Current Demographic Research Report #115, January 4, 2006.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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CDERR is compiled and edited by Jack Solock, Charlie Fiss, and John Carlson of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

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NOTE! Index Items marked with *** indicate there are related articles. Articles can be found with the item in the body of the report. We cannot guarantee the permanence of related article addresses. They may be available in Lexis-Nexis, ProQuest Newspapers. Check your organization's library.

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Index to this issue:

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

U.S.

Census Bureau Various

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Prescription Drug Expenditures in the 10 Largest States for Persons under Age 65, 2003"

National Cancer Institute Report: "Cancer Trends Progress Report: 2005 Update"

Centers for Disease Control Periodical, Periodical Articles, Report

US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in Indian Country, 2002"

Bureau of Labor Statistics--Various

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Background Characteristics, Work Activities, and Compensation of Instructional Faculty and Staff: Fall 2003"

US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Depression among Adolescents"

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Reports

US National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "2003 College Graduates in the U.S. Workforce: A Profile"

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World Bank Report: "Socio-economic Atlas of Tajikistan"

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World Health Organization Report: "World Malaria Report, 2005"

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United Nations Statistics Division _Demographic Yearbook_ System Update: Selected data from 2003 _Demographic Yearbook_

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United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Reports

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Australia:

Australian Department of Health and Ageing Compendium, Report:

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Austria:

Statistics Austria Compendium: _Statistical Yearbook 2006_

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Brazil:

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE) Report: "Over 500 thousand Brazilians were not registered at birth in 2004"

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China:

National Bureau of Statistics Compendium: _China Statistical Yearbook 2005_

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France:

Institut National D'Etudes Demographiques Periodical Article: "Adoption in France: who are the adopted children and who are the adopters?"

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India:

Central Statistical Office Compendia

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Ireland:

Central Statistics Office Compendium: "Vital Statistics Annual Report 2003"***

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Japan:

Statistics Bureau and Statistical Research and Training Institute Compendium, Periodical:

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Netherlands:

Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles

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New Zealand:

New Zealand Ministry of Health Compendium: _PHO [Primary Health Organisation] Yearbook 2004_

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Poland:

Central Statistical Office Periodical: "Statistical Bulletin No 11 - December 2005"

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Slovenia:

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia STAT-SI Database Update: Data on deaths, data series, data for 2004 included"

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Sri Lanka:

Department of Census and Statistics Report: "Final Report - Census on the Buildings and People Affected by the Tsunami Disaster--2004"

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UK:

Office of National Statistics Periodical, Report:

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

_Demographic Research_ Article: "Mortality tempo versus removal of causes of mortality: Opposite views leading to different estimations of life expectancy"

Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodicals

Urban Institute Health Policy Brief: "Lowering Financial Burdens and Increasing Health Insurance Coverage for Those with High Medical Costs"

The _San Jose [California] Mercury News_/Kaiser Survey Project: "Survey of Bay Area Employment"

Canadian Association of Food Banks Report: "Time for Action: Hunger Count 2005"

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article: "Interrogating multiple aspects of variation in a full resequencing data set to infer human population size changes"

WORKING PAPERS

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
National Bureau of Economic Research
US Bureau of Labor Statistics
Penn Institute for Economic Research (PIER)
Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population (SEDAP)
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)
Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo)

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Other Journals

CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS

Stanford Workshop in Biodemography
_Journal of Population Research_ Call for Papers

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

US National Institutes of Health

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

US House Committee on Government Reform Hearing Publications

US House Committee on International Relations Hearing Publication: "U.S. Response to Global AIDS Crisis: A Two-Year Review"

US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations/House Committee on International Relations Committee Print: _Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2004_

DATA

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
UK Data Archive

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Farm Household Economics and Well-being Briefing Room

Population Action International Research Commentaries

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

U.S.:

1. Census Bureau Various:

A. _Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2006_ (December 2005, .pdf format, 1023p.). Selected earlier _SAs_ back to 1878, along with _Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970_ (all .pdf format) are also available at:

http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/statab.html

B. The latest National, State and Puerto Rico population estimates - for July 1, 2005.

http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

C. "Fertility of American Women: June 2004," by Jane Lawler Dye (Current Population Reports Population Characteristics P20-555, December 2005, .pdf format, 14p.).

http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/p20-555.pdf

D. "Nation's Population Approaches 298 Million on New Year's Day" (News Release CB05-189, Dec. 30, 2005).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/006222.html

E. "Consolidated Federal Funds Report for Fiscal Year 2004 (State and County Areas)" (CFFR/04, December 2005, .pdf format, 110p., with detailed tables in .zip compressed ASCII format, documentation in .pdf or ASCII text format, and a link to an online query system for CFFR data from 1993-2004). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: " Consolidated Federal Funds Report for Fiscal Year 2004 (State and County Areas)" (Dec. 27, 2005).

http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/economic_surveys/006147.html

Click on "Report" or "Detailed Tables".

