Current Demographic Research Report #48, September 7, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

NCHS Chartbook, Data Users Conference Presentations
Centers for Disease Control Report, Surveillance Summary
National Institutes of Health News Release, Notice
World Health Organization Health Update, News Release, Periodical
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
Conference Board of Canada Report
_Demographic Research_ Article
Reuters Health Article
Demographic and Health Surveys Report
Urban Institute Reports
Roper Center Public Opinion Matters
Info Health Pop Reporter
Panel Study of Income Development--Child Development Supplement
Bibliography Update
NLS Bibliography Updates

WORKING PAPERS

University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
Princeton University Office of Population Research
University of Washington Center for the Studies in Demography and Ecology
National Bureau of Economic Research
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]
University of Kent [UK] Department of Economics

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

CONFERENCES

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

National Center for Education Statistics

DATA

National Center for Health Statistics
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

National Institutes of Health

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.:

National Center for Health Statistics Chartbook, Data Users Conference Presentations:

A. "Women's Health and Mortality Chartbook," by Kate M. Brett and Suzanne G. Haynes (August 2004, .pdf format, 106p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/statab/chartbook.htm

B. "Selected Presentations From the NCHS 2004 Data Users Conference" (Microsoft PowerPoint format).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/events/duc2004/ducpresentations2004.htm
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Centers for Disease Control Report, Surveillance Summary:

A. "Emergency Nutrition and Mortality Surveys Conducted Among Sudanese Refugees and Chadian Villagers, Northeast Chad, June 2004," by Basia Tomczyk, Eileen Dunne, Michelle Chang, Stefano Fedele, Leisel Talley, and Curtis Blanton (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees [UNHCR], United Nations World Food Programme [WFP], United Nations Children~Rs Fund [UNICEF], Ministry of Health-Chad [MOH-Chad], and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2004, .pdf format, 59p.). Note: the report, along with two others: "Emergency Nutrition and Mortality Surveys, Northeast Chad, June 2004" (Microsoft PowerPoint format); and "Comparison of Global Acute Malnutrition and Crude Mortality Rates: Refugees in Goma (1994), Gode, Ethiopia (1999-2000) and Chad (2004) (.pdf format, 1p.), are linked to from a CDC news release: "CDC Survey Documents Serious Crisis In Sudanese Refugee Children" (August 2004).

http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ierh/chad.htm

B. "Surveillance for Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries --- United States, 2001," by Sara B. Vyrostek, Joseph L. Annest, and George W. Ryan (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Surveillance Summaries, Vol. 53, No. SS07, Sep. 3, 2004, HTML and .pdf format).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5307a1.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/ss/ss5307.pdf
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National Institutes of Health News Release, Notice:

A. "Scientists Estimate Probability of Death From Breast Cancer and Other Causes Following Diagnosis" (Aug. 31, 2004).

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/aug2004/nci-31.htm

B. "Notice: Enhanced Public Access to NIH Research Information" (NOT-OD-04-064, Sep. 3, 2004).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-04-064.html
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World Health Organization Health Update, News Release, Periodical:

A. "Health update for Darfur, Sudan and Chad: Disease surveillance systems in Darfur" (Aug. 31, 2004).

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/briefings/2004/mb4/en/

B. "A globally effective HIV vaccine requires greater participation of women and adolescents in clinical trials" (Aug. 31, 2004).

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2004/pr59/en/

C. _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 82, No. 9, September 2004, .pdf format).

http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/82/9/en/
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report: "The Long-Term Uninsured in America, 1999 to 2000: Estimates for the U.S. Population under Age 65," by Jeffrey A. Rhoades (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, MEPS Statistical Brief #52, August 2004, .pdf format, 5p.). "Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC) for 1999 and 2000, this Statistical Brief shows the estimated size of the civilian non-institutionalized non-elderly (under age 65) population that was uninsured for up to two years, 1999 to 2000, and identifies groups especially at risk of lacking health insurance."

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=632
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Bureau of Labor Statistics Report: "Employment from the BLS household and payroll surveys: summary of recent trends" (Sep. 3, 2004, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.bls.gov/cps/ces_cps_trends.pdf
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National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2001-02," by Crecilla Cohen and Frank Johnson (NCES 2004341, September 2004, .pdf format, 14p.). "This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2001-02. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil."

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004341
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Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: _U.S. Housing Market Conditions_ (Second Quarter 2004, August 2004, .pdf format). "_U.S. Housing Market Conditions_, published quarterly, is a compilation of statistical data and written reports. Tabular data indicate market conditions on the national level and are presented for each quarter. Historical data are also presented in summary tables. Overviews of economic and housing market trends are presented for ten geographical regions, the report for each of which includes a profile on a selected housing market. Each issue includes a summary of the overall trends in national housing and a topical piece that describes a particular, noteworthy aspect of housing activity."

http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/ushmc.html

Click on "Current Issue".
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Conference Board of Canada Report: "Challenging Health System Sustainability: Understanding Health System Performance of Leading Countries" (July 2004, .pdf format, 118p.).

http://www.health.gov.ab.ca/resources/publications/pdf/Conference_Board2.pdf
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_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is " a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research." "Grandparental effects on reproductive strategizing Nobi villagers in Early Modern Japan," by G. William Skinner (Vol. 11, Article 5, September 2004, .pdf format, p. 111-148).

Abstract:

This paper analyzes data from the household registers for two villages in the Nobi region of central Japan in the late Edo period (1717-1869) to assess how grandparents may have affected reproductive strategizing in stem families. The particulars of the family system fostered a culturally favored set of reproductive goals, in particular, a daughter as eldest child, followed by a son (and heir), coupled with gender alternation in subsequent reproduction and overall gender balance. This reproductive strategy was generally followed during the stem phase of the domestic cycle, when one or both grandparents were present, especially when the family head was in the senior generation. By contrast, a son-first strategy was favored when childbearing began in the conjugal phase of the cycle. This suggests grandparental influence on the junior couple's reproductive decisions in favor of the cultural ideal. I find that the senior couple's decision to marry the heir early or late strongly affects the reproductive strategies followed by him after marriage. I show that when a grandmother is present at the onset of childbearing, especially if she is relatively young, the junior couple ends up with more offspring on average. A controlled analysis of infanticiding behavior is interpreted in terms of conjugal power and coalition formation. It appears that a grandmother gets her way only when she and her son gang up on the daughter-in-law, but such a coalition is likely only when her son dominates the conjugal relationship (which in turn reflects the grandmother's success in binding the son tightly to her emotionally and in delaying his marriage). Otherwise, the grandmother may be shut out from reproductive decision-making by the solidary conjugal coalition.

http://www.demographic-research.org/

Click on "Enter"
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Reuters Health Article: "Unsafe abortions kill 70,000 women a year: report," by Patricia Reaney (Reuters Health, Sep. 1, 2004).

http://www.reutershealth.com/archive/2004/09/01/eline/links/20040901elin007.html
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Demographic and Health Surveys Report: "Kenya 2003: Kenya Demographic and Health Survey" (FR151, July 2004, .pdf format, 372p.). Note: Up to ten free print copies can be obtained by clicking on "Add to Cart" at the bottom of the page,

http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdftoc.cfm?ID=462
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Urban Institute Reports:

A. "An Update to State Policy Initiatives to Reduce Teen and Adult Nonmarital Childbearing," by Richard Wertheimer and Angela Romano Papillo (New Federalism: Issues and Options for States A-66, August 2004, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311049

B. "Election 2004: Marriage and Family" (September 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.). "Marriage is a topic that has both united and divided Americans in 2004. While the Healthy Marriage proposal ("to encourage the formation and maintenance of healthy two parent married families and responsible fatherhood") languishes in the Senate as part of welfare reform's reauthorization, civil unions and same-sex marriage are debated everywhere voters turn. This fact sheet presents data and estimates behind two aspects of the marriage debate--healthy marriage education and same-sex marriage--using Urban Institute research on the well-being of children living with cohabiting, married, and same-sex couples."

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=900732

C. "NSAF (National Survey of America's Families) Survey Methods and Data Reliability: Report No. 1," by Natalie Abi-Habib, Adam Safir, and Timothy Triplett (2002 NSAF Methodology Series No. 1, September 2004, .pdf format, 19p). "This report in the Round Three Methodology Series provides readers with an introduction to the National Survey of America's Families, its sample design, data collection techniques, and estimation methods. An overview is also provided describing the survey's dual-frame design, the format of interviews, and the types of questions asked. In addition, the methods used to minimize errors and compensate for those that are unavoidable in data collection are described. Finally, the report presents information on the survey's resulting reliability--both in terms of sampling and nonsampling errors."

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=900733
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Roper Center Public Opinion Matters: The latest issue of "Public Opinion Matters" (Roper Center, University of Connecticut), concerns public opinion on Education. Included are selected questions from Roper's 400,000 question iPOLL database, as well as links to selected relevant articles and Roper surveys.

http://roperweb.ropercenter.uconn.edu/cgi-bin/hsrun.exe/Roperweb/pom/pom.htx;start=HS_special_topics?Topic=education
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 36, Sep. 7, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/
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Panel Study of Income Development--Child Development Supplement Bibliography Update: PSID-CDS at the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, has recently added the following citations to its bibliography:

Achilles, Georgianna M. Individual Differences in Morningness-Eveningness and Patterns of Psychological Functioning, Social Adaptation and Family Stress. New Mexico: The University of New Mexico; 2003.

Williams, Trina Rachelle. The Impact of Household Wealth and Poverty on Child Development Outcomes: Examining Asset Effects: Washington University; 2003.

PSID-CDS Bibliography:

http://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/Publications/Bibliography/BrowseKeywordsQ.aspx?ID=5
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NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

http://www.nlsbibliography.org/

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Aug. 30, 2004 - Sep. 3, 2004.

STEEN, TODD P.
The Relationship Between Religion and Earnings: Recent Evidence from the
NLS Youth Cohort
International Journal of Social Economics 31,5/6 (2004): 572-582. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=13772291&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4648
Publisher: Emerald

LIGHT, AUDREY L.
STRAYER, WAYNE EARLE
Who Receives the College Wage Premium?
Journal of Human Resources 39,3 (Summer 2004): 746-774. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=14148286&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4649
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press

DONOHUE, SUSAN M.
HEYWOOD, JOHN S.
Job Satisfaction and Gender: An Expanded Specification from the NLSY
International Journal of Manpower 25,2 (2004): 211-235. Also:
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=14001118&db=buh
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4650
Publisher: MCB University Press

GARDNER, NICOLE P.
Linking Parental Work Experiences to Adolescents' Future Orientation
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 2004. DAI-B 65/02, p. 1050,
Aug 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4651
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

MCGINNIS, SANDRA L.
Child Well-Being in Cohabiting Homes: A Study of Outcomes and Processes
Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York At Albany, 2004. DAI-A
64/12, p. 4644, Jun 2004
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4652
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

SWEETEN, GARY ALLEN
School Dropout and Subsequent Offending: Distinguishing Selection from Causation
M.A. Thesis, University of Maryland College Park, 2004. MAI 42/04, p.
1170, Aug 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4653
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

PETTIT, BECKY
WESTERN, BRUCE
Mass Imprisonment and the Life Course: Race and Class Inequality in U.S. Incarceration
American Sociological Review 69 (2004):151-69. Also:
http://www.princeton.edu/~western/69201-pettit_proof2.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4654
Publisher: American Sociological Association

CAPUTO, RICHARD K.
Head Start and School-to-Work Program Participation
Journal of Poverty 8,2 (2004): 25-42
Cohort(s): NLSY97
ID Number: 4671
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.

DEMBE, ALLARD E.
ERICKSON, J. BIANCA
DELBOS, RACHEL
Predictors of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses: National Survey Findings
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 1,8 (August 2004): 542-550
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4672
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

READON, DAVID C.
COLEMAN, PRISCILLA K.
COUGLE, JESSE R.
Substance Use Associated With Unintended Pregnancy Outcomes in the National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 30,2 (2004): 369-383
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4674
Publisher: Marcel Dekker

ROTOLO, THOMAS
WILSON, JOHN
What Happened to the "Long Civic Generation"? Explaining Cohort Differences in Volunteerism
Social Forces 82,3 (March 2004): 1091-1121
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
ID Number: 4675
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press

KLING, JEFFREY R.
LIEBMAN, JEFFREY B.
Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects on Youth
Working Paper No. RWP04-034, John Kennedy School of Government,, Harvard
University, Cambridge, MA, August 2004. Also:
http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/research/wpaper.nsf/rwp/RWP04-034/$File/rwp_04_034b_Liebman.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4676
Publisher: John F. Kennedy School of Government

WILLIAMS, DONALD R.
Youth Self Employment: Its Nature and Consequences
Small Business Economics 23,4 (November 2004): 323-336
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4678
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology: "Health Status in a Sample of Elderly Mexicans," by Alberto Palloni, Beth Soldo, Rebecca Wong, and Mary McEniry (WP 2003-03, 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

Context. We know precious little about adult health in developing countries in general and Latin America in particular. We know even less about the health conditions of elderly individuals. Since Mexico and many other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region are and will continue to experience a very rapid process of aging, it is important to generate pertinent information and analyze it promptly to identify key features that could be used to formulate and design health policies. This is particularly useful in Mexico, and other countries of the region, which have embarked in sweeping reforms of the health sector.

Objective. We aim to investigate the health profile of elderly Mexicans aged 50 and over. We are guided by two overarching concerns. First, does the health profile of elderly Mexicans reveal any special features, distinct from what one would expect from extant research on elderly individuals? Second, is there any evidence of relations between current health status and conditions to which these individuals were subject early during their childhood?

Design, setting and population. MHAS (Mexican Health and Aging Study) is a two-wave panel of a nationally representative sample of the non-institutionalized elderly Mexican population (50 and over) and their surviving spouses. The sample included approximately 9,806 target individuals and 5,424 spouses. The rate of response for targets was 89.2% and for spouses 97.2%. The interviews for the first panel on which we focus in this paper took place during 2001 and lasted about 1.5 hours. They included modules on demographic characteristics, physical and mental health, limited marital and migration history, early childhood characteristics, family and kin, intergenerational transfers and pension, income and assets. Limited anthropometry (height, weight, knee height, waist and hip circumference) and mobility (one leg stand) was obtained for 20% of the sample. Main outcome measures. The main outcome measures obtained by MHAS were self-reported health, functional limitations (Activities of Daily Living [ADLs] and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living [IADLs]), anthropometric measures (height, weight, knee height, waist and hip circumference) as well as self-reported chronic conditions.

Results. (a) Age patterns by self-reported health behave as expected: the proportion reporting in bad health increases by age, and females are more likely than males to report themselves in bad health; (b) Similarly, the proportion reporting at least one ADL or at least one IADL increases sharply with age, and females are more likely than males to report at least one ADL (or IADL); (c) Of all the chronic conditions examined the most salient is self-reported diabetes. Even though we know that self-reports result in underestimates of diabetes prevalence, the observed prevalence is very high for both males and females but more so for females. The same patterns are observed for obesity; (d) Comparisons with the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) in the U.S. reveal that elderly in Mexico are particularly disadvantaged in terms of self reported health and IADL but not with regard to ADL. However, the most salient contrast is, once again, the one that emerges with diabetes and obesity: MHAS individuals display a higher propensity of being diabetic and obese; (e) Relations between diabetes and obesity, on the one hand, and early conditions reflected in anthropometry and retrospective reports, on the other, are not very strong but the evidence from the data is indicative of potentially important connections.

Conclusions. Preliminary findings from MHAS reveal a mixed picture. On the one hand we find that self reports of health status, ADL and IADL are in line with expectations and deviate only weakly, for example, from patterns among U.S. elderly. On the other hand we find high prevalence of diabetes and obesity, higher than among elderly in HRS, but only partial support to establish a connection between these conditions and early childhood characteristics.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2003-03.pdf
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Princeton University Office of Population Research: "Comparative Analysis of Measurement Approaches for Physiological Dysregulation in an Older Population," by Christopher L. Seplaki, Noreen Goldman, and Dana Glei, and Maxine Weinstein (WP 2004-04, 2004, .pdf format, 25p.).

Abstract:

A growing body of evidence suggests that the cumulative experience of emotional challenges and stressful events over the lifecourse may take a significant physiological toll, referred to as allostatic load, on multiple interrelated systems of the body. Multiple summary measures of these effects have been proposed in the literature, but there is no systematic evaluation of alternative measurements. We use data from a population-based sample of older Taiwanese to compare the explanatory power and predictive performance of several measures of allostatic load for diverse health outcomes. We find that, although modest, the various assumptions made when constructing measures of allostatic load do have effects that should be considered carefully. Our findings suggest development of measures that preserve the continuous properties of the component biological measurements and underscore the importance of nonlinear effects suggested in previous research. These fundamental insights are of use to applied researchers in the field currently in search of useful empirical formulations of allostatic load and to those who are focused on the development of improved measurement strategies.

http://opr.princeton.edu/papers/opr0404.pdf
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University of Washington Center for the Studies in Demography and Ecology: "Seven Decades of Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States," by Robert D. Plotnick (WP 04-09, 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).

Abstract:

Using the Panel Survey of Income Dynamics this study examines nonmarital childbearing in the U.S. during 1920-93, a time span encompassing an enormous increase in nonmarital fertility. The study provides new data on nonmarital childbearing across time periods and across and within birth cohorts. It estimates discrete hazard models of nonmarital childbearing. The results suggest both continuity and change in the social forces related to nonmarital childbearing. Continuity because the significant associations between nonmarital childbearing and personal background characteristics in models spanning 70+ years are much like those from models based on data from the last three decades. Change because change in the nature of these associations, which reflect how personal characteristics are translated into the likelihood of nonmarital childbearing in response to shifts in preferences, norms, and incentives, accounts for essentially the entire increase in nonmarital fertility between the pre- and post-1950 periods.

http://csde.washington.edu/downloads/04-09.pdf
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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "What Did the 'Illegitimacy Bonus' Reward? by Sanders Korenman, Ted Joyce, and Robert Kaestner (w10699, August 2004, .pdf format, 55p.).

Abstract:

The 'Illegitimacy Bonus,' part of 1996 welfare reform legislation, awarded $100 million in each of five years to the five states with the greatest reduction in the nonmarital birth ratio. Three states' Alabama, Michigan, and Washington DC won bonuses four or more times each, claiming nearly 60% of award monies. However, in none of these three states was the decline in the nonmarital birth ratio linked to increases in proportions married, and only in Michigan was it linked to declines in nonmarital (relative to marital) fertility within demographic groups, behavioral changes that the Illegitimacy Bonus was presumably intended to reward. Shifts in the racial composition of births accounted for 1/3 (Michigan), 2/3 (DC) or all (Alabama) of the decline in the nonmarital birth ratio. The non-marital birth ratio fell most in DC, averaging 1.5 percentage points per year over the award period. However, the number of black children born in DC fell by nearly one half from 1991 to 2001. Changes in population composition alone primarily a decline in the number of black women aged 15 to 34 can account for the entire decline in the nonmarital birth ratio in DC between 1990 and 2000.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10699

Click on PDF or submit your email address for full text.

B. "How Far to the Hospital? The Effect of Hospital Closures on Access to Care," by Thomas C. Buchmueller, Mireille Jacobson, and Cheryl Wold (w10700, August 2004, .pdf format, 45p.).

Abstract:

Do urban hospital closures affect health care access or health outcomes? We study closures in Los Angeles County between 1997 and 2003, through their effect on distance to the nearest hospital. We find that increased distance to the nearest hospital shifts regular care away from emergency rooms and outpatient clinics to doctor's offices. While most residents are otherwise unaffected by closures, lower-income residents report more difficulty accessing care, working age residents are less likely to receive HIV tests, and seniors less likely to receive flu shots. We also find some evidence that increased distance raises infant mortality rates and stronger evidence that it increases deaths from unintentional injuries and heart attacks.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10700

Click on PDF or submit your email address for full text.

C. "Abortion Legalization and Lifecycle Fertility," by Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat, Jonathan Gruber, and Phillip B. Levine (w10705, August 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

Previous research has convincingly shown that abortion legalization in the early 1970s led to a significant drop in fertility at that time. But this decline may have either represented a delay in births from a point where they were have represented a permanent reduction in fertility. We combine data from the 1970 U.S. Census and microdata from 1968 to 1999 Vital Statistics records to calculate lifetime fertility of women in the 1930s through 1960s birth cohorts. We examine whether those women who were born in early legalizing states and who passed through the early 1970s in their peak childbearing years had differential lifetime fertility patterns compared to women born in other states and in different birth cohorts. We consider the impact of abortion legalization on both the number of children ever born as well as the distribution of number of children ever born. Our results indicate that much of the reduction in fertility at the time abortion was legalized was permanent in that women did not have more subsequent births as a result. We also find that this result is largely attributable to an increase in the number of women who remained childless throughout their fertile years.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10705

Click on PDF or submit your email address for full text.

D. "How Much Might Universal Health Insurance Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Health? A Comparison of the US and Canada," by Sandra L. Decker and Dahlia K. Remler (w10715, August 2004, .pdf format, 34p.).

Abstract:

A strong association between lower socioeconomic status (SES) and worse health-- the SES-health gradient-- has been documented in many countries, but little work has compared the size of the gradient across countries. We compare the size of the income gradient in self-reported health in the US and Canada. We find that being below median income raises the likelihood that a middle aged person is in poor or fair health by about 15 percentage points in the U.S., compared to less than 8 percentage points in Canada. We also find that the 7 percentage point gradient difference between the two countries is reduced by about 4 percentage points after age 65, the age at which the virtually all U.S. citizens receive basic health insurance through Medicare. Income disparities in the probability that an individual lacks a usual source of care are also significantly larger in the US than in Canada before the age of 65, but about the same after 65. Our results are therefore consistent with the availability of universal health insurance in the U.S, or at least some other difference that occurs around the age of 65 in one country but not the other, narrowing SES differences in health between the US and Canada.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10715

Click on PDF or submit your email address for full text.
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Federal Reserve Bank of Boston: "Wives' Work and Family Income Mobility," by Katharine Bradbury and Jane Katz (Public Policy Discussion Paper No. 04-3, July 2004, .pdf format, 43p.).

Abstract:

Over the past 30 years, married women in the United States have significantly increased their labor market activity and become an integral factor in their families~R ongoing economic wellbeing. This change raises questions about the economic impact of two-earner families becoming the norm. Do American families now need both a working husband and a working wife to have any hope of getting ahead or to keep from falling behind? How much does a wife~Rs labor market activity (participation, hours, and earnings) matter in her family~Rs ability to make income gains, hold its place relative to other families, or avoid losing ground? Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this paper focuses on married-couple families during three ten-year periods (1969-79; 1979-89; 1988-98) to see whether favorable family income mobility outcomes are associated with greater wives~R labor market activity and finds that they are. Wives in families that moved ahead or maintained their position had high and rising employment rates, work hours, and pay. Moreover, the annual earnings of wives in upwardly mobile families increased relative to those of their husbands. The popular perception that families needed to work more hours just to hold their own relative to other families is confirmed, and almost all of the increase in work hours came from wives.

http://www.bos.frb.org/economic/ppdp/2004/ppdp0403.htm

Click on "Download paper" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) [Laxenburg, Austria]: "The SEDIM Model: Version 0.1.," by Warren Sanderson (Interim Report IR-04-041, August 2004, .pdf and PostScript format, 42p.).

