIS 38, December 2004, .pdf format, 117p.). "What is known about children with disabilities in Australia, in terms of their characteristics, and the needs and circumstances of them and their families? What is known about the services, benefits and assistance provided to them? The report Children with Disabilities uses a range of information sources to explore these questions and present for the first time, an overview of this important group in Australia."

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10086

C. "Injury Deaths, Australia 2002," by Renate Kreisfeld, Rachel Newson, and James Harrison (INJCAT 65, AIHW/Flinders University [Adelaide, South Australia], December 2004, .pdf format, 85p.).

http://www.nisu.flinders.edu.au/pubs/reports/2004/injcat65.php
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International Labour Organization Compendium: _World Employment Report: 2004-05_" (December 2004, .pdf format, 257p.). Note: an interactive software package, which "contains the full manuscript in English, background papers, and supporting data sets" is available for download at the site.

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/wer2004.htm
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_Demographic Research_ Articles: Note: _DR_ is " a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]."

A. "Perinatal mortality in the Netherlands. Backgrounds of a worsening international ranking," by Joop Garssen and Anouschka van der Meulen (Vol. 11, Article 13, December 2004, .pdf format, p. 357-394).

Abstract:

Perinatal mortality rates have dropped sharply in the past few decades, in the Netherlands as well as in all other European countries. However, as the decrease has generally slowed down since the 1980s, the Netherlands has lost its prominent position in the international ranking of countries with favourable perinatal mortality rates. This lower ranking is not only the result of the dialectics of progress, but also the consequence of a relatively restrained use of antenatal diagnostics. In addition, the Netherlands is among the European countries scoring highest on a number of important risk factors. This article examines the effect on perinatal mortality rates of known risk factors, in particular the presence of non-western foreigners, multiple births and older mothers. With respect to the latter factor, it is concluded that children of older mothers run a significantly higher risk of foetal mortality, whereas babies of young mothers (including women in their early twenties) run a higher risk of infant mortality. For babies of non-western mothers, infant mortality rates are higher, although there are substantial differences between ethnic backgrounds. First week mortality is most unfavourable for Surinamese and Antillean/Aruban children, and post-neonatal mortality is highest among Turkish and Moroccan babies. The fact that relatively many non-western foreigners from countries with relatively high risks of perinatal mortality have settled in the Netherlands, is one of the reasons for the fall in the international ranking. Lastly, the increase in the number of multiple births has been stronger in the Netherlands than in most other countries. The higher incidence of assisted reproduction explains most of this increase.

B. "Marital Dissolution in Japan: Recent Trends and Patterns," by James M. Raymo, Larry Bumpass, and Miho Iwasawa (Vol. 11, Article 14, December 2004, .pdf format, p. 395-420).

Abstract:

Very little is known about recent trends in divorce in Japan. In this paper, we use Japanese vital statistics and census data to describe trends in the experience of marital dissolution across the life course, and to examine change over time in educational differentials in divorce. Cumulative probabilities of marital dissolution have increased rapidly across successive marriage cohorts over the past twenty years, and synthetic period estimates suggest that roughly one-third of Japanese marriages are now likely to end in divorce. Estimates of educational differentials also indicate a rapid increase in the extent to which divorce is concentrated at lower levels of education. While educational differentials were negligible in 1980, by 2000, women who had not gone beyond high school were far more likely to be divorced than those with more education.

http://www.demographic-research.org/

Click on "Enter".
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La Comision Economica para America Latina (CEPAL) Periodical: _Revista de la Cepal_ (No. 84, December 2004, .pdf format). Note 1: _Revista_ requires free registration (in Spanish) before providing articles. Note 2: This publication is in Spanish. For more information see:

http://www.eclac.cl/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=/prensa/noticias/comunicados/1/20471/P20471.xml&xsl=/prensa/tpl/p6f.xsl
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Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean (ECLAC) Report Summary: "Social Panorama of Latin America 2004" (November 2004, .pdf format, 41p.).

http://www.eclac.org/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=/publicaciones/xml/1/20391/P20391.xml&xsl=/dds/tpl-i/p9f.xsl&base=/tpl-i/top-bottom.xsl

Click on the down arrows next to "Download document" on the right side of the page for summary.
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National Association of Hispanic Journalists Report: "Network Brownout 2004: The Portrayal of Latinos & Latino Issues in Network Television News, 2003: Quantitative & Qualitative Analysis of the Coverage," by Federico Subervi, Joseph Torres, and Daniela Montalvo (December 2004, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.nahj.org/resources/NetworkBrownout2004.pdf

News release:

http://www.nahj.org/nahjnews/articles/2004/december/121304_networkbrownout.shtml

More about NAHJ:

http://www.nahj.org/aboutnahj/aboutnahj.shtml
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Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society Report: "The Contribution of Degree Subject to the Gender Wage Gap Among Graduates: A Comparison of Britain, France and Germany," by Stephen Machin and Patrick A. Puhani (September 2004, .pdf format, 22p.).

http://www.agf.org.uk/pubs/pdfs/1429web.pdf

More information on AGF:

http://www.agf.org.uk/about/about.shtml
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Joseph Rowntree Foundation Monograph: _One Hundred Years of Poverty and Policy_ by Howard Glennerster, John Hills, David Piachaud, and Jo Webb (December 2004, .pdf format, 188p.).

http://www.jrf.org.uk/bookshop/details.asp?pubid=657

Click on the PDF icon at the bottom of the page for full text.

More information on JRF:

http://www.jrf.org.uk/about/
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Kaiser Family Foundation/_San Jose [California] Mercury News_ Survey: "Survey of Asians In the Bay Area" (December 2004, chartpack, .pdf format, 40p., survey toplines, .pdf format, 56p.).

http://www.kff.org/newsmedia/pomr121204pkg.cfm
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Wisconsin Public Health and Health Policy Institute Report: "2004 Wisconsin County Health Rankings," by Paul Peppard, Angela Kempf, Elizabeth Dranger, David Kindig, and Patrick Remington (December 2004, .pdf format, 13p., with data tables in .pdf format).

http://www.pophealth.wisc.edu/wphi/research/rptpg2004.htm

More information about WPHHPI:

http://www.pophealth.wisc.edu/wphi/about.htm
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Urban Institute Report: "How Child Welfare Funding Fared during the Recession," by Cynthia Andrews Scarcella, Roseana Bess, Erica H. Zielewski, Lindsay Warner, and Rob Geen (The Cost of Protecting Vulnerable Children IV, December 2004, .pdf format, 181p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411115
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Kennedy School of Government Program on Education Policy and Governance (Harvard University) [Cambridge, Massachusetts] Report: "Achievement in Charter Schools and Regular Public Schools in the United States: Understanding the Differences," by Caroline Hoxby (December 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

This study compares the reading and mathematics proficiency of charter school students to that of their fellow students in neighboring public schools. Ninety-nine percent of all elementary students in charter schools are included in the study. The charter schools are compared to the schools that their students would most likely otherwise attend: the nearest regular public school with a similar racial composition (the "matched" school). Compared to students in the matched regular public school, charter students are 5.2 percent more likely to be proficient in reading and 3.2 percent more likely to be proficient in math on their state's exams. Students in charter schools that have been in operation longer are more likely to have a proficiency advantage over their peers in the matched regular public school. In reading, the advantage is 2.5 percent for a charter school that has been operating 1 to 4 years, 5.2 percent for a school operating 5 to 8 years, and 10.1 percent for a school operating 9 to 11 years. Also, charter school students are more likely to have a proficiency advantage if their school has funding that is at least forty percent of that enjoyed by regular public schools. The results suggest that charter schools are especially likely to raise the achievement of students who are poor or Hispanic.

http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/pepg/pdf/HoxbyCharters_Dec2004.pdf
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_New England Journal of Medicine_ Book Review Extract: _The Return of the White Plague: Global Poverty and the 'New' Tuberculosis_, edited by Matthew Gandy and Alimuddin Zumla, reviewed by Kenneth G. Castro ((_New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 351, No. 25, Dec. 16, 2004, p. 2665-2666).

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/extract/351/25/2665-a
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 51, Dec. 20, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology: "Temporal and Spatial Variation in 20th Century U.S. Great Plains Population Change," by Katherine J. Curtis White (WP 2004-12, July 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Although the Great Plains region typically connotes population loss, there are periods in its history more accurately associated with growth. And while the Plains might be considered homogeneous, there is reason to suspect variation in patterns of population growth across the vast region. Using census data, I employ growth curve modeling and GIS techniques to assess the nature and extent of temporal and spatial variation in county population change throughout the 20th century. The region experienced overall growth during the Settlement Period (1900-1930), negative growth during the Crisis and Post-War Periods (1930-1950 and 1950-1970), and a return to positive growth in the Agricultural Bust Period (1970-2000). However, results also suggest that there is considerable variation in growth between these time periods as well as variation across geography within the eras corresponding with important historical events. These findings motivate further analysis of potential correlates driving temporal and spatial patterns of variation.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2004-12.pdf
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University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty:

A. "Sibling Similarity and Difference in Socioeconomic Status," by Dalton Conley, Rebecca Glauber, and Sheera Olasky (Discussion Paper DP 1291-04, December 2004, .pdf format. 47p.).

Abstract:

Previous researchers have examined the effect of unmeasured family background on a variety of socioeconomic outcomes, such as educational attainment, welfare usage, and earnings among men. That research has used a variety of data sources and measurement techniques to arrive at estimates of the similarity between siblings in these outcomes. The current paper reviews this work and extends this line of inquiry by considering sisters in addition to brothers, by considering wealth in addition to income, by examining differences in sibling correlations across population subgroups, and by examining age-cohort differences in correlations across these population subgroups. Given the important role that women now occupy in the labor market and the overall system of economic stratification, it is important to document sister associations on a full range of outcome measures. Likewise, wealth is now taken to be a key component of socioeconomic status, so documenting sibling correlations in net worth is important in describing the degree of economic mobility in U.S. society. Finally, differences in sibling correlations in SES by demographic subgroups imply--but do not necessarily confirm--potentially different processes by which advantaged and disadvantaged families interact with the social structure of opportunity in the wider society. Results show that the sibling correlation among sisters is higher across the board than among brothers. Sibling correlations for wealth are similar to those for income. Finally, a mixed pattern regarding the relationship between level of disadvantage--measured through race, family size, and mother's education--and sibling resemblance emerges from comparisons without regard to cohort effects. However, analyses of only the most recent cohort of Americans show a clearer pattern, relating a disadvantaged background to greater sibling discordance. Net worth consistently demonstrates greater sibling resemblance among more disadvantaged families, perhaps reflecting a floor effect. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of these findings for stratification research and estimation of family background effects.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/pubs/dp129104.pdf

B. "Food Hardships and Child Behavior Problems among Low-Income Children," by Kristen Shook Slack and Joan Yoo (Discussion Paper DP 1290-04, November 2004, .pdf format. 41p.).

Abstract:

Using data from two waves of a panel study of families who currently or recently received cash welfare benefits, we test hypotheses about the relationship between food hardships and behavior problems among two different age groups (458 children ages 3-5-and 747 children ages 6-12). Results show that food hardships are positively associated with externalizing behavior problems for older children, even after controlling for potential mediators such as parental stress, warmth, and depression. Food hardships are positively associated with internalizing behavior problems for older children, and with both externalizing and internalizing behavior problems for younger children, but these effects are mediated by parental characteristics. The implications of these findings for child and family interventions and food assistance programs are discussed.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/pubs/dp129004.pdf
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Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]: "Mortality in Varying Environment," by Maxim S. Finkelstein (WP-2004-029, December 2004, .pdf format, 14p.).

Abstract:

An impact of environment on mortality, similar to survival analysis, is often modeled by the proportional hazards model, which assumes the corresponding comparison with a baseline environment. This model describes the memory-less property, when the mortality rate at a given instant of time depends only on the environment at this instant of time and does not depend on the history. In the presence of degradation the assumption of this kind is usually unrealistic and history-dependent models should be considered. The simplest stochastic degradation model is the accelerated life model. We discuss these models for the cohort setting and apply the developed approach to the period setting for the case when environment (stress) is modeled by the functions with switching points (jumps in the level of the stress).

http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2004-029.pdf
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University of Texas Population Research Center: "Immigrant Acculturation, Gender, and Health Behavior," by Lorena Lopez-Gonzalez, Veronica C. Aravena, and Robert A. Hummer (WP 04-05-06, December 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

Abstract:

Previous research shows that the health behavior of immigrants is favorable to that of native-born adults in the United States. We utilize pooled data from the 1998-2001 National Health Interview Surveys and multinomial logistic regression techniques to build on this literature and examine the association between acculturation and immigrant smoking and alcohol use. We also examine how acculturation relates to health behaviors by gender. Results indicate that the health behavior of more acculturated immigrant women is less positive than that of less acculturated women. For men, acculturation seems to make little difference for health behavior. Thus, it is important to not only consider how acculturation is related to health, but how the acculturation process differs across population subgroups.

http://www.prc.utexas.edu/working_papers/wp_pdf/04-05-06.pdf
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Princeton University Education Research Section:

A. "Race, Income and College in 25 Years: The Continuing Legacy of Segregation and Discrimination," by Alan B. Krueger, Jesse Rothstein, and Sarah Turner (Working Paper 9, November 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

The rate at which racial gaps in pre-collegiate academic achievement can plausibly be expected to erode is a matter of great interest and much uncertainty. In her opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger, Supreme Court Justice O'Connor took a firm stand: "We expect that 25 years from now, the use of racial preferences will no longer be necessary . . ." We evaluate the plausibility of Justice O'Connor's forecast, by projecting the racial composition and SAT distribution of the elite college applicant pool 25 years from now. We focus on two important margins: First, changes in the black-white relative distribution of income, and second, narrowing of the test score gap between black and white students within family income groups. Other things equal, progress on each margin can be expected to reduce the racial gap in qualifications among students pursuing admission to the most selective colleges. Under plausible assumptions, however, projected economic progress will not yield nearly as much racial diversity as is currently obtained with race-sensitive admissions. Simulations that assume additional increases in black students' test scores, beyond those deriving from changes in family income, yield more optimistic estimates. In this scenario, race-blind rules approach the black representation among admitted students seen today at moderately selective institutions, but continue to fall short at the most selective schools. Maintaining a critical mass of African American students at the most selective institutions would require policies at the elementary and secondary levels or changes in parenting practices that deliver unprecedented success in narrowing the test score gap in the next quarter century.

http://www.ers.princeton.edu/workingpapers/9ers.pdf

B. "Does Competition Among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers? A Comment on Hoxby (2000)," by Jesse Rothstein (Working Paper 10, December 2004, .pdf format, 69p.).

http://www.ers.princeton.edu/workingpapers/10ers.pdf
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Brookings Institution: "Toward a New Metropolis: The Opportunity To Rebuild America," by Arthur C. Nelson (December 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).

http://www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20041213_rebuildamerica.htm
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Luxembourg Income Study: LIS has added the following working papers to its electronic holdings. Extensive abstracts, as well as links to full text, can be found at:

http://www.lisproject.org/publications/wpapersh.htm

No. 394. The Age Profile of Income and the Burden of Unfunded Transfers in Four Countries: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study, by Gary Burtless, November 2004.

No. 395. Ireland's Income Distribution in Comparative Perspective, by Brian Nolan and Timothy Smeeding, December 2004.
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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Are There Gender and Country of Origin Differences in Immigrant Labor Market Outcomes across European Destinations?" by Alicia Adsera and Barry R. Chiswick (Discussion Paper 1432, December 2004, .pdf format, 44p.).

Abstract:

The paper uses the 1994-2000 waves of the European Community Household Panel to conduct a systematic analysis of the earnings of immigrants as compared to native workers, in particular to test whether there is any systematic variation in the labor market performance of immigrants across gender related to duration in the destination, schooling, age at immigration, country of origin, or country of destination. We find a significant negative effect of immigrant status on individual earnings of around 40% at the time of arrival in the pooled sample, although the difference is somewhat smaller for women. Those differences, however, vary greatly across countries with migrants in Germany and Portugal faring best relative to natives, and those in Sweden, Denmark, Luxembourg or Spain the worst, particularly among non-EU born migrants. Gender differences are more important among those born outside the European Union, with women doing relatively better than men. Among men, those from Asia, Latin-America and Eastern Europe receive the lowest earnings. Latin-American and Eastern European women are at the bottom of the women's distribution. Earnings increase with duration in the destination and the foreign born "catch-up" to the native born, others variables being the same, at around 18 years in the destination among both men and women. Education matters more for women in terms of explaining earnings, whereas language skills are relatively more important for men.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1432.pdf

B. "Do Migrants Get Good Jobs? New Migrant Settlement in Australia," by Pramod N. (Raja) Junankar and Stephane Mahuteau (Discussion Paper 1434, December 2004, .pdf format, 21p.)

Abstract:

This paper investigates the ease with which recent immigrants to Australia from different countries and with different visa categories enter employment at an appropriate level to their prior education and experience in the source country. Unlike most of the earlier research in this field that studied the labour market status of migrants (probabilities of employment, or unemployment, or participation, or wage equation) this paper focuses on the quality of job that the migrant obtains on arrival in Australia. We provide alternative definitions of what is a good job in terms of objective and subjective criteria. The paper uses two sets of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia data: the first cohort that arrived in 1993-95 and the second cohort that arrived in 1999-2000. In particular we would study how changes in social security legislation in 1997, (two year waiting period for eligibility for benefits) affected the quality of job held by new migrants. In comparing the behaviour of migrants in the labour market with and without access to social security benefits we would study whether migrants are more likely to accept bad jobs after the legislative changes. The paper uses bivariate probit models to estimate the probabilities of holding a good job in terms of the usual human capital and demographic variables (including the visa category for entry into Australia). Our results suggest that the policy change had a positive impact on the probability to find a job but a negative impact to hold a good job.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1434.pdf
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Center for Economic Studies (CES) and the Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [University of Munich, Germany]: "The Effect Heterogeneity of Central Exams: Evidence from TIMSS, TIMSS-Repeat and PISA," by Ludger Woessmann (Working Paper 1330, November 2004, .pdf format, 25p.).

Abstract:

This paper uses extensive student-level micro databases of three international student achievement tests to estimate heterogeneity in the effect of external exit exams on student performance along three dimensions. First, quantile regressions show that the effect tends to increase with student ability. But it does not differ substantially for most measured family-background characteristics. Second, central exams have complementary effects to school autonomy. Third, the effect of central exit exams increases during the course of secondary education, and regular standardised examination exerts additional positive effects. Thus, there is substantial heterogeneity in the central exam effect along student, school and time dimensions.

http://www.cesifo.de/~DocCIDL/cesifo1_wp1330.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Gender and Society (Vol. 19, No. 1, February 2005).

International Migration (Vol. 42, No. 5, December 2004).

Journal of Human Resources (Vol. 39, No. 4, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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CONFERENCES:

Centers for Disease Control: "Health Disparities: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities," 19th National Conference on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, to be held in Atlanta, Georgia, Mar. 1-3, 2005. For more information see:

http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/conference/overview.htm

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

National Institutes of Health Notice, Program Announcement:

A. "Announcing 2005 NIH Regional Seminars in Program Funding and Grants Administration" (NOT-OD-05-019, Dec. 17, 2004). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-05-019.html

B. "Social and Cultural Dimensions of Health" (PA-05-029, Dec. 17, 2004). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-05-029.html
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Population Reference Bureau: "2005-2006 PRB Fellows Program in Population Policy Communications." For more information see:

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/Content/ContentGroups/Events_Training/Policy_Fellows_Flyer.htm

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DATA:

National Longitudinal Study:

All of the below items can be found at:

http://www.chrr.ohio-state.edu/nls-info/ordering/display_db.php3

A. National Longitudinal Study of Youth: The Ohio State University Center for Human Resources Research (CHRR) has released the following data from the NLSY79, which can be downloaded directly from the above listed website:

NLSY79, 1979-2002, Main File and Work History Data, R12.2 (D79-R12.2)

Click on "NLSY79" and look for item no. D79-R12.2.

B. "Mature Women 1967-2003 data release" (D-Mature Women 2003)

Click on "NLS Mature Women and Young Women and look for item no. D-Mature Women 2003.

C. "Young Women 1968-2003 Data Release (D-Young Women 2003)

Click on "NLS Mature Women and Young Women and look for item no. D-Young Women 2003.

Note: users will need CHRR's extraction software NLS Database Investigator to use this data. It can be downloaded from:

http://www.nlsinfo.org/dbgator/index.php3
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National Center for Health Statistics: "The Division of Health Interview Statistics (DHIS) of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) announces the Internet release of the 2003 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data files and supporting documentation (December 2004, datasets in Windows or DOS self-decompressing [.exe] ASCII format, documentation in .pdf format, SPSS, SAS, and Stata data input statements in ASCII format).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhis/quest_data_related_1997_forward.htm

Scroll to "2003 NHIS"
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National Cancer Institute: "Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) US Population Data, 1969-2002 (December 2004, Windows or DOS self-decompressing [.exe] ASCII format). "County-Level Populations are available for the following time periods and "races": 1969-2002: White, Black, Other; 1990-2002: Expanded Races (White, Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian/Pacific Islander) by Origin (Hispanic, Non-Hispanic); Population files with 19 age groups (<1, 1-4, ..., 80-84, 85+) and with 85 single-year age groups (<1, 1, 2, ..., 84, 85+) are provided. The 19-group files are currently available for download below. The single-year files will be available on or before April 8, 2005."

http://seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html
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Medical Expenditure Panel Study:

A. "HC-067I: Appendix to MEPS 2002 Event Files": (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, December 2004, data in .zip or .exe compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation in HTML, .pdf, and asp format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements in ASCII format).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=175

B. "HC-069: 2002 Medical Conditions File" US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, December 2004, data in .zip or .exe compressed ASCII and SAS transport format, documentation in HTML, .pdf, and asp format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements in ASCII format).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=174
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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: The University of Michigan ICPSR Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) has announced the release of the 2003 "Monitoring the Future 8th/10th and 12th grade studies...on the archive and DAS (Data Analysis System web extractor). The archival version of the studies includes an ASCII data file, SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files (for Stata, the do file), and the Stata dictionary."

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/SAMHDA-SERIES/00035.xml
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National Science Foundation: "Science and Engineering State Profiles: 2001-2003" (December 2004, Microsoft Excel and .pdf format).

http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf05301/start.htm

Click on map for Excel spreadsheet for that state, or scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on .xls or .pdf.

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBR) Hate Crimes 1995-2000: Juvenile Victims and Offenders: This site, provided by the University of West Virginia, supported by a grant from the US Justice Department, has two goals: "(1) To conduct an analysis of NIBRS hate crime data reported between 1995 and 2000 (focusing on juvenile victims and offenders) and (2) To provide direction to other analysts and researchers in terms of accessing and analyzing NIBRS data." To that end, it provides selected tabular and graphic analysis of 1995-2000 NIBR Hate Crimes data, and 1995-2000 NIBR data in SPSS and Microsoft Access format. The authors are James J. Nolan, III, F. Carson Mencken, and Jack McDevitt.

http://www.as.wvu.edu/~jnolan/nibrshatecrime.html

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu