Current Demographic Research Report #19, February 16, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

Census Bureau Compendium
National Center for Health Statistics Reports
National Science Foundation Report, Info Brief
Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release, Handbook Chapter Update, Periodical
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Report
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Report
_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Articles
Health Canada Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Brief Report
Urban Institute Report
Monitoring the Future News Release
Info Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

University of Michigan Population Studies Center
National Bureau of Economic Research
UCLA Department of Economics
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)
Groupment de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (GRES)

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Census Bureau Student Summer Internships

CONFERENCES

London School of Economics

DATA

National Center for Education Statistics
Fedstats
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Census Bureau Compendium: _2003 Statistical Abstract of the United States_ (.pdf format, 1030p.). Note: Individual tables can be most easily found by referring to the Index to find table numbers, and then finding the table(s) of interest in the table of contents, which is listed by table number. Statistical Abstracts going back to 1995 are available at the site. The Abstract is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "From Spuds to Duds, New Statistical Abstract Has It All" (Feb. 12, 2004).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/miscellaneous/001681.html

Click on "Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003" for links to full text.
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National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "Summary Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2001," by J.W. Lucas, J.S. Schiller, and V. Benson (Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 218, January 2004, .pdf format, 134p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_218.pdf

B. "Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2002," by Kenneth D. Kochanek and Betty L. Smith (National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 52, No. 13, February 2004, .pdf format, 48p.). The report is linked to from a NCHS news release: "U.S. Life Expectancy at All-Time High, But Infant Mortality Increases" (Feb. 11, 2004).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/releases/04news/infantmort.htm

Click on "View/download PDF" for full text.

C. "Supplemental Analyses of Recent Trends in Infant Mortality," by Kenneth D. Kochanek and Joyce A. Martin (February 2004).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/infantmort/infantmort.htm
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National Science Foundation Report, Info Brief:

A. "Changes in Federal Support for Academic S&E and R&D Activities Since the 1970s" (NSF 04-304, November 2003, (HTML and .pdf format, with statistical tables available in .pdf and Microsoft Excel format [via the HTML link]).

http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf04304/start.htm

B. "U.S. R&D Projected to Have Grown Marginally in 2003," by Brandon Shackelford (NSF 04-307, February 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 5p., with a table in Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/infbrief/nsf04307/start.htm
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Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release, Handbook Chapter Update, Periodical:

A. "Economic and Employment Projections--2002-2012" (Feb. 11, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/ecopro.toc.htm

B. _BLS Handbook of Methods_: Chapter 2 Update: Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Establishment Survey (February 2004).

http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch2_itc.htm

C. "NLS [National Longitudinal Surveys] News" (No. 04-116, 2004, .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.bls.gov/nls/nls116.pdf
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Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Report: "State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) FY 03 Enrollment Data" (February 2004, .pdf format, 1p.).

http://www.cms.hhs.gov/schip/enrollment/default.asp
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Report: "Explanations for the Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases, by David Finkelhor and Lisa M. Jones (OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin NCJ 199298, January 2004, .pdf format, 12p.). "This bulletin discusses the decline in the number of sexual abuse cases substantiated by child protective service agencies between 1992 and 2000, and explores the strengths and weaknesses of six possible explanations for the decline by using data from a number of different sources."

http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/ojjdp/199298.pdf
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_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Articles:

A. "Outbreaks of Avian Influenza A (H5N1) in Asia and Interim Recommendations for Evaluation and Reporting of Suspected Cases --- United States, 2004" (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 53, No. 5, Feb. 13, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 97-100).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5305a1.htm

B. "Cases of Influenza A (H5N1) --- Thailand, 2004" (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 53, No. 5, Feb. 13, 2004, HTML and .pdf format, p. 100-103).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5305a2.htm

.pdf for both articles:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5305.pdf

Maps: World Health Organization via Europa.eu.int (European Union) server:

Avian Influenza Infections in Humans:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/health/ph_threats/com/Influenza/images/influenza.jpg

Recent Outbreaks of Avian Influenza in Birds in Asia:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/health/ph_threats/com/Influenza/images/pathogenic.jpg

Density of Poultry in Southeast Asia:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/health/ph_threats/com/Influenza/images/poultry.jpg
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Health Canada Report: "Canadian Perinatal Health Report: 2003," (2004, .pdf format, 227p.).

English:

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/pphb-dgspsp/publicat/cphr-rspc03/index.html

Click on "Canadian Perinatal Health Report 2003" directly below "2003" for full text.

French:

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/pphb-dgspsp/publicat/cphr-rspc03/index_f.html

Click on "Rapport sur la sante perinatale au Canada 2003" directly below"2003" for full text.
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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Brief Report: "Trends in Antibiotic Use among U.S. Children Aged 0 to 4 Years, 1996-2000," by William A. Carroll and G. Edward Miller (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, February 2004, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).

Abstract:

This Statistical Brief presents data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component (MEPS-HC) on antibiotic drug use by U.S. children aged 0 to 4 years for the calendar years 1996 through 2000. The definition of antibiotics includes all major classes of oral antibiotics but excludes topical antibiotics. The estimates presented come from the MEPS Full-Year Files for 1996-2000 and the MEPS Prescribed Medicines Files for the same period.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=599

HTML and .pdf links are at the bottom of the abstract.
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Urban Institute Report: "The Dimensions, Pathways, and Consequences of Youth Reentry," by Daniel P. Mears and Jeremy Travis (January 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

Approximately 200,000 juveniles and young adults age 24 and under leave secure juvenile correctional facilities or state and federal prisons and return home each year--a process that we call youth reentry. The unprecedented growth in incarceration means that communities across the country increasingly must confront the challenges of integrating ever-growing numbers of young people who have been in adult prisons or prison-like settings operated by the juvenile justice system. Youth may face numerous obstacles, including family dysfunction, poverty, drug abuse, and inadequate education, treatment, and services, all of which may not only contribute to criminal behavior but also to their success during reentry in avoiding crime and becoming a contributing member of society. This report, which summarizes the insights of participants in the Urban Institute's Youth Reentry Roundtable, examines these issues and provides policy and research recommendations.

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=410927
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Monitoring the Future News Release: "Substance use is still common at age 35, U-M study finds" (Monitoring the Future, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Jan. 5, 2004, .pdf format, 3p.).

http://monitoringthefuture.org/pressreleases/age35use010504.pdf
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 7, Feb. 16, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "Access to Treatment and Care Associated with HIV Infection among Members of AIDS Support Groups in Thailand," by Mark VanLandingham, Wassana Im-em, and Fumihiko Yokota (PSC Research Report 04-550, February 2004, .pdf format, 14p.).

Abstract:

To examine current treatments for persons living with HIV and AIDS (PHAs) in Thailand, we analyze data collected during 2000 from 425 members of PHA support organizations in Bangkok and three upcountry provinces. Nearly all of these respondents report symptoms related to their infection with HIV - about 12% report severe symptoms - and most (71%) report ever having received modern medical care for HIV-related symptoms. A smaller percentage (30%) report ever use of herbal treatments. Small proportions of those who had experienced severe symptoms report treatments with anti-retroviral medication; treatment for opportunistic infections; or treatment for pain. Treatment with ARV or for pain are reported by only 4% of those who had experienced severe symptoms. Only small proportions of the sample are spending substantial sums on HIV-related treatments; the government's health card system appears to play an important role in keeping treatment costs down for PHAs and their families. Being open about one's HIV status to one's community is positively associated with receiving modern treatment in multivariate analysis. Women respondents enjoy greater access to the government's health card system than the men, and are more likely to be open to their communities about their HIV-status. But multivariate models that include controls for illness severity and other potentially confounding factors indicate that women are less likely than men to receive modern treatments for HIV-related ailments. Implications of the findings are discussed.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/rr04-550.pdf

B. "The Fraction of Disability Caused at Work," by Robert Reville and Robert F. Schoeni (PSC Research Report 04-551, February 2004, .pdf format, 15p.).

Abstract:

Disability has high societal and personal costs, with various federal and state programs attempting to address the needs of people with disabilities. The annual cost of workplace injuries to Medicare and SSDI is roughly $30 billion. The study reported here estimates the proportion of the disabled population whose disability was caused by a workplace injury, accident, or illness. We used data from the 1992 Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative cohort study of the U.S. population. The sample consists of 9,754 men and women 51 to 61 years old in 1992 who completed an in-person questionnaire. We found that, among people 51 to 61 years old whose health limits the amount or kind of work they can do, 36% became disabled because of an accident, injury, or illness at work. Among people 51 to 61 years old who are receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), 37% are disabled because of an accident, injury, or illness at work. The workplace is a more common source of disability among men than women: among SSDI recipients, 45% of men and 26% of women are disabled because of work. Because occupational injuries and illnesses are a common pathway to disability, workplace injury prevention and rehabilitation may have far greater social benefits than previously realized.

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/papers/rr04-551.pdf
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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "The Demand for Sons: Evidence from Divorce, Fertility, and Shotgun Marriage," by Gordon B. Dahl and Enrico Moretti (w10281, February 2004, .pdf format, 70p.).

Abstract:

This paper shows how parental preferences for sons versus daughters affect divorce, child custody, marriage, shotgun marriage when the sex of the child is known before birth, and fertility stopping rules. We document that parents with girls are significantly more likely to be divorced, that divorced fathers are more likely to have custody of their sons, and that women with only girls are substantially more likely to have never been married. Perhaps the most striking evidence comes from the analysis of shotgun marriages. Among those who have an ultrasound test during their pregnancy, mothers carrying a boy are more likely to be married at delivery. When we turn to fertility, we find that in families with at least two children, the probability of having another child is higher for all-girl families than all-boy families. This preference for sons seems to be largely driven by fathers, with men reporting they would rather have a boy by more than a two to one margin. In the final part of the paper, we compare the effects for the U.S. to five developing countries.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10281

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: Health and Nutrition in Pre-Columbian America," by Richard H. Steckel (w10299, February 2004, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Lack of evidence has been the major obstacle to understanding trends and differences in human welfare over the millennia. This paper explains and applies methods that are obscure to most academics and essentially unknown to the general public. A millennial perspective is best obtained from skeletal remains, which depict not only childhood health conditions but also processes of degeneration that accompany aging and strenuous physical effort. Compiled into an index of health, data from 23 localities as part of a large collaborative project on the Western Hemisphere reveal diverse health conditions for the pre-Columbian population. For reasons not yet understood populations moved over time into less healthy ecological environments. The analysis has implications for understanding environmental determinants of health, the pattern of European conquest, pre-contact population size, investigating human adaptation to climate change, and discovering prime movers of very long-term economic growth.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/w10299

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.
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UCLA Department of Economics: "Demography and the Long-Run Predictability of the Stock Market," by John Geanakoplos, Michael Magill, and Martine Quinzii (December 2003, .pdf format, 51p.).

http://www.econ.ucla.edu/iobara/seminar/final_GMQ.pdf
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Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) [Milan/Genoa/Venice/Turin, Italy]:"Globalisation, Population and Ecology," by Jack Goody (WP 112.03, December 2003, .pdf format, 20p.).

Abstract:

This paper deals with some variables that are not generally included as economic or market variables in order to show how these affect the question of population growth, which is after all the core of resource allocation. It shows that population growth may also depend on better medical treatments, higher productivity, less local violence and the decline of customary restraints (i.e. social and family pressures), and not only on the evaluation of the benefits and losses of having more children in relation to limited property resources. On the other hand, as far as demographic transition is concerned, there is one essential factor that affects family size throughout the world. This is education. School has decreased mortality by the emphasis on personal and household hygiene. It has then decreased fertility by the increased costs of bringing up children in a school situation, i.e. demographic transition is set in progress without urbanization, industrialization and scarcely without modernization, except for the school itself. Education, as we know it, preceded industrialization and intrusive urbanization in Europe too. It was not until very late (1870) that attempts at introducing compulsory education were made, and it was mass schooling that made a marked difference. Widespread education may also accomplish the control on fertility, i.e. later marriage. Education promotes consumerism and when there is a large gap between achievement in the economic and educational domains, major difficulties arise. Despite earlier hopes the economy has not expanded pari passu with education. There is a gap between the literates and the number of jobs. This discrepancy has produced a floating population of the young who are a threat to political stability. The other outlet is migration overseas. For good or for bad the globalisation of education releases a potent force in the globalisation of the family.

http://www.feem.it/Feem/Pub/Publications/WPapers/WP2003-112.htm

Click on "download" at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

More information on FEEM:

http://www.feem.it/Feem/Func/Overview/default.htm
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Groupment de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (GRES) [Universite Montesquieu-Bordeaux/Universite des Sciences Sociales Toulouse, France:"Rural Urbanity and Rural Metropolises as Emerging Patterns of Urban Growth," by Claude Lacour and Sylvette Puissant (WP 2004-03, February 2004, .pdf format, 24p.).

http://beagle.montesquieu.u-bordeaux.fr/gres/publications/2004/2004-03.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal (Vol. 32, No. 3, March 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Gender and Society (Vol. 18, No. 1, 2004).

International Labor Review (Vol. 142, No. 3, December 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Forces (Vol. 82, No. 2, 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Social Science Journal (Vol. 41, No. 1, 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Science and Medicine (Vol. 58, No. 7, 8, April 2004).
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Other Journals:

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 109, No. 4, January 2004). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/journal/contents/v109n4.html

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Census Bureau Student Summer Internships: The Bureau is presently accepting applications for summer internships. "Internships are available throughout the US Census Bureau including the Demographic Directorate. The Demographic Directorate 2004 Summer Internship Program consists of a paid, ten-week core program. Candidates selected for participation in the Demographic Directorate Summer Internship Program will begin their employment on or about June 1, 2004. Internships with the Demographic Directorate offer qualified applicants an opportunity to work in one of the following areas: Demographic Surveys Division, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, and Population Division. Selected interns will have the opportunity to work on a variety of topics ranging from traditional topics such as survey design, educational attainment, poverty, housing, family relationships, population estimates, as well as with new data on multiple racial and ethnic identification, immigration, child care, economic status, and HIV/AIDS ... These opportunities represent a chance to investigate a wide variety of social, demographic, and economic conditions for very detailed geographic and demographic categories. The Demographic Directorate Summer Internship Program consists of a combination of substantive work and a series of technical and substantive training seminars. We seek individuals at all levels (BA, MA, PhD) that are self-starters and highly motivated with excellent analytic, quantitative, computer, and communication skills." For more information see:

http://www.census.gov/hrd/www/jobs/stu_temp.html

or contact Karen Humes, Internship Opportunities, Population Division, US Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233-8800; Fax: 301.457.2644; E-mail: karen.humes@census.gov
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CONFERENCES:

London School of Economics: "5th European Conference on Health Economics 2004," to be held in London, UK Sept. 8 - 11, 2004. For more information see:

http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/LSEHealthAndSocialCare/europeanConferenceOnHealthEconomics2004/Default.htm

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DATA:

National Center for Education Statistics: "School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) 2000 Public-use Data Files, User's Manual, and Detailed Data Documentation" (November 2003, SAS, SPSS, STATA, and ASCII format, with documentation in .pdf format). "This CD contains the raw, public-use data from the 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) along with a User's Manual and Detailed Data Documentation." The CD is available free of charge. Ordering information is available at the site.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004306
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Fedstats: FedStats, the inter-government statistical data site, in conjunction with the Department of Housing and Urban Development, has added city statistics to its MapStats subsite. Demographic profiles of cities over 25,000 population are available via a simple extraction system.

http://www.fedstats.gov/qf/
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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research:

National Survey of Substance Abuse Services (N-SSATS) Series:

http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/SAMHDA-SERIES/00058.xml

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu