Current Demographic Research Report #40, July 12, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report Update
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical Article
Government Accountability Office (GAO) Report
National Science Foundation InfoBrief
National Academies Press Monographs
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Report
Health Canada Periodical
_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstracts
_Nature_ Article Abstract
_Lancet_ Special Issue
Kaiser Family Foundation--Various
National Survey of Families and Households Bibliography Update
Info Health Pop Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program
Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research
Institute For the Study of Labor (IZA)
Institute For Social and Economic Research (ISER)

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

National Center for Health Statistics

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

National Center for Education Statistics

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

House Judiciary Committee Hearing Publication

DATA

World Health Organization
National Center for Education Statistics
Department of Housing and Urban Development Income Estimates
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis FRASER

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Government Printing Office Congressional Hearings: Browse

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.:

Census Bureau Report: "Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Movements in the U.S. Income Distribution, 1996-1999," by John J. Hisnanick and Katherine G. Walker (Household Economic Studies P70-95, July 2004, .pdf format, 18p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/p70-95.pdf
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report Update. "The Uninsured in America, 1996-2003: Estimates for the U.S. Population under Age 65," by Jeffrey A. Rhoades and Joel W. Cohen (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, MEPS Statistical Brief #45, July 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.). This report, covered in last week's CDERR, has been updated.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/papers/updates/udnote_sb45.htm
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National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2002," by Margaret Lethbridge-Cejku,Jeannine S. Schiller, and Luther Bernadel (Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 22, July 2004, .pdf format, 151p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_222.pdf
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Centers for Disease Control Periodical Article: "Trends in Primary and Secondary Syphilis and HIV Infections in Men Who Have Sex with Men --- San Francisco and Los Angeles, California, 1998--2002" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ ,Vol. 53, No. 26, Jul. 9, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 575-578).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5326a1.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5326.pdf
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Government Accountability Office (General Accounting Office) Report:"Global Health: U.S. AIDS Coordinator Addressing Some Key Challenges to Expanding Treatment but Others Remain" (GAO-04-784, July 2004, .pdf format, 79p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04784.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "Employment Sector, Salaries, Publishing, and Patenting Activities of S&E Doctorate Holders," by Thomas B. Hoffer (InfoBrief NSF 04-328, June 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p., with selected Microsoft Excel spreadsheets).

http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/infbrief/nsf04328/start.htm

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National Academies Press Monographs:

A. _Strengthening Peer Review in Federal Agencies that Support Education Research_, edited by Lisa Towne, Jack M. Fletcher, and Lauress L. Wise (Committee on Research and Education, National Research Council, 2004, OpenBook format, 83p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11042.html

B. _War, Humanitarian Crises, Population Displacement, and Fertility: A Review of Evidence_, by Kenneth Hill (Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration, Program on Forced Migration and Health at the Mailman School of Public Health Columbia University, National Research Council, 2004 OpenBook format, 48p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11005.html

C. _Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion_, edited by Lynn Nielsen-Bohlman, Allison M. Panzer, David A. Kindig (Committee on Health Literacy, Institute of Medicine, 2004, OpenBook format, 368p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10883.html

D. _Scaling Up Treatment for the Global AIDS Pandemic: Challenges and Opportunities_, edited by James Curran, Haile Debas, Monisha Arya, Patrick Kelley, Stacey Knobler, and Leslie Pray (Committee on Examining the Probable Consequences of Alternative Patterns of Widespread Antiretroviral Drug Use in Resource-Constrained Settings, Institute of Medicine, OpenBook format, 300p.). Note: Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11043.html
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Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Report: "UNAIDS 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic (2004, HTML and .pdf format, 231p.).

http://www.unaids.org/bangkok2004/report.html
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Health Canada Periodical: _Health Policy Research Bulletin_ (Issue 8, May 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 48p.). The topic of this issue is: "Health Human Resources: Balancing Supply and Demand"

HTML:

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/iacb-dgiac/arad-draa/english/rmdd/bulletin/ehuman.html

.pdf:

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/iacb-dgiac/arad-draa/english/rmdd/bulletin/ehuman.pdf
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_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstracts:

A. "Selective facilitation of sexual solicitation in the female rat by a melanocortin receptor agonist," by James G. Pfaus, Annette Shadiack, Tanya Van Soest, Maric Tse, and Perry Molinoff (Vol. 101, No. 27, Jul. 6, 2004, p. 10201-10204).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/27/10201?etoc

B. "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in hospitals and the community: Stealth dynamics and control catastrophes," by B.S. Cooper, G.F. Medley, S.P. Stone, C.C. Kibbler, B.D. Cookson, J.A. Roberts, G. Duckworth, R. Lai, and S. Ebrahim (Vol. 101, No. 27, Jul. 6, 2004, p. 10223-10228).

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/27/10223?etoc
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_Nature_ Article Abstract: "The challenge of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases," by David K. Morens, Gregory K. Folkers, and Anthony S. Fauci (_Nature_ Insight, Vol. 430, No. 6996, Jul. 8, 2004, p. 242-249).

http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/Dynapage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v430/n6996/abs/nature02759_fs.html

National Institutes of Health news release pertaining to article:

http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/jul2004/niaid-07.htm
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_Lancet_ Special Issue: The Jul. 3, 2004 (Vol. 364, No. 9428), issue of _Lancet_ is a special issue devoted to the worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic. Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content of any kind. Many of _Lancet's_ articles are subscription based only.

http://www.thelancet.com/journal/vol364/iss9428/contents
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Kaiser Family Foundation AIDS Factsheets, Survey Results, Issue Paper, Budget Analysis:

A. "Global HIV/AIDS and Impact on Youth." This page links to two KFF factsheets (both July 2004, .pdf format, 2p.) titled "The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic," and "The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS on Youth." Both incorporate the newly released UNAIDS AIDS estimates (see above).

http://www.kff.org/hivaids/hiv070604pkg.cfm

B. "_Seventeen Magazine_ and Kaiser Family Foundation Release Survey of Teens About Birth Control and Protection_ (survey report, July 2004, .pdf format, 4p., toplines, July 2004, .pdf format, 4p.)" "As part of an on-going public information partnership called SexSmarts, seventeen and the Kaiser Family Foundation conduct nationally representative surveys of teens 15 to 17 on issues related to their sexual health. The latest in the series examines their knowledge and attitudes about birth control and protection among adolescents. It covers a variety of issues related to contraception decision-making among adolescents, including how much they know about different methods and personal use among those who are sexually active."

http://www.kff.org/entpartnerships/phip070604pkg.cfm

C. "Economic Stress and the Safety Net: A Health Center Update," by Sara Rosenbaum, Peter Shin, and Julie Darnell (KFF Medicaid and the Uninsured Issue Paper, June 2004, .pdf format, 16p.). "The issue paper provides data on the demographic profile of health center patients and the revenue sources available for financing their care, including recent increases in federal discretionary funding. It examines the impact of the recent economic downturn on health centers in selected communities, exploring the effect of elevated unemployment levels among lower wage workers, declining private health insurance coverage, and widespread cutbacks in Medicaid--the single most important source of health center financing."

http://www.kff.org/uninsured/7122.cfm

D. "The President's FY 2005 Budget Proposal: Overview and Briefing Charts" (KFF Medicaid and the Uninsured, June 2004, .pdf format, 16p.). "The overview and briefing charts present information on the President's FY 2005 budget proposal to Congress beginning with federal surplus/deficit spending historical data and a summary of the overall composition of the Administration's budget request. The charts then detail information on the President's funding proposals for major health programs."

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/7115.cfm
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National Survey of Families and Households (University of Wisconsin-Madison) Bibliography Update: NSFH has recently updated its bibliography. New references include:

Raley, R. K., and Bratter, J. 2004. "Not even if you were the last person on earth! How marital search constraints affect the likelihood of marriage." Journal of Family Issues 25(2): 167-181.

Sassler, S., and Goldscheider, F. 2004. "Revisiting Jane Austen's theory of marriage timing: Changes in union formation among American men in the late 20th century." Journal of Family Issues 25(2): 139-166.

Stafford, Laura; Kline, Susan L.; and Rankin, Caroline T. 2004. "Married individuals, cohabiters, and cohabiters who marry: A longitudinal study of relational and individual well-being." Journal of Social & Personal Relationships 21(2): 231-248.

Voydanoff, Patricia. 2004. "The effects of work and community resources and demands on family integration." Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 25, 7-23.

Voydanoff, Patricia. 2004. "Work, community, and parenting resources and demands as predictors of adolescent problems and grades." Journal of Adolescent Research, 19, 155-173.

http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/nsfh/bib.htm
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 30, Jul. 12, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program:

A. "Why Did the Welfare Caseload Decline?" by Jacob Alex Klerman and Caroline Danielson (WR-167, June 2004, .pdf format, 56p.).

A substantial literature has considered the effects of welfare reform policies on the aggregate caseload but has been less successful in disaggregating the effects of specific policies. Using monthly caseload data from October 1989 through June 2003, we estimate a flexible model for the dynamic response of the welfare caseload to the economy and to the three major welfare reform policies. Our results are consistent with the predictions of economic theory and indicate the importance of carefully specifying the intensity and dynamics of policy changes and of including a rich set of measures of the economy.

http://www.rand.org/publications/WR/WR167/WR167.pdf

B. "The Interactive Effect of Birth Weight and Parental Investment on Child Test Scores," by David S. Loughran, Ashlesha Datar, and M. Rebecca Kilburn ((WR-168, June 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

This paper explores how observed and unobserved parental investments compensate for low birth weight. Controlling for family fixed effects, which encompass unobserved parental investment, we find birth weight positively correlates with math and reading scores and these estimates are considerably larger in magnitude than estimates derived from models that do not control for family fixed effects. Additionally, we examine how three specific parental investments -- kindergarten entrance age, maternal labor supply, and family size -- interact with birth weight in models of child test scores. Of these investments, only smaller family size conveys particular advantage to low birth weight children.

http://www.rand.org/publications/WR/WR168/WR168.pdf

C. "Under-Reporting of Medicaid and Welfare in the Current Population Survey," by Jacob Alex Klerman, Jeanne S. Ringel, and Beth Roth (WR-169, June 2004, .pdf format, 73p.).

http://www.rand.org/publications/WR/WR169/WR169.pdf
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Syracuse University Maxwell School Center for Policy Research:

A. "Welfare State Expenditures and the Distribution of Child Opportunities," by Irwin Garfinkel, Lee Rainwater, and Timothy M. Smeeding (Working Paper 63, June 2004, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

This paper estimates the redistributive effects of welfare state expenditures on children and disparities in the economic well-being of children in ten nations and relates the two. Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and other sources for cash and non-cash social welfare benefits are used to describe differences in the size and nature of welfare states and their distributional effects. The OECD data are combined with micro data on household incomes from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) both to estimate the redistributive effects of the expenditures and taxes and to construct measures of the differences in the relative standard of living among children at various points in the income distributions of their countries. These measures may be thought of as capturing at least one of the essentials of the degree to which the poorest children in the country have a "fair chance" and "an equal opportunity chance" to succeed economically. The results indicate a wide range of differences in levels of economic resources and support for children within, as well as between, nations. The degree to which children have fair and equal opportunity chances varies considerably across countries and depends critically upon welfare state benefits. Taking account of non-cash benefits substantially reduces cross national differences, but does not eliminate them. Subject to a number of qualifications mentioned at the end of the paper, we find that non-cash benefits are particularly important for low-income American children and their families.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/cprwps/wps63abs.htm

Click on "Click here..." at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "Do We Invest Less Time in Children? Trends in Parental Time in Selected Industrialized Countries Since the 1960s," by Anne H. Gauthier, Timothy M. Smeeding, and Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr. (Working Paper 64, June 2004, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines trends in parental time in selected industrialized countries since the 1960s using time-use survey data. Despite the time pressures to which todays families are confronted, parents appear to be devoting more time to children than they did some 40 years ago. Results also suggest a decrease in the differences between fathers and mothers in time devoted to children. Mothers continue to devote more time to child care than fathers, but the gender gap has been reduced. These results are observed in several countries and therefore suggest a large global trend towards an increase in parental time investment with their children.

http://www-cpr.maxwell.syr.edu/cprwps/wps64abs.htm

Click on "Click here..." at the bottom of the abstract for full text.
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Institute For the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Intergenerational Effects in Sweden: What Can We Learn from Adoption Data?" by Anders Bjorklund, Mikael Lindahl, and Erik Plug (Discussion Paper 1194, June 2004, .pdf format, 53p.)

Abstract:

We explore the adoption data approach to estimating causal effects of parental education and income on the same outcomes of their children. Thanks to a data set drawn from Swedish population registers with detailed information on biological background and history of adoptees, we can test basic assumptions that the adoption strategy relies on. We find that the adoption method survives these tests surprisingly well. Our empirical results suggest that one more year of either mothers or fathers education raises children's education by about 0.1 year. Our estimated income elasticities are around 0.1.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1194.pdf

B. "The Return to a University Education in Great Britain," by Peter J. Sloane and Nigel C. O'Leary (Discussion Paper 1199, June 2004, .pdf format, 37p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we estimate the rate of return to first degrees, masters degrees and PhDs in Britain using data from the Labour Force Survey. We estimate returns to broad subject groups and more narrowly defined disciplines, distinguishing returns by gender and attempting to control for variations in student quality across disciplines. The results reveal considerable heterogeneity in returns to particular degree programmes and by gender, which have important policy implications for charging students for the costs of their education.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1199.pdf
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Institute For Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "Methods for Achieving Equivalence of Samples in Cross-National Surveys," by Peter Lynn, Siegfried Gabler, Sabine Hader, and Seppo Laaksonen (Working Paper 2004-09, .pdf format, 32p.).

Abstract:

Most surveys carried out at national or sub-national level involve a single sample design and sampling frame. Where multiple frames are used, they are typically to access different sub-populations. For cross-national surveys, however, it is usually necessary to use a different design in each nation to sample from an analogous national population. Cross-national sampling frames are rare. In this paper, we describe procedures used to obtain equivalence of sample designs in 22 nations in round 1 of the European Social Survey. We evaluate the implementation of the procedures and we summarise lessons for the design of cross-national surveys. We focus particularly on novel aspects of the procedures. These include specification of national sample sizes in terms of "effective sample size" and provision of guidelines on how to predict design effect components and how to use the predictions to determine the necessary sample size. We also discuss procedures for interaction between the various parties involved: the ESS central co-ordinating team, the ESS sampling panel, national coordinators and field work organisations.

http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/pubs/workpaps/pdf/2004-09.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Demography (Vol. 41, No. 2, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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Other Journals

Epidemiologic Reviews (Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health), Vol. 26, 2004).

http://epirev.oupjournals.org/content/vol26/issue1/

Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 23, No. 3, June 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/0167-5923/contents

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS:

National Center for Health Statistics: "Eighth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods," edited by M.L. Cynamon and M.L. Lekowski (2004, .pdf format, 214p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/misc/proceedings_hsrm2004.pdf

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

National Center for Education Statistics: NCES has announced six openings for statisticians. For more information see:

http://nces.ed.gov/whatsnew/jobs.asp

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

House Judiciary Committee Hearing Publication: "Legal Threats to Traditional Marriage: Implications for Public Policy," a hearing held Apr. 22, 2004 (US House Serial Publication No. 76, ASCII text and .pdf format, 148p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house10ch108.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "Serial No. 76" (without the quotes).

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DATA:

World Health Organization: WHO has recently updated data from its WHO Mortality Database. Documentation (.zip compressed Microsoft Word format), countries/years available (.zip compressed Microsoft Excel format), reference populations and live births (.zip compressed ASCII data) and the ICD9 and ICD10 (International Classification of Diseases) (.zip compressed ASCII data) files were all updated as of Jul. 12, 2004.

http://www3.who.int/whosis/mort/text/download.cfm?path=whosis,whsa,mort_download&language=english

Note: Data updates are at the bottom of the page.
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National Center for Education Statistics: "User's Manual for the ECLS-K Third Grade Public-Use Data Files and Electronic Code Book" (NCES 2004001, June 2004, .pdf format, 375p.). "The ECLS-K third grade public-use data are available on CD-ROM. The User's Manual is reproduced on the CD and includes a description of the design and instrumentation of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) and information to help users access and use the data files and electronic codebook."

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004001
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Department of Housing and Urban Development Income Estimates: "FY 2004 Median Income Estimates Using Revised (CBSA) OMB Area Definitions" (July 2004, Microsoft Word and/or .pdf format).

http://www.huduser.org/datasets/il/IL04Est/index.html
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis FRASER: "The Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research is the newest project by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis to expand on its mission to provide economic information and data to researchers interested in the U.S. economy. On this web site you will find links to scanned images (in Adobe Acrobat PDF format) of historical economic statistical publications, releases, and documents. When used in connection with data contained in FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data), FRASER allows the researcher to create uninterrupted data series by accessing sources previously available only in printed form and those currently available electronically (on FRED). In addition, the ability to retrieve series presented in preliminary, revised, and final releases provides a powerful tool in recreating and evaluating previous economic research and policy." Note that the site is a work in progress, with additional .pdfs being scheduled to be added to the database.

http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Government Printing Office: "Congressional Hearings: Browse." GPO has recently added this feature to its GPO Access site. Interested researchers can now browse House and Senate hearing publications going back to the 105th Congress (1997-98).

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/browse.html

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu