Puerto Rico's Padrones, 1779-1802
Francisco A. Scarano and Katherine J. Curtis
University of Wisconsin-Madison
The series consists of 23 annual censuses spanning the years 1779 to 1802, a collection that for its scope and continuity is unique among serial sources of Spanish American colonial history. The padrones were born of a 1776 Royal Order requesting viceroys and executives of Capitanías Generales and Gobernaciones, such as Puerto Rico, to prepare reports on population, broken down by social status, race, and sex. The focus was the civilian population and, therefore, excludes the regular army troops. The series reports the population of Whites, Indians, free Mulattoes, free Blacks, Mulatto slaves and Black slaves for each of 30 partidos in all 23 years (producing a total of 690 observations). Each socio-racial group was subdivided by sex and an ambiguous "age" criterion, which we have interpreted as the difference between dependent (or minor) status and mayoría de edad (adulthood or full age, which in the Spanish American context was 25 years of age). For each group, there are four subdivisions: adult males, adult females, young males, and young females.
Online data analysis of the Puerto Rico's Padrones, 1779-1802 data is available through the BADGIR archive with Nesstar software. To analyze the data using BADGIR, users must be registered and have received an e-mail confirmation (first-time users may visit the BADGIR registration page to register). To view documentation and univariate statistics in BADGIR, no registration is needed.
The Puerto Rico's Padrones: 1779-1802 data is also available from ICSPR (Study 30262).