Abstract:

This paper presents the SEDIM (Simple Economic Demographic Interaction Model) Model. The model illustrates how economic, demographic, and technological factors can be integrated into a rich, but still relatively simple framework that predicts rates of economic growth. SEDIM is designed to show the effects of demographic changes, including changes in the education composition of the population on economic performance. The model includes age- and labor market experience-based productivity rates, policy-related changes in retirement ages, old age support from intergenerational transfers, public pension systems, private capital accumulation, and endogenous technological change. The model is designed for studying out of equilibrium dynamics. SEDIM can be used to investigate historical patterns of economic development as well as for making scenarios for the future. The advantage of the model is that it can be relatively easily parameterized for a variety of countries so that it can be used to discuss the determinants of economic growth in a consistent comparative framework. It is roughly parameterized for Egypt and a few forecasts for Egypt's economic growth are shown.

http://www.iiasa.ac.at/cgi-bin/pubsrch?IR04041

Click on PDF or PS icon for link to full text.
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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "How Equal Are Educational Opportunities? Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the United States," by Ludger Woessmann (Discussion Paper DP 1284, September 2004, .pdf format, 38 p.).

Abstract:

This paper estimates the effects of family-background characteristics on student performance in the US and 17 Western European school systems. Family background has strong effects both in Europe and the United States, remarkably similar in size. France and Flemish Belgium achieve the most equitable performance for students from different family backgrounds, and Britain and Germany the least. Equality of opportunities is unrelated to countries~R mean performance. Quantile regressions show little variation in family-background effects across the ability distribution in most countries.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1284.pdf

B. "What Accounts for International Differences in Student Performance? A Re-Examination Using PISA Data," by Thomas Fuchs and Ludger Woessmann (Discussion Paperr DP 1287, September 2004, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

We use the PISA student-level achievement database to estimate international education production functions. Student characteristics, family backgrounds, home inputs, resources, teachers and institutions are all significantly related to math, science and reading achievement. Our models account for more than 85% of the between-country performance variation, with roughly 25% accruing to institutional variation. Student performance is higher with external exams and budget formulation, but also with school autonomy in textbook choice, hiring teachers and within-school budget allocations. School autonomy is more beneficial in systems with external exit exams. Students perform better in privately operated schools, but private funding is not decisive.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1287.pdf
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University of Kent [UK] Department of Economics: "Child Support and Partnership Dissolution: Evidence from the UK," by Ian Walker and Yu Zhu (Discussion Paper 04/08, August 2004, .pdf format, 32p).

Abstract:

This paper studies the determinants of partnership dissolution and focuses on the role of child support. We exploit the variation in child support liabilities driven by an important UK policy reform to separately identify the effects of children from the effect of child support liability. We find strong evidence that an increase in the child support liability significantly reduces dissolution risk. Our results suggest that child support criteria that are based on the non-custodial parent's income, compared to criteria based on aggregate incomes of both parents, would imply much smaller separation rates.

http://www.kent.ac.uk/economics/papers/papers-pdf/2004/0408.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Economic Development and Cultural Change (Vol. 52, No. 4, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Journal of Family History (Vol. 29, No. 4, October 2004).

Journal of Social Issues (Vol. 60, No. 3, 2004).

Journal of Sociology (Vol. 40, No. 3, 2004).

Public Health Reports (Vol. 119, No. 5, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Science Journal (Vol. 41, No. 3, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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Other Journals

Health Policy and Planning (Vol. 19, No. 5, September 2004).

http://heapol.oupjournals.org/content/vol19/issue5/index.shtml

Medical Care (Vol. 42, Nos. 8, 9, August, September 2004).

http://www.lww-medicalcare.com/

Click on "Archive" and then relevant issue(s) for tables of contents.

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CONFERENCES:

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE): "Seminar on New Methods For Population Censuses," a conference to be held Nov. 22, 2004 in Geneva Switzerland. Conference information (.pdf format, 10p.) can be found at:

http://www.unece.org/stats/documents/2004.11.censussem.htm

Click on PDF icon or submit your email address (envelope icon) for copy of conference information.

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

National Center for Education Statistics: "Funding Opportunities for the Secondary Analysis of NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress) Data." "The Institute of Education Sciences invites applications to its 2005 grant program for secondary analyses of the nationally representative student data collected by NAEP at grades 4, 8, and 12, and the NAEP High School Transcript Studies (HSTS). This research program encourages qualified analysts to apply fresh perspectives and ideas to the analysis of NAEP and HSTS data, and to the preparation of reports utilizing state-of-the-art techniques to analyze and report the information. Analyses and reports prepared under this program should potentially be useful to the general public, parents, educators, educational researchers, or policymakers."Application deadline is Oct. 28, 2004. For more information see:

http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/researchcenter/funding.asp

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DATA:

National Center for Health Statistics: "Bridged-race Vintage 2003 postcensal population estimates for July 1, 2000 - July 1, 2003, by year, county, single-year of age, bridged-race, Hispanic origin, and sex" (August 2004, .zip compressed or uncompressed ASCII format, with documentation in Microsoft Word format). "The population estimates in the postcensal series are based on the April 1, 2000, resident population as enumerated by the U.S. Census Bureau. They result from bridging the 31 race categories used in Census 2000, as specified in the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for the collection of data on race and ethnicity, to the four race groups specified under the 1977 OMB standards. The bridged-race postcensal estimates were prepared by the Population Estimates Program of the U.S. Census Bureau under a collaborative agreement with NCHS."

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/dvs/popbridge/datadoc.htm
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "MEPS HC-066: 2002 Person Round Plan Public Use File" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, August 2004, documentation in .pdf format with questionnaires in HTML format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements in HTML format, interactive codebook in ASP format, data in ASCII or SAS transport format, .zip or .exe auto deompression). "This MEPS public use release is one in a series of data releases drawn from the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Household Component (HC). This release contains the Person Round Plan (PRPL) file for 2002. This file contains records for persons insured through private establishments providing hospital/physician, medigap, dental, vision or prescription medication coverage and includes variables pertaining to managed care and experiences with plans. These are designed to facilitate research on the sometimes complex and dynamic relationships between consumers and their private insurance. Released as an ASCII file with SAS and SPSS programming statements, and in SAS Transport format, the PRPL file is not a person-level file and linking it to a MEPS full year person-level file (e.g., HC-062 for year 2002) requires users making analytic decisions based on understanding the complexity of the PRPL file."

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=161
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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

Current Population Survey, December 2001: Food Security Supplement (#3911)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/03911.xml

Current Population Survey, June 2002: Fertility Supplement (#3970)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/03970.xml

Correlates and Consequences of Juvenile Exposure to Violence in the United States, 1995 (#3986)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/03986.xml

Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program in the United States, 2003 (#4020)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04020.xml

Current Population Survey, February 2002: Tobacco Use Supplement (#4031)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/04031.xml

Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States]: Block Group Subset From Summary File 3 (#13576)

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/13576.xml

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

National Institutes of Health: "NIH Obesity Research. "This website presents information about NIH-supported research to facilitate progress towards obesity prevention and treatment. Through its research mission, the NIH seeks to identify genetic, behavioral, and environmental causes of obesity; to understand how obesity leads to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other serious health problems; and to build on basic and clinical research findings to develop and study innovative prevention and treatment strategies." At present the site links to NIH's strategic plan for obesity research, and several research funding opportunities.

http://obesityresearch.nih.gov/

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu