Current Demographic Research Report #16, January 26, 2004.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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Index to this issue:

REPORTS, ARTICLES, COMPENDIUMS

National Center for Health Statistics Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical
Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release
US General Accounting Office Report
US Department of Agriculture Report
World Health Organization Report
International Labor Organization Compendium
National Academies Press Monographs
Kaiser Family Foundation Report
Info Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

Princeton Office of Population Research
National Bureau of Economic Research
IESE Business School

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Ingenta
Other Journals

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

National Science Foundation
National Institutes of Health

DATA

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

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REPORTS, ARTICLES, NEWS RELEASES, COMPENDIUMS, MONOGRAPHS

National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Health Insurance Coverage: Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January--June 2003," by Robin A. Cohen and Hanyu Ni (January 2004, .pdf format, 13p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/insur200401.pdf
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Centers for Disease Control Periodical: _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 10, No. 2, February 2004, HTML and .pdf format). This issue contains several articles about Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/pastcon.htm
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Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release: "Union Members in 2003" (Jan. 21, 2004, ASCII text and .pdf format, 11p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.toc.htm
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US General Accounting Office Report: "Support for Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System" (GAO-04-256, .pdf format, 73p.).

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04256.pdf

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/gaoreports/index.html
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US Department of Agriculture Report: "The Demand for Food Away from Home: Full Service or Fast Food," by Hayden Stewart, Noel Blisard, Sanjib Bhuyan, and Rodolfo M. Nayga, Jr. (Agricultural Economic Report AER-829, January 2004, .pdf format, 23p.). "This publication examines how population trends and rising incomes will affect spending on food away from home, and estimates the expected growth rates in spending for food at full-service and fast food restaurants."

http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/AER829/
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World Health Organization Report: "International Migration, Health, and Human Rights" (Health and Human Rights Publication Series, Issue No. 4, December 2003, .pdf format, 36p.).

http://www.who.int/hhr/activities/en/intl_migration_hhr.pdf
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International Labor Organization Compendium: _Global Employment Trends 2004_ (January 2004, .pdf format, 41p.). The publication can be linked to from an ILO news release: "Global unemployment remains at record levels in 2003 but annual ILO jobs report sees signs of recovery" (Jan. 22, 2004).

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inf/pr/2004/1.htm

Click on "ILO's Global Employment Trends 2004," and then "English" under "VIEW PDF" for full text.
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National Academies Press Monographs:

A. _The 2000 Census: Counting Under Adversity_, edited by Constance F. Citro, Daniel L. Cork, and Janet L. Norwood (National Research Council, 2004, OpenBook format, 592p.). Note: print copy ordering information is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10907.html

Click on OpenBook on left side of the screen for link to full text.

B. _New Frontiers in Contraceptive Research: A Blueprint for Action_, edited by Sharyl J. Nass and Jerome F. Strauss III (2004, OpenBook format, 244p.). Note: print copy ordering information is available at the site.

http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10905.html
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Kaiser Family Foundation Report: "Medicaid Outpatient Prescription Drug Benefits: Findings from a National Survey, 2003" (December 2003, .pdf format, 60p.).

Abstract:

This survey of state Medicaid pharmacy programs updates a survey conducted in 2000 and reports Medicaid prescription drug policies in effect in early 2003. It covers utilization management policies, payment and purchasing policies, utilization review policies, and policies for managed care enrollees and persons residing in institutions.

http://www.kff.org/medicaid/4164.cfm
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Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 4, No. 4, Jan. 26, 2004). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

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WORKING PAPERS:

Princeton Office of Population Research: "Life Experiences, Strength of Emotional Response, and Sex-specific Mortality Risk Zones," by Lauren Hale (Working Paper 2004-01, 2004, .pdf format, 35p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce a new operationalization of the concept of allostatic load -- the cumulative biological burden exacted on the body through attempts to adapt to life's demands. We use a recursive partitioning (RP) methodology to specify categories of low, intermediate, and high risks of later-life mortality. The risk categories are defined in terms of either low or high ranges of values on the biomarkers, each of which has been implicated as an indicator of possible dysregulation in one or more biological systems. We find that the cumulation of positive life experiences is positively related to membership in a low mortality risk zone, thereby supporting our contention that our operationalization of allostatic load is interpretable as a biological signature of adaptation to life challenges. We also find sex differences in risk categories and their corresponding associations with emotional response profiles.

http://opr.princeton.edu/papers/opr0401.pdf
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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "What Happens When Child Care Inspections and Complaints Are Made Available on the Internet?" by Ann Dryden Witte and Magaly Queralt (w10227, January 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

We provide substantial evidence that placing child care provider inspection and complaint reports on the Internet changed the behavior of child care inspectors and improved the quality of child care received by low-income children. We believe that these results were forthcoming in part because: (1) the media widely reported the availability of this information on the Web, (2) the information was easy to locate and use and (3) the inspector's name and contact information appeared on the first page of the reports. To be more specific, we find that, after child care provider inspection and complaint reports are made available on the Internet: (1) inspectors produce significantly more inspection reports and (2) inspectors become significantly more likely to provide mixed reviews of centers in the course of their routine inspections, finding that centers sometimes meet minimum standards and other times fail to do so. Controlling for time trends and other unobserved policy and economic changes, we also find that, after inspection reports are made available on the Internet, there is a significant improvement in classroom environment and center management at centers serving low-income children with child care subsidies. While the magnitude of the improvement in terms of observational assessment scores (i.e., 2.82 points, or of a standard deviation) is moderate, it is comparable in size to improvements often achieved by more expensive approaches to improve classroom environment or the curriculum.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10227

Click on "PDF or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

B. "Some Simple Analytics of School Quality," by Eric A. Hanushek (w10229, January 2004, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

Most empirical analyses of human capital have concentrated solely on the quantity of schooling attained by individuals, ignoring quality differences. This focus contrasts sharply with policy considerations that almost exclusively consider school quality issues. This paper presents basic evidence about the impact of school quality on individual earnings and on economic growth. The calculations emphasize how benefits relate to both the magnitude and the speed of quality improvements. It then considers alternative school reform policies focused on improvements in teacher quality, identifying how much change is required. Finally, teacher bonus policies are put into the context of potential benefits.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10229

Click on "PDF or submit your email address at the bottom of the page for full text.

C. "Efficiency with Endogenous Population Growth," by Mikhail Golosov, Larry E. Jones, and Michele Tertilt (w10231, January 2004, .pdf format, 62p.).

Abstract:

In this paper, we generalize the notion of Pareto-efficiency to make it
applicable to environments with endogenous populations. Two efficiency concepts are proposed, P-efficiency and A-efficiency. The two concepts differ in how they treat people who are not born. We show how these concepts relate to the notion of Pareto-efficiency when fertility is exogenous. We then prove versions of the first welfare theorem assuming that decision making is efficient within the dynasty. Finally, we give two sets of sufficient conditions for non-cooperative equilibria of family decision problems to be efficient. These include the Barro and Becker model as a special case.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10231

D. "How Well Do Parents With Young Children Combine Work and Family Life," by Christopher J. Ruhm (w10247, January 2004, .pdf format, 23p.).

Abstract:

This study examines trends in labor force involvement, household structure, and some activities that may complicate the efforts of parents with young children to balance work and family life. Next I consider whether employer policies mitigate or exacerbate these difficulties and, since the policies adopted in the United States diverge dramatically from those in many other industrialized countries, provide some international comparisons before speculating on possible sources and effects of the differences.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W10247
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IESE Business School [University of Navarre, Barcelona Spain]: "Comparing Non-fatal Health Across Countries: Is the US Medical System Better?" by David M. Cutler and Nuria Mass (WP 525, November 2003, .pdf format, 32p.).

Abstract:

The primary focus of the paper is to assess whether the US, which spends significantly more than any other country in health care, has better health outcomes. It has long been clear that mortality as a whole is not better in the US than in other countries. We focus our analysis on the US performance for the treatment of non-fatal health outcomes and we compare the health of the United States to that of Canada, the United Kingdom and Spain. Our results indicate a discrepancy between high quality of life for some outcomes and low quality of life for others. Such discrepancy is not attributable to measurement issues in determining a person's quality of life, nor is it attributable to differing performance by income. Our results suggest that the discrepancy is due to the fact that the US does better for the treatment of conditions where high-tech medicine is a key to better health and worse in conditions requiring substantial chronic disease management.

http://www.iese.edu/research/pdfs/DI-0525-E.pdf

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

http://www.ingenta.com/

B. click on "browse by publication"
C. Click the "fax/ariel" radio button, type the Journal Name in the "by words in the title" search box and click "search".
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

AIDS (Vol. 18, No. 1, 2004).

European Journal of Public Health (Vol. 13, No. 1 Supplement, September, December 2003). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and these issues.
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Other Journals:

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 159, No. 3, Feb. 1, 2004).

http://aje.oupjournals.org/content/vol159/issue3/index.shtml?etoc

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

National Science Foundation: "Human and Social Dynamics: Competition for FY 2004" (Dec. 30, 2003, HTML, .pdf, and ASCII text format, 22p.). For more information see:

http://www.nsf.gov/pubsys/ods/getpub.cfm?nsf04537
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National Institutes of Health:

A. "Meetings and Networks for Methodological Development in Interdisciplinary Research" (RFA-RM-04-014, Jan. 23, 2004). For more information, see:

http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-RM-04-014.html

B. "New Information On the NICHD Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (K01): Population Research" (NOT-HD-04-005, Jan. 22, 2004). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-HD-04-005.html

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DATA:

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

Census Quality Survey Public Use Data File, 2001: [United States] (#3901)

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu:8080/ICPSR-STUDY/03901.xml

Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample: 5-Percent Sample (#13568)

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu:8080/ICPSR-STUDY/13568.xml

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu