Study Description

Russian Imperial Bureaucracy, 1762-1881

DPLS STUDY NUMBER

JA-503-001-RUS-DPLS-1762-1

CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION

Armstrong, John A.

Russian imperial bureaucracy, 1762-1881 [Machine-Readable data file] / collected by John A. Armstrong. --1st DPLS ed. --Madison, WI : University of Wisconsin-Madison, Data and Information Services Center [distributor], 1996.

1 data file (1417 logical records) + accompanying documentation (10 p).

Title taken from this codebook.

Summary: This study contains information on Russian administrative elites, includes ca. 415 governors: dates of incumbency in different central administrative, territorial, foreign trade, Imperial Court, top Moscow and St. Petersburg posts; dates of attaining each of top four civil and top four military ranks; dates of birth, death, and entrance into civil service.

Sources of data include the Russkii biograficheskiislovar'; Gubernskii sluzhebnik ili spisok gubernatorom... 1777-1796 by Nikolai N. Turkistanov; Imperatorskii tsarskosel'skii litsei by Dmitri Kobeko; Geschitchte der behordenorganisation russlands von Peter dem Grossen bis 1917 by Eric Ambruger; and a very small amount of additional data from biographies.

ISBN 0-89605-004-1

I. Title. 1. Russian imperial bureaucracy. 2. Bureaucracy. 3 Elites. 4. Russia (late 18th-early 19th century).

ABSTRACT OF CONTENT

The data file contains the identification numbers of administrators; dates of incumbency in different central administrative posts (coded by types of ministries); dates of incumbency in territorial posts (coded by broad geographical areas); dates of incumbency in posts in foreign trade, etc. ; dates of incumbency in Imperial Court posts; dates of incumbency in top Moscow and St. Petersburg posts; dates of attaining each of top four civil ranks (chin); education (10 coded types); dates of birth, death and entrance into civil service. For those who served as governors, separate dates of incumbency in each province are coded, but provinces themselves are coded only into larger geographical areas (see codebook). Because of missing data or data not relevant to particular individuals, the N for any specific variable is below the total sample N, but the Ns for education (492) and year of birth (743) are relatively high.

DESCRIPTORS

Tsarist Russia, bureaucracy, elites, eighteenth century, career patterns, biographies, administrators

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Codebook, documentation, listing and "Tsarist and Soviet Elite Administrators." Slavic Review 31 (1) March 1972, pp1-28, by John A. Armstrong

ACCESS CATEGORY

Unrestricted

ARCHIVE LOCATION

Data and Information Services Center (DISC)
3308 Sewell Social Science Building
1180 Observatory Drive
University of Wisconsin--Madison
Madison, WI 53706


Data Abstract

DISC SOURCE

John A. Armstrong

DATE OF STUDY

Data related to administrative elites for 1762-1881, with a limited amount of biographical information before those dates

DATE OF DATA COLLECTION

1969-1970

ORIGINAL DATA SOURCE

Ruskii Biograficheskii Slovar' (Moscow: 1896-1898). Twenty-five alphabetical volumes were issued, but about one-third were never completed. Consequently, construction of a sample by using all biographies of persons who attained hight civilian administrative posts would, at most, give about two-thirds saturation. But it appears that the dictionary is in fact biased against less prominent persons, especially those who held such posts for very short periods.

Nikolai N. Turkistanov, Gubernskii Sluzhebnik ili Spisok Gubernatorom...1777-1796 (St. Petersburg: 1869). List of governors and similar high territorial officials for period indicated.

Dmitrii Kobeko, Imperatorskii Tsarskosel'skii Litsei (St. Petersburg: 1911). Careers of graduates of elite school.

Eric Amburger, Geschichte der Behordenorganisation Russlands von Peter dem Grossen bis 1917 (Leiden: 1966). Names of incumbents of major posts (but not all provincial governnorships) and dates of incumbency.

A very small amount of additional data from biographies, etc.

UNIVERSE TO WHICH DATA PERTAIN

Russian Imperial Governors and general Russian Imperial administrative elite

SAMPLE UNIVERSE DESCRIPTION

Russian governorss, quasi-saturation (estimated 65% of universe). No estimate of extent of general Russian administrative elite sample is available. This sample is designed to represent all persons attaining any high civilian administrative post (whether the person was in fact a career civil administrator, a military officer,or other). These are the types of posts which would ordinarily have been assigned to a holder of one of the top four civil ranks (chin), excluding diplomatic and Imperial Court posts (except insofar as such posts, like military posts, formed part of the background of the appointees to high administrative posts). No estimate of the extent of saturation can be made, except to indicate that the persons coded tended to be the most prominent members of the universe. But because prominence (in terms of selection for biographical dictionaries) was closely linked to office in the Russian Empire, it is thougth that the sample represents a considerable proportion of the univers studied ( See above for sources.)

NUMBER OF DATA UNITS

1417 Russian administrators, including ca. 415 governors.

NUMBER OF VARIABLES

33

MODE OF DATA STORAGE

Tape, in card-image format

STRUCTURE OF DATA

Rectangular, fixed format

CONDITION OF DATA

Collected by John A. Armstrong and cleaned in the process of analysis; please see list of Known Problems with the Data.