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2. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Prescription Drug Expenditures in the 10 Largest States for Persons under Age 65, 2003," by John P. Sommers (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Statistical Brief #107, December 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

Abstract:

Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief presents estimates for prescription drug expenditures for persons under age 65 in the 10 largest States for the year 2003 and compares these estimates to the national average.

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=721

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3. National Cancer Institute Report: "Cancer Trends Progress Report: 2005 Update," (December 2005, .pdf format. 123p.).

http://progressreport.cancer.gov/

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4. Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles, Report:

A. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 12, No. 1, January 2006, HTML and .pdf format). Note 1: This is a special issue on Influenza.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/pastcon.htm

B. "Pertussis --- United States, 2001--2003" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 50, Dec. 23, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1283-1286).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5450a3.htm

C: "QuickStats: Trends in Mean Total Cholesterol Among Adults Aged 20--74 Years, by Age Group --- United States, 1960--1962 to 1999--2002" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 50, Dec. 23, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 1288).

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5450a8.htm

.pdf format for "A" and "B" above:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5450.pdf

D. "2003 Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Report," (December 2005, .pdf format, 527p.).

http://www.cdc.gov/ART/ART2003/index.htm

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5. US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in Indian Country, 2002," (NCJ 205332, December 2005, .pdf, ASCII, and comma delimited format, 92p.).

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/ctjaic02.htm

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6. Bureau of Labor Statistics Various:

A. _Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH), 2006-07 Edition_ (2005).

http://www.bls.gov/oco/home.htm

B. "Work Experience of the Population in 2004" (Dec. 22, 2005, HTML, ASCII text, and .pdf format, 9p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/work.toc.htm

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7. National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Background Characteristics, Work Activities, and Compensation of Instructional Faculty and Staff: Fall 2003," (NCES 2006176, December 2005, .pdf format, 68p.).

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2006176

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8. US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Depression among Adolescents," (National Survey on Drug Use and Health Report, December 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).

http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/youthDepression/youthDepression.cfm

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9. US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Reports:

A. "Metropolitan Area Food Prices and Children's Weight Gain," by Roland Sturm and Ashlesha Datar (Contractor and Cooperator Report No. CCR14, December 2005, .pdf format, 4p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/CCR14/

B. "Rural Hispanics At A Glance," by William Kandel (Economic Information Bulletin No. EIB8, December 2005, .pdf format, 6p., with links to relevant charts and maps). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/EIB8/

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10. US National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "2003 College Graduates in the U.S. Workforce: A Profile" (NSF 06-304, December 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf06304/

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World Bank Report: "Socio-economic Atlas of Tajikistan," (December 2005, .pdf format, 48p.).

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20764377~pagePK:34370~piPK:34424~theSitePK:4607,00.html

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World Health Organization Report: "World Malaria Report, 2005," (2005, .pdf format, 294p.).

http://rbm.who.int/wmr2005/

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United Nations Statistics Division _Demographic Yearbook_ System Update: Selected data from the 2003 _Demographic Yearbook_ have been made available by the Statistics division. The tables are available in .pdf format only at this time, but Microsoft Excel formatted tables should be available soon.

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/default.htm

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United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Reports:

A. "Socio-Economic Policy Brief No. 3 (December 2005, .pdf format, 4p.). "The policy brief responds to emerging issues in the Asia-Pacific region in a timely manner and provides a concise policy-oriented analysis. Policy Briefs are issued on a need-driven basis with analysis of the nature of the event, its impact on the region and provide policy options available for member countries of the ESCAP region."

http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1121

B. "Key Economic Developments and Prospects in the Asia-Pacific Region 2006," (ST/ESCAP/2382, December 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1119

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Australian Department of Health and Ageing Compendium, Report:

A. _National Mental Health Report 2005_ (December 2005, .pdf format, 173p., with appendix tables (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 84p.). "The National Mental Health Report 2005 is the ninth report in a series that has monitored the progress in mental health reform under the National Mental Health Strategy from 1993 to 2003."

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf/Content/mental-nmhr05

B. "Mental Health Services in Australia 2003-04" (Mental Health Series No. 7, December 2005, .pdf format, 299p.). "This is a detailed report on Australia's mental health services which includes a wide range of data to provide a picture of the range of mental health-related services provided in the health and community services sectors. Included for the first time is information on mental health-related supported accommodation services from the AIHW's Supported Accommodation Assistance Program National Data Collection."

