Current Demographic Research Report #112, December 5, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:

http://www.disc.wisc.edu/reports/CDERR/subscribe.html

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CDERR is compiled and edited by Jack Solock, Kristin Wick, and Charlie Fiss of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

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NOTE! Index Items marked with *** indicate there are related articles. Articles can be found with the item in the body of the report. We cannot guarantee the permanence of related article addresses. They may be available in Lexis-Nexis, ProQuest Newspapers. Check your organization's library.

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Index to this issue:

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

U.S.

Centers for Disease Control _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Surveillance Summaries, Article:

National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release: "Consumer Expenditures in 2004"

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "National Health Care Expenses in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2003"

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U.S.--Arizona:

Seidman Research Center (W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University) Reports:

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U.S.--Missouri:

Missouri Census Data Center Data Update: "Census SAIPE (Poverty and Median Household Income) data"

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World Health Organization Periodical, News Release:

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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division Monographs:

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International Monetary Fund Periodical: _Finance and Development_

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European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Periodical: _Euro Observer_

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Monograph: _Statistics, Knowledge and Policy: Key Indicators to Inform Decision Making_

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Australia:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Compendia:***

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Canada:

Statistics Canada _The Daily_ Articles

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Czech Republic:

Institute of Health Information and Statistics Compendia

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Moldava:

Statistics Moldava Compendium: _Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Moldava. 2005_

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Portugal:

Instituto Nacional de Estatistica Brief Report: "Deaths 2004"

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Singapore:

Ministry of Health News Release: "Update on Singaporeans infected with HIV"

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South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report, Periodical

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Luxembourg Wealth Study Report: "First results from a comparable cross-national wealth study: Luxembourg Wealth Study-LWS

California State Library/California Research Bureau Bibliography: "Undocumented Immigrants: An Annotated Bibliography"

AMP.NATSEM (AMP Financial Management.National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling) Report: "May the labour force be with you"

The Priory Group (UK) Report: "Adolescent Angst"

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Sounding Board Article: "Applying Public Health Principles to the HIV Epidemic"

_British Medical Journal_ News Extracts, Article Abstracts

Info for Health Pop. Reporter

WORKING PAPERS

Population Council

Census Bureau

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

TABLES OF CONTENTS

Other Journals

CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS

Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) 2006 National Conference: "Children 2006: Securing Brighter Futures"

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

National Institutes of Health: "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R21)"

American Psychological Association: "David Awards for International Travel and Research in Human Reproductive Behavior and Related Population Studies"

STUDENT OPPORTUNITIES

W.K Kellogg Foundation: "Scholars In Health Disparities Program"

LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES

U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee Hearing Publication: "The Threat of and Planning for Pandemic Flu"

U.S. House International Relations Committee Hearing Publication: "Malaria and TB: Implementing Proven Treatment and Eradication Methods"

U.S. House Ways and Means Committee, Health Subcommittee Hearing Testimony: " Field Hearing on Competition in the FEHB Program"

U.S. Senate, Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee Hearing Publication: "Providing Quality Postsecondary Education: Access and Accountability, on Examining Access and Accountability Relating to Providing Quality Postsecondary Education, Focusing on the Federal Government's Role in Making Postsecondary Education Financially Available for Americans"

DATA

Bureau of Labor Statistics Newsletter: "NLS (National Longitudinal Surveys) News"

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "MEPS HC-079: 2003 Full Year Consolidated Data File"

International Social Survey Programme: "ISSP 2003 "National Identity II"

Statistics Canada: "Canadian Community Health Survey, Nutrition: Public Use Microdata File"

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Kaiser Family Foundation World AIDS Day Resources

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS

U.S.:

1. Centers for Disease Control _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Surveillance Summaries, Article:

A. "Surveillance for Certain Health Behaviors Among States and Selected Local Areas --- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2003," by Ruth Jiles, Elizabeth Hughes, Wilmon Murphy, Nicole Flowers, Melissa McCracken, Henry Roberts, Margaret Ochner, Lina Balluz, Ali Mokdad, Laurie Elam-Evans, and Wayne Giles (_MMWR_ Surveillance Summaries 54(SS08), HTML and .pdf format).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5408a1.htm

.pdf:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/ss/ss5408.pdf

B. "Adult Participation in Recommended Levels of Physical Activity --- United States, 2001 and 2003" (_MMWR_, Vol. 54, No. 47, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1208-1212).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5447a3.htm

C. "QuickStats: Rate of Very Low Birthweight, by Age of Mother and Multiple-Birth Status --- United States, 2003" (_MMWR_, Vol. 54, No. 47, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1215).

HTML:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5447a9.htm

.pdf for both "B." and "C." above are available at:

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5447.pdf

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2. National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Trial Urban District Report Cards in Reading and Mathematics" (November 2005). "Results from the 2005 Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in reading and mathematics were just released. The Nation's Report Card for TUDA reports on the performance of fourth- and eighth-graders in 11 large urban school districts. Performance of students in Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Charlotte-Mecklenburg, Chicago, Cleveland, Houston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Diego, and Washington, DC are compared with students nationally and in large central cities. District performance for 2005 is also compared with that for 2003."

http://nationsreportcard.gov/tuda_reading_mathematics_2005/

B. "Characteristics of U.S. 15-Year-Old Low Achievers in an International Context: Findings From PISA (Program for International Student Assessment) 2000," by Mariann Lemke, Anindita Sen, Jamie S. Johnston, Erin Pahlke, Trevor Williams, David Kastberg, and Leslie Jocelyn (NCES 2006010, October 2005, .pdf format, 124p.).

Abstract:

This report analyzes results of reading literacy among 15-year-olds based on the 2000 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), sponsored by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and carried out in 32 countries, including the United States. It focuses on the characteristics of students who perform at the lowest levels of reading literacy. The report has two objectives: first, to explore how the demographic and educational characteristics of low performing students compare to other students within the United States; second, to analyze if the United States differs from the other PISA countries in terms of the characteristics of its low performing students. It describes the extent to which a particular characteristic is more or less likely to be observed among the low performers than on average.

http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2006010

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3. Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release: "Consumer Expenditures in 2004" (Nov. 29, 2005, ASCII text, HTML and .pdf format, 52p.).

http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cesan.toc.htm

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4. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "National Health Care Expenses in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2003," by David Kashihara and Kelly Carper (Statistical Brief 103, November 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/PrintProducts/PrintProd_Detail.asp?ID=716

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U.S.--Arizona:

Seidman Research Center (W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University) Reports:

A. "Educational Attainment in Arizona Compared to All States," by Tom R. Rex (November 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

http://wpcarey.asu.edu/seidman/reports/EdAttain.pdf

B. "Higher Education Enrollment and Finance in Arizona Compared to All States, by Tom R. Rex (October 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

http://wpcarey.asu.edu/seidman/reports/HigherEd.pdf

C. "The Value of Higher Education: Individual and Societal Benefits (With Special Consideration for the State of Arizona)," by Kent Hill, Dennis Hoffman, and Tom R. Rex (October 2005, .pdf format, 65p.).

http://wpcarey.asu.edu/seid/upload/Value%20Full%20Report_final_october%202005a.pdf

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U.S.--Missouri:

Missouri Census Data Center Data Update: Census SAIPE (Poverty and Median Household Income) data": "The Missouri Census Data Center has downloaded the new SAIPE (Poverty and Median Household Income) data for each of the years 2000 thru 2003 for the entire US, for both the state / county and the school district tabulations. These can be accessed via its Uexplore/Dexter software."

http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/cgi-bin/uexplore?/pub/data/saipe

See "estnnAll.dat" files.

For more information on Uexplore/Dexter see:

http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/applications/whatisux.shtml

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World Health Organization Periodical, News Release:

A. _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 83, No. 12, December 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/83/12/en/index.html

B. "Medical costs push millions of people into poverty across the globe" (Dec. 5, 2005).

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2005/pr65/en/index.html

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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division Monograph:

A. _Household Sample Surveys in Developing and Transition Countries_ (Studies in Methods Series F. No. 96, 2005, .pdf format, 619p.).

B. _Designing Household Survey Samples: Practical Guidelines_ (Studies in Methods Series F. No. 98, 2005, .pdf format, 255p.).

Both monographs can be accessed from:

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/surveys/default.htm

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International Monetary Fund Periodical: _Finance and Development_ (Vol. 42, No. 4, December 2005).

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2005/12/index.htm

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European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Periodical: _Euro Observer_ (Vol. 7, No. 3, Autumn 2005, .pdf format, 8p.). This issue concentrates on oral health care.

http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/LSEHealthAndSocialCare/pdf/euroObserver/Obsvol7no3.pdf

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Monograph: _Statistics, Knowledge and Policy: Key Indicators to Inform Decision Making_ (October 2005, .pdf format, 644p.). "This publication contains the proceedings of the World Forum on Key Indicators held in Palermo [Italy] in November 2004. In it, statisticians from governmental statistical offices, international organisations, and academia explain why indicator systems are useful and how statistics can be used, how to implement systems related to different kinds of statistics, and what systems are already in place. This conference was the first co-ordinated world wide effort to study the development and implications of large-scale systems of public information for developed countries." Pricing information on acquiring a print copy is available at the site.

http://www.oecdbookshop.org/oecd/display.asp?TAG=X9E168XX598X5935X4MD2D&CID=&LANG=EN&SF1=DI&ST1=5LGZ28JHN6D5

Click on open folder Icon or:

Direct .pdf address:

http://213.253.134.29/oecd/pdfs/browseit/3005061E.PDF

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Australia:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Compendia:

A. _Australia's Welfare 2005_ (November 2005, .pdf format, 500p.).

Abstract:

Australia's Welfare is the most comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on welfare services in Australia. Topics include indicators of the welfare of Australia's population, ageing and aged care services, disability and disability services, assistance for housing, services for people experiencing homelessness, and welfare services expenditure and labour force. It also features an extended chapter on children, youth and families.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10186

B. "General Practice Activity in Australia 2004-05" (December 2005, .pdf format, 134p.).

Abstract:

This publication is the 18th in the General Practice Series produced by the Australian General Practice Statistics and Classification Centre, a Collaborating Unit of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the University of Sydney. It reports the results of the seventh year of the BEACH (Bettering the Evaluation of Care and Health) program, April 2004 to March 2005. Data reported by 953 general practitioners on 95,300 GP-patient encounters are used to describe aspects of general practice in Australia: the general practitioners and their patients; the problems managed and the treatments provided. Information is also reported on body weight to height ratio, smoking status and alcohol use of a subsample of patients. Changes that have occurred since 1998-99 are investigated. Aspects of the management of psychological problems, asthma, arthritis, lipid disorders and injuries are examined in greater detail. Data for each of the last five years of BEACH are summarised in the appendices to this report.

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10189

***Related Article: "Doctors target lifestyles," by Adam Cresswell (_Australian_, Dec. 6, 2005). http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,5744,17470372%255E2702,00.html

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Canada:

Statistics Canada _The Daily_ Articles:

A. "International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey: Building on our competencies, 2003," (Nov. 30, 2005).

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/051130/d051130b.htm

The news release links to a StatsCan report: "Building on our Competencies: Canadian Results of the International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey 2003," by Lynn Barr-Telford, Francois Nault, and Jean Pignal (November 2005, .pdf format, 242p.). Click on "89-617-XIE" at the bottom of the news release, then " View" and follow the link on the next page.

B. "Youth correctional services: Key indicators, 2003/04," (Dec. 1, 2005).

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/051201/d051201a.htm

C. "Study: The link between information and communication technology use and literacy skills" (Dec. 5, 2005).

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/051205/d051205b.htm

The news release links to three freely available StatsCan reports: "Literacy and Digital Technologies: Linkages and Outcomes," Learning a Living: First Results of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey," as well as the above listed "Building on our Competencies..." (all .pdf format). Follow the links at the bottom of the news release.

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Czech Republic:

Institute of Health Information and Statistics Compendia:

A. _Health care and health statistics in the CR in statistical data: 2004_ (July 2005, .pdf format, 87p.).

http://www.uzis.cz/cz/publikac/knihovna_uzis_pdf/Kardan2004.pdf

B. _Abortions: 2004_: (2005, .pdf format, 93p.).

http://www.uzis.cz/cz/publikac/knihovna_uzis_pdf/potr2004.pdf

C. _Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases: 2004_ (2005, .pdf format, 100p.).

http://www.uzis.cz/cz/publikac/knihovna_uzis_pdf/tbc2004.pdf

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Moldava:

Statistics Moldava Compendium: _Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Moldava. 2005_ (December 2005). Statistics Moldava has announced the availability of this annual yearbook, in both print and CD-ROM format. Pricing information is available at the site:

http://www.statistica.md/news.php?lang=en&id=113

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Portugal:

Instituto Nacional de Estatistica Brief Report: "Deaths 2004" (November 2005, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

http://www.ine.pt/prodserv/indicadores/quadros_eng.asp?CodInd=23

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Singapore:

Ministry of Health News Release: "Update on Singaporeans infected with HIV" (Dec. 1, 2005). The press release links to several relevant tables (.pdf format).

http://www.moh.gov.sg/corp/about/newsroom/pressreleases/details.do?id=34963469

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South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report, Periodical:

A. "Non-financial census of municipalities for the year ended 30 June 2004," (Statistical Release P9115, November 30, 2005, .pdf format, p.).

http://www.statssa.gov.za/Publications/P9115/P91152004.pdf

B. ""Bulletin of Statistics," (Vol. 39, No. 4, December 2005, .pdf format, 147p.).

http://www.statssa.gov.za/Publications/Bulletin/BulletinDecember2005.pdf

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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.

Luxembourg Wealth Study Report: "First results from a comparable cross-national wealth study: Luxembourg Wealth Study-LWS," by Eva Sierminska Andrea Brandolini and Timothy Smeeding (December 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

http://www.lisproject.org/lws.htm

Scroll to "The preliminary results of the first set of harmonized countries in LWS:" for link to full text.

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California State Library/California Research Bureau Bibliography: "Undocumented Immigrants: An Annotated Bibliography," by Alicia Bugarin, Steven DeBry, and Martha Jones (November 2005, .pdf format, 21p.).

"This annotated bibliography, divided in two sections provides a list of various articles, documents and books on [illegal immigration]. The first section... shows an estimate of the geographic distribution of unauthorized immigrants across California counties in 2000 and 2005. The second section is an annotated bibliography on recent research concerning the size of the unauthorized immigrant population (in California and the United States) as well as the costs and benefits of providing services to both illegal and legal immigrants. " Many of the publications listed are accessible online."

http://www.library.ca.gov/crb/05/06/05-006.pdf

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AMP.NATSEM (AMP Financial Management.National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling [University of Canberra, Australia]) Report: "May the labour force be with you," by Simon Kelly, Tom Bolton, and Ann Harding (AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report Issue 12. November 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).

Abstract:

Over the last couple of decades the Australian labour force has grown significantly, with 3.2 million more people in the labour force today than in 1985. This increase has outstripped the working-age population growth and thus produced a larger share of people participating in the labour force. Within this overall growth, the proportion of women in the paid labour force has increased dramatically. This trend has had a marked impact on the lives of most Australian families--with discretionary family income and the standard of living both increasing but time shared as a family decreasing. The consequences of these changes are seen in the increased demand for childcare, short-break holidays, domestic cleaners and so on.In this AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report, we examine trends in the labour force. We compare trends by location, gender, labour force status, age, and qualifications.We examine how the labour force has changed over the last two decades and consider implications of projected labour force changes.

More information about Natsem:

http://www.amp.com.au/group/3column/0,2449,CH5275%255FNI74076%255FSI3,00.html

More information about AMP:

http://www.amp.com.au/group/2column/0,2445,CH921%255FNI73949%255FSI3,00.html

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The Priory Group (UK) Report: "Adolescent Angst" (2005, .pdf format, 35p.).

http://www.prioryhealthcare.com/adolescentangst

More Information about the Priority Group:

http://www.prioryhealthcare.com/About-us/Welcome

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_New England Journal of Medicine_ Sounding Board Article: "Applying Public Health Principles to the HIV Epidemic," by Thomas R. Frieden, Moupali Das-Douglas, Scott E. Kellerman, and Kelly J. Henning (Vol. 353, No. 22, Dec. 1, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2397-2402). This article is freely available to the public.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/353/22/2397

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_British Medical Journal_ News Extracts, Article Abstracts:

A. "Neonatal mortality is higher in US hospitals with higher proportion of black babies," by David Spurgeon (news roundup, Vol. 331, No. 7528, Dec. 3, 2005, p. 1291).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/331/7528/1291

B. "Eight Canadian provinces are to sue tobacco industry for healthcare costs," by David Spurgeon (news extra, Vol. 331, No. 7528, Dec. 3, 2005, p. 1292).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/extract/331/7528/1292-c

C. "Achieving the millennium development goals for health: Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies to combat malaria in developing countries," by Chantal M. Morel, Jeremy A. Lauer, David B Evans (Vol. 331, No. 7528, Dec. 3, 2005, p. 1299-1305).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/331/7528/1299

D. "Depression and unwanted first pregnancy: longitudinal cohort study," by Sarah Schmiege, and Nancy Felipe Russo (Vol. 331, No. 7528, Dec. 3, 2005, p. 1303-1307).

http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/331/7528/1303

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Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 49, Dec. 5, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

http://www.infoforhealth.org/popreporter/

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Ghazaleh Samandari at gsamanda@jhuccp.org with your request and complete mailing address.

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WORKING PAPERS:

Population Council:

A. "Accelerating reproductive and child health program development: The Navrongo initiative in Ghana," by James F. Phillips, Ayaga A. Bawah, and Fred N. Binka (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 208, 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).

Abstract:

Successive global health and development agendas have been embraced by African governments - Alma Ata in 1978, the Bamako Initiative in 1987, the 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development, and more recently the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)-only to be followed by widespread implementation failure. This paper presents an approach to program development in Ghana that is using research to accelerate policy implementation. Originally launched in 1994 as a participatory pilot project of the Navrongo Health Research Centre, a controlled experimental study was initiated in 1996 to assess the fertility and child-survival impact of alternative community health and family planning service strategies. Posting nurses to communities reduced childhood mortality rates by half, accelerating attainment of the childhood-survival MDG within five years. Adding community-mobilization strategies and volunteer outreach to this approach led to a 15-percent reduction in fertility. When a replication project in the Volta Region demonstrated that the Navrongo service model could be transferred to a nonresearch setting, the Government of Ghana adopted the Navrongo approach as the health component of its national poverty-reduction strategy. In 2000, the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative was launched to accelerate implementation of this policy. By mid-2005, CHPS was fully operational in 20 districts and under development in nearly every other district of Ghana. Analysis of successive phases of the Ghana program-development process demonstrates feasible means of improving national access to reproductive and child health services.

http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/wp/prd/208.html

B. "The quantum and tempo of life-cycle events," by John Bongaarts and Griffith Feeney (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 207, 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).

Abstract:

This study develops and applies a general framework for the analysis of the period quantum and tempo of life-cycle events, extending methods developed previously by the authors. The existence of tempo distortions is demonstrated in selected period quantum measures such as the total fertility rate and in period tempo measures such as life expectancy. A tempo distortion is defined as an undesirable inflation or deflation of a period quantum or tempo indicator of a life-cycle event, such as birth, marriage, or death, that results from a rise or fall in the mean age at which the event occurs. Period measures derived from life tables are also found to be subject to distortion. Methods to remove these tempo distortions are then developed and applied.

http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/wp/prd/207.html

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Census Bureau: "Changes In The Lives Of U.S. Children: 1990-2000," by Julia Overturf Johnson, Robert Kominski, Kristin Smith, and Paul Tillman (Population Division Working Paper No. 78, July 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 71p.).

http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0078/twps0078.html

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Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago: "Intergenerational Economic Mobility in the U.S., 1940 to 2000," by Daniel Aaronson and Bhashkar Mazumder (WP-2005-12, December 2005, .pdf format, 54p.).

Abstract:

We use two sample instrumental variables to estimate intergenerational economic mobility from 1940 to 2000. We find intergenerational mobility increased from 1940 to 1980 but declined sharply thereafter, a pattern similar to cross-sectional inequality trends. However, the returns to education account for only some of these patterns. The time- series may help to reconcile previous findings in the intergenerational mobility literature. Our estimates imply a somewhat different pattern for the intergenerational income correlation, a measure insensitive to changes in cross-sectional inequality that has implications for rank mobility. We find the post-1980 decline in intergenerational rank mobility marks a return to historical levels. Consequently, by 2000, the rate of intergenerational movement across the income distribution appears historically normal, but, as cross-sectional inequality has increased, earnings are regressing to the mean at a slower rate, causing economic differences between families to persist longer than earlier in the century.

http://www.chicagofed.org/economic_research_and_data/wp_abstract.cfm?pubsID=739

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United Nations Research Institute for Social Development: "Inequality and Conflict: A Review of an Age-Old Concern," by Christopher Cramer (Identities, Conflict and Cohesion Programme Paper Number 11, October 2005, .pdf format, 25p.). Links to an extensive abstract and full text is are available at:

http://www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/(httpPublications)/0501D4F6B3083076C12570B4004F0D5B?OpenDocument

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "The Cost of Caring for Young Children," by Dan T. Rosenbaum and Christopher J. Ruhm (Discussion Paper No. 1860, November 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).

Abstract:

This study examines the "cost burden" of child care, defined as day care expenses divided by after-tax income. Data are from the wave 10 core and child care topical modules to the 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation. We estimate that the average child under six years of age lives in a family that spends 4.9 percent of after-tax income on day care. However, this conceals wide variation: 63 percent of such children reside in families with no child care expenses and 10 percent are in families where the cost burden exceeds 16 percent. The burden is typically greater in single-parent than married-couple families but is not systematically related to a measure of socioeconomic status that we construct. One reason for this is that disadvantaged families use lower cost modes and pay less per hour for given types of care. The cost burden would be much less equal without low cost (presumably subsidized) formal care focused on needy families, as well as government tax and transfer policies that redistribute income towards them.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1860.pdf

B. "The Todaro Paradox Revisited," by Yves Zenou (Discussion Paper No. 1861, November 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

Abstract:

The Todaro Paradox states that policies aimed at reducing urban unemployment are bound to backfire: they will raise rather than reduce urban unemployment. The aim of this paper is to reexamine this paradox in the context of efficiency wage and search-matching models. For that, we study a policy that consists in decreasing the urban unemployment benefit. In an efficiency wage model, we find that there is no Todaro paradox while this is not always true in a search-matching model since a decrease in the urban unemployment benefit can increase both urban employment and unemployment.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1861.pdf

C. "International Capital Market Integration, Educational Choice and Economic Growth," by Hartmut Egger, Peter Egger, Josef Falkinger, and Volker Grossmann (Discussion Paper No. 1863, November 2005, .pdf format, 44p.).

Abstract:

This paper examines the impact of capital market integration (CMI) on higher education and economic growth. We take into account that participation in higher education is non-compulsory and depends on individual choice. Integration increases (decreases) the incentives to participate in higher education in capital-importing (-exporting) economies, all other things equal. Increased participation in higher education enhances productivity progress and is accompanied by rising wage inequality. From a national policy point of view, education expenditure should increase after integration of similar economies. Using foreign direct investment (FDI) as a measure for capital flows, we present empirical evidence which largely confirms our main hypothesis: An increase in net capital inflows in response to CMI raises participation in higher education and thereby fosters economic growth. We apply a structural estimation approach to fully track the endogenous mechanisms of the model.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1863.pdf

D. "Sex Differences in Pay in a "New Monopsony" Model of the Labor Market," by Michael R. Ransom and Ronald L. Oaxaca (Discussion Paper No. 1870, December 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

Abstract:

We use a simple framework, adopted from general equilibrium search models, to estimate the extent to which monopsony power (or labor market frictions) can account for gender differences in pay, using data from a chain of regional grocery stores. In this framework, the elasticity of labor supply to the firm can be inferred from estimates of the elasticity of the separation rate with respect to the wage. We identify elasticities of separation from differences in wages and separation rates across job titles and across different years. We estimate elasticities of labor supply to the firm of about 3.5 for men and about 2.7 for women, suggesting significant wage-setting power for the firm. The differences in estimated elasticities of labor supply predict wage differences that are close to the observed male/female wage differences at the firm.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1870.pdf

E. "Two Faces of the ICT Revolution: Desegregation and Minority-Majority Earnings Inequality," by Martin Kahanec (Discussion Paper No. 1872, December 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).

Abstract:

Social interaction is the primary vehicle through which advancement of information and communication technologies (ICT) affects socio-economic outcomes. In the context of minority-majority relations, social distances and segregation determine the benefits individuals gain from social interaction and from improvement of its efficiency. In the general equilibrium framework, this paper argues that ICT advancement disproportionately increases the efficiency of social interaction in ethnically integrated social networks and that of majority individuals, thereby causing desegregation and increasing interethnic earnings inequality at the same time. The argument thus explains the concurrence of two seemingly contradicting developments in the lives of Black and White Americans since the late 1970s--rising interethnic earnings inequality and desegregation of Blacks. Furthermore, I establish that there is a threshold level of ICT below which all minority individuals prefer segregated neighborhoods and above which some minority individuals choose to integrate, thereby reaping the efficiency benefits of social interaction with the larger society. I interpret the reversal of the segregation trend that occurred in the late 1970s as a consequence of advancement of ICT beyond this threshold level. Finally, I suggest an explanation of why typically no desegregation occurred in extraordinarily segregated areas and in the case of recent immigrants.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1872.pdf

F. "Regional Disparities and Inequality of Opportunity: The Case of Italy," by Daniele Checchi and Vitorocco Peragine (Discussion Paper No. 1874, December 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

Abstract:

In this paper we provide a new methodology to measure opportunity inequality and to decompose overall inequality in an "ethically offensive" and an " ethically acceptable" part. Moreover, we provide some empirical applications of these new evaluation tools: in the first exercise, we compare the income distributions of South and North of Italy on the basis of a measure of opportunity inequality. Then, we repeat the exercise using the cognitive abilities in a sample of 15-year old students. In both circumstances we find that the less developed regions in the South are characterized by greater incidence of inequality of opportunity.

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1874.pdf

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Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: ""Modelling Poverty by not Modelling Poverty: An Application of a Simultaneous Hazards Approach to the UK," by Arnstein Aassve, Simon Burgess, Matt Dickson, and Carol Propper (WP 2005-26, December 2005, .pdf format, 65p.).

Abstract:

We pursue an economic approach to analysing poverty. This requires a focus on the variables that individuals can influence, such as forming or dissolving a union or having children. We argue that this indirect approach to modelling poverty is the right way to bring economic tools to bear on the issue. In our implementation of this approach, we focus on endogenous demographic and employment transitions as the driving forces behind changes in poverty. We construct a dataset covering event histories over a long window and estimate five simultaneous hazards with unrestricted correlated heterogeneity. The model fits the demographic and poverty data reasonably well. We investigate the important parameters and processes for differences in individuals' poverty likelihood. Employment, and particularly employment of disadvantaged women with children, is important.

http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/pubs/workpaps/pdf/2005-26.pdf

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TABLES OF CONTENTS

Other Journals:

AIDS [Official Journal of the International Aids Society] (Vol. 20, No. 1, Jan. 2, 2006).

http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids/toc.00002030-200601020-00000.htm

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CONFERENCES/CALLS FOR PAPERS:

Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) 2006 National Conference: "Children 2006: Securing Brighter Futures," to be held Feb. 27 - Mar. 1, 2006 in Washington, D.C. For more information see:

http://www.cwla.org/conferences/

Scroll to "Feb 27-March 1" entry.

More information about CWLA:

http://www.cwla.org/whowhat/default.htm

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FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES:

National Institutes of Health:

A. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R21)" (National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), in conjunction with several other agencies, PA-06-083, Dec. 1, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-083.html

B. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R03)" (National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), in conjunction with several other agencies, Dec. 1, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-082.html

C. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R01) (National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), in conjunction with several other agencies, Dec. 1, 2005). For more information see:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-081.html

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American Psychological Association: "David Awards for International Travel and Research in Human Reproductive Behavior and Related Population Studies." "The David International Awards are made possible through a donation made by Henry P. David, PhD, to the American Psychological Foundation (APF). Their principal purpose is to support young researchers with a demonstrated interest in human reproductive behavior or an area related to population concerns in research activities or participation in an international or regional congress. The awards are open to researchers from any country and in all disciplines relevant to human reproductive behavior and population concerns." For more information see:

http://www.apa.org/international/awarddavidcall.html

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STUDENT OPPORTUNITIES:

W.K Kellogg Foundation: "Scholars In Health Disparities Program." " The Kellogg Scholars in Health Disparities Program is preparing a new generation of minority scientists for careers and leadership roles in health disparities research, health policy research and health policy and practice. The program is supporting a cadre of creative thinkers - largely from minority groups and with a passion for health equity and social justice - trained in behavioral and social science disciplines, epidemiology and related biomedical sciences and public policy. Minority groups have been under-represented to date in leadership roles in academic health-related careers and in national health and public policy development." For more information see:

http://www.cfah.org/programs/kelloggscholars/index.cfm

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LEGISLATION INFORMATION UPDATES:

U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee Hearing Publication: "The Threat of and Planning for Pandemic Flu," a hearing held May 26, 2005 (House Serial Publication 109-21, ASCII text and .pdf format, 87p.).

http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/house05ch109.html

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-21" (without the quotes).

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U.S. House International Relations Committee Hearing Publication: "Malaria and TB: Implementing Proven Treatment and Eradication Methods," a hearing held Apr. 26, 2005 (House Serial Publication 109-65, .pdf format, 62p.).

http://wwwc.house.gov/international_relations/109/20915.pdf

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U.S. House Ways and Means Committee, Health Subcommittee Hearing Testimony: " Field Hearing on Competition in the FEHB Program," a hearing held Dec. 2, 2005).

http://waysandmeans.house.gov/hearings.asp?formmode=detail&hearing=454

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U.S. Senate, Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee Hearing Publication: "Providing Quality Postsecondary Education: Access and Accountability, on Examining Access and Accountability Relating to Providing Quality Postsecondary Education, Focusing on the Federal Government's Role in Making Postsecondary Education Financially Available for Americans," a hearing held Apr. 28, 2005 (Senate Hearing 109-126, ASCII text and .pdf format, 67p.).

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/index.html

Search under "Senate Hearings" for "109-126" (WITH the quotes). Then scroll to or find in page "PROVIDING QUALITY POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION" (without the quotes). Note: There are two entries by this title. The first is a three page errata sheet with corrected table of contents, the second is the actual hearing. Actual Hearing size is 286021 bytes. It should be the second " Providing quality" you find.

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DATA:

Bureau of Labor Statistics Newsletter: "NLS (National Longitudinal Surveys) News," (No. 05-122, 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

http://www.bls.gov/nls/nls122.pdf

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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "MEPS HC-079: 2003 Full Year Consolidated Data File" (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, November 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format). Note: "This file consists of MEPS survey data obtained in Rounds 3, 4, and 5 of Panel 7 and Rounds 1, 2, and 3 of Panel 8 (i.e., the rounds for the MEPS panels covering calendar year 2003) and consolidates all of the final 2003 person-level variables onto one file. This file contains the following variables previously released on HC-073: survey administration, language of interview variable, demographics, parent identifiers, health status, disability days variables, access to care, employment, quality of care, patient satisfaction, health insurance and use variables. The HC-079 file also includes these variables: income variables and expenditure variables."

http://www.meps.ahcpr.gov/Puf/PufDetail.asp?ID=194

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International Social Survey Programme: "ISSP 2003 "National Identity II." " International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2003 National Identity II file is now available."

http://www.gesis.org/en/data_service/issp/data/2003_National_Identity_II.htm

Ordering information:

http://www.gesis.org/en/data_service/issp/order/index.htm

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Statistics Canada: "Canadian Community Health Survey, Nutrition: Public Use Microdata File." "The public use microdata file from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Nutrition: General Health Component is now available. This survey collected information from over 35,000 respondents of all ages residing in private households in all 10 provinces. The public use microdata file provides provincial-level data on the general health of respondents, including chronic conditions, as well as health-related behaviours such as the consumption of fruits and vegetables, physical and sedentary activities, smoking and alcohol consumption. This component also provides the socio-demographic characteristics of respondents, along with their physical height and weight measurements, thus offering the only current pan-Canadian physical measurements of obesity. The file comes on CD-ROM with complete documentation, including a user guide, data dictionary, and derived variables specifications. A built-in "Beyond 20/20" data browser is also included.... This product is available free of charge to non-profit organizations in the health sector for research and non-commercial purposes."

http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/051205/d051205d.htm

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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:

Kaiser Family Foundation World AIDS Day Resources: KFF has compiled a website linking to some of its relevant resources on AIDS.

http://www.kff.org/worldaidsday/2005.cfm

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-- Jack Solock
Data Librarian--
Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608-262-9827
jsolock@ssc.wisc.edu