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10193

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Austria:

Statistics Austria Compendium: _Statistical Yearbook 2006_ (December 2005, .pdf format, 611p.). Note: The _Yearbook_ is mostly in German, with table headings given in German and English.

http://www.stat.at/jahrbuch_2006/englisch/start.shtml

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Brazil:

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE) Report: "Over 500 thousand Brazilians were not registered at birth in 2004" (Dec. 16, 2005). This report links to a larger report "Estatisticas do Registro Civil 2004" (.pdf and . zip compressed Microsoft Excel format). The larger report is available in Portuguese only at this time.

http://www.ibge.gov.br/english/presidencia/noticias/noticia_visualiza.php?id_noticia=512&id_pagina=1

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China:

National Bureau of Statistics Compendium: _China Statistical Yearbook 2005_ (September 2005). Note: cancel any request to download a Chinese language character set. This announcement is in English. NBS has announced the availability of the latest _China Statistical Yearbook_. For pricing and contact information see:

http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/newsandcomingevents/t20051219_402296829.htm

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France:

Institut National D'Etudes Demographiques Periodical Article: "Adoption in France: who are the adopted children and who are the adopters?" by Juliette Halifax and Catherine Villeneuve-Gokalp (_Populations and Societies_ No. 447, November 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

http://www.ined.fr/englishversion/publications/pop_et_soc/pesa417.pdf

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India:

Central Statistical Office Compendia: Note: ICSO requires free registration before providing content.

A. _Statistical Pocket Book of India 2004_ (2005, .pdf format, 289p.).

B. _India in Figures 2004_ (2005, .pdf format, 123p.).

C. _Men and Women in India 2004_ (2005, .pdf format, 148p.).

All three publications can be accessed from:

http://mospi.nic.in/mospi_cso_rept_pubn.htm

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Ireland:

Central Statistics Office Compendium: "Vital Statistics Annual Report 2003" (December 2005, .pdf format, 181p.). The report is linked to from a CSO news release: "Report on Vital Statistics, 2003" (Dec. 21, 2005).

http://www.cso.ie/newsevents/ReportonVitalStatistics2003.htm

Link to full text is at the bottom of the news release.

***Related article: "CSO says women here having more children than rest of EU (European Union)," by Carl O'Brien (_Irish Times_ [Dublin], Dec. 22, 2005).

http://www.ireland.com/newspaper/front/2005/1222/413030112HM1CSO.html

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Japan:

Statistics Bureau and Statistical Research and Training Institute Compendium, Periodical:

A. _Japan Statistical Yearbook 2006_ (December 2005, .pdf format and Microsoft Excel format, 856p.).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/index.htm

B. _Monthly Statistics of Japan_ (No. 534, November 2005, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/geppou/index.htm

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Netherlands:

Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:

A. "458 Dutch municipalities in 2006," by Duncan Beeckman (Jan. 3, 2006).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/nederland-regionaal/nederland-regionaal/publicaties/artikelen/2006-1833-wm.htm

B. "Fewer people on income support find work," by Koos Arts and Andr Corpeleijn (Jan. 3, 2006).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/arbeid-inkomen-sociale-zekerheid/sociale-zekerheid/publicaties/artikelen/2006-1863-wm.htm

C. "Disposable income down again in 2004," by Rens Trimp (Dec. 28, 2005).

http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/arbeid-inkomen-sociale-zekerheid/inkomen-bestedingen-vermogen/publicaties/artikelen/2005-1858-wm.htm

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New Zealand:

New Zealand Ministry of Health Compendium: _PHO [Primary Health Organisation] Yearbook 2004_ (December 2005, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, 315p.).

http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/wpg_index/Publications-PHO+Yearbook+2004

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Poland:

Central Statistical Office Periodical: "Statistical Bulletin No 11 - December 2005" (December 2005, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.stat.gov.pl/english/opracowania_zbiorcze/b-s/2005/11_05/index.htm

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Slovenia:

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia STAT-SI Database Update: Data on deaths, data series, data for 2004 included" (January 2006). Note: This is an interactive web based data extraction application.

http://www.stat.si/eng/novice_poglej.asp?ID=884

Click on "Population" then "Deaths".

More information on SI-Stat Data Portal:

http://www.stat.si/pxweb/dialog/statfile1.asp

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Sri Lanka:

Department of Census and Statistics Report: "Final Report - Census on the Buildings and People Affected by the Tsunami Disaster--2004" (December 2005, .pdf format).

http://www.statistics.gov.lk/Tsunami/index.htm

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UK:

Office of National Statistics Periodical, Report:

A. _Monthly Digest of Statistics_ (December 2005, .pdf format, 136p.). Note: clicking on any table number in the .pdf version links to a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet of the table. See instructions at the end of the _Digest_ for more information.

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=611&Pos=&ColRank=1&Rank=272

B. "Cancer: number of new cases 2003, by sex and age" (December 2005, Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=9096

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is "a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research" [Rostock, Germany]: "Mortality tempo versus removal of causes of mortality: Opposite views leading to different estimations of life expectancy," by Herve Le Bras (Vol. 13, Article 25, December 2005, .pdf format, p. 615 - 640).

Abstract:

We propose an alternative way of dealing with mortality tempo. Bongaarts and Feeney have developed a model that assumes a fixed delay postponing each death. Our model, however, assumes that changes take place with the removal of a given cause of mortality. Cross-sectional risks of mortality by age and expectations of life therefore are not biased, contrary to the model of the two authors. Treating the two approaches as two particular cases of a more general process, we demonstrate that these two particular cases are the only ones that have general properties: The only model enjoying a decomposable expression is the removal model and the only model enjoying the proportionality property is the fixed delay model.

http://www.demographic-research.org/

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Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodicals:

A. _Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health_ (Vol. 37, No. 4, December 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.guttmacher.org/journals/toc/psrh3704toc.html

Archives back to 1995:

http://www.agi-usa.org/archive/indexPSRH.html

B. _Guttmacher Report on Public Policy_ (Vol. 8, No. 4, November 2005, HTML and/or .pdf format).

http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/tgr/08/4/index.html

Archives back to 1998:

http://www.guttmacher.org/journals/tgr.html

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Urban Institute Health Policy Brief: "Lowering Financial Burdens and Increasing Health Insurance Coverage for Those with High Medical Costs," by Linda J. Blumberg, Lisa Clemans-Cope, and Fredric Blavin (Health Policy Brief No. 17, December 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).

http://www.urban.org/publications/311261.html

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The _San Jose [California] Mercury News_/Kaiser Survey Project: "Survey of Bay Area Employment" (December 2005, survey toplines .pdf format, 36p.). For links to this and other _MN_/KS project reports see:

http://www.kff.org/newsmedia/sanjosemercurynews.cfm

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Canadian Association of Food Banks Report: "Time for Action: Hunger Count 2005" (2005, .pdf format, 46p.).

http://foodbank.duoweb.ca/documents/hc05_eng.pdf

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article: "Interrogating multiple aspects of variation in a full resequencing data set to infer human population size changes," by Benjamin F. Voight, Alison M. Adams, Linda A. Frisse, Yudong Qian, Richard R. Hudson, and Anna Di Rienzo (Vol. 102, No. 51, Dec. 20, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 18508-18513). Note: this article is freely available to the public.

http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/102/51/18508

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WORKING PAPERS:

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty:

A. "Examining the Effect of the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Labor Market Participation of Families on Welfare," by V. Joseph Hotz, Charles H. Mullin, and John Karl Scholz (Discussion Paper 1313-05, December 2005, .pdf format, 58p.).

Abstract:

This paper uses a unique dataset, created by matching administrative data from public assistance records, unemployment insurance records, and federal tax returns for a sample of California residents, to study the employment effects of the earned income tax credit (EITC). At the core of our empirical analysis is a set of four tests that we use to assess the causal effects of the EITC on employment.

The first test is based on the intuition that if the EITC alters employment, all else being equal, employment rates for two-or-more child families should grow relative to the employment rates of one-child families, as credit amounts available to these groups of families diverged over the 1990s. The second test examines whether or not people eligible for the EITC actually file tax returns and claim it. The third test is based on the intuition that, if the EITC, and not other factors such as the strong economy in the 1990s, is causing employment differences between families with two or more children relative to those with one child, we should expect to see no employment differences (after conditioning on other characteristics) between families with two children and families with three or more children, since the EITC did not change differentially for the latter two groups. The fourth test conditions the sample on those who do not file tax returns and again examines employment changes in the 1990s for families with two or more children relative to families with one child.

Using fixed-effects empirical employment models estimated on a sample of single-parent families, our coefficient estimates are consistent with the EITC having a substantial, positive effect on the employment of families who have used or will use welfare.

http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp131305.pdf

B. "Report on a Meta-Analysis of Welfare-to-Work Programs," by David Greenberg, Andreas Cebulla, and Stacey Bouchet (Discussion Paper 1312-05, December 2005, .pdf format, 141p.).

http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp131205.pdf

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "The Economic Impact of AIDS Treatment: Labor Supply in Western Kenya," by Harsha Thirumurthy, Johsua Graff-Zivin, Markus Goldstein (w11871, December 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

Using longitudinal survey data collected in collaboration with a treatment program, this paper is the first to estimate the economic impacts of antiretroviral treatment in Africa. The responses in two important outcomes are studied: (1) labor supply of adult AIDS patients receiving treatment; and (2) labor supply of children and adults living in the patients' households. We find that within six months after the initiation of treatment, there is a 20 percent increase in the likelihood of the patient participating in the labor force and a 35 percent increase in weekly hours worked. Since patient health would continue to decline without treatment, these labor supply responses are underestimates of the impact of treatment on the treated. The upper bound of the treatment impact, which is based on plausible assumptions about the counterfactual, is considerably larger and also implies that the wage benefit from treatment is roughly equal to the costs of treatment provision. The responses in the labor supply of patients' household members are heterogeneous. Young boys and women work considerably less after initiation of treatment, while girls and men do not change their labor supply. The effects on child labor are particularly important since they suggest potential schooling impacts from treatment.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11871

B. "Games Parents and Adolescents Play: Risky Behaviors, Parental Reputation, and Strategic Transfers," by Lingxin Hao, V. Joseph Hotz, and Ginger Z. Jin (w11872, December 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines reputation formation in intra-familial interactions. We consider parental reputation in a repeated two-stage game in which adolescents decide whether to give a teen birth or drop out of high school, and given adolescent decisions, the parent decides whether to house and support his children beyond age 18. Drawing on the work of Milgrom and Roberts (1982) and Kreps and Wilson (1982), we show that the parent has, under certain conditions, the incentive to penalize older children for their teenage risky behaviors in order to dissuade the younger children from the same risky behaviors. The model generates two empirical implications: the likelihood of teen risky behaviors and parental transfers to a child who engaged in teen risky behaviors will decrease with the number of remaining children at risk. We test these two implications, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 Cohort (NLSY79). Exploiting the availability of repeated observations on individual respondents and of observations on multiple siblings, we find evidence in favor of both predictions.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11872

C. "The More Things Change, The More They Stay the Same: Trends in Long-term Employment in the United States, 1969-2002," by Ann Huff Stevens (w11878, December 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

Abstract:

This study considers whether there has been a decline in the attachment of workers and firms in the United States over the past several decades. Specifically, it compares snapshots of job tenure taken at the end of workers' careers from 1969 to 2002, using data from the Retirement History Survey, the National Longitudinal Survey of Older Men, and the Health and Retirement Study. The primary finding is one of stability in the prevalence of long-term employment relationships for men in the United States. In 1969, average tenure in the longest job for males aged 58-62 was 21.9 years. In 2002, the comparable figure was 21.4 years. Just over half of men ending their careers in 1969 had been with a single employer for at least 20 years; the same is true in 2002. This finding is robust to adjustments for minor differences in question details across data sources and for educational and retirement age changes over this time period.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11878

D. "Fast-Food Restaurant Advertising on Television and Its Influence on Childhood Obesity," by Shin-Yi Chou, Inas Rashad, and Michael Grossman (w11879, December 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Abstract:

Childhood obesity around the world, and particularly in the United States, is an escalating problem that is especially detrimental as its effects carry on into adulthood. In this paper we employ the 1979 Child-Young Adult National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to estimate the effects of fast-food restaurant advertising on children and adolescents being overweight. The advertising measure used is the number of hours of spot television fast-food restaurant advertising messages seen per week. Our results indicate that a ban on these advertisements would reduce the number of overweight children ages 3-11 in a fixed population by 10 percent and would reduce the number of overweight adolescents ages 12-18 by 12 percent. The elimination of the tax deductibility of this type of advertising would produce smaller declines of between 3 and 5 percent in these outcomes but would impose lower costs on children and adults who consume fast food in moderation because positive information about restaurants that supply this type of food would not be banned completely from television.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11879

E. "The Demand for Social Interaction," by Henry Saffer (w11881, December 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Abstract:

In this paper social interaction is modeled as a consumer good. Social interaction may provide an externality in the form of social capital, but the primary reason that individuals engage in social interaction is that these activities directly yield utility. It is important to note that some measures of social interaction show declines while many do not. A model of household production is employed to derive the demand for social interaction. The model shows that the demand for social interaction is a function of its price, the price of other goods and income. The role of children and marriage in social interaction can also be explained in the model. The theory is tested with data from the General Social Survey (GSS) and the results show that social interaction can be explained as the consequence of utility maximizing behavior by individuals. Increases in education generally increase memberships but reduce visiting with relatives and friends. Increases in income generally increase memberships and some forms of visiting. The model predicts 70 percent, or more, of the time trends in social interaction. These results are in contrast to social capital theorists who have focused on the declines in social interaction and who have attributed these changes to factors such as increased community heterogeneity and increased television viewing.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11881

F. "Psychiatric Disorders and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from the National Latino and Asian American Study," by Pinka Chatterji, Margarita Alegria, Mingshun Lu, and David Takeuchi (w11893, December 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Abstract:

This paper investigates to what extent psychiatric disorders and mental distress affect labor market outcomes among ethnic minorities of Latino and Asian descent, most of whom are immigrants. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Study, we examine the labor market effects of meeting diagnostic criteria for any psychiatric disorder in the past 12 months as well as the effects of psychiatric distress in the past year. Among Latinos, psychiatric disorders and mental distress are associated with detrimental effects on employment and absenteeism, similar to effects found in previous analyses of mostly white, American born populations. Among Asians, we find mixed evidence that psychiatric disorders and mental distress detract from labor market outcomes.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11893

G. "The Expanding Workweek? Understanding Trends in Long Work Hours Among U.S. Men, 1979-2004," by Peter Kuhn and Fernando Lozano (w11895, December 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

After declining for most of the century, the share of employed American men regularly working more than 50 hours per week began to increase around 1970. This trend has been especially pronounced among highly educated, high-wage, salaried, and older men. Using two decades of CPS data, we rule out a number of factors, including business cycles, changes in observed labor force characteristics, and changes in the level of men's real hourly earnings as primary explanations of this trend. Instead we argue that increases in salaried men's marginal incentives to supply hours beyond 40 accounted for the recent rise. Since these increases were accompanied by a rough constancy in real earnings at 40 hours, they can be interpreted as a compensated wage increase.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W11895

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US Bureau of Labor Statistics: "Parental Transfers, Student Achievement, and the Labor Supply of College Students," by Charlene Marie Kalenkoski and Sabrina Wulff Pabilonia (WP 387, December 2005, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.bls.gov/ore/abstract/ec/ec050130.htm

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Penn Institute for Economic Research (PIER) [University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]: "Why are Married Men Working So Much?" by John Knowles (WP 05-031, November 2005, .pdf format, 41p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

http://www.econ.upenn.edu/Centers/pier/Archive/Abstracts/05-031A.htm

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Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population (SEDAP) [McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada]:

A. "Ethnicity and Health: An Analysis of Physical Health Differences across Twenty-one Ethnocultural Groups in Canada," by Steven Prus and Zhiqiu Lin (WP 143, November 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

The study of health differences across a wide-range of ethnic, racial, and cultural groups has received relatively little attention in the literature. Twenty-one ethnocultural groups are examined in the current study, providing one of the most comprehensive analyses to-date on ethnicity and physical health in Canada. Two specific research questions are addressed. First, what is the extent of ethnocultural-based health inequalities in Canada? Second, do ethnocultural differences in health reflect differences in social structural and health-related behavioural environments? These questions are analyzed using the master datafile of the 2000/2001 Canadian Community Health Survey (n=129,588). Three global measures of physical health are used: self-rated health, functional health, and activity restriction. The results show that certain ethnic and cultural groups experience higher health status compared to other ethnocultural groups. Social structural (i.e., socio-demographic and SES factors) and behavioural (alcohol and cigarette consumption, diet/nutrition, and exercise) control variables are also introduced to determine if these factors mediate the relationship between ethnicity/race and health. These findings show that health differences between ethnic and racial groups are partly attributable to structural and behavioural factors. They also show that the mediating effects of these variables vary across ethnocultural groups, and that social structural factors are generally more important than behavioural ones in explaining ethnocultural-based differences in health. The implications of the study findings for future research on ethnicity and health and for health care policies are discussed.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap143.pdf

B. "The Health Behaviors of Immigrants and Native-born People in Canada," by James Ted McDonald (WP 144, November 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).

Abstract:

This paper analyzes the incidence of participation in various activities generally expected to have an impact on current and future physical health. Attention is focused on the incidence of these activities among immigrant and minority groups compared to native-born white Canadians. Immigrants generally exhibit significantly lower rates of alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and daily smoking but also lower participation in vigorous physical activity and consumption of fruit and vegetables. Differences are particularly pronounced for immigrants from Asia and Africa, and this is true for both men and women. For most immigrant men, alcohol consumption and smoking both increase with years in Canada, ceteris paribus, and in the case of immigrants from Europe and the USA, reach native-born white levels after between 10-20 years in Canada. For other immigrant men, the incidence of alcohol consumption remains low even for long-term residents of Canada. Interestingly, there is no significant change with years-since-migration in any of the health behaviors for immigrant women. Canadian born members of visible minorities also display significantly lower rates of alcohol consumption, smoking and (for women) vigorous physical activity than native-born whites, although these rates were still higher than for immigrants from Asia and Africa. Finally, native- born white lifestyle choices are found to exert a significant positive influence on the behaviors of immigrants and native-born minorities who are residents of the same province.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap144.pdf

C. "Ethnicity, Immigration and Cancer Screening: Evidence for Canadian Women," by James Ted McDonald and Steven Kennedy (WP 145, December 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).

Abstract:

Introduction: Canada's annual immigrant intake is increasingly composed of visible minorities, with 59% of immigrants arriving in 1996-01 coming from Asia. However, only a small number of studies have used population health surveys to examine Canadian women's use of cancer screening. We use recent population health surveys to analyze immigrant and native-born women's use of Pap smears, breast exams, breast self-exams, and mammograms.

Methods: We study women aged 21-65 drawn from the National Population Health Survey and Canadian Community Health Surveys that together yield a sample size of 105,000 observations.

Results: We find that for most forms of cancer screening, recent immigrants have markedly lower utilization rates, but these rates slowly increase with years in Canada. However, there is wide variation in rates of cancer screening by ethnicity. Screening rates for white immigrants approach Canadian-born women's utilization rates after 15-20 years in Canada, but screening rates for immigrants from Asia remain significantly below native-born Canadian levels.

Discussion: Health authorities need to tailor their message about the importance of these forms of cancer screening to reflect the perceptions and beliefs of particular minority groups if the objective of universal use of preventative cancer screening is to be achieved.

http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/sedap/p/sedap145.pdf

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: IZA has recently released 15 working papers, some of which may be of interest to demography researchers. Abstracts and full text of these papers can be reached from:

http://www.iza.org/index_html?lang=en&mainframe=http%3A//www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers/papers%3Fyear%3D2005&topSelect=publications&subSelect=papers

Papers 1895-1910 have been released since Dec. 23, 2005.

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Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "A Review of Methodological Research Pertinent to Longitudinal Survey Design and Data Collection," by Peter Lynn, Nick Buck, Jonathan Burton, Annette Jackle, and Heather Laurie (WP 2005-29, December 2005, .pdf format, 92p.).

Abstract:

We present here a review of methodological research regarding issues that are pertinent to surveys involving longitudinal data collection, i.e. repeated measurement over time on the same units. The objective of the review is to identify important gaps in our knowledge of issues affecting the design and implementation of such surveys and the use of the data that they provide. This should help to inform the development of an agenda for future methodological research as well as serving as a useful summary of current knowledge. The issues addressed relate to sample design, missing data (as a result of item and unit non-response and attrition) and measurement error (including panel conditioning).

http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/pubs/workpaps/pdf/2005-29.pdf

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Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [University of Munich, Germany]: "The Evolution of Public Spending on Higher Education in a Democracy," by Alexander Haupt (Working Paper 1631, December 2005, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to an abstract and full text can be found at:

http://www.cesifo.de/portal/page?_pageid=36,302752&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_file_id=12298

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Other Journals:

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 163, No. 1, Jan. 1, 2006).

http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol163/issue1/index.dtl?etoc

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 96, No. 1, January 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

http://www.ajph.org/content/vol96/issue1/?etoc

European Journal of Population (Vol. 21, No. 4, December 2005).

http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102885

Gender and Society (Vol. 20, No. 1, February 2006).

http://gas.sagepub.com/content/vol20/issue1/

Health Policy and Planning (Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2006).

http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/content/vol21/issue1/index.dtl

Journal of Population Research (Vol. 22, No. 1, May 2005).

http://demography.anu.edu.au/jpr/issues/jpr22-1.html

Medical Care (Vol. 44, No. 1, January 2006).

http://www.lww-medicalcare.com/pt/re/medcare/issuelist.htm

Population, Space and Place (Vol. 12, No. 1, January/February 2006).

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jtoc/106562735/

Urban Affairs Review (Vol. 41, No. 3, January 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

http://uar.sagepub.com/content/vol41/issue3/

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CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS:

Stanford Workshop in Biodemography, to be held Feb. 10-12, 2006. in Napa California (supported by the US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Child Health and Development, and Stanford [California] University)J. "We invite applications from graduate students, postdocs and junior faculty to attend this workshop. The subjects of the workshop include (1) the evolution of senescence and life histories, (2) the use of genetic and other biomarkers in studying fertility & mortality, especially in conjunction with traditional socioeconomic survey data, (3) the use of twin registries for the same sorts of questions, (4) the use of molecular genetic data in the same and related areas, and (5) reproductive biology& physiology in relation to demography. Lectures and discussions will describe progress and methods in these areas. A principal objective is to stimulate discussion about the sorts of questions that can reasonably be asked, what pitfalls to look out for, and what areas are most exciting. We can admit 16 students with priority to graduate students. We will cover costs for students from the US including travel (lowest coach airfare, airport transfers), accommodation in double rooms (sharing with another student), and meals. Single rooms may be available if the student pays the additional cost; we cannot accommodate accompanying persons. The workshop begins the morning of February 10 and ends at noon on February 12.

Applications should be sent by email as soon as possible and no later than January 10, 2006, to Ms. Norma Malina (norma.malina@stanford.edu; telephone 650-723-6311). Provide (1) a brief letter stating your current position (student, postdoc, etc.) and your research interests in biodemography; (2) a curriculum vita; and (3) the name, email address and telephone of your research supervisor (for students and postdocs) or a professional reference (for faculty). Decisions will be made by January 15, 2006."

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_Journal of Population Research_ Call for Papers: The _Journal of Population Research_ is a peer-reviewed, international journal which publishes papers on demography and population-related issues. The _Journal_ is published twice a year with occasional special issues and is a publication of the Australian Population Association. Recent issues of the Journal are now available online." _JPR_ has issued a call for papers for the November 2006 issue, a special issue on Globalization and Demographic Change. For more information see:

http://demography.anu.edu.au/jpr/

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

US National Institutes of Health:

A. "Research on Pathways Linking Environments, Behaviors and HIV/AIDS (R01)" (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, PAR-06-110, December 23, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-06-110.html

B. "Improving Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (R01)" (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, PAR-06-104, December 23, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-06-104.html

C. "Training in Neuroimaging: Integrating First Principles and Applications (T90)" (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, RFA-DA-06-011, Dec. 23, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-DA-06-011.html

D. "Innovations in Biomedical Computational Science and Technology Initiative (SBIR [R43/R44]) (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, PAR-06-088, Dec. 19, 2005).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-06-088.html

E. "Innovations in Biomedical Computational Science and Technology Initiative (STTR [R41/R42]) (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, PAR-06-089, Dec. 19, 2005).

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-06-089.html

F. "NIH Regional Seminars on Program Funding and Grants Administration," to be held Mar. 30-31, 2006 in Boston, Massachusetts, and May 31-Jun. 1, 2006 in Riverside, California. For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/seminars.htm

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

US House Committee on Government Reform Hearing Publications:

A. "Halfway to the 2010 Census: The Countdown and Components to a Successful Decennial Census," a hearing held April 19, 2005 (Serial No. 109-80, .pdf and ASCII format, 104p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house07ch109.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-80" (without the quotes).

B. "Life in the Big City: What is Census Data Telling Us About Urban America? Are Policymakers Really Listening," a hearing held May 10, 2005 (Serial No. 109-86, .pdf and ASCII format, 130p.)

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house07ch109.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-86" (without the quotes).

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US House Committee on International Relations Hearing Publication: "U.S. Response to Global AIDS Crisis: A Two-Year Review," a hearing held April 13, 2005 (Serial No. 109-86, .pdf format, 132p.).

http://wwwc.house.gov/international_relations/109/20647.pdf

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US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations/House Committee on International Relations Committee Print: _Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2004_ (Joint Committee Print 109-33, 2 vols., ASCII text and .pdf format, 2618p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/senate11cp109.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-33" (without the quotes).

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DATA:

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan released several datasets between Dec. 15, and Dec. 19, 2005, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/membership/index.html

A list of all new and updated datasets in the last 90 days can be found at:

http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/access/recent.html

The most recent releases are from Dec. 15, 2005 to the present.

Click on "List".

New items are marked *new*.

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UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/

SN 5264 -Cultures of Learning in Further Education, 2001-2003

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5264

SN 5287 -Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young People, 2003

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5287

SN 5288 -Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young People, 2004

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5288

SN 5261 -Scottish Household Survey, 2003-2004: Lite Version

http://www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/snDescription.asp?sn=5261

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Farm Household Economics and Well-being Briefing Room: "The Farm Household Economics and Well-Being Briefing Room offers a synthesis of ERS research, analysis, and outlook on the diversity of U.S. farm operator households, including current and historical data on labor allocation (hours of farm and nonfarm work), income, consumption, wealth, farm diversity, health status, and community resources, of farm operator households; research articles; and information on current ERS projects. It also includes information on factors affecting the economic well-being of farm households, such as Federal tax and spending policies, local economic conditions, and the availability and cost of public services. Forecasts, and the analysis that supports those forecasts, are also reported."

http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/WellBeing/

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Population Action International Research Commentaries: "PAI has begun a monthly series of essays that examine current population and reproductive health issues from the perspective of individual PAI staff members. The commentaries are exploratory efforts, works in progress, or reflections on related PAI or external research. Our intention is to be provocative and to encourage our readers to follow embedded links in the essay's text to parts of our website that feature PAI policy analyses, research and data relevant to the topic." The first commentary is "Hunger is Africa's Natural Disaster," by Carolyn Gibb Vogel (January 2006).

http://www.populationaction.org/resources/researchCommentaries/

More information on PAI:

http://www.populationaction.org/about/index.htm

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--
Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu